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September 15, 1986 - Image 5

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1986-09-15

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The Michigan Daily - Monday, September 15, 1986 - Page 5

Quiz examines definition of rape

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By MEISSA BIRKS
Last Friday, the University's
Sexual Assault Prevention and
Awareness Center asked more
than 300 students what
circumstances would constitute a
rape. The results of the survey
illustrated the differing attitudes
between men and women about
rape.
During the Festifall fair on the
Diag, members of the center
passed out a quiz describing four
scenarios: a stranger attacking a
woman walking alone at night,
an ex-boyfriend threatening to
hurt a woman's family if she
didn't have sex with him, a man
coercing a woman to have sex
after a date, and a husband
slapping his wife before forcing
her to have sex.
They asked participants to
check "yes" or "no" if they thought
the situation could be considered
rape.
"I think they're pretty blatant
answers," said LSA junior
Caroline Gelb. "It's pretty hard to
say 'no' to any of these things."
Residential College senior
Pam Kisch, a student facilitator at
the crisis center and one of the
organizers of the quiz, said the
questions were not made to be
obvious, but that, "I would call all
of them sexual assault."
"ALL of the situations include
force, violence, or coersion.
We're not talking about a
mutually agreed upon sexual
activity in any of these
situations," she said.
Of the 343 students who
answered the questionairre, 178
were women and 165 were men.
Eighty percent of the women and
56 percent of the men said each

situation should be considered"
rape.
The scenario to which most
men answered 'no' was the one
that described a date, or
acquaintance, rape where the
couple had been on a date,
drinking, and the man pushed the
woman on the bed as she tried to
leave. Thirteen percent of the
men who responded didn't
consider the situation rape.
An LSA freshman, who asked
that he not be named, answered
'yes' to all questions, but added
that the date rape scenario might
be difficult for some people to
consider rape.
"THERE MIGHT be a couple
people who say 'no' because they
believe it's his right," he said.
According to Kisch, the
responses to that scenario showed

that society tends to blame the
woman, saying she "leads the
man on."
One 17-year-old man wrote on
the survey that yes, it was rape, but
the woman was at fault too, Kisch
said.
"Men have a problem with it.
They're raised that when a
woman says 'no,' she really
means 'yes,'" said astronomy
graduate student Diab Jerius, a
group facilitator at the crisis
center. "He thought he was
overcoming a woman's tendency
to be passive."
Jerius added that several
students answering the quiz
asked about what the law
considered to be rape because, "for
a lot of people, what the law says
defines for them what rape is."

Daily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
Big wheels
Doris Woodward rides by Mosher Jordan Hall on her 1883 Victor tricycle in a parade of classic bikes. Proceeds
from Saturday's event will go to the Ronald McDonald House.

'U' director says athletics may hurt academic image

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(Continued from Page 1)'
covered and the public's interest
in seeing the events, everybody
knows about success in athletics.
With non-athletics, it's not the
same as football or basketball,"
F, .Lee says.
Potter recalls meeting with an
:'NBC production crew last fall as
,they prepared a segment for the
'Today Show focusing the
',University.
U "They were interested in doing
''a lot of sports. They wanted to talk
to Bo and Don Canham and the
cheerleaders. We were
concerned that if so much time
was spent on what we consider the
more frivolous side .of the
University, it would distort the
reality of the University of
r Michigan as a center of academic
excellence. We told the producer
w -that sometimes we go for days
without even thinking of sports.
"THE PRODUCER SAID ,
-Wll that might be how you
think of yourselves, but that's not
r how the world sees you. The
world sees you as a place
extremely conscious of sports."
That was a real lesson to me."
"It's a two-edged sword," Potter
says. "The University's name is
all over the country. National
broadcasts clearly draws an
enormous audience. It helps in
simply knowing us."
But Potter views "major sports
'n and intellectual academic
purposes" as an "inherent
contradiction that Harvard or
Northwestern don't have to deal
with."
HE SAYS the failure of two
highly regarded basketball
recruits this year to score 600 on
their Scholastic Aptitude Tests to
meet the National Collegiate.
Athletic Association's eligibility
requirements was a "major
embarrassment to the
,University."
Potter is concerned, for
example, that a perception of the
University as a sports-oriented
institution may turn off
prospective students more
. interested in academics.
Don Canham, the University's
,?athletics director, disagrees.
"That's ridiculous. If Harvard
,had a great football team, their
academic quality wouldn't be
"overlooked."
OTHER University admin-
istrators are also less concerned
:i'than Potter. "The executive
.officers don't sit around worrying
about the University's image. Our
attitude is that all we have to
worry about is doing our jobs
,.right," says University President
Harold Shapiro.
"I don't feel that athletics is a
hindrance. More square feet of
newspaper space and television
space is devoted to sports everyday
than anything else. It just reflects
the interest of the public," he says.
While Shapiro is concerned
.about the implications
Ott'.1.ll . ait 1 - l - a al 1n1

Director of Admissions Clifford
Sjogren.
"I don't think it's necessarily
the case where academics
conflicts with athletics; I think
UCLA and Stanford and Duke
have done very well balancing
both," Sjogren says.
He, adds that while some
students might be turned off by the
University because of its
prominence in sports, "those
aren't the ones we're looking for.
We're looking for the clear
thinkers."
ATHLETICS IS actually a
positive factor in attracting
students, although to a lesser
degree than academic reputation
or cost, according to political
science Prof. Jack Walker.
Walker participated in a study by
the University's Institute of

Social Research (ISR) on how
students choose a particular
university.
"I don't think many people are
turned off by a school's athletic
success," Walker said, "Students
are attracted by athletics and the
events that revolve around it."
Another factor often linked
with sports is in soliciting
contributions from alumni. Roy
Muir, director of the University's
Campaign for Michigan, notes
that athletics contribute to the
school spirit that enhances
alumni support.
SUCCESSFUL and
unsuccessful sports seasons,.
however, have little effect on the:
amount the University receives.
"People generally assume that
winning somehow makes
alumni more willing to give, but

we have no indication that's true,"
Potter says.
While it's unclear whether
strong sports teams have had any
tangible effect on the University,
Potter says, "We've had to
overcome (the sports) image
through other efforts."
The main effort, he says,
comes from the University's
News and Information Services,
"Sometimes a sensational
event brings us a lot of attention,
but image is the kind of thing that
is built over a long period of time.
An expert might be mentioned in
the press, but usually they'll be
referred to as a professor at the
University of Michigan. These
things add to our perception as an
academic institution. We try to
keep that up over a long period of
time," Lee says.

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