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April 07, 1986 - Image 4

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1986-04-07

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OPINIG:
Page 4

Ee nd mantuetsansitl
Edited and managed by students at The University of Michigan

Vol. XCVI, No. 127

420 Maynard St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.

Jazz for Life

A MERICA'S MUSIC will be
playing for a noble goal this
week on campus: the future of the
country. Seeking to build a
stronger America by prioritizing
the needs of U.S. children in pover-
ty, Jazz for Life sounds off with a
special noon concert today on the
Diag.
Propelled by the energy of its
founder, recent Law School
graduate Louis Johnson, the Jazz
for Life project is a fundraising
drive that has been fueled with
bipartisan respect. Jazz for Life is
not unique in gaining support
through music. Politicians and
fundraising organizations have
long appreciated the impact of
music on the public but Jazz for
Life offers a moderate approach.
Non-profit organizations abound on
campus; their leaders are
dedicated, and their causes are
sound. Frequently, groups which
appear radical are alienating.
Though extremism may be
necessary sometimes, Jazz for Life
sends out a message that most
people can agree on: the strength
of America.
While it is clear that strength is a
desirable end, the means of ob-
taining that strength are often
debated. Building up the military
is one way of boosting U.S. power,
but, like sending military aid to
fight a war in Nicaragua, diverts
attention from problems that exist
in communities across America.
Yes on pro
Ann Arbor citizens can support
peace in Central America by
voting yes on Proposal A Monday.
The proposal protests the use of
American tax dollars for military
purposes in Central America and
supports peaceful aid. Passage of
the proposal will also channel Ann
Arbor's cultural and educational
strengths into aid through a Cen-
tral America Sister City Task For-
ce.
Ann Arbor voters can make a
statement supporting Central
America's right to self-
determination, even if the United
States doesn't ideologically ap-
prove of Nicaragua's government.
At the same time, the city can em-
phasize the need for federal money
to fund America's own programs.

Building weapons will not make
this country strong if the people
are weak, uneducated, and hungry.
The care of expensive weapons
compared with the care devoted to
poor children demonstrates their
respective value to society. Seven-
ty percent of families living below
the poverty line in Michigan are
not eligible to receive AFDC, Aid
for Dependent Children. In 1942,
when the country needed women
workers to take the jobs of men
who were fighting, the number of
federally-funded daycare
programs was higher than it was in
1982. By 1986, people should be aware
of the difficulties and conflicts that
working mothers face. Day care,
like health and education, is a
necessity, yet these essentials are
not a priority in America.
Jazz for Life calls on local groups
to work within their communities
to establish facilities and expand
on existing structures to help
young mothers and their children.
Other children and students can
be leaders in this effort. Ann Arbor
public high schools have already
raised more than $2,000. University
students, enrolled in a class about
children and social change, formed
by Jazz for Life, have been
working on the project.
These efforts are representative
of effective cooperation. Through
joint work, the political and social
changes that Jazz for Life ad-
vocates eventually will be realized.
posal "A"
The fact that almost six thousand
Ann Arbor voters petitioned to get
Proposal A on the ballot illustrates
a personal willingness to effect
change in what is considered a
national issue. This type of
grassroots activism and peace-
promoting cultural exchange will
contribute to peace in Central
America.
The voters should pass Proposal
B, the roads proposal, in Monday's
election. The bond issue provided
by the proposal is necessary to help
provide the four million dollars a
year necessary to repair the roads.
If the proposal is not passed the
roads will continue to decay
making future reclamation attem-
pts more difficult.

Some prc
By Franklin Shoichet
The right to an abortion may be a con-
troversial issue, but it is a right. It arises
from the fundamental rights of privacy and
liberty to control one's own body.
Historically, the inability of women to con-
trol their own reproduction by exercising
such rights has been one of the most
significant roadblocks to the realization of
their true freedom.
From the standpoint of health and safety,
abortion has become one of our safest
medical procedures. Partly, this has been
due to the legalization of abortion by statute
and Roe v. Wade. Legalization led to
another important medical development,
increased access to treatment at relatively
low cost outpatient facilities such as clinics
and doctor's offices.
This increased access has been a
significant factor in enabling women to seek
their abortions at an early point in pregnan-
cy. The gestational age of the fetus is the
single most important variable for the
safety of the abortion procedure.
Threats to access, and thus threats to the
safety of abortion, were an important
reason why the American Civil Liberties
Union (ACLU) opposed the Hyde Amen-
dment and supported the legal effort to
declare it unconstitutional. Harris v.
McRae, 448U.S.297 (1980). Itis also why the
ACLU opposed ordinances which
unreasonable restricted access to outpatient
facilities, as in City of Akron v. Akron Cen-
ter for Reproductive Health, 462 U.S. 416
(1982). Official efforts to prevent the right to
abortion from being exercised, such as the
funding cut-off mandated by the Hyde
Amendment, have been accompanied by of-
ficially encouraged harassment techniques,
usually focusing on the harassment of in-
dividual clinics, and their staff and patients.
Although much of this activity is cloaked
Franklin Shoichet is a former Human
Rights Party leader in Ann Arbor, who
is now an attorney in Seattle.
Bering

I

The Michigan Daily
-lifers harm women
with constitutional free-speech protection of 154 (1973), that the state has an important
protesters, the aim of the activity is to interest in "safeguarding health" and in in-
eliminate important fundamental liberty suring "maximum safety" for abortion
and privacy rights. The leading proponent patients. The state's concern for health and
of such tactics, and a leading national anti- safety does not start inside the clinic doors
abortion leader, the director of the Pro-Life but must of necessity include the immediate
Action League, has bragged of the increase environment adjacent to the clinic, just as
in complications among patients when anti- the state's interest in protecting the sanctity
choice demonstrators harass clinics. He en- of free elections is not limited to the inside of
courages such activity: a polling booth.
"It is important for us to know that when In fashioning remedies, the ACLU is min-
pro-life pickets are outside a clinic, com- dful that for many typical abortion patients
plications and confusion inside the clinic in- - i.e. teenage girls fearful of public ex-
crease by as much as 400 percent... Consider posure - there is no "adequate remedy at
that if our presence at clinics causes four law." For to tell such individual victims of a
times more confusion and complications continuing pattern of harassment that they
than there would be if we were not there, must vindicate their right to privacy by
then it is obvious we should be there every filing a publiclawsuit for damages would
time they operate... We will not accept undermine the very right they seek to
blame for their complications because we protect. As Justice Stevens stated in Belloti
believe it is more important to prevent v. Baird, 443 U.S. 622, 655 (1979):
murder that [sic] it is to worry about a "It is inherent in the right to make the
woman's disposition while she is having her abortion decision that the right may be
baby killed." exercised without public scrutiny and in
defiance of the contrary opinion of the
(Joseph Scheidler, Closed: 99 Ways to Stop sovereign or other third parties."
Abortion, pp. 74-76) While much of the expressive activity
While the ACLU must, as a matter of taking place outside medical buildings
course, defend the constitutional rights of where abortions are performed is "protec-
all concerned, it must be mindful that its ef- ted activity" in a context-free analysis, the
forts to do so not inadvertently create a Supreme Court has pointed out, with regard
civil libertarian version of the Hyde Amen- to limits on expression:
dment. Low-income and other women "The crucial question is whether the
seeking abortions at generally lowervcost manner of expression is basically incom-
clinics should not be subjected to a level of patible with the normal activity of a par-
harassment which substantially hinders ticular place at a particular time." Grayned
their access to the service. While freedom of v. Rockford, 408 U.S. 104, 116 (1972). Our
expression is a "preferred" right, this legal system has specifically recognized the
preference is not inflexible - it assumes all special nature of medical facilities with
other things being equal. Where limitation regard to regulation of expression which in-
of the expressive activity in question would fringes on patient care:
do little or no effective harm to the concept "...hospitals are not factories or mines or
of an "open marketplace of ideas," and the assembly plants. They are hospitals, where
unrestricted continuation of the activity is human ailments are treated, where patients
shown to be likely to interfere with the and relatives alike are often under
health or safety of medical patients, or the emotional strain and worry.. and where the
medical staff, or infringe upon the right of patient and his family .. .need a restful, un-
privacy, the ACLU will support the least cluttered, relaxing and helpful atmosphere,
restrictive method effectively necessary to rather than one remindful of the tensions of
halt or limit such interference or in- the sick bed."
fringements. Beth Israel Hospital v. NLRB 437 U.S. 483
The ACLU is mindful, as the Supreme (1978) (Blackmun, J.). See also NLRB v.
Court noted in Roe v. Wade, 413 U.S. 113, 150, Baptist Hospital, 442 U.S. 773 (1979).
LPOSAL A
inl Central .America
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itudesfor work arefine
t the primitive man's Agree claims that "folks" in the individual. It is impossible to ob-
limited his marginal West work 40-50 hours per week. jectify a social good. And it is im-
ity and, hence, made Whether or not we accept this possible to redistribute in a
ore attractive than it statement as true depends on how meaningful way, things like
ve been had marginal we define "folks." The people "hours" that have no objective
ielded more material who work in Western factories, social value.
'he situation is different who are usually regarded as the Thr ar fok wh ae
n man. dissatisfied with their work sn
do not work more than 35 hours who find it unfulfilling. But there
rworking 30 hours with per week, if we are able to believe arasopeyoffkswoid
ted tools, modern man modern statisticians. This level aheirlsorkplegtyofrekwhordind
ace enough from an ex- of exertion does not differ highlyrewarding a ndn
labor to feed his family tremendously from that in the hours to purslinges rewads.nI
y, he may find it ex- primitive culture, if we assume isuvr suneros theeewareI
beneficial to work that primitive man worked four ifstheydngerdus to threlaeh
five hoursaxerhas the3individualotosredeya(Agrth'
0 hur, prhpsto 5 o _y Ageesin o ar~ch~n nnnm' an'

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LETTERS:
Cultur
To the Daily:
I would like to make
comments regarding
Agree's article "Moving toe
a 'new work"'. (Daily, 3/
While I concur with Mr.
that work habits are la
shaped by unique cultur,
titudes, I believe he ignore
importance of preva
economic circumstances
shape the way people purse
occupation, regardless
cultural mindset.

al att

a few
Clay
wards
6/86).
Agree
rgely
al at-
es the
ailing
that
me an
of

capital at
disposall
productiv:
leisure mi
would ha'
efforts y:
wealth. T
for moder
If, after
sophistica
can produ
tra hour's
for a day
tremely
beyond 30

I

11

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