Page 2=- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 15, 1986
workers content in Libya
TRIPOLI, Libya (AP) - Thousands of western
oilmen, technicians, and experts, including many
Americans, continue to work for high Libyan
salaries in defiance of President Reagan's efforts
to isolate Col. Moammar Khadafy's country.
A group of reporters delayed for four hours by
visa formalities in the transit lounge of Tripoli's
modern international airport watched a con-
tinuous flow of foreign workers arriving from all
parts of Europe this week.
Most of them went through immigration booths
reserved for foreigners with permanent Libyan
residence permits. The Americans among them
generally spoke freely with reporters but only on
condition of anonymity.
TWO SUN-TANNED middle-age oilmen said
they worked for the Libyan-controlled Oasis Oil
Company, one of the North African nation's main
sources of revenue. Petroleum products provide
more than 95 percent of Libya's foreign earnings.
The elder of the two identified himself only as
"Bob" from Oklahoma City. He said he had been
in Libya for 14 years and had no intention of
obeying Reagan's call for Americans to get out of
"I like it here and I intend to stay, whatever the
president says. I don't believe he has any right to
dictate to me where I should live and work," he
"OF COURSE, Reagan's call created a problem
of conscience for some Americans who felt it
would be disloyal to continue working for the
Libyans. I know three American families out of
hundreds in Libya, who have left. When the dust
has settled, I'm sure they will regret it," he said.
His friend said he was from Texas and also in-
tended to stay. "I've been here 12 years, and I
don't pay any attention to politics," he said, ad-
ding "Whatever Reagan thinks of Khadafy isn'y
isn't my business."
Bob added: "I would rethink my position, of
course, if Libya were in a state of war with my
country. I hope that will not happen, but if it does,
I'm sure Khadafy will not have started it." Both
men said they earned upward of $100,000 a year
Immigration officials told Americans who did
not have Libyan visas stamped in their passports
that visas could be put on separate slips of paper
so as not to appear in passports and render the
holders liable to prosecution.
Congressional voting record swings right
"WASHINGTON (AP) - Congress'
voting record on liberal issues tum-
bled in 1985, but 20 House members
and five senators, including Gary
Hart, a likely presidential candidate,
turned in perfect scores, the
Americans for Democratic Action
Ann Lewis, the ADA's director, said
an analysis of the voting also showed
a widening gap between liberal
Democrats and Republicans.
FOR INSTANCE, freshman House
Democrats had an average score of 66
percent, compared with 8 percent for
their GOP counterparts. Democratic
freshmen in the Senate averaged 79
percent, versus 2.5 percent for GOP
"Despite talk of a growing political
center, the gap between the two par-
ties has been growing for the last 10
years," she said.
The ADA, a public interest lobbying
group for liberal positions, rated
members of Congress on 20 votes
covering issues such as arms control,
national economic policy, domestic
social policy and human rights
THE OVERALL record is not good:
The House of Representatives'
average is only 45 percent and that of
the Senate is 40 percent," Lewis said.
On average, Democratic senators
scored 69 percent, compared to 15
percent for Republicans. House
Democrats averaged 67 percent,
while GOP members were at 15 per-
Lewis pointed to a number of disap-
pointments for liberals in 1985, such
as arms control, passage of the
Gramm-Rudman budget law and
several foreign policy votes.
ON ARMS control, she noted that in
1984 Congress "held the line against
chemical weapons and almost slowed
down Star Wars; this year both were
approved by large margins. Our only
success was in stopping anti-satellite
She criticized Gramm-Rudman, the
deficit-cutting bill that will
automatically slash programs unless
spending targets are met, which she
said "has the potential to distort
national policy for years. Public
policy can't be put on 'automatic
On foreign policy, Congress has
failed to stand up to the Reagan ad-
ministration," she said.
As examples, she pointed to the ap-
proval of aid for Nicaraguan rebels,
known as Contras, and repeal of the
"We applaud the passage of san-
ctions against the South African
government; but here, too, the White
House was able to intercede and block
even more effective action," she said.
(Continued from Page 1)
easier access to computerso
pus. Administration official
promised to install 750 mor
stations throughout campus
end of this term.
"It was incredibly faster. Itv
writing at a typewriter but g
chance to edit," Anita Bohn,a
R.A. said of her word pro
capabilities. "I've used it a to
plications to graduate school.'
Petkovich found the compute
to his studies, despite his libe
"I love to try to work both the
ces and the arts together," Pe
said after displaying the work
accomplished on his Apple Ma
"I didn't think I could apply itI
of the things I had to do whi
drawing... It's very creativ
only thinking but in your out
well," he added.
Other art and architecture s
have questioned the need fo
puters in their field, howev
Lisa Blankstein, a natural re
freshman argued that the fe
"I DON'T think everyone should
on cam- have to pay (the fee) because not
Is have everyone is going to use the com-
re work puters," she said.
by the Van Houwelinig, however, feels that
a fee will make students more likely
was like to take advantage of computing
etting a privileges.
a Mo-Jo "It was better to set it up so that
cessing everyone had an incentive to use
t in ap- computers. That's what a fee does,"
he told the group.
Mark Van Houweling also defended the
r useful fee as necessary for keeping the
ral arts University's prestigious image com-
pared to peer schools.
ie scien- "It's going to enhance the
tkovich reputation of this University and that
he had just simply makes your degree worth
cintosh. more," he said.
to most Regarding student participation, Van
i nwa Houweling told students that "you
in not need to be involved," but he under-
iput as scored the importance of speed in the
tudents computer installation process.
)r com- He also spoke of the Computer
,er, andPolicies Committee, a student ad-
sources visory group that he has promised to
appoint this term to assist with
e is un- Univeristy computer decisions.
Thursday, Jan. 16, 10:00 - 5:00 p.-m.
Thinking about summer in Israel, a year of study, Kibbutz,
aliya? Benny Schwartz, the representative of the Jewish Agen-
cy's kibbutz-aliya desk, will be at Hillel to answer questions and
provide information about a whole variety of programs in Israel.
Call for appointment: 663-3336
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Court drops case citing racial
discrimination in grand jury
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court, adding new weight to a century-
old precedent, threw out a 23-year-old murder conviction yesterday
because blacks had been intentionally excluded from the grand jury that
leveled the charge.
Splitting 6-3, the justices refused to reinstate the California murder
conviction of Booker Hillery Jr.
According to court documents, no black had ever been selected for a
grand jury in Kings County until 1963, the year after Hillery was indicted,
and a federal court found in 1983 that blacks had been systematically ex-
cluded from the grand juries.
Writing for the majority, Justice Thurgood Marshall said the court has
held since 1880 that blacks could not be intentionally excluded from grand
juries and, if they are, any conviction based on indictments from such
panels must be reversed. Marshall said the court saw no reason to change
Budget cuts may raise taxes
WASHINGTON - As federal officials surveyed the impact of an up-
coming spending cut of nearly 5 percent throughout the government, a
business analyst predicted yesterday that the law forcing the cuts would
trigger a major tax increase by year's end - possibly including a
gasoline sales tax.
Paul Huard, vice president of the National Association of Manufac-
turers, also maintained that a tax hike this year was inevitable under the
Gramm-Rudman budget-balancing law.
He told a business seminar that the Reagan administration and
Congress would resist any form of tax increase at first but that Congress
would be gripped by paralysis by summer as it struggled unsuccessfully
to make additional spending cuts required under the act.
With congressional elections fast approaching, lawmakers will opt for a
"quick and dirty" tax hike to avoid triggering sweeping spending cuts in
popular programs, Huard predicted.
"The conventional wisdom that you can't pass a tax increase during an
election year is no longer valid," he said, forecasting higher taxes on
businesses and some form of energy tax, probably "a tax on gasoline at
S. Yemen coup attempt fails
ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates - Forces loyal to President Ali
Nasser Mohammed of South Yemen fought tank and naval battles
yesterday in the port capital of Aden with rebellious troops who supported
a coup attempt in the pro-Soviet nation.
Persian Gulf sources said Mohammed was critically wounded in the
uprising and rebel forces still were fighting for the second day yesterday in
Aden, the capital. In Britain, the former colonial power, Foreign Office
sources said fighting continued and communications had been cut with
South Yemen, the only Marxist country on the Arabian Peninsula.
Neither Aden radio nor the British sources gave any indication of the
motives behind the coup attempt.
Western diplomats in neighboring countries had said before the coup
was launched Monday that President Mohammed, while loyal to Moscow,
appeared interested in improving ties with pro-Western Saudi Arabia and
"Weaning South Yemen away from the Soviet bloc is a long-term objec-
tive of the (Persian) Gulf Arabs," one said, adding there were signs South
Yemen was "interested in this."
Space shuttle to return early
SPACE CENTER, Houston - NASA cut a day off the belated flight of
the shuttle Columbia yesterday, blaming unfavorable weather forecasts
at the landing site and the rush to prepare the ship for its next mission.
"Don't shoot the bearer of this message," spacecraft communicator
James Wetherbee begged Columbia's seven-man crew as he told them
the shuttle would land at the Kennedy Space Center at 8:28 a.m. EST
Thursday, instead of Friday as previously planned.
Columbia's mission, which started Sunday 25 days late after a record
seven postponements, has created a schedule pinch for National
Aeronautics and Space Administration officials who want 15 shuttle
flights this year.
It will take weeks to prepare Columbia for its next scheduled launch, on
March 6. There are only a few days during which the mission can be laun-
ched to place Columbia in the proper orbit to study Halley's comet and
other celestrial targets.
Mission Control also wants to be sure that two days of good weather
were available for landing at the Kennedy Space Center, Greene said.
The new schedule would give a back-up day if a mechanical problem
blocked a landing on the first opportunity.
U.S. to inspect charter flights
WASHINGTON - The Federal Aviation Administration, responding to
last month's crash of a military charter plane that killed 248 soldiers,
yesterday announced in-depth inspections of two dozen airlines that have
The airlines range from charter operations such as Rich International
and Arrow Air, which was involved in the Dec. 12 fatal military crash at
Gander, Newfoundland, to major carriers such as American Airlines,
Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines.
Pentagon spokesman Bob Sims said military authorities intended to in-
crease surveillance of the airlines with which they do business. They will
increase the number of spot checks on civilian jetliners serving military
basis, put more "check riders" on board military charter flights and con-
duct informal reviews of the airlines' performance once a year instead of
every two years, he said.
0 he MSih-on DBMi
Vol XCVI - No. 74
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the Fall and Winter terms. Subscription rates: September
through April - $18.00 in Ann Arbor; $35.00 outside the city. One term -
$10.00 in town; $20.00 out of town.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and Sub-
scribes to United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los-Angeles
Times Syndicate, and College Press Service.
Lottery angers students
(Continued from Page 1)
language courses to fulfill
requirements are given first priority
in the lottery.
Although some students may
dread the thought of trekking to
MLB in the early morning cold
they aren't as bad off as students
who didn't get a place in any section.
The high demand for Spanish and
French classes forces some students
to skip a semester because of
"It's a problem because they get a
little rusty," said French Prof.
Gemma Galli. "(The lottery) is a
time of high anxiety."
Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and
The National Security Agency is responsible for
analyzing foreign communications, safeguarding our
government's vital communications and securing
the government's computer systems.
This three-fold mission requires unheard of solu-
tions to uniquely challenging problems. This is why
NSA is-in many areas-working well into the 21st
century. Now, you can work with us.
Here are just a few of the possibilities:
Electrical Engineering. Research and develop-
ment projects range from individual equipments to
complex interactive systems involving micro-
processors, mini-computers and computer graphics.
Facilities for engineering analysis and design
automation are among the most advanced anywhere.
Computer Science. Interdisciplinary careers in-
clude systems analysis and design, scientific applica-
tions programming, data base management systems,
operating systems, graphics, computer security and
networking-all in one of the world's largest com-
Mathematics. Projects involve giving vitally im-
portant practical applications to mathematical con-
cepts. Specific assignments could include solving
communications-related problems, performing long-
range mathematical research or evaluating new
techniques for computer security.
On top of providing you with unheard of chal-
lenges, NSA offers a highly competitive salary and
benefits package. Plus, you'll have the chance to live
in one of the most exciting areas of the country-
between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Md.
You'd be smart to learn more about all the options
you have with NSA. Schedule an interview through
your college placement office or write to the
National Security Agency.
NSA will be on campus January 22-23, 1986. For an
appointment, contact your placement office.
Editor in Chief.................NEIL CHASE
Opinion Page Editors.........JODY BECKER
Managing Editors ....... GEORGEA KOVANIS
News Editor............... THOMAS MILLER
City Editor............. ANDREW ERIKSEN
Personnel Editor .......... TRACEY MILLER
NEWS STAFF: Eve Becker, Melissa Birks, Laura
Bischoff, Rebecca Blumenstein, Joanne Cannella,
Philip Chidel, Dov Cohen, Kysa Connett, Tim
Daly, Nancy Driscoll, Rob Earle, Rachel Gottlieb,
Stephen Gregory, Linda Holler, Mary Chris
Jakelevic, Vibeke Laroi, Michael Lustig, Jerry
Markon, Eric Mattson, Amy Mindell, Kery Mura-
kami, Jill Oserowsky, Joe Pigott, Christy Riedel,
Michael Sherman, Jennifer Smith, Jeff Widman.
Associate Opinion Page Editor .. KAREN KLEIN
OPINION PAGE STAFF: Gayle Kirshenbaum,
Chief Photographer .............. DAN HABIB
PHOTO STAFF: Jae Kim, Scott Lituchy, John
Munson, Matt Petrie, Dean Randazzo, Andi
Sports Editor ............... TOM KEANEY
Associate Sports Editors .........JOE EWING
BARB McQUADE, ADAM MARTIN,
PHIL NUSSEL, STEVE WISE
SPORTS STAFF: Dave Aretha, Mark Borowsky,
Debbie deFrances, Liam Flaherty, Steve Green-
baum, Rachel Goldman, Jon Hartmann, Darren
Jasey, Phil Johnson, Rick Kaplan, Christian Mar-
tin, Scott Miller, Greg Molzon, Brad Morgan,
Jerry Muth, Adam Ochlis, Chris Parker, Mike
Redstone, Duane Roose, Jeff Rush, Scott Shaffer,
Pete Steinert, Douglas Volan.
Business Manager........DAWN WILLACKER
Sales Manager.........MARY ANNE HOGAN
Assistant Sales Manager...........YUNA LEE
Marketing Manager ........ CYNTHIA NIXON
Finance Manager..........DAVID JELINEK
Classified Manager .....GAYLA BROCKMAN