Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, March 28, 1986
New heart attack treatment found
By LISA DRESNER
A University cardiologist has con-
cluded that using a balloon to open
restricted arteries for the treatment
of heart attacks is more effective than
using a drug which has been standard
treatment for several years.'
Dr. William O'Neill, an assistant
professor of internal medicine, says in
the March 27 issue of the New
England Journal of Medicine that the
balloon technique, known as
angioplasty, is superior to the stan-
dard drug used to treat heart attacks
- streptokinase - because the
balloon not only removes blood clots
blocking the flow of blood to the heart,
but also alleviates the underlying
cause of the heart attack: the buildup
of plaque or cholesterol on the walls of
the heart arteries.
"THE DRUG is useful for
dissolving blood clots that are often
the immediate cause of a heart at-
tack, but the underlying obstruction in
the artery is still there," O'Neill said.
Because streptokinase does not
remove the build-up of plaque with the
clot, blood flow to the heart may still
be restricted, leaving the patient at
risk for a future heart attack. O'Neill
said that when the restriction from
plaque is opened by angioplasty, the
risk of another heart attack is greatly
Heart attacks usually occur when a
blood clot develops where an artery
supplying the heart muscle is
narrowed by plaque. The blood clot
blocks the flow of blood to the heart
muscle, and if the blood flow is not
quickly restored, permanent damage
to the muscle may occur.
O'NEILL and his colleagues studied
56 patients who were treated within 12
hours of a heart attack with either
angioplasty or streptokinase. The
study compared the immediate effec-
ts of the drug and balloon therapies
with their long-term results, and
although both techniques were
equally effective in initially opening
blocked arteries, their long-term
results differed greatly. For the
patients successfully treated with
streptokinase, the restriction
narrowing the artery was still present
in 83 percent of the cases. For the
patients successfully treated with
angioplasty, however, the dangerous
restriction remained in only 4 percent
of the cases.
O'Neill said the most effective
treatment for heart attacks is likely to
be angioplasty in combination with
Angioplasty, a technique formerly
used by cardiologists as an alter-
native to elective bypass surgery,
uses a tiny plastic balloon attached to
the end of a long thin tube. The tube is
inserted into an artery in the leg, and
pushed through the artery until it
reaches the clot near the heart.
A wire in the tube is used to pierce
the blockage, and the balloon is then
inflated to compress the plaque
against the wall of the artery and
restore blood flow. The plaque is
squeezed out of the way, and the walls
of the artery expand to form an
adequate opening. The plaque tends to
remain compressed against the wall,
In cases where the restriction does
recur, another angioplasty treatment
usually solves the problem, according
O'Neill, the director of the cardiac
study unit at the University's medical
center, is now conducting a three-year
follow-up study of the long-term
benefits of emergency angioplasty.
Law puts limits on servants
WELLESLY, Mass. - From the
quaint shops downtown to the rolling
hills of the country club golf course,
most residents of this posh Boston
suburb seem unfazed by a new bylaw
that limits homeowners to two live-in
"We haven't received any com-
plaints from residents and we don't
expect any,"said Jeanne Dickey, a
secretary in the building inspector's
office. "Nobody has said 'boo."'
MS. DICKEY and town officials
point out that the new bylaw, ap-
proved unanimously by about 200
residents at the annual town meeting
Tuesday, was not designed to
penalize homeowners with mansions
filledwith maids and butlers.
On the contrary, it was designed to
crack down on those without servants
in this suburb 15 miles west of Boston
wher th nereantwiest of Bs
A fter w ords $18,355, one of the highest in the state.
The rationale behind it is that
Quality Books at uncommonly low prices groups of unrelated people, many of
them students and young people, are
*getting together and renting an entire
house and they say any number of
them are servants. That's against
zoning laws," said Samuel Balkan,
a member of the town planning board.
Those laws stated that a single-
family household in Wellesley, which
has 27,000 residents and is home to
Wellesley College, can only include
p: those related by marriage, blood or
adoption, pluebtwo additional people
and an unlimited number of servants.
Building Inspector Arthur ,LaConte
OPEN said that only a half-dozen households
" Mon.- Sat. 10 -9 in Wellesley' were breaking the
Sunday Noon - 5 residence laws, but when confronted,
eI the tenants have claimed extra boar-
The D]~wa~iscount Bo rejders were grass mowers, snow shovel-
ers and car washers.
. COOKIES I
NIGHT OWLS TAKE A STUDY BREAK! I
Buy 2 or more of Mrs. Peabody's cookies
or brownies after 9:00 p.m. and get
a FREE beverage! '
Open till 11p.m. daily COUPON MUST BE
PRESENTED WITH PURCHASE '
715 N. University OFFER VALID THROUGH
- ...... .MAY.2-1986
TIV V (e V1.
OPEC unable to reach
agreement as price drops
(Continued from Page 1)
target countries. The embargo
resulted in much higher crude oil
THROUGHOUT THE 1970s, OPEC
successfully manipulated the price of
oil. The organization provided such a
large percentage of the world's oil
that it was able to control the price by
changing production levels.
Typically, each member nation
would be given a production quota,
and Saudi Arabia was the "swing
producer" that modified its production
to make sure OPEC met its overall
As oil prices rose, new producers
such as Great Britain entered the
market to share the profits. As
OPEC's share of the market slipped,
some OPEC nations began cheating
on their quotas to increase their
profits. As a result, Saudi Arabia was
forced to cut further and further back
on production to maintain OPEC's
SAUDI ARABIAN frustration grew
until last summer, when the King of
Saudi Arabia said that unless other
OPEC nations shared in production
cutbacks, Saudi Arabia would "turn
the spigots on," according to Salant.
When the other nations failed to reach
an agreement, Saudi Arabia followed
through on its threat.
The ensuing increase in supply
caused the recent fall in prices. But in
the same way that the Saudis caused the
current glut, "they could turn it
around tomorrow if they wanted,"
At the meeting last week, OPEC in-
tended to reach an agreement on
production cutbacks. The member na-
tions, however, could not decide how
they should divide the cutbacks
Salant would not offer any
predictions about the direction of the
oil market, saying that such a
forecast was too difficult to make.
He did say that if the low oil prices
continue, producers will begin to drop
out of the market because it would no
longer be profitable for them to pump
oil. In such a scenario, Salant said,
Saudi Arabia could hold out the
longest because it can produce oil
more cheaply than any other nation.
Fridays in The Daily
COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITEb PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Israeli jets hit South Lebanon;
PLO rockets Israeli town
NIYEH NIYEH, Lebanon - Israeli warplanes bombed Palestinian
bases near the southern Lebanese port of Sidon Thursday, killing 10
people and wounding 30 shortly after a rocket attack on an Israeli school
wounded three Israeli pupils and one teacher in the border town of Qiryat
The Sidon camps are strongholds of Yasser Arafat's Fatah guerrillas,
the main fighting group in his Palestine Liberation Organization.
They were the first Israeli casualties of rocket fire from south Lebanon
since Israel invaded its northern neighbor in 1982 in an effort to drive out
The raid was clearly intended to warn the Palestinians, who have been
building up forces in the area, to expect similar retaliation if cross-border
attacks continue. Many Arafat loyalists have been returning to the Sidon
A Fatah leader, Badi Abu-Suleiman, claimed responsibility for the
rocket attack on Kiryat Shmona, and vowed while inspecting the
damaged buildings: "We shall continue in our struggle against the enemy
and shall retaliate in a violent way...inside occupied land."
Senate passes Contra aid bill
WASHINGTON - The Senate yesterday revived President Reagan's
plan to send $100 million in aid to Nicaragua's Contra rebels, the
legislation now goes back to the House, where it was rejected just days
before a Sandinista raid into Honduras.
As approved by the Senate, the measure would send the money to the
Contras but under the condition that no offensive weapons can be sent for
90 days in order to give peace negotiations a chance.
That was the provision agreed to by Reagan last week in a last-minute
bid to win House approval. But the House rejected his plan, 220-210, a
Since then, the political situation changed because of what the White
House called an incursion by 1,500 Nicaraguan troops into neighboring
Reagan's plan would give the Contras $70 million in military aid and
$30 million in non-lethal help in their effort to oust the Sandinistas. The
current U.S. aid package, which expires Monday, contains $27 million.in
non-lethal assistance, including uniforms and medicine.
The vote was 53-47.
Libyans demonstrate against
U.S., give support to Khadafy
TRIPOLI, Libya - Marching bands led hundreds of Libyans through
the streets of the capital last night in support of their leader, Moammar
Khadafy. Signs bobbing in the crowd said "To Hell With America."
The official news agency JANA said Walid Jumblatt, Lebanon's Druse
Moslem militia leader, had offered "suicide squads" to help carry out
Khadafy's threat of attacking U.S. "terrorist embassies" and other
State media issued calls for such action Wednesday in revenge for the
U.S. Navy's actions earlier this week in the-Gulf of Sidra.
In a related development, the Libyan ambassador to Italy, Abdul-
Rahman Shalgam, said in Rome that Libya would not retaliate against
U.S. military bases in Europe or American citizens in Libya or other
Khadafy's aides summoned foreign journalists to a meeting today
morning. The capital was rife with rumors that Col. Khadafy would sail
out into the gulf as if chasing off the U.S. 6th Fleet.
Trade deficit decreases 24%
WASHINGTON - The United States trade deficit fell to $12.5 billion
last month, a dramatic 24 percent improvement over the January total as
the country's oil bill declined sharply, the government said yesterday.
Analysts said the turn-around offered hope that the darkest days for
U.S. trade are coming to an end, but they cautioned against4eading too
much into one month's numbers.
At the White House, presidential spokesman Larry Speakes hailed the
new report as signaling "the start of a fairly steady decline in the trade
Speakes said the drop in the value of the dollar "is just now showing up
in the trade figures and should help the trade picture at least through
The Commerce Department report said the February deficit was down
from a record $16.5 billion imbalance in January.
Last month, imports fell 9.7 percent to $30.2 billion while exports rose
4.3 percent to $17.7 billion , their highest level since June.
Anchorage volcano erupts
ANCHORAGE, Alaska - Augustine Volcano began a pulsating erup-
tion yesterday, pumping smoke and ash more than nine miles high and
spreading it toward Alaska's major population center, scientists said.
The Coast Guard, fishing boats and residents of the coastal community
of Homer reported the mountain came alive about 2 a.m., said Tom
Miller, a USGS vulcanologist.
"They're reporting orange fire, smoke and flashes," Miller said. The
USGS monitoring stations on the mountain recorded an "intense micro-
earthquake swarm" beginning about midnight, he said.
State seismologist John Davies described as modest the eruption of the
4,025-foot peak which forms its own uninhabited island in Cook Inlet,
about 175 miles southwest of Anchorage.
"In layman's terms, it's been erupting since midnight, but what we've
observed from seismic records is that the eruption waxes and wanes," he
said. "You have a major eruptive event that lasts for an hour or so, and
, he Mtichigan Bai1
Vol. XCVI - h:90
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the fall and winter terms. Subscription rates: September
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The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and subscribes
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Syndicate, and College Press Service.
If you've ever dreamed of being behind the controls
of an airplane, this is your chance to find out what
it's really like.
If you're cut out for it, we'll give you free civilian
flight training, maybe even $100 a month cash while
you're in school. And someday you could be flying
a Harrier, Cobra or F/A-18.
A Marine Corps pilot is coming to campus who
can take you up for trial flights.
We're looking for a few
college students who have the
brains and skill-as well as G e d
Get a taste of what life is like
i11 at the top. The flight's on us.
Editor in Chief .............. ERIC MATTSON
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