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Ninety-six years of editorial freedom
Vol. XCVI - No. 108
Copyright 1986, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, March 11, 1986
By KElRY MURAKAMI
Rosa Parks, whose refusal to move
to the back of an Alabama bus over 30
years ago spurred the
desegregation movement in this coun-
try, called on blacks last night to con-
tinue their struggle for freedom.
Parks, her gray hair revealing 72
years of age, spoke before a respec-
tful crowd of 600 people in Bursley's
West Cafeteria. She said that racism,
though more subtle, still exists
in America. She clutched a book of
collected works by Martin Luther
King Jr. in her hands.
"THE obstacles are still there (for
blacks), even if they're not as obvious
as in the South when I was growing
up," she said in a strong voice slightly
tinted with an Alabama accent.
"That's why I'm still trying and
moving around. I'd like to see the day
when we don't have to struggle to be
free in a free country."
Parks now works in Detroit as an
aide to Rep. John Conyers (D-
Michigan), as well as speaking to
student groups and remaining active
in the church.
Speaking about the advances in
civil rights made since she sparked
the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955,
she said, "I'm very pleased to tell you
in spite of the oppression under which
we lived, and the problems that -we
faced, that there could be some hope
for a better future."
"THE HOPE we had in those days
was very weakebutthe spirit of
freedom lived in everyone."
Parks cited economic factors as ob-
stacles to black equality. "Young
people are faced with inflation, pover-
ty, a high cost of living, and the
dangers young people can fall to un-
der them," she said.
"Unemployment is very high. And
when there have been opportunities to
get a position, people have not been
prepared academically. Many people
who should get a higher education
face obstacles in getting financial
aid," she said.
STUDENT aid, she said, is "just
one of those things young people, and
old people who can register to vote
can take care of."
See PARKS, Page 2
Speech high point of
racial awareness year
By SUSANNE SKUBIK(
Rosa Parks' speech at Bursley Hall
last night culminated a year-long ef-
fort by the Bursley staff to promote
understanding between majority and
The resident staff's Cultural
Awareness Committee has presented
a variety of programs this year
designed to help students comprehend
their feelings on race and to become
aware of race issues, said Bursley
Resident Director Tim Bennett.
"Mrs. Parks was selected because
she is a historic part of a continuing
struggle," he said.
PARKS GAINED national notoriety
in December, 1955 when, after a long
day at work, she refused to surrender
her seat on an Alabama bus to a white
passenger. Arrested for violating
segregation laws, Parks was removed
from the bus by two police officers.
Later, when she asked for a drink of
water, officers searched her for
See SPEECH, Page 2
" 'ry 1. u " "r I ~ *' 1 "-
Civil Rights activist Rosa Parks speaks to students at Bursley Hall last
WN i Nobel winner asks for aid to C.America
By WENDY SHARP
"I want to speak to you tonight
about the liberation of my people,"
Nobel Peace Prize winner Adolfo
Perez Esquivel told an audience of 300
in Hale Auditorium last night.
Esquivel, an Argentine human
rights activist,said in a Spanish
speech translated into English
that Americans are misinformed about
current events in Central America.
"The perspective of U.S. papers is not
correct," he said. The media
therefore makes it "difficult to com-
prehend situations in Central
ESQUIVEL contended that
although American newspapers
report about aid to the Nicaraguan
Contras, they do not cover genocide,
massacres, and cannibalism in
Guatemala or strife in Honduras.
"The truth is the situation is more
serious in Honduras than in
Honduras and Guatemala because
they don't want to know about it."
"WE could be much better infor-
med," said University President
'The perspective of U.S. papers (on Central
America) is not correct.'
-Adolfo Perez Esquivel,
Nobel Peace Prize inner
Referring to the Administration's
controversial plan for aid to the
Nicaraguan Contras, Esquivel said,
"Rather than send $100 million for
deaths, send the same money for life
and the development bf the people. It
is not much that we ask for."
Esquivel believes that because the
United States' tendency to take a
military approach to the problems in
Central America means this nation is
"looking toward another Vietnam."
HE suggested that the United States
use humanitarian aid to establish a
new spirit of cooperation with Cen-
tral America. Aid will only reach the
people if it goes to programs for
developing schools, housing, and
health services, he said.
Esquivel speaks positively about
the government of his homeland. The
present Argentine government
inherited many problems such as
enormous foreign debt, inflation, lack
of resources, and many questionable
disappearances of citizens, Esquivel
'said. Yet, it is trying to overcome this
instability. Although Argentina is now
less chaotic, Esquivel said that when
he received the Noble Peace Prize in
1980, the Argentine government
threatened him and planted a bomb in
Esquivel's latest efforts account for
only a part of his struggle for peace.
In 1972, he went on a hunger strike to
protest terrorist and police violence in
Argentina. Five years later, he spent
15 months in jail without being
charged for a crime.
Nicaragua," he said. Hondurans
"have to respond to military officials
and the CIA."
Mike Cox, graduate student in the
School of Public Health, said "The
United States does not know about
Harold Shapiro. He added that the
problem lies within individuals and
those who control. the national media.
Esquivel said that the Reagan ad-
ministration creates problems for
Central American countries.
... condemns military aid
intrigues 'U' student
By LAURIE DELATER
One day this term an Alice Lloyd
resident asked his hallmate, LSA
sophomore Kevin Eilian, if the small
satellite dish perched outside Eilian's
doorway was a "hobo dish."
"A what?" Eilian asked.
"A HOBO dish. You know, for
HBO," the hallm ate responded.
Although the dish had sat in the
hallway since September, the student
didn't know it picked up signals from
the New York and Chicago stock ex-
changes rather than cable television.
The satellite feeds continuously fluc-
tuating trade information onto a com-
puter screen in Eilian's room.
The hallmate's confusion is typical
of other students who aren't quite sure
just what goes on in 4572 Palmer
House. Eilian says hallmates tease
him about enjoying a great social life
because he's on the phone all day.
When he tells them it's "just
Sbusiness," they ask if he's running a
prostitution ring on campus. When the
20-year-old explains he's trading
futures contracts instead, some ask
with uncertainty, "Oh, like pork
NO, EILIAN answers, more like
Standard and Poor's 500 Stock Index
or Treasury bonds or foreign curren-
cies. At this point, the curious usually
give a confused look and end the-con-
While most students shake their
heads at the complexity of the
American financial system,
preferring to let their parents ,or their
parents' broker invest whatever
meager savings they might have,
Eilian relishes the high risk game-of
predicting movements of prices in the
stock and bond futures markets.
Dun and Bradstreet, a financial
analysis firm, estimates that only 20
percent of such deals are profitable.
BUT SINCE January the Highland
Park, Ill., native and his best friend,
Danny Dayan, who is a sophomore at
Northwestern University, have won
money on 85 percent of their trades,
although their losses are sometimes
larger than their gains. Eilian says he
buys or sells futures contracts two or
three days a week. On any given day,
he says, he wins or loses about $3,000.
But he forfeited $40,000 in one bond
market deal last June 7 - now dubbed
"Black Friday." That loss followed a
winning streak that started a month
earlier with Eilian's first trade, in
which he put up all of his capital and,
fortunately, watched it grow.
See STUDENT, Page 3
By JILL OSEROWSKY
The Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs (SACUA) yester-
day discussed a draft statement
aimed at discouraging faculty mem-
bers from sexually harassing studen-
The draft, which would not change
University policy, calls sexual en-
counters between faculty and studen-
ts "potentially exploitative."
"IT'S AN expression of faculty
beliefs on appropriate and inap-
propriate behavior toward students,"
said English prof. Richard Bailey, a
"It doesn't come out of the convic-
tion that things are terrible here,"
Bailey said, adding that some faculty
members need to be reminded that
sexual harassment is offensive.
SACUA began working on the policy
statement after Virginia Nordby,
University director of affirmative ac-
tion, asked the committee to issue a
statement deploring sexual
harassment at the University, accor-
ding to Jean Loup, a SACUA member.
See SACUA, Page 3
Daily Photo by PETE ROSS
LSA sophomore Kevin Eilian relishes the challenge of trading futures contracts profitably - and, so far, has en-
joyed remarkable success.
t C ome clown around with us at
Michigras," said Tonya Novara, an
LSA junior, as she handed out free
and a raffle offering a trip to New York as the grand
prize. Werner said the University Activities Center,
which is sponsoring the event has, gone to great lengths
to make Michigras as authentic as possible. Mardigras
beads, coins, and masks have been sent from New
Orleans, Werner said. Werner added that UAC is at-
tempting to draw a more diverse group to this year's
be submitted to the Guiness Book of World Records.
The operator of Barney's Bar & Cafe in Seeley Lake,
Mont. said the event drew 42 entries from 34 maggot
racers. He estimated 400 people spectators watched
various races during the weekend.
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ART HISTORY: Opinion applauds Georgia
O'Keeffe and other women artists. See Page