Ninety-six years of editorial freedom
Vol. XCVI - No. 80
Copyright 1986, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan -- Thursday, January 23, 1986
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan has "approved in principle" a
plan to resume military aid to rebels
fighting the Marxist-led Sandinista
government of Nicaragua, a White
House official said yesterday.
The official, revealing the military
aid offensive on condition he not be
identified, said the plan calls for $90
million to $100 million and would do
away with a congressional ban on
paying for ammunition or weapons.
WHITE House spokesman Larry
Speakes said: "The president has
sought ways to support the anti-San-
dinista movement there. We are
working with Congress for a package,
and that's the extent of it."
Reagan recently has stepped up his
campaign for public support for effor-
ts to cut off trade with Nacaragua and
to isolate the Managua regime. The
president accuses Nicaragua of for-
menting terrorism and revolution in
The president met yesterday with 47
of the 53 Republicans who control the
Senate, but Speakes said he did not
detail his program of aid to the rebels.
*ON TUESDAY, when a reporter
inquired whether GOP congressional
leaders had asked the president if he
intended to propose military aid to the
Contras, Speakes responded:
"They did not ask that specifically,
but the president has been in con-
sultation with a number of the leader-
ship, as well as a number of key
committee leaders, and I think they
understand where we're coming
But, he added, "until we finish our
consultations, we can't say."
The senior official who spoke
anonymously yesterday said the
president has not officially endorsed
the specific dollar amount, but has
approved the main outlines of the aid
THE Central Intelligence Agency
gave the rebels undercover military
aid and advice during Reagan's first
term. But Congress last year turned
down the president's request for con-
tinued clandestine assistance. It ap-
proved instead a compromise
program to give the rebels $27 million
in non-lethal assistance, such as
clothing, medical supplies and food.
The senior official said the plan ap-
proved in principle by the president
calls for about two-thirds of the total
aid package to be spent for weapons,
ammunition and other military aid.
Mexico and some other nations in
the region have disagreed with
Reagan's approach, pressing instead
for further diplomatic efforts to win a
regional peace treaty.
Congressional sentiment has been
But Secretary of State George
Shultz was quoted by Speakes as
telling GOP leaders Tuesday that
"there is a sharp change in the
viewpoint" in Congress of the issue.
"Nobody is asking now, "Hey, let's
give the Sandinistas the benefit of the
doubt.' It's plain what they're up to
down there," Speakes said.
Daily Photo by DEAN RANDAZZO
University alumna Ann Manikas (center) and LSA junior Jen Faigel A total of about 300 people gathered for the pro-choice and pro-life rallies
(right) hold a pro-choice sign at the demonstration on the Diag yesterday. on the 13th anniversary of the legalization of abortion.
Marchers raly over a-bortion
By MELISSA BIRKS
The national debate over abortion
came down to a chanting match on
the Diag yesterday, as local pro-
choicers and right-to-lifers held
rallies simultaneously on the 13th
anniversary of the Supreme Court's
Roe vs. Wade decision that legalized
Due to a scheduling error, both
groups_ wound up on the Diag. at
noon. Supporters of pro-choice, who
outnumbered their opponents by
about 150 to 35, had been granted
permission to use a sound system to
speak to the crowd. A speaker from
the campus Right-to-Life
oranization attempted to drown
them out with a bullhorn.
THE RIGHT-to-Lifers chanted
and carried signs that read "Equal
rights for Unborn Women" and "The
Supreme Court can be wrong as you
know .. . remember slavery?"
Pro-choice members of the Ann
Arbor Coalition for Women's Rights
shouted back: "Right-to-Life, your
name is a lie, you don't care if
women die!" They then urged the
sympathetic crowd to defend a
woman's right to control her own
Yesterday's events accompanied
rallies and vigils held throughout the
nation by both the National
Organization for Women and op-
ponents of abortion. In Washington
D.C., President Reagan, an avowed
opponent of abortion, praised pro-
life opponents of the 1973 Roe vs.
ONE OF these opponents, LSA
senior Matt Gutchess, who is
president of the campus chapter of
Right-to-Life, addressed the Diag
crowd yesterday with a bullhorn.
Speaking after his group had mar-
ched to University Hospital to
protest abortions performed there,
Gutchess emphasized that "abor-
tions aren't done on the Diag."
He focused on the belief of his
organization that "life is too
precious to be ended by abortion."
"WE BELIEVE that in the abor-
tion decision, the life of the child is
placed in one pan of the balance and
there is nothing that can be placed in
the opposite pan that will tip the
See RALLIERS, Page 5
Selective Service to
By EVE BECKER
Marching through campus with
posters and candles, Right-To-Life
protesters led a candlelight vigil
against abortion last night on the
13th anniversary of the Supreme
Court's Roe vs. Wade decision.
"The life of a child is placed on one
side of a balance. We believe that
nothing, except perhaps the life of
the mother can balance this," said
Matt Gutchess, president of the
University's chapter of the national
"WE'RE MARCHING today
because we believe the Roe vs. Wade
decision was a gross mistake," he
See PRO-LIFERS, Page 5
Trial for CIA protesters begins today
By KYSA CONNETT
with wire reports
Education secretary William Ben-
nett announced yesterday that he
would give computer tapes containing
the names of student aid applicants to
the Selective Service System in a
move aimed at uncovering young men
who have failed to register as poten-
The tapes contain the names of 5
million men and women who applied
for Pell Grants for the current school
year. About 6,000 of these names
belong to students at The University
of Michigan, according to Harvey
Grotrian, director of financial aid.
THIS IS THE latest step in gover-
nment efforts to carry out a 1982 law
called the 'Solomon Amendment,
which bars student aid from males
who fail to register with the Selective
The Solomon Amendment - named
app lican ts.
for its sponsor, Rep. Gerald B.
Solomon, (R-N.Y.) - requires male
students to register or be denied
federal grants and loans. Students
must sign a statement that they have
complied with the registration law.
Men are required to register at any
U.S. Post Office within a month of
their 18th birthday. Government of-
ficials say 98 percent have done so,
with 15 million registered since 1980.
THE PENALTY for failure to
register is up to five years in prison
and a $10,000 fine.
Grotrian said Bennett's move
suggests that the Selective Service
lacks a good mechanism for finding
the estimated two percent who have
failed to register. The method the ser-
vice will now use is unfair, Grotrian
believes, because it targets only
financially needy students.
"Students who have their own
See SELECTIVE, Page 5
By AMY MINDELL
Trial begins today for four of twen-
ty-six University students and local
residents who were arrested last Oc-
tober during a two-day protest of CIA
recruitment on campus.
The attorney representing the four
demonstrators, who were charged
with disorderly conduct outside the
Office of Career Planning and
*lacement, says he is optimistic that
the trial in 15th District Court will last
no more than two days and that his
clients will receive a deferred sentence.
"WE'VE BEEN supporting their
innocence since day one," said attor-
ney Eric Lipson, who works with
Student Legal Services. He is
representing LSA junior Bill Michael,
Peter Rosset, a Rackham graduate
student, Bob Krause, a University
graduate, and John Iskra, an LSA
City attorney Ron Plunkett has
charged the demonstrators wiht
violating a point in the city code man-
dating that "no person shall persist in
disturbing the public peace and quiet
by loud or aggressive conduct, having
once been clearly informed that he is
causing a disturbance."
The demonstrators maintain they
were not warned that they were
disturbing the peace before they were
arrested Oct. 23.
"WE WERE standing outside a big
metal door at career placement office
... We were pounding on the door and
chanting 'CIA go away' . . . then the
police came out and said, 'Him, him
and him' ... We weren't warned fir-
st," said Michael.
"Police say they warned us, but
logistics say they couldn't give us (a
warning) behind a closed door,"
The officers who made the arrests
could not be reached for comment
Plunkett said he has lined up
several University faculty members
to testify during the trial.
TOM EASTHOPE, assistant vice
See ANTI, Page 2
Shapiro, Josephson debate issues
By KERY MURAKAMI
University President Harold Shapiro said last
night he doesn't feel any changes need to be made
in the University's guidelines for classified
research on campus.
Before a 200-member audience that didn't quite
fill a small auditorium in the Business Ad-
ministration Building, Shapiro and Michigan
Student Assembly President Paul Josephson an-
swered questions on campus issues ranging from
the research guidelines to the proposed code of
"n" _i-Acauiiic COZIUUCL. IVfI+1nivul qucuiiswre 11nLLcI"Lik11-^"^Ia~ .IJIJ
SHAPIRO SAID on the code that he was willing
to wait for the University Council to finish work on
its alternative to the administration's proposal as
long as "substantive progress was being made."
He said, however, that he would not give the
council an "infinite" amount of time.
The classified research guidelines, currently
being reviewed by a student, faculty, and ad-
ministrator-comprised committee, include con-
trovrsial restrictions against research that might
endanger human life - for example, weapons
research. (the review committee held an open
motin la~ night SP rlatd d tor P eP 3)
made, "it should make sure that any guidelines
that exist are clear and unambiguous. But I don't
think there's any presumptions that some change
has to be made at the moment."
Josephson sasid that such ideals as the free and
open publication of research data should be
upheld, quoting a Harvard administrator who said
that "free flow of ideas among scholars and their
colleagues is essential to the fabric of academic
life. Government policy aimed at restricting free
flow is often self-defeating and should be reconsid-
Shapiro prepared by MSA members SHAPIRO said that if any changes are to be See 200, Page 5 s s n
..wants student input peae yMAmmes
through cable TV lines outside her Dearborn Heights
house. Her lawsuit contended the waves were
"causing her brain cells and bone marrow to dry up,
her eyes and ears to close, her hair to change color, her
cheeks to sink into her mouth and her smile to disap-
pear." The court said it had examined the allegations
Anne Hong, 32, president of I-80 Ink Corp., a month-old
graphics business. The wholesome type she's looking
for don't actually have to work on a farm to qualify.
"They just have to go to school in Iowa, and if they
have not completed a course, well, that's all right too,"
she said. She said her calendar will show the men bare
SINGING BIRDS: Arts previews two
women's new 16 mm film. See Page 5.
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