Ninety-six years of editorialfreedom
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, November 12, 1985
Vol. XCVI -No. 49 C
By MELISSA BIRKS
with wire reports
The University of Maryland's
College Park campus led all other
major colleges in the nation in repor-
ted violent crime in 1984, it was repor-
FBI crime statistics showed there
were 53 violent crimes reported to
university police, including four
rapes, 13 robberies, and 36
THE UNIVERSITY OF California
at Los Angeles and Michigan State
University tied for second with 45
violent crimes reported.
Here at the University of Michigan,
there were 43 reported violent crimes
in 1984, according to director of cam-
pus safety, Leo Heatley.
These figures reflect only crimes
that occur on property that the
In the FBI report, the violent crime
category includes murder, rape, rob-
bery, and aggravated assault.
AT MICHIGAN in 1984, there were
13 reported incidents of aggravated
assault, 17 cases of criminal sexual
conduct, and 13 robberies.
A robbery, Heatley said, is "for-
ceable taking of property" and must
involve contact between the victim
and the assailant.
Of the 17 reports of criminal sexual
0 conduct, three were labeled as first
degree, meaning the incidents in-
volved "sexual penetration with
aggravating circumstances resulting
in injury to the victim and with a
weapon involved," Heatley said.
The FBI report does not include
cases of assault and battery, 95 of
which were reported at the University
ALTHOUGH College Park had
more reports of violent crimes, the
University of Michigan actually
posted more cases of property crime.
Heatley said that the last year there
were 1,895 cases of property crime on
the Ann Arbor campus. That includes
1,720 felony larcenies, 128 burglaries,
24 car thefts, and 23 arsons.
See VIOLENT, Page 3
opyright 1985, The Michigan Daily
SALK DISCUSSES CURE
By STEPHEN GREGORY
Dr. Jonas Salk, whose discovery of a vaccine for polio
was announced at the University 30 years ago, yesterday
said some parts of the world still lack his cure.
As many as 500,000 people around the world currently
suffer from the crippling disease, which has been vir-
tually eliminated in the United States, Salk said during a
celebration of the anniversary of his medical
"(POLIO) CAN be eradicted this year," he continued,
"It's just a matter of applying the knowledge that we now
Salk reminisced about the day in September, 1952 when
he received the results of blood tests on a group of children
who had been immunized with his then experimental vac-
cine containing the polio virus.
"It was clear we had demonstrated a rise in an-
tibodies," he recalled. He was a researcher in
epidemiology at the University of Pittsburgh when he
discovered what he thought would be the answer to the
SALK ASKED his mentor Dr. Thomas Francis at the
University of Michigan to run a series of field tests to
follow-up on his research. It was after those experiments
that Francis told media representatives from around the
nation at Rackham Auditorium on April 22, 1955, "We
have found a cure for polio."
Salk said it meant a great deal "to bring the work to a
conclusion so that the benefits I felt when I immunized my
children could be felt by others."
His vaccine has since been upgraded so that patients
are injected with antibodies to the disease rather than its
virus, Salk said.
Salk, was a nominee for the Noble prize of his discovery,
but did not win it. Asked during an earlier press conference.
ce if he was bitter about the decision, he said, I had a great
opportunity and experiences, and that was a reward in it-
self." Also, he added, he had not expected to win and was
therefore not disappointed.
SALK SAID that there still is no clear cause to the post-
polio syndrome, which involves recurring symptoms of
polio in patients who suffered from the disease before the
vaccine was made available.
He also compared his achievement with those health
challenges facing the medical community today. Polio
was "unavoidable," Salk said, because the virus could be
picked up even through indirect contact with an infected
person. In contrast, he said individuals can take certain
steps to avoid contracting the two most prevalent health
problems today, cancer and AIDS.
Cancer researchers would be better off to devote their
time to studying the causes of the disease rather than an
overall cure, Salk said. "When there is a hepatitus vac-
cine," he said, "then liver cancer caused by it can be
prevented." Similarly, he pointed out the best way to
prevent lung or bladder cancer is to abstain from smoking
"Are we going to sit back and wait for the biological
scientists to come up with something that will keep us
from having to exercise our own will?" Salk said,
stressing that man has not yet learned to prevent many of
his own health problems.
And he expressed his hope that in the future scientists
can-develop a universal vaccine that "contains as many
different antigens for as many different diseases as
Daily Photo by DAN HABIB
Dr. Jonas Salk discusses in Rackham's East Conference Hall yesterday
the evolution of the polio vaccine he discovered 30 years ago.
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CAMBRIDGE, Mass. - Voters soundly
defeated a controversial law that would have sub-
jected pornographers to civil lawsuits on the
grounds that their product amounts to sexual
discrimination, election officials confirmed
About 100 people who had been counting paper
ballots by hand in a school gymansium since
Thursday finally finished their tabulation, finding
a referendum on the issue lost on a vote of 13,031
against to 9,419 in favor.
Alfred Gerardin, election supervising auditor,
said 1,931 of the 24,381 who voted in the election left
the pornography question blank. The measure
needed at least 15,000 yes votes to be approved.
Voters in Cambridge, the home of Harvard
University and Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, also were selecting nine city coun-
cilors and six school committee members.
The controversial proposal defines pornography
as "a systematic practice of exploitation and
subordination, based on sex, which harms
women." Explicit photos, as well as anything
defined as dehumanizing to women, would be con-
COERCION of participants, traficking in por-
nography and assaults or attacks due to por-
nography also would be subject to civil penalties.
A spokeswoman for the feminist Anti-Censor-
ship Task-Force, which opposed the proposal, was
cautiously optimistic before the vote.
"I think people in the organization as well as
people who are watching ... are feeling pretty
strongly that the referendum is going to lose,"
said Janice Irvine.
"It (defeat of the question) would send a really
clear and strong message that this ordinance is
more dangerous to women than pornography,"
she said, adding the law sould be enforced in a
"very conservative way."
It will end up being used against women," she
said before the results were in. "All someone has
to do is claim that they have been offended and
convince a judge. We think the first kinds of
material that will be gone after...is women's
............. ................ .................... ..":.....:":.....r..r...:o:::.::r......................... ..........................ti.....
gains of iwmen first hand
By LAURA BISCHOFF
When Barbara Newell first visited
the University in 1940 she ran up the
steps of the Union in pouring rain to
ask for directions. Because she was a
woman, however, she was told to en-
ter the back door of the all-male club.
But when Newell returned to the
Union twenty-seven years later, she
walked straight through the front en-
trance, not as a student but as an
assistant to University President
the institutuion which aren't very
glamorous but make a difference in
the quality of life," she says matter-
of-factly. Hiring practices are more
fair now, she explains, and University
activities and facilities - such as the
Union - are no longer off-limits to
"We've got a long way to go in em-
ployment," she says, leaning back in
a sofa in the Union. "There are more
women in administrative positions
now than there were fifteen years ago,
but they seem to be stopping at middle
management, which is
AT THE UNIVERSITY, the only
woman to be appointed as vice
president besides Newell is Linda
Wilson, who was installed this fall to
head up research programs on cam-
But Newell points to a shift in
enrollment patterns that show more
women are moving into the law,
medical, and engineering professions.
She anticipates a comparable shift in
See SCHOLAR, Page 2
Daily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
Robben Fleming. It was a position she
held three years before becoming the
first woman to step into a vice
presidency of the University - a feat
unmatched until this fall.
LAST MONTH Newell, now a
visiting scholar at Harvard at the age
of 57, was honored as one of the foun-
ders of the University's Commission
on Women. While she was here, she
spoke to the Daily about the advan-
... pioneered women in education
cement of women in higher education.
The 'tall dignified woman who
cleared a path for women in the upper
echelons at numerous universities,
says she is pleased at "visible im-
provements" in the attitude of higher
education toward women but disap-
pointed that women haven't made
"There have been basic changes in
A jogger runs down Observatory Street yesterdav, keeping his hands warm with 'M' gloves.
Scarlet And gray blues
,TN OUR CONTINUING PREVIEW to the football
M ACON Telegraph and News General Manager
Billy Watson promised to put on a bumblebee
costume if the Macon, Georgia newspaper ever
achieved a goal of selling 100,000 copies in a day. Guess
what happened? The sale of 103,228 copies last
Dancing for Jerry's Kids
WHILE THE FOLKS DOWN IN Columbus are
learning to be better farmers, students in Ann
Arbor will be dancing the night away this weekend to
raise money for Muscular Dystrophy. The 10-hour dan-
GRADUALISM: Opinion looks at the latest
minority enrollment figures. See Page 4.