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Ninety-six years of editorial/freedom
Vol. XCVI - No. 47
Copyright 1985, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, November 8, 1985
Suicide strikes close
By REBECCA BLUMENSTEIN
On the chilly autumn night of Oc-
tober 16 engineering senior Richard
Grabowski jumped to his death from a
parking structure at East William and
On a Sunday evening 11 days later,
a freshman living in Bursley slashed
her wrists in an attempt to kill herself.
And within the last week a student
expressed concern about a friend,
another LSA junior, whose wrists
bear razor blade scratches and who
speaks frequently of death.
UNIVERSITY counselors and
national suicide experts say the three
suicidal occurrences described above
'With statistics like this it
is almost inevitable that most
students, within four years of school, will encounter one who is
seriously contemplating suicide or has even attempted it.'
Assistant director of Counseling Services
believed to be under-reported because
students may kill themselves during a
visit at home or their death certificate
may not list suicide as the cause of
death. Gauthiertsays available
statistics show that four to five
students in a campus the size of the
University's will end their own lives
during an average academic year.
"AT LEAST 10 times that many
have seriously attempted suicide,"
she adds, "and 10 times that many
have committed harmful acts upon
their body, such as scratching their
wrists or an excessive use of drugs or
See SUICIDE, Page 6
are not uncommon - only surprising
and disturbing to students who may
fail to realize that someone they know
wants to die until it's too late.
Evelyn Gauthier, assistant director
of the University's Counseling Ser-
vices, says it is "almost inevitable
that most students, within four years
of school, will encounter one (peer)
who is seriously contemplating
suicide or has even attempted it."
The actual numbers of suicides are
By JOE EWING
Michigan has faced some of the
remier quarterbacks in the nation
over the past few weeks. But
tomorrow the Wolverines face the
In the past three weeks, Michigan
°(3-1-1 in Big Ten, 6-1-1 overall) has
squared off against Iowa's Chuck
)Long, Indiana's Steve Bradley, and
Illinois' Jack Trudeau, all highly ac-
claimed for their passing and leader-
ship abilities. But tomorrow Bo
Schembechler's ninth-ranked charges
ill meet the top-rated signal caller in
the Big Ten and the country when they
face Purdue (2-3 in Big Ten, 4-4
overall) and Jim Everett at Michigan
Stadium at 1 p.m.
0I WOULDN'T want to evaluate
them, but the general concensus
among the pro scouts seems to be-
that Everett is the number one quar-
terback in the league, with Long
second and Trudeau third," said
-Michigan head coach Bo Schem-
*echler. "I've seen this youngster for
the last two years and he is
The list of Everett's achievements
is so extensive, that if written down it
would probably stretch as far as one
of his long bombs. He leads the league
and the nation in total offense,
averaging 366.5 yards per game, and
is seventh in the NCAA in passing ef-
ficiency. So far this year, the fifth-
year senior from Albuquerque, N.M.
*as hit on 228 of 357 passes for 2,947
yards and 20 touchdowns, while
throwing only seven interceptions.
"I think his intelligence allows him to
throw the football where he's sup-
See TOP, Page 10
By KERY MURAKAMI
A committee formed this summer to look at ways to cut
down on "disruptive and unbecoming" behavior at
University commencement ceremonies yesterday
suggested ways to make it harder to bring alcohol into
Whle the plan falls short of searching students as they
enter the stadium, the committee suggested cutting down
the number of entrances into the stadium.
"THIS WOULD make it harder to just walk in with a
champagne bottle," because security would be more con-
centrated at each entrance, said Randy Thorpe, an ar-
chitecture graduate student on the committee.
In addition, the committee discussed the possibility of
having parents accompany the graduates in the
procession into the stadium. Students would still be seated
apart from their parents, he said.
Henry Johnson, the University's vice president for
studnet services and informal chair of the committee, ref-
used to comment on the recommendations, which have
not yet been made public.
JOHNSON formed the committee in June at the request
of executive officers, after a particularly unruly
ceremony in May.
A faculty body, the Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs (SACUA) in June condemned the
behavior of many of the graduates. Also letters appeared
in newspapers from angry parents complaining about the
lack of respect.
Students popped champagne corks throughout Gov.
James Blanchard's keynote address.
Blanchard's speech, however, was criticized by many
students last spring, including Michigan Student Assem-
bly President Paul Josephson. "People just weren't in
the mood for a political speech," he said.
JOSEPHSON suggested then that students be given
more input in the selection of the speaker. Thorpe said this
wasn't included in the recommendations but the commit-
tee felt a student should be allowed to speak for a "brief
period - two or three minutes."
The committee conceded that boredom contributed to
the students' behavior, Thorpe said.
In addition, he said the committee suggested having a
student .from each school stand on the podium to make
students feel more a part of the ceremonies.
Josephson was unavailable for comment yesterday, but
Eric Schnaufer, MSA's personnel director who appointed
the students to the committee, said "I don't think having
26 students on the podium is going to make students less
SCHNAUFER asked how the student speaker would be
selected, but Thorpe said the committee did not recom-
mend any way to choose the student.
Among the committee's other recommendation, Thorpe
said, was to require tickets for admission to the
ceremonies. Students would be able to get as many tickets
as they wanted, but the measure would keep out those who
do not belong and who contribute to the disruption.
D i g b u sDaily Photo by SCOTT LITUCHY
LSA freshman Robyn Mirman sings along with her Walkman yesterday
on the Diag.
THOROLD, Ontario (AP) - Ships
moved very slowly through the
Welland Canal yesterday as the St.
Lawrence Seaway managed a sput-
tering reopening after more than
three weeks of idleness that cost ship-
pers millions of dollars.
Traffic resumed about 6 a.m., of-
ficials said, and three ships had
passed through repaired Lock No. 7
before movement was halted for
about an hour while workers trimmed
protruding steel rods from the lock
"WE'RE GOING a little slower
than normal, but that's because of all
the traffic," said Ron Darcy, at the
seaway's vessel information office in
St. Catharines, Ontario.
More than 140 ships were waiting to
move through the 26-mile canal, a
journey that normally takes eight to
12 hours, Darcy said. A collapsed wall
at Lock No. 7 halted traffic in both
directions Oct. 14.
Seaway officials have said they ex-
pect to clear the backlog through the
canal, which connects Lake Erie and
Lake Ontario, in about a week at a
rate of 25 ships a day.
See SHIPS, Page 3
.-.::$$$:$: :*.5.. ..:.. ..:..
' S. African newsman blasts media ban
By KERY MURAKAMI
The South African government's
charge that television news crews
help incite racial violence in that
country is "rubbish," said Benjamin
Pogrund, a former editor of a defunct
liberal South African newspaper.
The South African government
made the accusations last week to
justify its banning of film and radio
journalists from covering racial
unrest in the country.
POGRUND, speaking to reporters
and journalism students in a Frieze
Building office yesterday, said the
blackout would have only a limtied ef-
fect within the country. But he said
the sanctions are aimed more at cur-
bing negative publicity in other coun-
"The broadcasts show the rioting in
the country, and the government
doesn't like that," he said. According
Q Pogrund, sanctions from other
countries, including the refusal of
many banks to give loans to the
governments, have had a
"catastrophic effect on the country's
business stability and its 'white' con-
Pogrund said he has heard of cases,
as the government has charged,
where news crews pay rioters to
reenact parts of riots, but "such cases
are very rare," he said.
HE ADDED that while rioters
sometimes become excited by the
sight of television cameras, film jour-
nalists cannot be blamed for the
racial unrest. "Things have gone far
beyond that," he said.
Pogrund served as deputy editor of
the Johannesburg-based Rand Daily
Mail, a paper he said challenged the
government more than any other
paper in the country. The Daily Mail
was closed by its publishers last April
for what were called business
reasons, but Pogrund said he suspec-
ted it was closed for political reasons.
"We angered a lot of people ... We
simply did too much," he said.
"The Mail has succeeded too well
and its existence has become in-
tolerable to some . . . The victors in
the field are those who speak with
careful, muted voices or who rely on
boring mediocrity or who prettify
realities," he wrote in the paper's
POGRUND said the newspapers'
loss will mean a "sagging" in the
challenging of the government by
other newspapers. "The Daily Mail
served as a pacesetter, indicating how
far other newspapers can go."
Surprisingly, Pogrund said the South
African press "enjoy a freedom
greater than the freedom most would
For example, it does not ban the
naming of government opponents as
See S. AFRICAN, Page 2
By HENRY PARK
American corporate investors are
creating a "financial explosion" in-
stead of engaging in productive ac-
tivities, according to Paul Sweezy, a
leading radical economist who spoke
on campus last night.
"What does it mean that our best
brains go to Wall Street?" he asked
the 150 people gathered in the
Michigan Union. "It means we are
wasting our best brains."~
HIS TALK, entitled "The Casino
Society: Where Does It Lead?" was
sponsored by the Rackham Student
Government and a number of other
student and University organizations.
Sweezy argued that an abundance
of unused production and manufac-
turing facilities in the economy has
made further investment in produc-
tive assets unattractive to profit-
"What are they going to do with all
this money in their coffers at their
disposal?" he asked. "They're not
just going to sit on it." He said the
wealthy are speculating on Wall
Street instead of putting their money
into more humanitarian areas.
HE SUGGESTED a "stiff increase
in corporate taxes." The money now
going into financial speculation
should be used to build "new houses,
new cities," to clean up pollution, and
to raise the poor from poverty so that
they might buy the products of the
stagnating economy, he said.
While he considers the United
States economy to be at the peak of a
business cycle boom, Sweezy said this
could change "overnight" if a crisis in
international currency speculation
Sweezy said the title of his lecture
came from an article in Business
Week magazine, which he found to be
straight forward "to the credit of
Business Week" unlike articles in
"the popular and academic press."
NOTING THAT the volume on the
New York Stock Exchange has more
than doubled in the past five years,
the magazine called speculation a
"financial balloon" that is growing
"too big to be stopped." Sweezy said
the "balloon" has been growing faster
than the real economy for the last 15
years and several times has come
"close to breaking down to a classic
Sweezy views Reagan as a
"military Keynesian" who is forced
by circumstances to preside over
record deficit spending and a military
build-up to keep the economy from
collapsing. Ironically, Reagan has
had to preside over federal rescues of
banks and corporations despite his
laissez-faire views, Sweezy noted.
Sociology student March Steinberg
said he found the talk "reasonably in-
formative" but "not really startling."
He said he had expected Sweezy to be
..condemns S.African government
ONATHAN GEORGE considered it no small
matter when he found some problems with his
science textbook's descriptions of atoms,
mrtfenhCa nd nuavrs G en(orge aninth grader~
be found in quarks. "Not all high school students have
your gift of understanding the relationships between
matter and energy," he responded. "It is easier to
define matter and discuss its states - liquid, solid and
gas - than to try and explain the fundamental nature
of space to students who are still developing their
tokens, but Connecticut officials offered only 2% cents
apiece - the cost of minting the token. The city then
asked Connecticut to mint new tokens, but the state
refused. And their efforts to retool the turnstiles to
reject the Connecticut tokens also failed. Finally, Con-
necticut Department of Transportation spokesman
William Keish said, the parties "reached a conclusion
YOUNG AGAIN: Opinion analyzes Detroit
Mayor Coleman Young's recent reelection.
See Page 4.