Ruppe sees famine
as threat to peace
(Continued from Page 1)
the Peace Corps. "Is it ludicrous that
Iwe double (the Peace Corps) budget
#when every program, except the
tmilitary, (is) suffering cuts? Seeking
~pace is the most important challenge
we face now," he said. "We must in-
lcrease our ability to wage peace."
Shriver urged the country's foreign-
policy makers to learn from the Peace
Corps by using education, rather than
imilitary force, to win allies.
"Instead of learning to love our
enemies, as Jesus of Nazareth had
said Americans are indoctrinated to
r fear our enemies," Shriver said. "We
Shall not overcome our fears with
ibombs, but with spirit."
"A SPIRIT IS moving across the
country, and not just a Cap Wein-
berger spirit," he said. "Now we use
:'Star Wars' and boycotts against our
;enemies. Every year we seem to be
#making a few more enemies."
Shriver also recounted the naming
of the Peace Corps. "The conser-
vatives opposed the word peace,"
Shriver said, "because they thought it
,was soft, wishy-washy, vague, weak.
I'he liberals were opposed to the work
corps because it sounded too
"Finally, I decided to use both
names," he said, and "get the best out
of both words. Peace is precisely what
pit stands for and corps shows that we
Are not individuals but a group."
WHILE THE group does symbolize
1 peace, there have been some ob-
stacles in obtaining it.
Drought and famine are these
major obstacles, according to Ruppe.
'And shortages resulting from these
occurrences constrain development in
ether areas throughout the continent
f Africa, she said.
The organization's job is "to bring
forth from our collective experience
Vind creativity new strategies that will
(Continued from Page 1)
Crowd of over 1,000 students and ear-
.ing an average of $3,500 to $4,000 a
peech, said Gary Muck, Ehrlich-
THE SPEECHES are "usually
Oacked and always favorable," he
6 Ehrlichman, currently living in
Santa Fe, New Mexico after writing
three books, was fired in 1973 after
Peing in the White House for 4%/
years. He was convicted of the
Watergate cover-up and imprisoned
for 18 months.
Looking back, he said his biggest
mistake was that "I know I had those
instinctive, cautionary feelings, and I
Ehrlichman did not mention Vice
President George Bush's visit to the
Jniversity, but said Bush is a
discrete and able guy who has step-
bring us closer to the day when all the
world's people may eat...when Africa
takes its rightful place as the con-
tinent of vast promise."
ACCORDING TO Ruppe, the major
factors contributing to these con-
ditions are "lack of rainfall, uncon-
trolled population growth, inadequate
infrastructure, price controls, the
vagaries of international economics,
declining forests, deteriorating soil."
There are no immediate answers to
these problems, she said. But the
Peace Corps can help formulate
Shriver acknowledged that not
everyone believed the organization
could have an impact.
But the Peace Corps has survived
the "realistic and cynical claims it
was naive, impractical, and even
"The Peace Corps has the best
record of any agency in the gover-
nment," Shriver said. "No one has
ever defected from the Peace Corps.
No one has ever been accused or
prosecuted for treason. Other gover-
nmental agencies with hard-headed
machismo and security measures
can't measure up to the Peace Cor-
"Listen to what he said back in
1960," Shriver said, quoting Kennedy.
"'How many of you, how are going
to be doctors, are willing to spend
your days in Ghana? Technicians or
engineers, how many of you are
willing to work in the foreign service
and spend your days traveling around
"The Peace Corps were our answer
to his words and his challenge,"
Daily staff writer Christy Riedel
filed a report for this story.
The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 8, 1985 - Page 3
Pollce usig computers
to put bite on bad guys
... concerned about famine
SAN FRANCISCO (AP) - When
police recently identified Richard
Ramirez as the prime suspect in the
"Night Stalker" murders, the hero of
the story was a computer that mat-
ched a fingerprint found on a stolen
Matching tiny data from finger-
prints found at crime scenes to prints
on file, the Japanese-made system
can do in minutes what might take a
human analyst months or even years
to do by hand.
IT'S A TOOL, computer consultant
Tom Ruggles says, which can "find a
needle in a haystack."
The system is in use in Tokyo,
Alaska, and California, where the
Legislature recently approved a bill
that would provide local police
jurisdictions with remote terminals
connected to the central computer in-
In the "Night Stalker" case, finger-
prints were taken from a car spotted
at the scene of an Aug. 25 shooting
linked to the Stalker and flown from
Los Angeles to Sacramento to be
checked by the new Department of
Justice computer. It was the com-
puter's first case.
In 14 minutes, it spit out the names
of Ramirez and five others with
similar fingerprint patterns.
Ramirez's name was at the top of the
RAMIREZ, 25, was charged in
Angeles with 68 felony counts, in-.
cluding 14 murders and five attem-
pted murders as well as various rob-
beries, rapes, and kidnappings. He
has been held without bail since his
Aug. 31 arrest.
Since installing a computer like
Sacramento's 19 months ago, San
Francisco police have tripled the
number of identifications, according
to Sgt. Bob Dagitz.
With this computer, we have been
able to identify perpetrators that
would have never been caught under
the old system," said Dagitz, a 27-
year police veteran and head of the
department's Crime Scene In-
IN CASES where investigators have
no suspects to narrow the field and
must rely solely on fingerprints,
Dagitz said, the computer has made
month as human analysts previously
made in a year.
Investigators used to identify
fingerprint traits like whorls, arches,
and loops to narrow the field, then dug
through files one at a time, com-
paring prints to make an iden-
Dagitz once calculated that one
person working eight hours a day
would take 33 years to manually com-
pare a single fingerprint to the more
than 300,000 cards the department has
maybe an hour," he said.
Dagitz and other investigators
place a photograph or a tracing of a
fingerprint in the reader, which
relays the pattern into the computer's
With red dots, the machine marks
the "minutiae points" that
distinguish a fingerprint from any
other, then links the dots together.
The investigator then enters any in-
formation known about the person to
whom the fingerprint belongs - sex,
race, and approximate age.
almost as many identifications in a "With te computer, it wouldetake
... urges corps expansion
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speaks on current issues
ped back into the shadow and not
Ehrlichman said Bush is the leading
candidate for the Republican
presidential ticket in 1988.
Referring to the White House staff,
Ehrlichman said "we're able to deal
with just about one problem at a
time.. .God help us if they come with
two or three."
.A current problem, he said, is get-
ting Reagan ready for the upcoming
summit with Soviet leader Mikhail
Gorbachev. "It is a time of great
stress," he said, explaining that
"Reagan simply refuses to deal with
anything that can't be reduced to half
Looking to the future, Ehrlichman
said Reagan and Gorbachev will be
like "ships that pass in the night -
Reagan is going to tell funny stories
about Ireland...and Gorbachev will be
But the central issue right now is
"the state of the economy and the
federal deficit," Ehrlichman said. He
added that when speaking about the
deficit, "the culprit is not defen-
se ...but the dramatic increase in tran-
sfer payments and the interest on the
"Congress does not wish to be
analytical about what caused the
deficit," and Ehrlichman said, adding
that David Stockman has remarked
that Ronald Reagan "does not have
the stomach to go the American
public and say, 'This is where the
problem lies,"' Ehrlichman said.
The international symposium on "America's Role in Africa's
Development: Past and Future" continues at 9 a.m. in the Rackham
Building. The symposium is part of the Peace Corps' 25th anniversary.
CG - Images, 7 and 9 p.m., Angell Aud. A.
MTF - The Deer Hunter, 8 p.m., Michigan Theater.
Peace Corps - The Toughest Job You'll Ever Love, 7:30 p.m., Inter-
Near Eastern & North African Studies - Anwar Sadat, Part II, noon,
Viewing Room, MLB.
School of Music - Recitals: Jeffrey Fowler, 10:30 a.m.; organ, Almut
Roessler, 4 p.m.; organ, Todd Wilson, 8:30 p.m., Hill Auditorium.
cumenical Campus Center - William Worger, "Focus on South
Africa," noon, 603 E. Madison Street.
Geological Science - Dennis Kent, "Geomagnetic Polarity Rever-
sals," 4 p.m., Rm. 4001, CC Little Building.
College of Architecture & Urban Planning - Grady Clay, "Design
Competitions: Lessons from the Past," 8p.m., Rackham Auditorium.
Chinese Studies - Michael Oksenberg, "New Light on the Long March:
Commemorating the Fiftieth Anniversary," noon, Lane Hall Commons
Russian & East European Studies - Nina Tumarkin, "War, Peace &
the Russians: The Soviets Remember World War II," noon, Rm. 200,
Human Growth & Development - Paul Baltes, "Implications of Life-
Span Perspectives," noon, Rm. 1000, 300 N. Ingalls.
Ann Arbor Public Library - David Geherin, "From Sam Spade to
Spenser: the Private Eye in American Fiction," 12:10 p.m., meeting
room, Main Library.
Ann Arbor-Washtenaw NOW - Pat Tompkings, International Women's
Studies Institute, 7:30 p.m., 1917 Washtenaw Ave.
Armenian Students Cultural Association - 7 p.m., Union.
Gay Liberation - 7 p.m., main floor, League.
Rugby Football Club - 7 p.m., Elbel Field.
Michigan Ensian Yearbook - Free senior protraits, 9 a.m. to noon, 1
p.m. to 6 p.m., Student Publications Building.
Matthaei Botanical Gardens - Orientation, canoe trip on Huron River,
7 p.m., 1800 North Dixboro Road.
Chemistrv - Colloquium. Peter Dervan. "Design of Sequence SDecific