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Ninety-six years of editorial freedom
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, October 8, 1985
Vol. XCVI - No. 24
Copyright 1985, The Michigan Daily
By NANCY DRISCOLL
and KERY MURAKAMI
Students cheered wildly when John
F. Kennedy called for the creation of
the Peace Corps on the steps of the
Michigan Union 25 years ago, but
protesters attempted to drown out
Vice President George Bush when he
spoke from those same steps
Before Bush began his short speech
commemorating the Peace Corps'
25th anniversary, he gestured toward
the chanting protesters and said:
"THAT'S ONE of the great things
about freedom. I'd like to see them go
down to old Lenin Square and see
what happens there. Wouldn't it be
nice if they could do that in South
The demonstrators shouted
questions about U.S. foreign policy in
Central America and expressed
dislike for Bush. Their voices, some
onlookers said, overpowered Bush
supporters carrying "Bush in'88"
But loudspeakers placed in the
crowd helped to carry Bush's speech
over theoprotests. He didn't stop his
"One of the kicks in my job is get-
ting to take part in events like this
one, the celebration of the Peace
Corps' 25th anniversary," Bush
began. "Part of it is that it gives you a
little historical perespecitive."
HE QUOTED a New York Times
editorial in 1960 which called Ken-
nedy's ideas "nothing new." Then.
Bush added, "And, I suppose, nothing
was new; except that within a year the
first of what would be 120,000
American volunteers would be on
their way overseas, a show of goodwill
and caring of people, for people,
unlike any country had every under-
"The first Peace Corp volunteers all
went to one country - Ghana in
Africa. They've since worked in 93."
"And let me just add a personal
note" Bush added. "When i visited
Africa, I visited faminie relief camps.
At one, I held in my arms a child who
was two years old and weighed seven
pounds. Her mother had already died
of starvation. Her grandmother was
dying. She's part of why I feel very,
very strongly about the Peace Corps'
Food Systems Initiative."
"So this is what we celebrate
today," Bush told the crowd. "Not
just the Peace Corps' 25th Anniver-
sary. Not just the energy and
dedication of Peace Corps' volunteers
over the years. Not just what the
See VP, Page 7
By ROB EARLE
and KERY MURAKAMI
Peace Corps directors of different
eras agreed on one thing yesterday:
there are no easy answers to the
Sargent Shriver, the nation's first
Peace Corps director, and Loret Rup-
pe, the organization's current direc-
tor, challenged audiences to attempt
small, peaceful victories.
SHRIVER, speaking at a luncheon
in the Michigan League for Peace
Corps volunteers, reminded listeners
of the ideals of peace which John F.
Kennedy presented during his speech
on the steps of the Michigan Union 25
Shriver encouraged expansion of
See RUPPE, Page 3
Vice President George Bush, facing a small group of hecklers, tells a
crowd of 4,000 at the Union yesterday, "That's one of the great things
Protesters hold up anti-Bush signs and heckle
during his speech yesterday.
the Vice President
Changes challenge Peace Corps
By ROBERT EARLE
Twenty-five years after its inception, the Peace
Corps - tangled in federal bureaucracy and par-
, tisan politics - is changing.
"My main concern is that it is submerged into a
number of different agencies," said George
Grassmuck, a political science professor.
THE PEACE Corps is now affiliated with VISTA
and has been bounced among government agen-
cies such as ACTION.
"(It) does not have a real home in the
Washington bureaucratric system, and by being
separate, it has had to fight for its existence,"
Grassmuck said. "It doesn't have any strong
people to defend it."
THIS GOVERNMENT bureaucracy checked the
enthusiasm that dominated the Peace Corps
during its early years.
"(It glacks the enthusiasm that was there at its
foundation," Grassmuck said. In the 1960s, the
Peace Corps was viewed as a way to cut red tape,
Grassmuck said. Now, that feeling is lost because
the Peace Corps itself is immersed in
In addition to domestic troubles, the Peace Cor-
ps is wavering internationally, said political
science Prof. Gary Hawes, a former Peace Corps
HE CITED the government's failure to remove
Peace Corps volunteers from the Philippines
during the declaration of martial law in 1972 as an
international blunder - one that showed the U.S.
favored martial law.
See BUREAUCRACY, Page 2
By WALTER WHITE
LSA senior Joseph Gneiser looks
up from the thumb-size silver wings
he is diligently polishing to stress the
importance of keeping up an image
as the top-ranking University
student in the Army Reserved Of-
ficers Training Corps:
"My uniform must look as good as
City orders pension divestment
By AMY MINDELL
The Ann Arbor City Council voted 7-4 last night to
"direct" the city's retirement board to divest $19 million
in pension funds from South Africa-related companies
amid heated debate over whether the resolution would have
Although City Attorney Bruce Laidlaw said the in-
dependent board was not bound tofollow the directive, Mayor
Edward Pierce said he would vote to remove any of the
five appointed trustees wh do not support divestment.
Four other board members are appointed by city em-
ployees and cannot be removed by the council.
"WE DON'T need any grounds for removal," Pierce
said last night. "We've given directives on how the city
policy should be. If (the trustees) don't follow it, we will
take a vote (to remove them)."
Fourth Ward RFepublicans Larry Hahn and Gerald
Jernigan said they opposed apartheid but were voting
against the proposal because they feared it would set a
precedent of giving the council too much control over its
"It creates a rubber stamp," Hahn said during a break
in the meeting.
Councilmember Jeanette Middleton (R-Third Ward)
said she shared Hahn's concern but was supporting the
proposal because of her opposition to apartheid.
Retirement board member Alan Burns said Saturday
that the board members will need the answers.to
questions about whether divestment is legally and finan-
cially feasible before they can take a vote on the divest-
An unusually large audience - including 35 people who
protested against apartheid before the meeting - cheered
when the resolution was approved.
Daily Photo by JOHN MUNSON
Cadet Lt. Col. Joseph Gneiser stands in front of North Hall yesterday.
Gneiser has risen to the top post in the ROTC program.
*. . . . . . . . . .""""".""".. ...... . . . . . . . . . . .
it possibly can at all times," he says
in a low, serious tone. "It symbolizes
my pride in ROTC and the United
States Army as well."
PRIDE - coupled with strong
leadershp skills - have propelled
the stocky, 5'7" 21-year-old beyond
the 132 rank-and-file cadets in the
Army program here.
As Cadet Lieutenant Colonel,
Gneiser now coordinates their ac-
tivities, from physical training to
tactical instruction, color guard to
sharpshooting. Often, he's also their
"I am a tough leader," he says,
pinning the polished wings onto the
lapel of his olive suit. "I demand a
lot of participation. If they don't per-
form up to my expectations, they
know it very quickly."
But the student from Fond du Lac,
Wisconsin quickly adds that poor
performers are a rarity in the ROTC
-program and, hence, so is his need to
issue stern verbal reprimands. He
believes students keep in line
because they understand the Army's
rules of behavior. But his supervisor
says it has more to do with Gneiser's
"natural leadership ability."
See MILITARY, Page 2
By VIBEKE LAROI
A crowd of about 90 people
questioned John Ehrlichman on
issues varying from the upcoming
Geneva Summit and Watergate at
Rackham Auditorium last night.
Ehrlichman, former advisor to
President Nixon, spoke on "Reflec-
tions on the White House Policy:
Richard Nixon to Ronald Reagan,"
and left plenty of time to answer
DEBRA RICH, president of the
University Activities Center, said her
group chose to sponsor Ehrlichman's
visit because he "has proven to be a
successful lecturer as well as a con-
But she added, "our choice of
speakers doesn't indicate any
political affiliation with the
Ehrlichman has been on the college
circuit since 1982, drawing an average
See EHRLICHMAN, Page 3
HE AUDITORIUM at the First Baptist Chur-
ch of Oklahoma City was nearly full Sunday, a
welcome sight for the pastor who went to
through sermons, and specially marked pews were
reserved in the front of the sanctuary - for those who
complain they can't hear the sermon - and in the
back, for people who complain that the preachin' is too
loud. Garrison said "spare relatives" were on hand to
sit with members who otherwise would stay at home
because their kin are coming to town.
winning is "the will to want to do it." It also helps to
have a strategy for staying away from the bathroom,
he said. "I just didn't eat or drink the two days before I
went up, so it wasn't much of a problem at all," he said.
ITCHY: Opinion examines President Shapiro's
impatience over the impending code of non-