Ninety-six years of editorialfreedom
Supplement to The Michigan Doily Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, September 5, 1985 Section A2 - Twelve Pages
' increasing computer
By KERY MURAKAMI
Starting this fall and continuing until the end of 1987, the
University will try to maintain its tradition of staying
ahead of the times by making computers readily ac-
cessible to all students.
"I'd like to see computers available within five minutes
of every student on campus," said Douglas Van
Houweling, the University's vice provost for information
ALTHOUGH the Board of Regents has not formally ap-
I'd like to see computers
available within five minutes
of every student on campus.'
- Douglas Van Houweling
vice provost for
proved the plan yet, it unanimously supported the idea
when Van Houweling introduced it at the regents' June
Under the plan, the University would set up clusters of
25 to 50 computers around campus.
The locations of the clusters have not been determined
yet, but they probably will be scattered in dormitories and
libraries around campus as well as in academic buildings
such as Angell Hall, Van Houweling said.
CURRENTLY, the University has 250 stations available to
students for general use - in the Union's computing cen-
ter, for example. But Van Houweling said that by the end
of 1987, the University will have increased the number of
its computers seven-fold.
The new stations will be modeled after computing cen-
ters currently available to business and engineering
students. For a mandatory $100 fee tacked onto their
tuition bill, students in the two schools have access to 45
computers set aside for general use.
"I've gotten nothing but positive reactions (about the
two computing programs)," said Regent Thomas Roach
(D-Saline). "For a slight fee, students can do anything on
them, from writing papers to writing letters home. It's a
ACCESS TO computers may be a "bargain," but it cer-
tainly is not free. Students not in the business or
engineering schools will begin paying $50 per term in
January for computer access, and the fee will go up to $100
per term in the spring.
Business and engineering students will also have to pay
more for their computing - their fees will go up 50 percent,
to $150 per term in the winter.
But Van Houweling said that his plan is the most inex-
pensive way for students to have access to computers.
Only private universities are planning projects on the
same scale as the University, and they require students to
THESE COST between $3,000 and $4,000, and some are
as expensive as $10,000, he said.
"Our society is changing rapidly," VanHouweling
said. "So rapidly that you can't go through any concourse
in any airport in the country without seeing adults playing
with computers to amuse themselves."
He said that computer literacy is becoming important in
areas besides business and engineering. For example, he
said, history students can now use computers to help for-
mulate their own theories, in addition to reading other
historians' theories in books.
He added that it is important for the University to
preserve its image as a leader in technology. "More and
more people are basing their decisions of what schools to
attend according to their view of a university's infor-
mation technology," he said.
HE CITED figures showing that most students who
decided to come to the University thought it was strong in
computering, while most who were accepted but decided
to go elsewhere thought the University was weak in corn -
Some regents, including Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor),
said they were concerned that they would authorize the
computing centers and find that there aren't enough
people on campus trained to use them.
But Van Houweling said that more people are learning
how to use computers before coming to the University. In
addition, he said the College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts will be expanding its computer classes.
"COMPUTER literacy is a short-range problem," Van
Houweling said. "The number of people with the
Daily Photo by DARRIAN SMITH
Students work on computer terminals at the Union Computing Center, the largest computing center on cam-
knowledge before coming to the University is increasing." for information technology, said that students will be able
"What I'm really excited about," he said, "are the ex- to buy IBM personal computers from the University.
cellent computer programs in elementary schools." Students can now buy personal computers made by Ap-
"Young children are already very comfortable with ple or Zenith at low costs from the University's micro-
these machines," he said. As they grow up, they're computer education center in the School of Education
viewing computers not as a luxury, but as part of their Building.
In addition to expanding computers available in com- Marks said the cost of the IBM computers has not been
puting centers, Greg Marks, the University's vice provost determined.
By DAVID GOODWIN
Vice President George Bush and
probably the Beach Boys will be on
campus in October to join in the Peace
Corps' 25th anniversary gala
The celebration will continue for a
year, and will feature conferences
and speeches on U.S.-African
"WE THINK it will be big," said
Sharon Statham, assistant to the
director of the anniversary commit-
"The vice president is sure. . . but
the date for the Beach Boys perfor-
mance is unknown," Statham said,
but' "they should be part of the
"Thefact that the vice president
will be there will make the event ex-
tensive in the number of people it will
draw, she added.
U.S.-AFRICAN relations were
picked as a seminar topic because the
first group of corps volunteers went to
Africa, and over the years, 50 percent
of the volunteers have gone there,
said Bob Potter, the University's
communications director, who will
assist in the planning of the local
A plaque commemorates the State
Street entrance of the Michigan Union
where, at 2 a.m. on October 14, 1960, a
campaign-weary John F. Kennedy
addressed an enthusiastic audience,
spelling out a rudimentary idea which
was to become the Peace Corps.
"How many of you who are going to
be doctors are willing to spend your
days it! Ghana? How many of you are
oficer this fall
-U-M News Service
Kennedy speaks on the steps of the Union at 2 a.m. on October 14, 1960. The idea for the Peace Corps was born
from this speech.
By KERY MURAKAMI
When the University's executive of-
ficers convene for their first meeting
of the school year. this September,
they will be joined for the first time in
15 years by a woman.
Linda Wilson, former associate vice
chancellor for research at the Univer-
sity of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana,
was named vice president for resear-
ch at the University last July,
becoming the University's highest
ranking female administrator.
BARBARA NEWELL was the last
female executive officer at the
University. She was acting vice
president for student services in the
late 1960s and early '70s.
Wilson downplayed the significance
of her appointment, saying that the
critical issue was research,'" not
"whether or not I'm a woman."
One who did see the move as a
significant advance for women was
Virginia Nordby, director of the
University's Office of Affirmative Ac-
"Women have now been in
academic employment long enough so
that they can take over those leader-
ship roles," she said. "We're actively
seeking women for all these
AS VICE PRESIDENT for resear-
ch, Wilson will act mainly as a link
between the University and foun-
dations, corporations, and gover-
nment agencies interested in resear-
ch. Wilson will also be responsible for
approving research proposals and
providing information to the Univer-
sity's Board of Regents.
University Prof. Arnold Monto, who
headed the University's search com-
mittee that selected Wilson, said she
was selected because of her wide
range of experience that includes both
university research and consultation
for national agencies and programs.
Wilson said that because there is a
current federal government trend to
See'U,' Page 5
willing to work in the foreign service cultural exchange and understanding
and spend your lives traveling around rather than through military policy.
the world? On your willingness to do OVER THE years, the Peace Corps
that, not merely to serve one year or has grown and become more diverse,
two years in the service, but on your but it has preserved the program's
willingness to contribute part of your credo of cultural exchange.
life to this country, I think will depend "I think that there has been a lot of
on whether a free society can com- continuity in the program," said the
pete," Kennedy said. Corps' University coordinator, Louise
FREQUENTLY being interrupted Baldwin.
by applause from the crowd, Kennedy "Cultural exchange is still very im-
quipped, "This is the longest short portant, and the Peace Corps places a
speech I've ever made." lot of emphasis on people being able to
But from this speech, given in the adapt to living in another culture and
early morning, was born an enduring having respect for other cultures,"
program that in 25 years has em- Baldwin said.
ployed over 100,000 volunteers in over In the 1960s, the corps was less
90 developing nations, stretching from discriminating about who they accep-
Latin America to Africa to the South ted and what skills the applicant had.
Pacific. The typical volunteer was in his 20s
The Peace Corps reflected Ken- with no specific skills. About half of
nedy's goal that the U.S. must have a the volunteers taught English.
competitive foreign policy through, "IN THE early days, the kind of
things developing countries were
requesting were vague at best,"
Baldwin said. But now, developing
nations are more sophisticated, and
their needs are more specific.
Countries have a stronger desire to
become economically self-sufficient,
and they want to learn skills that will
help them after the recruits are gone
Volunteers in the 1980s are favored
if they have the skills to lead projects
in food production, reforestation
projects, water programs, and
development of energy resources.
Although the program favors people
with specialized skills, a qualified
forester or engineer will not be acce-
pted if there are indications that he
cannot adapt to a new environment,
Dov Cohen filed a report for
Drug, alcohol abuse
plague 'U' campus
. Homeless pets used in medical research
By JANICE PLOTNIK
Alcohol and drug abuse is fast
becoming one of the biggest problems
on college campuses, but according to
a University administrator, the
University is not doing enough to
combat the problem.
"The University is probably 10 to 15
years behind other universities in the
state in dealing with substance abuse.
The University has no educational
programs or information centers" on
substance abuse, said Keith Bruhn-
sen, faculty and staff assistance
program coordinator for the Univer-
FOR SUBSTANCE abusers, there
are currently lin-'ed programs for
help, Bruhnsen said. Counseling Ser-
vices will evaluate and refer students,
bong, doing hits until only one person
" The annual Greek Week Beer
Chug, where teams gulp glasses of
beer to gain team points;
" Sigma Chi fraternity's annual
Derby Days party, where students
crowd along the house's roof and
balcony with beers in hand, and
*Saturday football games in the fall
when students use pre- and post-game
parties as an excuse to drink a six-pack
of beer, finish a vial of cocaine, or
celebrate a win by taking mind-
altering mushrooms or other
The problem with these weekend
activities is that for many students,
weekend use leads to a daily abuse of
substances such as alcohol,
marijuana, cocaine, mushrooms, or
By KERY MURAKAMI
The University bought 2,200 dogs and 487 cats
last year from animal shelters. But unlike some of
their peers, these "Fidos" and "Snowballs" were
not given a warm lap to snuggle on, nor a child to
romp around with. Rather, these pets are being
used for bio-medical research.
Laboratory animals are often used in research,
The state Humane Society arg
periments are cruel to pet anima
bred for research use.
"It's very stressful for the1
gues that lab ex- Liska said. "Shelters are supposed to return pets
is which were not back to their owners whenever possible. If that's
impossible, then it has to find an adoptee for the
lost pets," said pet, and if that's impossible, euthanise it as
humanely as possible," she said.
Animals bred for research are handled
are used carefully, but "pound animals are used like
Kleenex," she said.
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