Page 2 - The Michigan Dily-- Friday, September 13, 1985 1
Teachers feel left out of forming reforms
From AP and UPI
NEW YORK - A majority of
teachers fell their views aren't being
sought in shaping education reforms
sweeping the country, and more than
one in four say they are likely to quit
the classroom within five years, ac-
cording to the second annual
"Metropolitan Life Survey of The
American Teacher," released yester-
At the same time, Michigan could
face a serious teacher shortage within
the next five years, in part due to
recent legislation improving the
retirement system, State School
Superintendent Phillip Runkel said
WHILE THE statistics released by
Runkel are new, officials noted it has
been known for some time that
'Teachers are telling the American public
that education is headed for deep trouble
unless teaching is treated as a true
- Mary Futrell
who said that they were "very likely"
or "somewhat likely" to leave the
profession in five years in the
Metropolitan Life Survey.
MORE THAN half of all teachers
surveyed said they had seriously con-
sidered leaving the profession for
some other occupation. But those who
have stayed on said they did so mainly
because oftheirlove of teaching.
Runkel said there are not enough
prospective teachers in the state's
colleges to fill the gaps if many
educators opt for retirement. Local
schools will need to recruit teachers
from outside Michigan, he said.
THE STATE has experienced a 42
percent drop over the past five years
in the number of teachers produced,
Michigan faced a teacher supply
problem with or without changes in
the retirement system.
"Teachers are telling the American
public that education is headed for
deep trouble unless teaching is
treated as a true profession," said
Mary Hatwood Futrell, president of
the National Education Association.
People also are leaving teaching
jobs, especially scientific and
technical ones, for more lucrative
positions in the private sector, said
Dan Austin of the Education Depar-
LOW SALARIES and poor working
conditions were cited by nearly two-
thirds of the 27 percent of teachers
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COMPILED FROM ASSOCIATED PRESS AND
UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL REPORTS
Senate battles over tougher
South African sanctions
WASHINGTON - Senate Democrats, unable to crack a Republican
filibuster, temporarily abandoned efforts yesterday to pass legislation
calling for tougher sanctions against white-ruled South Africa than
President Reagan has imposed.
But Democrats, angrily accusing Republicans of parliamentary
"tricking," vowed to try agaion on the politically volatile issue later in
"We intend to keep this issue alive," Sen. Alan Cranston said before the
Senate voted overwhelmingly against a move to break the filibuster.
The anti-filibuster vote was the latest chapter in a drama that began as
a confrontation between Congress and the White House on foreign policy
and has since become a noisy political strugle between Republicans and
The nature of the dispute changed Monday when Reagan, under
pressue from Congress, imposed many of the legislation's sanctions in a
bid to force Pretoria to loosen the apartheid laws that discriminate against
South African blacks.
S. Africa may end 'pass laws'
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa - A government panel yesterday
proposed repeal of the hated "pass laws" that keep South Africa's blacks
out of white areas - the second major change in the apartheid system
announced in two days.
The recommendation came one day after President Pieter Botha an-
nounced plans to grant South African citizenship to blacks in four tribal
homelands - a move one white opposition leader said signaled "the end
of the apartheid dream."
Botha rejected a demand by President Reagan for a statement of intent
to abolish apartheid, the white-minority government's policy of racial
discrimination and segregation.
Security forces yesterday shot to death five rioting blacks near Cape
Town and opened fire on a group of high school students in Soweto, woun-
ding 10 black pupils and their white teacher.
The violence erupted as the presidential committee recommended the
elimination of the "pass laws."
Christians clash in E. Beirut
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Rival Christian militias fought with each other for
two hours in east Beirut yesterday and police said two men were killed
and three wounded.
The fightiing apparently started after an argument between two
militiamen and quickly spread.
It was the first serious clash since March in the Christian sector of the
capital, which is relatively quiet compared to the Moslem west side
where rival militiamen fight almost daily, often over trivial disputes or
Fighting around the refugee camp of Bourj el-Barajneh dwindled
yesterday after eight days. Syrian military observers negotiated with
Palestinians in the camp and the Shiite Amal militiamen in an attempt to
end the siege of the camp.
The Syrian observers were dispatched to oversee a June 18 Syrian-
mediated cease-fire that halted five weeks of Shiite-Palestinian fighting
in Bourj el-Barajneh and the nearby Sabra and Chatilla camps:
London KGB official defects
LONDON - The head of the KGB's London operation has defected, ex-
posing an espionage network, and Britain moved swiftly to expel 25
Soviets, including six diplomats, for spying, the government announced
The expulsion is the biggest by Britain since 1971, when 105 Soviets
were told to leave for espionage.
The Foreign Office said six of the Soviets to be expelled are diplomats
attached to the Soviet Embassy.
Ray Cline, former CIA deputy director for intelligence and former head
of the State Department's Bureau of Intelligence, said the defection "is a
great break" for the West.
There was no immediate reaction from Moscow. In the past, the ex-
pulsion of Soviet diplomats usually has meant a retaliatory expulsion of
envoys, journalists, or businessmen based in Moscow.
Shuttle apparently passes test
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Atlantis, the newest space shuttle, roared
and blasted flame for 22 seconds on the launch pad yesterday in a test of
its rocket engines that apparently cleared the way for its maiden flight
with a secret military cargo Oct. 3.
The engine firing was to verify all systems of the fourth shuttle in
NASA's fleet before its debut with a crew of five military officers.
Engineers immediately began examing test results.
"Preliminary indications are that we had a completely successful
test," reported NASA spokesman Jim Ball. "It looks like Atlantis has
cleared one of the final hurdles before its maiden flight."
During the brief explosion of power, the 100-ton shuttle strained against
eight 3-foot-long hardened-steel bolts that locked it securely on the pad.
On an actual launch, explosive charges sever the bolts to release the shut-
Each new shuttle undergoes the engine test; called a flight readiness
firing, before it is committed to its first flight. Columbia and Discovery
passed their tests with no trouble. But the ignition of Challenger's engines
in late 1982 disclosed a hydrogen fuel leak that required engine
replacement and a repeat of the test, delaying the maiden launch more
than two months.
Vol XCVI- No.7
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Monday through
Friday during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday
during the Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of
Michigan. Subscription rates: through April - $10.00 in Ann Arbor; $20.00
outside the city.
The Michigan Daily is a member of The Associated Press and Sub-
scribes to United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles
Times Syndicate, and College Press Service.
Friday, September 27 8:00 p.m.
The Goodvear blimp makes its appearance
yester day. The Fuji blimp flies overhead.
Daily Photo by DARRIAN SMITH
at the Ann Arbor airport
S. Africa expels journalist
Tickets at Michigan Union Ticket Office
and all Ticket World Outlets
CHARGE BY PHONE!
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
(UPI)-South Africa, warning tha
foreign reporters could face restric-
tions if they continue their "organized
lying," has expelled a Newsweek
South African Deputy Foreign
Minister Louis Nel said Wednesday
that veteran journalist Ray Wilkinson
was expelled because the government
objected to his reporting on South
In a statement issued in Pretoria,
the government said Wilkinson,
Newsweek's bureau chief in Nairobi,
Kenya, was escorted to the airport
and would be deported "forthwith."
Wilkinson was on assignment in
The white-minority government
said it objected to an article entitled
"The Young Lions," which Wilkinson
coauthored with Newsweek's South
African-born bureau chief, Peter
It was the first action by the white-
minority government against a
foreign correspondent since
authorities refused to extend a work
permit for Dutch journalist Gerhard
Jacobs in 1983.
Omellete & Waffle Bar
Eggs to Order
10:30 - 1 p.m.
lobby for sale
of S. African
(Continued from Page 1)
But Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) said many on the board view
the matter not of divestment or apar-
theid, but of the University's
autonomy. "It affects everything
from our ability to decide what we can
and cannot spend money on and what
we can and cannot offer
educationally," he said.
One regent who is expected to push
for divestment is Regent James
Water (D-Detroit). Waters was
unavailable for comment yesterday,
but in voting for the regents decision
to divest 90 percent of about $50
million in South Africa-related in-
vestments in 1983, Waters said, "I
think some of us one the board will
continue to fight. We can't be satisfied
until we have complete divestment."
IN THAT decision by the regents,
the University kept only stocks in
companies that were headquartered
in Michigan or with large numbers of
employees in the state. The remaining
investments were kept as a basis for
its suit against the law's con-
Judge Stell, though, ruled against
the claim saying that the University's
autonomy applied for educational
"The court cannot conceive but that
the elimination of discrimination is a
valid exercise of the state's police
power and effects a public purpose,"
Stell wrote in her opinion.
About 50 students gathered in front
of the Graduate Library yesterday to
hearspeakers commemorate the
death of South African activist
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