(Continued from Page 1)
tai be friends with the Nazis to persuade
The African National Congress, for-
med in 1912 as the opposition party to
the South African government has
*dbclared 1985 the year people will ren-
der South Africa ungovernable.
THE CONGRESS was granted obser-
v*r status in the United Nations in 1972,
when the South African government
was expelled because of its official
pplicy of racial discrimination.
*Ndaba said the congress is urging
South Africans "to challenge each and
emery issue that affects their lives,"
through mass struggles, demon-
*strations, strikes, and boycotts.
He said that for more than 50 years,
the congress has tried peaceful means
of reform, but now, he said, "All
peaceful means for change have been
closed to the people of South Africa."
'Not even George Washington him-
self tried peaceful means for 50 years
before picking up arms. Why do they
expect us to be different?" he asked.
THE MOVEMENT to free South
frica suffered setbacks in the '60s,
daba said, but now it is in a good
position to force change in South
He urged Americans to disinvest in
companies that do business in South,
"Today we appeal to you to join in the
general consensus toward divestment;
ending any forms for collaboration
between the apartheid government and
Ndaba said the claim that divestment
will make black South Africans lose
their jobs is untrue. Most companies
follow apartheid laws and "do not im-
prove the quality of life of a black in
South Africa," he said.
The University of Michigan has
divested of 90 percent of its investments
in companies that operate in South
Africa. The other 10 percent-about
0$15 million-is invested in companies
important to Michigan's economy.
The Michigan Daily - Saturday, April 13, 1985 -Page 3
welcomed by 'U'
Artist and insect lover Ricky Boscarino peers at the first of his 'Cockroach Art Creation' series. The diners are bona
fide, but dead.
Safety director urges U'police force
By KATIE WILCOX
The designation of University
Hospital as an official heart transplant
center by Blue Cross-Blue Shield will
increase hospital revenues and provide
the name recognition needed to
publicize its transplant programs,
hospital officials said yesterday.
"This will have a dual impact. First,
the revenue side (for the hospital) and
secondly the recognition. This is impor-
tant with the capacity we have," said
Ken Trester, director of the hospitals'
planning and marketing department.
ACCORDING TO TRESTER'
hospital revenues will increase because
the new coverage will enable more
people to obtain heart transplants.
The insurance company's payment
policy automatically pays for all heart
transplants j done at University
hospitals that are covered by Blue
Blue Cross-Blue Shield routinely
pays for heart transplants at eight
other centers across the nation.
THE COMPANY reviews heart tran-
splants at other medicare centers
before it will reimburse them.
"Because of our long history in tran-
splantation and our successful track
record, we think it is entirely .ap-
propriate we are designated as a tran-
splant center," said Dr. Jeremiah Tur-
cotte, the hospitals' surgery depar-
"For our members, it's on the
preferred list which means they will
be automatically reimbursed," said
Rude Difazio, Blue Cross-Blue Shield
spokesman. The University is the only
hospital in the state to receive this
ACCORDING TO DIFAZIO the
criteria for being selected a transplant
center by Blue Cross-Blue Shield in-
clude a history of successful transplan-
ts, financial and academic commit-
ment and a skilled transplant team.
"We put together our preferred list
starting with nationally recognized
transplant centers with str.ong quality
programs, investigative surgery, a
high success rate, and use of the anti-
rejection drugs," Difazio said.
Difazio said he isn't sure how this
decision will affect the coverage of
other 'U' hospitals transplants. "There
is no way of predicting what will hap-
pen in six months or a year. It's a
revolutionary area (transplants), it's
constantly changing, constantly
growing with the development of anti-
TRESTER SAID the new coverage
will have an impact on other organ
transplants. "It will be important to us
as we further develop other transplant
programs." The rejection of all organs
is triggered by similar problems. In-
creased involvement with heart tran-
splants will help "perfect technique in
other areas," Trester said.
Routine coverage of heart transplan-
ts started April 1.
The hospital is also seeking to
become the state's official transplant
center. Trester said this proposal is
"still being discussed in Lansing."
HEART TRANSPLANTS at the
University resumed about a year ago.
They had been discounted in the early
1970s because of problems with rejec-
tion of the organ. The development of
cylosporine, a drug that suppressed the
immune system, has made it easier for
the body to accept the organ. As a
result, transplant success rates have
The hospital also performs kidney,
pancreas, cornea, and skin transplants.
The Development of programs to do
bone marrow, liver and heart and lung
transplants is expected.
A burglar removed a ground floor
window screen on the 400 block of
Benjamin early Thursday morning
and took telephone equipment and
luggage worth less than $325.
- Thomas Hrach
(continued from Page 1)
security, housing security, and campus
ecurity - also patrol the campus but do
not have the authority to arrest suspec-
Security guards must call the Ann
Arbor Police Department to make
arrests, a process which Heatley said
has taken up to 45 minutes.
HEATLEY SAID since the, police
department answers calls for assistan-
ce according to the urgency of the call,
campus security calls are not answered
as fast as they should be.
"They're protecting a whole city, its
not surprising that their priorities are
different than those of the University,"
The option of having its own police
department is available to the Univer-
sity. Under current state law, univer-
sities can obtain permission from either
their city or county police agencies to
run their own police departments.
HEATLEY SAID that the University
should not have to be subordinate to a
political entity in order to acquire its
own police department.
Dale Davis, deputy director of the
State Sheriffs' Association, disagreed
with Heatley. He said educational in-
stitutions are not qualified to oversee
He said the sheriffs' association op-
poses the bill because it could lead to
the overlap of services and the mishan-
dling of police business,
"THERE ARE 700 police agencies in
the state and virtually no coordination.
This will would only exacerbate the
problem," Davis said,
Davis added that he is dJnaware of
any universities that want their own
police departments and have not been
allowed to do so by their local police
Vice President for Student Services
Henry Johnson supported the bill
because of the flexibility it would give
"IT'S ALWAYS better to be able to
make independent decisions for the
University, but if we had that choice I
don't know that we would use it," John-
Johnson said the University
generally attempts to create as few
administrative departments as
possible, and it is often less expensive
for the University to contract services
than to set up its own programs.
He said the University's executive of-
fficers had not recently discussed the
issue of an independent police force.
"It hasn't been brought before us. I
don't think it has been on the agenda,"
Speaker blasts pornography
(Continued from Page 1)
Akirat, "but it is censorship in a way."
ACLU MEMBER Sandra Miller felt
similarly. "I would say that in some
*cases exceptions should be made," she
soid. "But if you are a civil libertarian
you should be able to hold up any right
(of expression) in the name of
freedom:" While some critics of the or-
dinance would like to see it more
narrowly defined, others believe it is
already too limited. The law does, not,
they note, cover violent images not of a
The law excludes non-sexual violent
images, said MacKinnon, because
there is no conclusive evidence that
*inages" of violence in general
aggravate aggressive tendencies.
There is, she said, evidence suggesting
a; connection between violent por-
nography and aggression.
Testimony in support of the ordinan-
qe has come from researchers,
psychologists, and staff members at
battered women's shelters. Most
notably, evidence submitted by Dr.
Edward Donnerstein of the University
of Wisconsin has shown that exposure
-to violent pornography changes men's
attitudes towards women.
"The attitudes" MacKinnon said,
"are exactly the attitudes that differ
from men convicted of rape to 'normal'
men-attitudes in which women are ob-
jects, in which women like to have sex
forced on them."
"Pornography encourages rape, bat-
tering, sexual abuse of children,
prostitution, and presents this as sex,
sex, sex, and sex," MacKinnon said.
Nothing that pornographers charac-
teristically depict women as sub-
missive, MacKinnon concluded that
"pornography is one way in which
submission is made sexy and if sub-
mission fused with gender status is not
inequality, it's hard to say what is."
State Sen. Lana Pollack, Barbara Moorman, and Alice Cook are the
featured speakers today at a conference sponsored by the Institute of Labor
and Industrial Relations, the Labor Studies Center, and the Michigan Depar-
tment of Labor. The conference "Part-Time Work for Women: Risks and
Rewards," begins at 8:30 a.m. and is being held at Hale Auditorium, School
of Business Administration Building.
Alt Act-Zorba the Greek, 7 & 9:30 p.m., MLB 4.
CG-The Big Chill, 7 & 9:05 p.m., Nat. Sci. Aud.
MED-Singin' in the Rain, 7:30 & 9:30 p.m., MLB 3.
Hill St-West Side Story, 8p.m., 1429 Hill St.
C2-The Ballad of Narayama, 7& 9:15 p.m., Angell Aud. A.
Romance Languages-The Lust of Gold, Cluj Napoca, Bird's Process of
Work, Hora-Dance, and Romanian Rites, 7:30 p~m., lecture room 2, MLB.
Ark-Rosalie Sorrels, 8 p.m., 637 S. Main.
PTP-Cloud 9, 8 p.m., Trueblood Theater, Frieze Bldg.
Performance Network-Extremities, 8 p.m., 408 W. Washington.
School of Music-Flute recital, Elissa Pascul, 2 p.m.; piano, Kathleen
Lohrenz-Gable, 4 ip.m.; cello, Arlette Cardenes, 6 p.m.; trumpet, Mark
Morgan, 8 p.m.; all at Recital Hall. Contemporary Directions Ensemble, "A
Concert in Memory of George Cacioppo", 8 p.m., Rackham Aud., Dance
students recital, 8 p.m., Hill Aud.
Ann Arbor Go Club-2 p.m., 1433 Mason Hall.
The 1985 Michigan Ensian, U-M's award-winning,
all-campus yearbook is on campus NOW. Get 'em at
the Student Publications Building, next to S.A.B.,