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March 29, 1985 - Image 10

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The Michigan Daily, 1985-03-29
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U U.' U U U

71V

AwU.

-1

COVER
Engin. moves to liberal arts Pages 3-S
The University's College of Engineering is contem-
plating a shift to a more broad-based education to
provide engineers with better communication skills.
In the cover story, Jerry Markon examines the im-
plications of this trend. The cover photo of
engineering Dean James Duderstadt was taken by
Carol L. Francavilla.
ENTERTAINMENTS

BOOKS

'From Russia With Love' Page 11
In 1978, Arkady Shevchenko became the highest
ranking diplomat to defect from the Soviet Union in
decades. Breaking With Moscow relates his ex-
periences and observations as a member of the Soviet
elite. Weekend book reviewer Ron Schechter found
Breaking With Moscow to be a rare peek into the in-
ner workings of the Kremlin.
MOVIES

e4
Changing
alliances
Breaking with Moscow
Arkody N. Shevchenko
Knopf, 378 pages, $18.95
Shevchenko: Insights into the Soviet government

I

...

D

Around Ann Arbor

Pages 6-10

Woody Allen's latest release

Page 12

The Happenings section features Weekend staff
compilations of this weekend's events in the city.
Cinema, bars & clubs, theater, restaurants and more
are covered in this complete and handy guide to Ann
Arbor events.

The Purple Rose of Cairo is a gentle, wistful offering
from Woody Allen. Starring Mia Farrow and Jeff
Daniels, Cairo is a Depression-era fantasy that is
remniscent of many of Allen's earlier films.

0
Z
W
Y)

Assoc. Dean Vest: Advocates change

Weekend
Fridoy, March 29. 1985
Volume Il, Issue 22
Magazine Editors .. . . . ..........Paula Dohring
Randall Stone
Associate Magazine Editors .......... Julie Jurrjens
Magazine Staff: John Logie
Joshua Bilmes, Nei Galanter, Debbie Gesmundo
Diane Melnick, Sarah Rosenberg, Joyce Welsh
Arts Editors ....................Mike Fisch
Andrew Porter

Associate Arts Editors..........Michael Drongowski
Movies....................... .Byron L. Bull
Music . ....... ........... ...Dennis Harvey
Books .......................Andy Weine
Weekend Marketing Coordinator.Miriam Adler
Sales Manager_................. Dawn Willacker
Sales Representatives:
Steve Friedlander, Debby Kaminetsky, Cynthia
Nixon, Leslie Purcell, Jenny Matz, Kathleen
O'Brian, Meg Margulies, Mary Anne Hogan,
Sheryl Biesman, Mark Bookman, Leigh Schlang,
Peter Giangreco

Weekend is edited and managed by students on the
staff of the Michigan Daily at 420 Maynard, Ann Ar-
bor, Michigan Daily 48109.
Weekend, (313) 763-0379 and 763-0371; Michigan
Daily, 764-0552; Circulation, 764-0558; Display Adver-
tising, 764-0554.
Copyright 1985, The Michigan Daily.

By Ron Schechter
IVEN THE current changes in Soviet
leadership, Arkady Shevchenko's
Breaking With Moscow appears at a
fortuitous time. Although the Soviet
defector's memoirs are flawed by lack
of clarity, instances of awkward prose
and a disporportionate amount of
gossip, unfolding events in Moscow
have contributed a timely relevance to
the work.
If Breaking With Moscow were a
novel, it would suffer from unbelievable
characterization. Critics wouldlam-
bast the author for having created a
protagonist who, after ascending from
obscurity to the highest echelons of the
Soviet ruling class, suddenly and inex-
plicably becomes a spy for the CIA and
defects to the United States.
But Breaking With Moscow is not a
novel. It is the true story of Arkady
Shevchenko, a Soviet diplomat, a
member of what he describes as a
ruling class, and the highest ranking
diplomatic official to defect from the
USSR since World War II. As Under
Secretary General of the United
Nations, Shevchenko not only worked
closely with heads of state, but enjoyed
numerous privileges as well. He lived
in a spacious and lavishly furnished
apartment, in Moscow, and enjoyed a
dacha, a summer house in the country.
While working in New York, he oc-
cupied a luxurious apartment at the UN
mission and a beach house in Glen
Cove. In addition, as a member of the
Soviet elite, Shevchenko had access to
otherwise unavailable Western goods,
and was able to spoil- his wife with
jewelry and furs.
Why, then, did Shvchenko leave the
"Soviet dream" for an uncertain life in
a foreign country? Why did he wish to
leave behind his wife and children, his
way of life, his status and security?
Were his motivations strictly
ideological, or were they personal and

psychological? In. response to these
questions, Breaking With Moscow less
resembles a statesman's memiors than
a mystery novel, particularly one
whose last few pages have been ripped
out.
Indeed, Shevchenko conceals his
motives for "breaking with Moscow' in
a shroud of nebulous assertions such as
I no lorger believe in the system and
I can neither live nor work with
people I hate. Sheychenko goes to lit-
tle expense in elaborating on his
opinions, and is consequently an uncon-
vincing dissident. Even at the end of
his chronicle, Shevchenko's political
inclinations are still largely undefined,
his psychological motivations unclear.
Albeit ambiguous in its explanation of
Shevchenko's rationale, Breaking With
Moscow provides readers with
something of more universal relevan-
ce: a rich insight into the covert ac-
tivity of the Soviet government. Simply
by virture of his access to Soviet
secrets, Shevchenko has been able to
provide information that years of CIA
snooping and speculative Kremlinology
could not yield. As a former American
intelligence officer told Time
magazine: He (Shevchenko) had
been in a lot of key places deep in-
side the Soviet apparatus at key
times-places where we rarely get
any kind of glimpse at all. He had a
lot to tell us.
Specifically, Shevchenko makes the
startling assertion that a year before
Dag Hammerskjold's death in a
mysterious plane crash over the Congo,
Krushchev had said of the Secretary
General, "We must get rid of him by
any means." Similarly, Shevchenko
reveals that the KGB planned to kill
Anwar Sadat in 1971, but the plot was
thwarted when the Egyptian president
moved against his domestic opposition
and eliminated the possibility of a
strong successor.
Moreover, Shevchenko reveals some
unnerving aspects of Soviet defense

policy. In particular, he remarks that
in 1970 a large movement within the
Politburo advocated the use of nuclear
weapons against China, but Moscow
was dissuaded by the fear of United
States retaliation. In addition, Shev-
chenko asserts that the Soviets are far
ahead of the United States in the
production of biological weapons, and
that promises to refrain from deploying
these terrifying weapons go contrary to
Soviet policy.
Although many of Shevchenko's
claims are unverifiable in the West, his
predictions in regard to Soviet leader-
ship have been confirmed. Displaying
remarkable insight, Shevchenko says
of Chernenko, the tenure of the sep-
tuagenarian... will probably be of a
transitional character, and of Mikkail
Gorbachev, I believe that he is one to
watch for the future. If the accuracy
of Breaking With Moscow is in doubt,
these statements, released for
publication a mere eleven days prior to
Gorbachev's succession as General
Secretary, lend credibility to the work
as a whole.
At a time when Western analysts are
clamoring for intelligence about Gor-
bachev, Shevchenko, who has met with
him personally, provides biographical
information on the new Soviet leader.
Shevchenko perceives Gorbachev, a
graduate of both the Moscow Univer-
sity law faculty and an agricultural in-
stitute to be intelligent, well-
educated, and well-mannered. He
anticipates that the young leader's
prominence will contribute badly
needed youthful open-mindedness to
the aging and recalcitrant Politburo.
While Breaking With Moscow fails to
answer many questions concerning
Shevchenko's motivation toward defec-
tion, it succeeds in providing otherwise
unavailable information about the
Soviet system. As a former United
States spy so aptly put it, "Shevchenko
was a very big catch indeed."

r

D

I

f. .a

THRD ANNUAL.
Best of Ann A rbor

OFFICiAL.
BALLOT
Please complete to prevent ballot disqualification:
Signature
Address

All ballots must
be received by
April 5 to be
considered.

11

City
Der
Dave
He is
he n
or pu
eyes.
City C
-Sty

THE BEST FOOD

THE BEST BUSINESSES

Best Burger .

Best Pizza.
Best Subs.

Best Men's Clothing Store
BestWomen's Clothing Store
Best Shoe Store -_

Best Ice Cream
Best Popcorn -
Best Fast Food

Best Bookstore

Best Florist
Best Gifts

I

THE BEST FUN
Best Bar Atmosphere
Best Dance Bar
Best Happy Hour
Best Thursday Night Spot
Best Local Band
Best Video Arcade
UM: THE BEST AND
WORST OF TIMES
Best Place To Be On A
Saturday Afternoon__
Worst Lecture Hall Or Auditorium

Best Deli

Best Oriental Food -
Best Breakfast Spot,
Best Late Night Eats,

Best Copying
Best Liquor Store
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Best Record Store

Best Place To Take The Folks
Best Place To Take A First Date

Best Barber/Hairdresser

Best Travel Agent

Best Day Of The School Year

Worst Line To Wait In

.Az
/
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- /

n{rr N TUUK:
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MONDAYI WEDNESDAYI
Quarter Beer Night Oldies Night
$2 Cover THURSDAY!
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