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March 22, 1985 - Image 14

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1985-03-22
Note:
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Peace

(Continued from Page 3)
on CRISP under the assumption that
funding would come through from the
University administration.
As a result, the program is operating
on a small "emergency" stipend of
$2,400 from LSA. All of that money is
going toward Reiff's salary. Mann is
volunteering his time, while Suransky
is receiving less than $500 from Alice
Lloyd programming funds. Balk is paid
under work-study.
The two-course program has been
allocated only slightly more money for
next year - $2,800 - not quite half a
teaching assistant's salary.
"They'll try to starve it to death and
embarass it to death," said Prof. J.
David Singer of Shapiro and Steiner.
"They'd like to see it die on the vine."
Singer, a political science professor,
sits on the program's faculty advisory
committee.
Steiner disagrees. "I'm trying not to
prematurely discourage or kill any
course which might eventually become
a part of the program," he said. '0
"Plainly this (course) addresses one
of the critically important questions of
the day and age, and if the University
can bring wisdom to bear on it, it's
something we ought to be doing", he
added.
Though Steiner had not read the
syllabi or the reading lists for the cour-
ses, he said he would like LSA to avoid a
peace studies program in order to
follow his efforts to move the college
away from its "cafeteria style" course
offerings and move instead toward a
more traditional and rigorous un-
dergraduate curriculum.
"My own instinct is that having
something like black studies or
women's studies doesn't make much
sense," he said. "The best research is
done within a discipline and then
focused on an area."
"I'm not much interested in the
college having courses of a spiritual or
emotional nature. The University has to
approach things from what intellectual
questions bring to bear," he added.
The fate of the program is under
review by a special faculty advisory
committee, which is expected to make
a recommendation in six months, ac-
cording to Steiner.
"Do we want to have a concentration
or a focus or a discipline in this (peace
studies) area? I don't know the an-
swers. These considerations are under
review by committee," he said.
The peace studies instructors hope
135 and 335 will remain core courses
and that in the future a broader peace
studies program be created by using
existing course offerings in other
departments. An eight-page list of such
courses has already been compiled. It
includes "Urban Redevelopment and
Socail Justice," currently taught in the
Afro-American Studies program, and
"Philosophical Bases of Communism,
Facism, and Democracy," offered in
the philosophy department.
Shapiro said he has "no sharp views"
on the direction of the program, explain-
ing that decisions about curriculum are
the faculty's responsibility.
In reference to the financial status of
the peace studies courses, Shapiro
said: "there are a lot of deserving, un-
derfunded programs".

Q
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Oscars
on the
way
By Joshua Bilmes
T he good news about this year's
Academy Awards ceremony is that
is promises to have some of the ex-
citement lacking in the past few years.
When the awards are handed out on
Monday night, no film is favored to
walk away with everything like Gandhi
did in 1983 or Terms of Endearment did
last year. The bad news is that the
competition in most categories makes
it awfully difficult to do one of these ar-
ticles and come out looking smart. Last
year I predicted everything correctly;
this year, getting everything wrong
would not be all that surprising.'
Adversity does not stand in the way of
a good movie reviewer, though, and I
shall gamely try to tell you what will
happen and what I would like to happen
at this years' Academy Awards, and
why.
The five nominees for Best Picture
are Amadeus, The Killing Fields, A
Passage to India, Places in the Heart
and A Soldier's Story. I omit the names
of the producers. The only one with no
chance at all is probably A Soldier's
Story. It never got the audience or the
attention that a film needs to have a
really good shot at the top award.
Places and The Killing Fields have to
be considered long-shots, though The
Killing Fields might very well sneak in
and take it. That would not be too upset-
ting to me. The film is quite powerful,
even with the few flaws it has. Places.
would be upsetting. I thought it had
good acting, but the script resembled
ordering a family dinner at a Chinese
restaurant, where Robert Benton
picked two cliches from Column A,
three from Column B, and mixed them
on his plate with little rhyme or reason.
That leaves two front-
runners-Passage and Amadeus,
though I almost think The Killing Fields
might have a better chance than
Passage. And, yes, that does mean that
I think Amadeus, which I would like to

'7

Reiff, (left) and Mann (right): consulting with a student during the simulation game:

The trick, however, is to find out just
how Shapiro defines "deserving".
Recently, the University received a
$300,000 MacArthur Foundation grant
"to strengthen existing programs and
broaden the agenda and' the array of
disciplines currently involved" in the
pursuit of international security and
peace studies.
The disbursement of the grant was
left to the discretion of Shapiro. He
gave nearly all of the money to the Of-
fice of International Peace and Security
and not a penny to the undergraduate
peace studies courses.
"I thought it was better to really try
to give one program a shot in the arm
then spread it around," Shapiro ex-
plained.

discretionary funds such as the MacAr-
thur Foundation's should be used to
develop undergraduate programs.
"This confronts the question of un-
dergraduate programs versus resear-
ch," he said. "Shapiro talks a lot about
how we need more undergraduate
programs and this is one way to act on
that would be to divide this money up.'
Financial- woes aren't the only
problems plaguing the fledgling
program. The two coursesthave drawn
sharp criticism from other faculty
members who say:
*There is not enough material to for-
mualte a rigorousconcentration around
peace studies. "Most would probably
think that at this stage a major would
be relatively thin. Compared to physics
or something like Victorian literature,
there's not enough known knowledge to
support a major," according to Political
Science Prof. Jacobson;
*The program's name "peace studies,"

But Mann said the Office
national Peace and Security
tract other research grants,

of Inter-
could at-
and that

some say, destroys the credibility of an
academic course designed to examine
different approaches to conflict
resolution and social justice. Shapiro
himself said he "prefers not to use the
term 'peace studies'. "
"People look at it like maybe it's sort
of fruity," said Rebecca Felton, an LSA
freshperson who is a peace studies
student. "It sounds hippyish like a bun-
ch of flower children talking about
some unresolvable thing."
Suransky said he told the other in-
structors that the name would stir op-
position, "but I was in the minority,
everyone else said 'Let's call it what it
is. The focus is on peace, not war."'
Singer said the semantics of calling
the course "peace studies" is an impor-
tant statement of values. "The
language conveys a different perspec-
tive and priorities. We're not talking
about national security, but a more
humane, ethical and intellectual ap-
proach."
But changing the course title seems
an unlikely way to resolve the peace
studies conflict. Students in the
course might say such a plan would be
a largely ineffective quick-fix tactic,
like offering grain to a country wracked
by civil war.
The future of the courses remains un-
clear. Mann predicts that operating
with the $2,800 allocated for a TA's
salary next year, he will lecture for the
intro course alone, unpaid, in the fall
for 30 students-half the number in the
current course. He said instructors are
hoping to attract some private foun-
dation funding to pay Suransky. The
upper level section, 335 may be offered
in the spring.'
"It's fine if we limp along for a year
or two", said Mann. "But right now we
need the necessary support while we
prove that we're a good thing-or not as
good A we should be. I don't think we
deserve anything by suddenly ap-
pearing at the Dean's door, but we need
the chance to prove ourselves."

Judy Davis: 'India's' leading lady.
see win, will win. My reason is largely
an anecdotal one: I have seen more en-
thusiasm for Amadeus than Passage,
with more people really loving
Amadeus. It could be my own percep-
tions clouding things, but I think not.
Praising Passage was almost a duty
due to its direction by David Lean and
the novel by E. M. Forster from whence
it came. Amadeus it shall be, though a
surprise from The Killing Fields would
not surprise too much.
Best Actor also has some com-
petition. Tom Hulce (Mozart) and F.
Murray Abraham (Salieri) have both
been nominated from Amadeus. Albert
Finney was nominated for Under the
Volcano, Sam Waterston for The Killing
Fields, and Jeff Bridges was Starman.
Waterston's nomination was a surprise,
as his performance has come in for con-
siderable criticism, most of it justified.
The nomination of Bridges was almost
duty-bound. He was excellent, but I
doubt he will win. Tom Hulce was never

praised as highly as Abraham, so that
leaves Abraham and Finney. I felt Fin-
ney's performance as the consul was
too unmotivated. Abraham on the other
hand was excellent. However, Finney
has paid his dues, and Hulce and
Abraham might mutually destroy each
other. I would prefer Abraham, but I
think Finney will receive the statuette..
Go head and gloat if I get it wrong.
Best Actress is another impossible-to-
choose category. All three of the year's
farm women have been nominated:
Sally Field in Places; Sissy Spacek in
The River; and Jessica Lange in Coun-
try. Also nominated were Judy Davis as
Adele in Passage and Vanessa
Redgrave in The Bostonians. First, I
must confess to not seeing Jessica
Lange because the coming attraction
for Country was a total turnoff.
However, I did see Sissy Spacek in The
River. Neither will win. I doubt
Vanessa Redgrave will either. She did
do a good job, but unless the Academy
wants some controversy, her political
views will probably keep her from get-
ting the award. And so once again we
come to two people-Sally Field and
Judy Davis. None of the five really ex-
cite me, and I did not particularly enjoy
the films the frontrunners appeared in,
so I really do not care about who wins. I
think Judy Davis will get the nod,
though. Again I welcome gloating.
Supporting Actress is one category

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Students: preparing a mock memo

Becker is a Daily staff writer.

4 Weekend/Friday, March 22, 1985

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