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January 11, 1985 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1985-01-11

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C

Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 11, 1985

Idians
well-armed
at Little
Bighorn,
die shoWs
BOSTON (AP) - An excavation of
the Little Bighorn battlefield shows the
Indians were far better armed than
previously suspected and dispells some
of the "Errol Flynn image" of an un-
disciplined Indian onslaught at Custer's
Last Stand, an archaeologist said
yesterday.
Last May and June, a team of ar-
chaeologists conducted the first major
dig on the rolling plains where Lt. Col.
George Armstrong Custer and about
220 soldiers were wiped out by Indians
on June 25, 1876.
DOUGLAS SCOTT, who directed the
project, said the bones, ammunition
and other remnants of battle that they
unearthed won't force a wholesale
rewrite of history, but that it would lead
some Custers buffs to alter their
assumptions about the fight.
Many experts believed that the In-
dians who vastly outnumbered the
soldiers were poorly armed with old,
outdated firearms.
"We're certainly going to change
some interpretations there," Scott said.
"The Indians were much better armed
than previously thought."
DURING THE dig, 117 individual In-
dian weapons were found. They carried
25 different kinds of firearms, and 60
were the most modern lever-action
rifles, such as Winchesters and Henrys,
Scott said.

IN BRIEF

.

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports

..

'Star Wars' missile program vital
to arms control talks, Shultz says
WASHINGTON - Secretary of State George Shultz said yesterday resear-
ch on the "Star Wars" missile defense program and deployment of the MX
missile are vital to the success of new arms control talks with the Soviet
Union.
"I don't want to put these important programs in the category of
something we do for the sake of bargaining," Shultz said.
"We do them for the sake of the security interest of the United States and
when we are strong and when we show the determination and unity to be able
to defend ourselves adequately, then they will want to negotiate with us," he
said.
"But the first and most important thing is we have the ability to take care
of our own security."
Congress cool to Social Security }

I

Daily Photo by MATT PETRIE
Postermania
A student browses through a stack of posters on sale in the Union.

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PHARMACY

Bennett
picked for
education
post
(Continued from Page 1)
As head of the NEH, Bennett
politicized the agency, said McGrath,
"limiting the types of things it would
fund." She said that in 1980, NEH par-
tially funded a Wisconsin based group
that produced a documentary called,
"From the Ashes . . . Nicaragua
Today."
But upon talking over NEH, Bennett
called the documentary "unabashed
socialist propaganda which never
should have been funded for public
television.'
Bennett was praised last November
after decrying the state of humanities
instruction on U.S. campuses, saying,
"Too many students are graduating
from American colleges and univer-
sities lacking even the most rudimen-
tary knowledge about the history,
literature, art and philosophical foun-
dations."
Bennett is also a critic of affirmitive
action. He clashed last January with
the Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission (EEO.C) after he refused
in the name "human equality and equal
liberty" to set numerical goals
required by the EEOC for hiring
women and minorities.
McGrath characterized Bennett as a
"thinker," having earned a bachelor's
degree in philosophy at the University
of Texas in 1970 and a law degree at
Harvard in 1971.
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Wed. Jan 16th8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Thurs. Jan. 17th-8:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.

t
i
t
r
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T
1
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i
3
t

Reagan stirs
up hs top
official family
(Continued from Page 1)
of staff James Baker III, who is being
nominated to besecretary of the
Treasury as part of a job swap announ-
ced by Reagan on Tuesday. The present
Treasury secretary, Donald Regan,
will take over Baker's job as chief of
staff.
THE CHANGES were the latest in a
round of shakeups in Reagan's official
family as he prepares for his
inauguration for a second term on Jan.
20.
Herrington joined the White House
personnel office early in the Reagan
administration and has conducted
studies designed to streamline
operations and make them more ef-
ficient, both at the White House and the
Pentagon.
Speakes said Reagan remains com-
mitted to his long-term goal of doing
away with the Energy Department, as
well as the Education Department, but
would continue to fill the top posts in the
departments as long as they existed.
One plan that is being considered calls
for absorbing the Energy Department
and Interior Department.
Administration sources, who insisted
on anonymity, said Herrington was
picked to oversee the merger of various
Energy Department functions into In-
terior and the dissolution of the
Cabinet-level agency, rather than for
his expertise or interest in energy
issues.
Clark, a long-time confidant of
Reagan, is leaving the Interior Depar-
tment to return to his California ranch.
Before taking the Interior post, Clark
was the president's national security
adviser. He. is a former California
Supreme Court justice.
PUT US TO THE
TEST! ,

cost-of-living increase cuts
WASHINGTON - Republicans and Democrats in Congress showed little -
enthusiasm yesterday for curtailing Social Security cost-of-living increases,
despite President Reagan's statement that he would "look at" such a plan if
the House and Senate initiated it to help cut budget deficits.
Social Security is "off the table" when it comes to possible spending cuts,
House GOP Leader Robert Michel of Illinois said through an aide.
The president "seems to be under some strange illusion" that such a call
will arise in Congress, added House Democratic Leader Jim Wright of
Texas.
The new chairman of the House Budget Committee, Rep. William Gray,
(D-Pa.), left the door open to changes but just barely. "Everything should be
on the table," he said, adding quickly that he would be "strongly reluctant"
to make revisions in the program. Gray said he believed his view reflected
those of other House Democrats.
Polish colonel denies murder role
TORUN, Poland - A secret-police colonel testified yesterday that he talked
with a subordinate about gathering "compromising" material on the Rev.
Jerzy Popieluszko, but he denied he had instigated the kidnap and murder of
the priest.
Col. Adam Pietruszka, one of four Polish security officers charged in the
abduction and slaying of Popieluszko last October, denied accusations by co-
defendant Capt. Grzegorz Piotrowski that he had told Piotrowski the priest's
abduction had high-level support in the Interior Ministry.
Pietruszka said his discussions with Piotrowski were limited to proposals to
monitor the priest's activities, according to Western reporters permitted to
attend the trial.
"There were never any suggestions or recommendations that physical
force be used," the 47-year-old colonel testified.
Pietruszka accused :Piotrowski . of making "slanderous statements" by
alleging that he had promised Piotrowski and his subordinates would not
be prosecuted.
Ortega sworn in as president
MANAGUA, Nicaragua - Daniel Ortega took the presidential oath of of-
fice yesterday at the site where his Sandinista followers staged a commando
raid six years ago that led to the ouster of dictator Anastasio Somoza.
Cuban President Fidel Castro arrived unexpectedly yesterday, one of 350
guests from 46 countries expected to attend the inaugural, the government
said.
Ortega, coordinator of the ruling Sandinistra junta since 1981, was elected
president for a six-year term Nov. 4 with 63 percent of the vote in polls
boycotted by a key opposition alliance and denounced as a "farce" by
President Reagan.
Ortega, 39, was to receive the blue-and-white sash of the presidency during
the ceremony in Revolution Square, which fronts the national:palace - and
some 300,000 people were expected to hold all-night festivities.
In 1979, 24 Sandinista commandos stormed the palance and held the
congress hostage before negotiating a $500,000 ransom.

a

I

t s
i
r

Ex-CA analyst opens CBS defense
NEW YORK - A former CIA analyst opened the CBS defense case in Gen.
William Westmoreland's $120 million libel trial Tuesday by testifying that in
one South Vietnamese province he found 20 times the number of guerrillas
the Army officially reported.
Sam Adams, one of the defendants in the lawsuit, served as a consultant on
the CBS Reports documentary "The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Decep-
tion." The other defendants named along with the network were producer
George Crile and correspondent Mike Wallace.
The program accused Westmoreland of deliberately keeping estimates of
enemy strength low to make it look like he was winning a "war of attrition."
The general says that not only was the 1982 broadcast untrue, but it
"humiliated" him.
Much of the testimony early in the trial centered on Westmoreland's in-
sistence that irregular enemy troops, the Self-Defense and Secret Self-
Defense forces, consisted of old men, women and children and should not be
counted as enemy soldiers.

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UJrie Sirbigan 1Bat-
Vol. XCV - No.83
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GEORGEA KOVANIS
THOMAS MILLER
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NEWS STAFF: Laura Bischoff, Dov Cohen, Stephanie
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