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By STEVE BARR
"Resolved: That the federal gover-
nment should provide employment for
all employable citizens living in pover-
For the more than 150 high school
students assembled at the University
for the Michigan High School Debate
Championships yesterday, that
statement ended a year's worth of
research and arguing. The students,
from 54 high schools in the state,
finished up the three days of heated
debate at various locations in the
School of Education and the Modern
The competitors were among the top
students in the state, according to Dean
Fitzgerald, who coordinated the event.
"They are bright kids," he said.
Those schools arguing the affir-
mative presented solutions ranging
from resurrecting New Deal relief
agencies to mandatory retirement for
people reaching the age of 65.
Tremendous savings on hampers -- picnic baskets - wine racks -
shelves - oak rockers - dining sets and much, much more.
Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, February 3, 1985
'U' hosts high school
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
They offered solutions to problems
such as crime and mental disorders
that are sometimes brought upon by
"Our plan," some students said,
"will solve all these ills."
While the affirmative team presented
their arguments their opponents scrib-
bled down notes on three by five cards,
attempting to discredit the other's poin-
Some student arguing the negatives
said the status quo is working. Where,
they ask, is all the money to support
these programs going to come from?
Detailed analysis of the problems
were presented by both sides. At one
point, one of the affirmatives described
soil erosion in great detail to prove the
need for a Civilian Conservation Corps.
"We need the CCC again. We need it
more than ever.''
A girl from Henry Ford High School
in Dearborn watching the debates
vowed to return to the competition next
year as a participant.
"I'm in tenth grade, but I'm not
stupid," she said. "I'm going to get
prepared and come here with a brief-
case full of evidence and I'm going to
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Ethiopia blocks famine relief
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia, - Ethiopia's Marxist government has refused
to allow the Red Cross to transport famine relief into rebel-held areas of the
country, but promised that Ethiopia would organize armed convoys to make
sure supplies do reach those areas, senior Western aid officials said yester-
The officials, said Kurt Jansson, the U.N. assistant secretary-general,
asked Mengistu Haile Mariam, Ethiopia's head of state, to allow the Inter-
national committee of the Red Cross to organize transportation of food to
guerrilla-controlled areas of Tigre and Eritrea.
The officials who declined to be identified said Mengistu turned down Jan-
sson's request, but promised him that Aiddis Abada would step up armed
convoys of relief supplies to Ethiopia's nothern regions.
Jansson's request followed protests from western donors that food ship-
ments were being blocked to an estimated 2.3 million people in famine-
stricken areas outside government control, the aid officials said.
Bell companies increase profits
WASHINGTON - In their first year, American Telephone & Telegraph
and the seven new Bell companies had combined profits more than 40 per-
cent higher thah the old Bell System showed in 1983.
Consumer groups attribute this to local rate hikes.
The eight companies, created by the Jan. 1, 1984 breakup of the world's
largest corporation, had $90.95 billion in revenues and $8.186 billion in
profits. In comparison, Ma Bell in 1983 had $69.403 billion in revenues
and$5.7 billion in earnings before writing off $5.5 billion worth of telephone
An AT&T spolesman said the Bell System had a pattern of $4 billion to $5
billion in revenue growth each year, but that still leaves a $2 billion gain for
the first year after divestiture.
Although AT&T's long-distance rates have dropped 6.1 percent as a result
of divestiture, local Bell companies were granted $5.1 billion of the $10.9
billion in rate hikes they benefited last year.
Chile's state of siege continues
SANTIAGO, Chile, Ignoring U.S. pressure and objections by some ad-
visers, President Augusto Pinochet decreed a 90-day extension of the state of
siege yesterday to stifle opposition political activity throughout Chile.
The decree, published without comment in the official bulletin, main-
tained special curbs on the press and on public gatherings until May 6
because of what it called a "state of internal convulstion" in Chile.
Pinochet, an army general who toppled the Marxist government of
Salvador Allende in a 1973 coup, imposed the clampdown last Nov. 6 to combat
a surge of terrorism and mass demonstrations for a swift return to
democracy. He has insisted on adherence to a constitution that prolongs hs
authoritarian rula at least until 1989.
No government official would comment on the state of siege yesterday.
Pinochet was away at his summer home.
Officials search prison after riot
PENDLETON, Ind. - Yesterday Prison officials secured and searched
the maximum-security cellblock where prisoners held hostages for 15 hours
during a rebellion that left seven guards and two inmates injured.
Friday's siege at the Indiana Reformatory ended when a group of in-
mates protesting abusive guards and angered at reports a prisoner had been
beaten released the last two hostages and secured agreement from the
Department of Correction on a list of demands.
Seven guards and two inmates were injured when prisoners armed with
home-made knives took three reformatory employees hostage in Cellblock
J. one of the hostages, officer Dana Millstead, was released early because of
a medical condition requiring medication.
The inmates had 22 demands - including requests for an FBI in-
vestigation of abuse by guards and a probe by a bipartisan, biracial panel of
Pope continues tour of Peru
LIMA, Peru - Crowds chanting Spanish rhymes and waving banners
welcomed Pope John Paul II as he arrived in the southern Peruvian desert
city of Arequipa yesterday to beatify a 17th-century nun and say outdoor
Mass at the foot of a dormant volcano.
The pontiff arranged to return later in the day to this sprawling decaying
capital to address a youthful audience Saturday night. John Paul, making
his sixth trip to Latin America, traveled Saturday morning to Arequipa, 635
miles from Lima at the foot of the volcano Misi and snow-capped Chachani
About 200,000 people from Peru and from neighborhing Chile and Bolivia
cheered, sang and hurled flower petals when the pontiff arrived.
"John Paul, our friend, Arequipa is with you!" throngs chanted as the
pope rode through the streets. He appeared tired on the eighth day of his 12-
day, four-nation journey.
Beatification of the cloistered nun, Sister Ana de Los Angeles Monteagudo
represented the last step before she could be made a saint.
Vol. XVC- No.103
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967 X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
scription rates: Feb. 1 through April - $7.00 in Ann Arbor; $12.00 outside the
city. Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Postmaster: Send
address changes to The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
The Michigan Daily is a member of the Associated Press and subscribes to
United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times Syndi-
cate and College Press Service, and United Students Press Service.
.t . ' " f .. .
Editor in Chief ...................... NEIL CHASE
Opinion Page Editors..............JOSEPH KRAUS
Managing Editors............GEORGEA KOVANIS
News Editor...................THOMAS MILLER
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NEWS STAFF: Jody Becker, Laura Bischoff, Dov
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Kimmelman, David Klapman, Debbie Ladestro, Vibeke
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Stacey Shonk, Katie Wilcox, Andrea Williams.
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