The Michigan Daily -Wednesday. January30. 1985 - Pnnae3
WASHINGTON (AP) - Albert Shanker,
President of the American Federation
of Teachers, called yesterday for the
creation of a tough, new national
examination that all new teachers
;would have to pass just as doctors and
lawyers must pass licensing tests.
Shanker told the National Press Club
his 600,000-member union would even-
;tually ban teachers from membership
'unless they passed such an exam. He
;challenged the rival National
Education Association to join him in
SHANKER SAID most current
teacher licensing exams "would be
I considered a joke by any other
profession" because they usually are
,minimum competence tests that seek to
Mbar only the worst candidates from en-
tering the profession. In Florida, he
said, prospective math teachers are
tested at the sixth-grade math level.
Shanker said he would ask education
leaders, college presidents and leaders
of other professions to join in within six
months to create a national board to
:decide what teachers need to know and
how it could be measured.
Shanker has been a strong supporter
of requiring entry-level teachers to
pass exams in their general competen-
ce and knowledge of the subject they
aspire to teach.
Mary Hatwood Futrell, President of
the 1.7 million-member National
Education Association, said, "NEA
believes it is the basic right of the states
to determine who's qualified to teach.
Successful class performance should be
determined by a number of criteria.
The score of a test might be one aspect
of a state teacher-evaluation
The NEA in recent years has softened
its once strident oppposition to stan-
1 " T
Not all English majors
pursue teaching careers
By SONDRA PANICCO
With a bachelor's degree in the classics and a master's in
English, Law School Prof. James White said he felt lost in a
swarm of political science and economics graduates during
his first year of law school.
But before long, White said he stood out in the crowd
because he was better prepared for the rigors of law school
courses. "I had been trained to pay attention to language, to
read and re-read things over and over again," he said.
AT THE MICHIGAN Union yesterday, White advised un-
dergraduates considering law school to delve into courses
which require analysis of "text, language, and the par-
"I can't think of a better way to do this than studying
English," he told a crowd of about 70 students in the Union's
White was one of five professionals with an educational
background in English who offered job advice yesterday
during a panel discussion jointly sponsored by the Depar-
tment of English and the Office of Career Planning and
ANOTHER panel member, Debra Crosby, an account
executive with Buckheim and Rowland Advertising Corp. in
Ann Arbor, said students interested in an advertising
career should practice writing ad slogans by re-writing ads
in magazines and compiling the slogans into books.
These books should be shown to hiring officers of adver-
tising firms, she said. "If you've got what it takes, they'll be
interested in seeing that."
Advertising firms hire graduates from all majors - in-
cluding English, Crosby said. But she stressed that students
also take courses in marketing, psychology, speech, and
TWO ENGLISH graduates who are now publishing exper-
ts told students that a good starting position in the
publishing business is that of a sales representative to
college campuses. Starting salary is usually $16,000, they
Launching a publishing career is easier if the graduate
already has experience selling advertisements for the
student paper or in telemarketing said Jane Bornstein, a
former sales representative for Harper and Row
Publishing Company. Bornstein is now a private con-
LAURIE HARRIS, a senior editor of the Gale Research
Company, recommended that graduates scan Publishers'
Weekly and The Literary Market Place for job openings in the
But Bornstein told the crowd, "I cannot overemphasize
the importance of contacts."
Doily Photo by BRAD MILLS
James White, a University professor of law and English language, speaks on
the importance of being an English major in the Pendleton Room of the
Blanchard outlines state budget recommendations
(Continued from Page 1)
would do research, but I'm a little con-
cerned that some of the smaller
colleges and smaller universities will
be cut out on that research fund," said
Rep. Thomas Mathieu (D-Grand
"I think you have to consider other
colleges," he added. "Central
Michigan, Western, Eastern, Grand
Valley State college; after all, in their
particular areas they're very impor-
But Rep. Dominic Jacobetti, (D-
Negaunee), whose district represents
Northern' Michigan University, one of
the schools left out of the special resear-
ch wallet, said the fund has not angered
"I TALKED to our president today,
and he's very well satisfied with the
recommendations the governor made,"
"There's some other monies for
specific programs like nursing
programs and the Olympic training site
we're going to get up at Northern," he
said. "They're all going to be added in
to the budget recommendations."
Jacobetti, chariman of the House Ap-
propriations Committee, said however
that he would push to shift education
money to give increase spending on
adult and vocational education
UNDER Blanchard's proposed
budget, total spending for local school
aid and school employees retirement
programs would increase by $178.6
million to $2.39 billion. Most of the in-
crease in state support for local schools
would go into the basic school aid
"membership formula," sweetening it
to guarantee a combined state-local
support of $328 per pupil plus $68.50 per
mill of property tax levied. This year,
the guarantee is $300 plus $64 per mill.
Other elements of Blanchard's
education budget include increases of
$2 million for teacher professional
development and $8.8 million for the
physically handicapped and develop-
mentally disabled and new grants of
$1.5 million for pilot programs in early
childhood education and $2.5 million for
school safety efforts.
In the environmental arena, Blan-
chard is proposing an overall increase
of 54 percent. Included are $10.4 million
to explore alternatives to landfills and
close existing landfills which are un-
safe, $11.8 million for evaluating and
cleaning-up groundwater pollution and
$8 million for clean-ups under the
In the crime area, Blanchard calls for
an additional $1 million to hire 100 state
police officers, raising the total to 1,216
by the end of fiscal 1986. Some 25 ad-
ditional detectives will be placed on in-
vestigations of narcotic trafficking, ar-
son and auto theft.
United Press International
contributed to this report.
Blanchard proposes increased financial aid
Professor Teshome Wagaw, professor of education and of Afro-American
and African Studies, will speak about "Famine, International Politics and
the Falashas (Ethiopian Jews)". The Center for Afroamerican and African
Studies is sponsoring this seminar at noon, in Whitney Auditorium
of the School of Education.
(Continued from Page 1)
recognizing the needs of the students to
generate employment earnings within
the academic setting," said Grotrian.
Currently, work study programs are
funded by the federal government.
IN 1980, the government allocated
$550 million for this program. Since
then, appropriations have increased to
$555 million in 1985.
However, Grotrian says this increase
is not big enough to keep up with the in-
crease in the number of students
requesting work study.
"Federal work study is underfun-
ded," said Grotrian. "The federal
government has been so unresponsive
to institutions and students need by in-
creasing national funding by only $5
million over the last four years,"
HE SAID that it is difficult for
schools to maintain the size of the
program while the minimum wage in-
creases, inflation rises, and the federal
government does not increase aid in
proportion to the cost of living.
"There is no question but our stud-
ents are meeting higher costs and the
money will go a long way to help meet
those costs," Grotrian said.
As a consequence to the federal
governments failure to increase the
amount of dollars for work study, the
University has been forced to cut back
on the number of students who are
eligible for work study in order to allow
awarded students satisfactory hours.
THE employers of students awarded
with work study have also felt the brunt
of the federal administration's policy,
Prior to 1982 the government
provided 80 cents for every dollar that a
student earned and the employer paid
the rest. But since then the government
has only provided 75 cents.
"The proposed increases for work
study will offer better support for the
current recipients and enable students
to finish what they've started," Holmes
"Inflation has outstripped the
program and the University is often fr-
ustrated that it is not always able to
support the students," Holmes said. "If
the funding comes through I will be
very happy," he added.
MSA to support Daily's
MED - The Blues Brothers, 7 p.m., Nat. Science.
MFT - Mr. Hulot's Holiday, 7p.m.; Mon Oncle, 9p.m., Michigan.
Hill St. - The King of Hearts, 7 p.m., Hill St.
Ark - Hoot Night, "Lady of the Lake", 8 p.m., 637 S. Main.
School of Music - University Philharmonica/Chamber winds, 8 p.m., Hill
Chemistry Department - D. Jacobsen, "New Developments for Studying
Transition Metal Ion Chemistry in the Gas Phase", 4 p.m., 1200 Chemistry
Anatomy & Cell Biology - P. Jokelainen, "The Asynchronus Differen-
tiation of Mitotic Kinetochores", noon, 5732 Med Sci II.
School of Education - M. McKinney and S. J. Meisels, "Young Children in
Michigan: Problems, Prospects, and Recommendations", 4 p.m., 1322 SEB.
Russian & East European Studies - Brown Bag, Diane Koenker,
"Problems of Labor History in the Russian Revolution", noon, Lane
Division of Biological Sciences - "Origin of Flowering Plants", 4 p.m.,
MLB, Lecture Rm. 2.
Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering - Richard Boyd,
"Operations Planning for Digital Network Synchronization'', 4 p.m., 241 IOE
Department of Statistics - "Steven Ellis, "The Haicheng Aftershock", 4
p.m., 451 Mason Hall.
East Quad Nuclear Education Council - "Nuclear Arms: What We Are
Aiming For. Directions for the Next Ten Years", 8 p.m., East Quad Rm. 126.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation - "The Nicaragua Triangle", 7:30 p.m.,
1429 Hill St.
MSA - University COuncil meeting, 1:30 p.m., 3909 Union.
Dissertation Support Group - 8:30 a.m., 3100 Union.
LSA- 6:10 p.m., 3909 Union.
Academic Alcoholics -1:30 p.m., Alano Club.
Ann Arbor Support Group for Farm Labor Organizing Committee - 5:30
p.m., 4318 Union.
Undergraduate Political Science Club -7 p.m., Anderson Rm., Union.
Science Fiction Club -8:15 p.m., League.
Latin American Solidarity Committee --8 p.m., Union.
Muslim Student Association - Lecture, noon, Rm. D, League.
Computing Center - Lab., "Introduction Ontel TermlThai", 1:30 p.m.,
"Advanced Ontel Terminal", Full Screen Editing", 3:30 p.m., E. Conference
CRLT - Workshop, "Speaking Skills", 3:30 p.m., E. Conference Rm.,
International Center - Brown bag, "The Nitty-Gritty of Travel in
Europe", noon, 603 E. Madison.
Lutheran Campus Ministry - Choir, 8 p.m., worship, 9:30 p.m., Lord of
Ann Arbor Libertarian League - Debate, "Does God Exist?", 7 p.m., 2231
A -_ 11 TT11
decision at Board
(Continued from Page 1) a special hea
editors. week. MSA 1
LEE WINKELMAN, the MSA mem- complette fig
ber who proposed the resolution called event at that t
the violation "a potential threat to "I had a ci
freedom of the press." He said the an order or br
University's top officials could not with people"
"play with bylaws when they do not suit grossly mism
their needs." could it havee
MSA offered to act as a liason bet- McDuffie a
ween the student-run paper and the show of han(
administration. events of the
In other action, MSA voted to tem- of the 30 mem
porarily suspend Randy McDuffie from
his appointed post as chairman of FRE
Minority Affairs Committee.a r
MSA CHARGED McDuffie with Summary
disobeying a direct executive order and Techni
mismanaging the budget for the Inter- Ar
national Cultures Weekend held last CAPI
weekend. Box 827
MSA President Scott Page said Mc-
Duffie had been told he could use the
personal cars of two MSA members to
transport guest speakers to the cam-
pus. McDuffie, however, rented a car. .
And when Page asked him to return the
rental car, McDuffie instead rented a
Bill Mellin, MSA's treasurer, said
McDuffie also failed to secure funding
for the event from other organizaions.
THE EVENT could cost the assembly
anywhere from $7,300 to $9,300, Mellin
said. MSA only had budgeted $1,000 for
the event, but Mellin said the rest of the
money could probably be recovered
through the University's general funds.
McDuffie rebuffed the accusations.
"I'm only a college student - I'm not
perfect. I make mistakes," he said.
McDuffie, only given five minutes to
defend his case last night, will speak at
wring on the event next
leaders will present the
ures for the cost of the
hoice between disobeying
reaking an (oral) contract
and that "if I had so
nanaged the event, how
ever taken place?"
sked the assembly for a
ids on who attended the
weekend's festival, three
bers were there.
of Electronic Surveillance
ques Available to the
nn Arbor Police."
75, Ann Arbor, M! 48107
GRADUATE TEACHING ASSISTANTSHIPS
AVAILABLE 1985-1986 ENGLISH DEPART -
MENT, EASTERN MICHIGAN UNIVERSITY
Teach college composition while working towards an M.A. in
English. $3800 plus 16 hours free tuition per year.
FOR INFORMATION CALL:
James Reynolds 487-1363 or
Judith Johnson 487-4220
FOR APPLICATION FORMS, WRITE:
Director of Graduate Studies
English Language and Literature
Eastern Michigan University
YPSILANTI, MI 48197
AN AFFIRMATIVE ACTION EQUAL OPPORTUNITY EMPLOYER
to th besir etie~e ortin~iiy'd by a 2 ..Nearh'tr
~a~Ed~d tem" cC oe nreases
EX on~e f teteed by ingaof4
NE11 protrt S y 01'a 0 eSr
aldaes P with more
n eSir~~ca nte na coman
An Inside View
January 30, 1985
RED CARPET LOUNGE
ALICE LLOYD HALL
"Last Grave at Dimbaza"