Sunny with temperatures in
the low thirties. But it doesn't
matter, you have to study.
Vol. XCV, No. 80
Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, December 12, 1984
'Tis the season to pull 'all-nighters'
By GEORGEA KOVANIS
Pass the NoDoz, heat up the coffee
pot, and don't - no matter what hap-
pens - fall asleep. It's finals time.
Today, the last official day of classes,
signals the end of the term. Come
Friday, the first day of finals, it'll be
time for students to prove they've been
paying attention in Math 101 and in
English 103. Can they identify
quotations from the works of Wordswor-
th and Shelley? Do they know the dif-
ference between a Laplace 'transform
and Fourier series?
Unless these exams are tremen-
dously easy, students will probably end
up spending some time in the library
studying for the elusive "A" which will
get them into Harvard Law School, or
simply enable them to pass.
The University's Undergraduate
Library will be open from 8 a.m. to 5
a.m. in order to help students get as
much studying time in as possible. And
according to Sarah Dearing, a member
of the UGLi's circulation staff, students
take advantage of the extra hours.
"They stay, they sleep, take a nap and
wake up and study," she said.
Kathleeen Nolta, an LSA fresh-
woman, plans to pull an all-nighter in
order to prepare for finals.
"It's better to go all night than to only
get an hour and a half (of sleep)," Nolta
said. "If you get a little bit of sleep, then
you're tired when you wake up," she
Nolta said she usually relies on Coca-
Cola to help her stay awake while she
studies. She said it's not unusual for her
to down four 16.9 ounce bottles during a
Other students have different
strategies for keeping their eyes open.
"I'll take a shower at about five in the
morning and splash cold water on my
face," said Jennifer Appleberry, an
"I'LL STAY UP all night one night,
and then I'll get maybe three hours of
sleep the next night and then the next
night I may stay up again.. . and then I
collapse," she said. However, she ad-
ded that pulling an all-nighter isn't dif-
ficult for her. "I've stayed up late since
I was in seventh grade," Appleberry
said. "I'm a night person, I get going
about two in the morning."
Some students don't need to drink
coffee or cola. For them, just the fear of
knowing they have to pass a test or
hand in that 20-page paper is enough to
keep them up for a night - or two.
LSA sophomore Brian Boston is one of
these students. When asked what kept
him up for two nights last week in order
to complete a couple of papers, he
replied: "Fear. I'm serious."
"THE FIRST night I wasn't too
scared ... the second night, I finished
with about 15 minutes to go," he said.
Boston's all-nighters came two days
apart and by the time they were over
and done with so was Boston. "I wasn't
tired, I just felt really bad," he said.
"My head felt like a brick."
Boston isn't the first individual to suf-
fer from the post-all-nighter malaise.
"I don't feel awful the next day, I feel
awful the day after," said Jim Caffrey,
who added that he expects to pull one
all-nighter in preparation for finals.
"The next day you're still awake. You
get your second wind."
ENGINEERING school sophomore
Brian Acebo says he rountinely stays
up until about 2:30 a.m. to study.
However, because he won't have to at-
tend classes during finals, he said he
probably won't stay up as late. He'll
have time to study and sleep.
"I can only go on a little sleep for so
long," Acebo said.
Acebo is right. According to doctors,
most people's performance is affected
by a lack of sleep. In some cases,
pulling an all-nighter can be a waste of
"There's a difference between not
falling asleep and being alert," said
Caesar Briefer, University Health Ser-
vice director. "All too frequently,
people who pull all-nighters are not all
that productive or alert," he said.
Staying up all night does have an ef-
fect on the quality of an individual's
work. "I think pulling all-nighters. af-
See STUDENTS, Page 3
Daly rnoto by 5SU WEIDENBACH
Jackie Shelton, an LSA senior studying International Trade, sits in her apartment immersed in books while cramming
By THOMAS MILLER
Twelve graduate and staff assistants
who were in danger of losing their jobs
because they had failed to pay their
mandatory union fees have turned in
the money, University and union of-
ficials said yesterday.
Under the terms of the contract bet-
ween the University and the Graduate
Employees' Organization (GEO), the
TAs union, all TAs had to submit the
money to GEO by midnight Monday or
be fired by the University.
BY LAST Friday afternoon, 12 of the
approximately 1,800 TAs at the Univer-
sity-still had not paid their dues, with
the deadline quickly approaching.
The union then submitted the list to
the University to notify them of the TAs
who would have to be fired.
According to the University's assist-
ant director of personnel Colleen Dolan-
Greene, the University then contacted
the departments employing the
delinquent TAs to stimulate payment of
GEO president Matt Schaefer said
yesterday that the University's effort
must have helped because "all those
who were at risk have paid - nobody
will be terminated."
ALTHOUGH GEO said last week that
one of the 12 was withholding the money
as a matter of principle, he recently
paid the fees.
It would be foolish, Schaefer said, for
the TAs not to pay the $15 to $30 fee and
then lose their job and
"Honor is fine and wonderful, but not
when it's a question of $2,700 worth of
honor," Schaefer said, referring to the
money in salary and tuition that would
A TUITION waiver is given to all
graduate teaching and staff assistants.
According to the terms of the contract
between GEO and the University, TAs
pay only 60 percent of in-state tuition. If
the TAs had been fired, they would have
lost the waiver and been billed for the
remaining 40 percent.
"Nobody who paid said, 'I feel
sullied," Schaefer said.
Controversy over the union fees arose
last spring when a group of graduate
students started a petition drive
protesting the mandatory union dues.
GEO's contract specifies an "agency
shop" clause. With an agency shop,
every member of the bargaining unit
- in this case the 1,800 TAs - must pay
the union fees regardless of whether
they belong to the union.
Last year's petition drive was an at-
tempt to allow the bargaining unit to
vote on the union shop status. The effort
failed after the organizers realized that
Michigan labor laws do not permit such
GEO will begin bargaining on a new
contract with the University early in
the year, Schaefer said.
By CHRISTY RIEDEL
For most people, getting the mail is a daily ritual:
approaching the mailbox in anticipation, quickly ex-
tracting the contents from a non-descript metal box,
and sorting through the occasional letters and all-too-
abundant bills and junk mail.
Michigan Terminal System users, however, have a
little more to look forward to. It takes only a few key
strokes to open a mailbox which contains messages
ranging from a professor's assignment clarification
to a lucrative social opportunity.
THE "MAILBOX," in MTS language, is part of a
message system which provides a way for a user to get
in touch with anyone else using the MTS system.
Each mailbox is identified by a user ID number or
name. Only the account owners can retrieve their
mail links MTS users
messages unless they allow others access to their files.
The message system has been a part of MTS for
about three years, and was created because of "a
need for simple communication within the system,"
said Forrest Hartman, coordinator of educatonal
services for the computing center.
It is especially helpful for professors and TAs to get
messages to students, and for students to get
questions to their instructors.
"WHEN YOU panic, you can ask your professor
something. That's the best thing about it," said LSA
senior Barry Lotenberg.
One command - the HELP command - provides
immediate assistance or information. One student
who asked not to be identified said she uses the
message system mainly to get help on her program
or to ask for "money" to run her program.
Many students interviewed were reluctant to
reveal their names because they were concerned
that they could be punished for using the message
system for purposes outside their classes.
HARTMAN SAID, however, that no one else knows
what messages pass between senders and recipients
and that MTS does not discourage exchanging "fun"
Finishing a program before a class deadline can be a
tense and frustrating task, which may require hours
in front of the computer terminal and the message
system provides a good release.
"When you're totally sick of working, (sending
messages) is a good way to kill time," Lotenberg
See STUDENTS, Page 2
Operator Bill Durdin sits inside an elevator in the Conrad Building in Cincin-
nati Tuesday afternoon that he has been decorating for Christmas for 14
years. The ride comes complete with Christmas music.
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By CARLA FOLZ
Cheating: Of all the University's academic
problems, it may be the easiest to define and
the hardest to stop.
From making up a source on a term paper to
"borrowing" an answer from your neighbor
during a test, cheating takes on many varied
forms at the University.
Though rules exist in the various schools and
colleges to combat the problem, many people
question the effectiveness of these often neglec-
DURING THE last few months, the Michigan
State Assembly Subcommittee on Academic
Integrity and Faculty Responsibility has
studied ways to fight cheating on a University-
wide level. One of the key proposals the panel
has investigated would establish an honor code
for the entire University similar to the one
currently used in the College of Engineering.
The Engineering Honor Code allows students
to take exams without a proctor present on the
condition that students sign a pledge stating "I
have neither given nor received aid on this
For the proposed University-wide code,
students would also be required to write "I am
the sole author of this original paper and all
sources are properly cited," on every paper
ALSO, DUE to recent negative connotations
surrounding the word "code" in regard to the
Student Code for Nonacademic Conduct, the
MSA committee prefers to call the proposal an
honor "system" rather than an honor code.
LSA junior Andrew Hartman, chairman of
the committee, stresses that the group is still in
"a preliminary fact-finding stage."
The group has been investigating the
feasibilty of the proposal for an honor system,
Hartman said. Such a system was recently
adopted at the University of Maryland, he said,
and the committee will be studying that school
and others where similar codes exist to deter-
mine if the University should implement the
"Students would have to be willing to comply
and to work together to make it succeed. From
what I hear, it's working really well in
engineering," Cholak said.
MICHAEL FRANCIS, an LSA senior, holds a
different opinion. "I've never seen (cheating)
as much of a problem. I don't know whether an
honor system would really be effective," Fran
cis said. "It seems to me that people who cheat
in the first place would cheat after signing an
oath. It's unscrupulous either way."
Vice President for Academic Affairs and
Provost Billy Frye has reviewed the MSA
proposal and is organizing a meeting of studen-
ts, faculty members, and administrators to
discuss the committee's findings.
Frye called the plan "interesting and
courageous," particularly because he sees a
tremendous challenge involved in implemen-
ting an honor code at a large university.
His alma mater, Emory University in Atlan-
See 'U,' Page 5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ........................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..N E... E.. ............. . . .l . . . .
yes it's that happy season again, exams are upon
us, and then the holidays and a bit of a break
from academia. This is the final edition of the
Daily for 1984. We will be returning again next
year on Jan. 9 with a paper on the first day of classes. Until,
then Hannv nHlidavs.
Illinois have sponsored a Dial-A-Carol since 1961 as part of
an effort to provide Christmas cheer for people
everywhere. Brian Friedrichs, a junior on the Dial-A-Carol
planning committee, says that they have a library of thirty
different albums, with "every popular carol you'd ever
want to hear." He says that the organization receives calls.
from people mostly within the state, "with lots from
Chicago because of good A.P. and U.P.I. publishing. But,
we do get calls from all over - New York to California."
This year is the first Dial-A-Carol has really tried adver-j
tising in other colleges. "Hopefully, we're going to get the
Big Ten schools interested," Friedrichs says, "We want to
theme song over the plant's public address system every
morning for three months. Promptly at 7:30 a.m. each day
beginning in September, workers would hear Mister
Rogers' reassuring voice crooning over the loudspeaker:
"It's a beautiful day in the neighborhood... Won't you be my
neighbor?" Electrician Larry Nudelman said the broad-
casts started as an "innocent whim" that became a morale
booster for workers at the plant, which is under construc-
tion about 30 miles northeast of Cleveland. But when
security guards caught him in the act of trying to cheer
people up last week, officials of Cleveland Electric
Illuminating Co., the plant's builder, weren't laughing.
cute way to say good morning," Nudelman said Tuesday
Many of the 5,500 employees at the $6.4 billion plant about 35
miles east of Cleveland said they enjoyed hearing the tape
recording, which proclaimed "It's a beautiful day in the
neighborhood.. . Won't you be my neighbor?" The tune
caught on so well that it became an unoffical theme for,
plant employees. Nudelman said it boosted morale, and
workers began greeting each other by saying, "Hi, neigh-