Clear and windy, with temn-
peratures in the upper forties.
Vol. XCV, No. 79
Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, December 11, 1984
Free speech issue splits
By ERIC MATTSON
Many people talk about free speech at the Univer-
sity, but there is little agreement on exactly what
constitutes a violation of the free speech principle.
Universities and colleges traditionally have been
bastions of the free exchange of ideas, but faculty,
administrators, and community groups alike are
concerned that controversial speakers who come to
campus may face heckling or more subtle forms of
TWICE IN the last 14 months, heckling at a Univer-
sity-sponsored speech has been so disruptive that the
speakers either had to leave or shout over the din to
A month ago, for instance, a group of about 100
protesters chased three CIA recruiters off campus af-
ter staging a mock trial questioning the agency's ac-
tivities. And just over a year ago, former Secretary of
State Alexander Haig was continually interrupted
during his speech on foreign policy.
Billy Frye, vice president for academic affairs and
provost, called such actions "utterly antithetical to
the nature of the University."
"I THINK that kind of thing is frankly
disgraceful," he added.
Frye said that one of the University's most impor-
tant functions is to act as a base for social and
political change by allowing differing viewpoints to
be heard. He noted that universities historically have
led social change, particularly during the '60s and
University President Harold Shapiro agreed that
the heckling is inappropriate, and condemned the
CIA protesters. Members of the Univerity's Board of
Regents also deplored the action, which Regent
Robert Nederlander (D-Birmingham) called "an
outrageous violation of rights."
REGENT THOMAS Roach (D-Saline) said the
disruption was a clear violation of the free speech
principle. "Everyone, whether their views are
popular or unpopular, has a right to exercise their
rights," he said.
But demonstrator Steve Austin, a natural resour-
ces sophomore, said the CIA protest was entirely
"First of all, free speech is guaranteed as a right
for individuals, not a right for government agencies,"
he said. "The CIA has carried out criminal acts
throughout the world."
"WE WERE not heckling," Austin added. "We
asked them to respond to the charges and they left the
If the University community decides that a par-
ticular speaker should not be heard because he or she
might present dangerous ideas, then members of the
community have the right to bar the speaker, Austin
See FREE, Page 3
... faced with hecklers
... lost UAC sponsorship
By TOM HRACH
With the opening of the Michigan
Union Bookstore in January, many
students will face a tough choice about
what they want when they buy their
new textbooks: convenience or lower
The Union bookstore, operated by the
New York-based Barnes and Noble
chain, will not discount its textbooks
like its competitors, the University
Cellar and Ulrich's.
INSTEAD, Barnes and Noble expects
to carve a profitable niche in the
student market with the store's central
lbcation and emphasis on quick service.
"The Michigan student is used to
waiting in lines, and this is what we
want to alleviate, especially at book
rush," said Scott Montgomery, regional
director of the book store chain.
In addition to service and the store's
* prime location, Montgomery hopes to
build a rapport with the student com-
munity by hiring about 200 students to
work part-time during book rush. "Any
job that can be filled by a student will
be filled by students," he said.
THE NEW store will begin to buy
back used textbooks tomorrow or Thur-
sday and will open its retail counters
next Monday, according to Gerry
Maloney, the store's manager.
Montgomery said it is the company's
policy to sell textbooks at list price,
even though other items, like books on
The New York Times best seller list, will
be sold at sizeable discounts.
U-Cellar, however, sells its textbooks
at a 5 percent discount to students.
Ulrich's also marks down the prices of
most new textbooks.
"PEOPLE don't realize how com-
petitive the Ann Arbor market really
* is," said Tom Musser, manager of
Ulrich's. "If you had to live by tex-
tbooks alone, you simply couldn't
Ulrich's and U-Cellar supplement
text book revenue with sales of com-
puter equipment and insignia items.
While Barnes and Noble will not stock
computer equipment, its mangers are
counting on exclusive rights to sell can-
dy and other retail merchandise in the
Union to compensate for losses from
. textbook sales.
Montgomery would not say whether
the store is expected to show a profit its
first month, but, he said, "We are in
Ann Arbor to stay."
THE STORE'S arrival has managers
See UNION, Page 5
From AP and UPI
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Hostages
rescued from a hijacked airliner, in-
cluding two Americans who were
savagely beaten and tortured with bur-
ning cigarettes, described from a
Tehran hospital yesterday six days of
"sheer hell" at the hands of their cap-
Iran vowed to put on trial the four
hijackers, believed to be Lebanese,
captured Sunday by Iranian security
guards disguised as cleaners who stor-
med aboard the Kuwaiti Airways
jetliner at Mehrabad Airport in Tehran.
BUT THERE was no word from the
Iranian news service on where the
hijackers were or what charges would
be brought against them.
"I was tied up all the time," said
Charles Kapar, 57, a career auditor for
the State Department's Agency for In-
ternational Development. "Whenever
they hit me, I was tied up ... I was get-
ting dizzy spells after the first day."
Kapar, a former Navy jet pilot, and
John Costa, a 52-year-old businessman
from New York, were among seven
hostages freed from the jetliner by the
TWO OTHER Americans were shot to
death in cold blood during the six-day
Costa and Kapar said they were
repeatedly kicked, battered with gun
butts and tortured with burning
cigarettes by the four hijackers.
Kapar said the hijackers kept "using
cigarettes to press their point home"
and to force him to say he was a spy for
the Central Intelligence Agency. His in-
sistence that he was only an AID
auditor infuriated his tormentors, he
"SO THEY would hit me harder and
harder, and then I told them point
blank, 'If you don't believe me, shoot
me,' " Kapar, badly bruised and un-
shaven, said in an interview from
Tehran broadcast in London by In-
dependent Television News.
Costa, 50, who was badly bruised and
had blisters on his face, chest and back
from cigarette burns, said the gunmen
also tried to force him to admit he was a
"What they wanted was for me to say
I was from the CIA. That's all they wan-
ted to hear," he said. "Among the
places they kicked me was in the
throat, which is why my voice is bad.
See FREED, Page 5
GgDaily Photo by DAVID FRANKEL
Members of the Mothers Against Drunk Driving light a candle last night at the Federal Building as part of its third an-
nual vigil remembering each person killed in an alcohol-related crash so far this year. MADD held vigils at its 320
chapters in 46 states and on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Wash. D.C.
U. S. firms say theyl
WASHINGTON (AP) - As President Reagan
denounced discrimination in South Africa, several
American businessmen said yesterday they are
using their investments to promote racial equality
in that white-ruled nation.
"We continue to think we are part of a construc-
tive force for change in that country,' said Roland
Williams, a spokesman for Ford Motor Co., in
WILLIAMS said Ford sympathized with anti-
apartheid demonstators insofar as they are
"against apartheid and we're against apartheid."
He added, "We think our presence in South Africa
is good for all South Africans."
The business community generally agrees with
the Reagan administration's view that U.S. com-
panies in South Africa, where 5 million whites
wield political and social control over 22 million
blacks, can encourage changes in apartheid, the
South African system of racial separatism.
Reagan, in a speech proclaiming International
Human Rights Day, said racial discrimination in
'We think our presence in South Africa is good for all
- Roland Williams
Ford Motor Co. spokesman
nt outside the embassy yesterday.
"WE HAVE felt the lash of servitude against our
backs that is now against the backs of blacks in
South Africa," said Rabbi Alexander Schindler,
president of the Union of American Hebrew
In South Africa, the government released 12 anti
apartheid activists, but immediately charged six
of them with treason and violation of security
On Sunday, four ministers were among 23
people arrested at the South African consulate in
Seattle, where about 400 people marched against
WHILE TRYING to encourage non-
discrimination in the workplace, the business
community generally opposes any type of
economic sanctions against South Africa that are
demanded by the demonstrators.
Most of the about 150 U.S. companies doing bus-
iness in South Africa adhere to a voluntary code,
See ANTI-APARTHEID, Page 5
Africa and human rights abuses throughout the
world are "affronts to the human conscience.'
He specifically urged "The government and the
people of South Africa to move toward a more just
THE PRESIDENT spoke out on South Africa
three days after he met with that country's black
Anglican bishop, Desmond Tutu, and reaffirmed
his administration's policy of. using low-key
diplomacy in seeking a change in South Africa's
Protesters who have been demonstrating almost
daily at the South African Embassy since Nov. 21
are demanding the release of detained political
prisoners in that country and a toughening of
Reagan's policy. They also are seeking legislation
that would limit U.S. investiment in South Africa.
A group of Jewish leaders and 30 marchers
pledged allegiance to the anti apartheid moveme-
Name that capital
correct answer, according to the Christian Science Monitor,
is South Dakota." Puzzled and cross, Burdick fired off a let-
ter to the editor. "This piracy must stop. . . I simply wan-
ted the Monitor to know that we are not giving up Bismarck
or one square inch of North Dakota soil," Burdick said in
the letter. "I can understand why South Dakota
would like to have Bismarck as part of an upgrading
process," the senator wrote.
To the church on time
ERNARD "BUD" Gohmann wasn't even in the wed-
something. But the preacher said, 'No way,' " McKeand
said. After the rehearsal, McKeand called his attorney, who
tried to reach Gohmann, a city-county clerk, with a special
request. But at 8:30 a.m. Saturday still no license. At 9:50
a.m., McKeand received a call. Gohmann would meet him
in an hour at the City-County Building. McKeand rushed
downtown in white tux and tails. As he stamped the license
with the state seal, Gohman told McKeand, "This will last
you forever and ever." But with 15 minutes before the wed-
ding march, the groom paused only for a grateful han-
dshake and made it to the church on time.
. . - . - AL
I Luzhbin, is now chairman of the Nevsky.Baby Seals Club,
the paper said. He says many of the babies whose parents
want them introduced to the age-old practice begin bathing
the children in the ice water at home to get them used to the
temperatures. The pediatric clinic of the Kirov Military
Medical Academy in Leningrad is monitoring the health of
the "baby seals" academy director Alexander Kliorin told
the newspaper. "We have observed 50 children in the cour-
se of a year," Kliorin said. "It's too early to make far-
reaching conclusions, but it is already clear that to many
young Leningraders, the ice-cold baths were... an efficient
means of getting rid of different ailments, including
allergies and rashes."