Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, December 6, 1984
in Soviet Union
By AMY MINDELL
Her blue t-shirt said it all: "Inter-
national Sisterhood" and at the bottom
"The Rise of Feminism in the Soviet
Union." Tatyana Mamonova spoke
yesterday in the University's Lane Hall
about her role as a leader in the Russian
Feminist movement. About 40 people
attended each of her two lectures.
Mamonova first became involved in
the movement when she ran into
sexism in her own life, she said. "(The
sexism) made me aware of the
necessity to create a feminist
movement." Women are excluded from
the top positions of power, but "the
government wants women active, so
they are forced to lead a double life,"
THE RUSSIAN FEMINISTS are
"caught between two fires" said
Mamonova "we are called dissidents of
the dissidents." She also said that "the
impression is given that the most
repressed groups are the religious
groups, but this is not true. We are all
Mamonova and her family were
exiled from the Soviet Union in 1980,
before the Moscow Olympics, which she
says is no coincidence. Mamonova had
been the publisher of an underground
feminist journal, though "publishing is
different than inathe western world, in
Russia it is a typewriter." The
Feminists did not think that their
movement was radical, but the KGB
Mamonova has combined articles
from the journals into a book, "Women
in Russia: Feminist writings from the
Soviet Union". (Beacon Press), which
has been translated into 11 languages.
WHEN ASKED about the feminists'
relationship to other dissident
movements, Mamonova said that they
are all united as humanistic efforts.
"Feminism is the humanism of our
time, humanism stays constant, only
the form changes," she said.
"The problem is that the movement
has to be completely underground.
Mamonova says that the Soviet women
are feminists with out knowing it.
"They are strong but they don't know it,
they just don't have time to think about
it," she said.
There is some attempt at equality she
said, for example women receive the
same pay as men for the same jobs.
"Women just can't get the same jobs as
men" Mamonova said.
"As an experiment my husband ap-
plied for a cleaning woman's job. They
laughed heartily and then said 'why are
you here? You can get a good job.',",
Daily Photo by KATE O'LEARY
Tatyana Mamonova, a Russian emigre, speaks on feminism in the Soviet
Union yesterday at Lane Hall.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Commission reviews equal rights
WASHINGTON-The chairman of the Equal Employment Opportunity
Commission says his agency probably will conclude that there isn't suf-
ficient legal backing to push for "comparable worth" compensation for men
and women holding jobs of similar value.
Saying a commission task force is nearing completion of a study of the
complex issue, Clarence Thomas indicated that the five-member EEOC is
prepared to decide early next year that comparable worth is unworthy of
consideration in pending and future job discrimination complaints.
"Our own internal review is coming along. . . and we'll be making a
decision in a month or so," he said. "I think it (the decision) will reflect
more than likely a lack of legal support for that theory."
Thomas said neither Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 nor the Equal
Pay Act of 1963 specifically touches the question of comparable worth-the
notion that discrimination accounts for instances of wage disparities that
exist between men and women doing work of comparable value.
Reagan presents cuts to Cabinet
WASHINGTON-President Reagan met with his Cabinet yesterday to
present his plan to slash about $34 billion from domestic spending in his new
budget after telling new House Republicans to "take the lead and take the
heat" for the cuts.
Reagan's plan for big budget cuts, which is expected to include several
popular programs, is part of a bid to keep the national debt from hitting $2
trillion in 1986.
An administration official indicated that Reagan, searching for a $42
billion reduction in spending, had settled on a $34 billion cut in non-military
budgets, leaving $8 billion to cut from the Pentagon budget request. Military
spending will be considered next week after Defense Secretary Casper
Weinberger returns from a trip to Europe.
The final decisions on program changes will become part of the recom-
mendations included in the new budget the president sends to Congress early
Sterilization straddles the pill
WASHINGTON-Americans have dramatically changed their birth con-
trol practices in recent years with sterilization surpassing the pill to become
the most common method of contraception, latest government statistics
"If male and female sterilization are counted as one method, then
sterilization ranks first," among birth control methods, being used by 9.7
million couples, or 33 percent of those using contraception in 1982, according
to a report entitled, "Understanding U.S. Fertility.
Overall, the study found that 29.5 million American women were using
some form of contraception in 1982, 55 percent of women in the age group of
15 to 44, which is generally considered the childbearing years.
Coal mine explosion kills many
TAIPEI, Taiwan - Rescue workers said they saw "piles" of bodies about
550 yards into a coal mine near Taipei. Police said the victims probably were
workers who entered the shaft minutes before an explosion tore through it
the day before.
Among those trapped were two mining.officials who were checking the
mine when the explosion occurred. The cause of the blast was not known,
but it was believed that methane gas, which exists naturally in coal areas,
Authorities said a third miner in that tunnel was hospitalized in critical
condition suffering severe burns and the effects of inhaling gas. Four rescue
workers were hospitalized with undisclosed injuries that were reported not
to be as serious, authorities said. Rescuers said their progress was being
hampered by caveins and debris that blocked sections of the tunnel.
Authorities said an investigation was under way to determine the cause of
the blast, but said it was apparently caused by gas. Mine officials said
Haishan Yikeng had been inspected after the serious mine accidents in other
mines and was found to have good safety standards.
Families of the trapped miners, many weeping and praying, gathered in a
light rain at a temporary shelter set up by the mine company.
Drought increases Atlantic dust
SAN FRANCISCO-The severe drought in North Africa, a major cause of
the Ethiopian famine, is sending sharply increased levels of dust over the
tropical North Atlantic, causing haze and "red rain" in Miami and the West
Indies, a chemist said yesterday."
"When we get rainfall during the summer months, we'll get a layer of red
mud in our rain collectors, and Miami has no substantial red soils," said
Joseph Prospero, chairman of the University of Miami's division of marine
and atmospheric chemistry.
Red mud following showers and summertime dust hazes that periodically
cloud Florida's skies are familiar to Miami residents, Prospero said. "The
new aspect is the dramatic increase in dust concentrations with the
drought," he added.
The amount of African dust in the air in Barbados, West Indies, in 1983 was
more than double the average during non-drought years, Prospero said in a
paper presented at the American Geophysical Union's fall meeting.
The exact source of the dust is not known, although Prospero said it occurs
because the drought has sharply increased wind erosion of soil. Mineral,
studies proved that the dust comes from Africa, he said.
0hie Michigan Bafl
Vol. XCV - No.75
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