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December 04, 1984 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1984-12-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

jobs elude
beautiful a woman, the less likely she is
to land a corporate management
position and the more likely she is to be
put in a "pink collar" job, the author of
a new study said yesterday.
Thomas Cash, writing in the Decem-
ber issue of Psychology Today, said
studies show that when women tried for
corporate management jobs-a male-
dominated field-"the more attractive
women ° were discriminated against
relative to less attractive women in
those managerial applications."
CASH, ASSOCIATE professor of
psychology at Virginia's Old Dominion
University, said in a telephone inter-
view that attractive women are "at a
real disadvantage when they aspire to
occupations in which stereotypically
masculine traits-such as being strong,
independent and decisive-are thought
to be required for success."
The flip side, said Cash, is that
beautiful women more often get the
"pink collar" jobs, ones traditionally
dominated by females.
"When the job was non-
managerial...a clerical position, nur-
sing, receptionists, teaching-in that
case, when it is perceived as requiring
feminine traits for success-attractive
women are at an advantage," he said.
Cash, who wrote the article with
fellow professor Louis Janda, said their
studies showed the same held true with
appearances and grooming, which con-
tribute to gender role stereotyping.
The choices made by male and
female corporate personnel consultants
't more than 200 corporations on the
basis of photographs suggest "that the
less feminine the appearance, the more
competent the woman, even though the
candidates" were considered equally
Cash said a new study not mentioned
in the article showed the most attrac-
tive candidates tended to get jobs in
which "social skills, like relating to
customers," were required.
"If . people perceive that a
management position requires
masculine traits, most attractive
women are at the disadvantage," the
study said.
Cash said an attractive woman "ac-
ting tough or competent" may get the
job over a less attractive candidate
because she would "violate expec-
tations, stereotypes."

The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, December 4, 1984 - Page 3
Page presents
MSA case at
Union meeting

Leaders of the Michigan Student
Assembly went before the Michigan
Union Board of Representatives
yesterday to present their side of a
recent controversy over who should ap-
point students to the board.
The board decided to form a commit-
tee to look at ways of making the
procedure more acceptable to the assembly.
"The alumni pick the alumni on the
board, the faculty pick the faculty on
the board, and MSA should pick the
students on the board," said MSA
president Scott Page.
He said the assembly was afraid the
board would choose students likely to
conform with the rest of the members.
Page also said the assembly was con-
cerned about the two groups not
working together. He suggested that he

and board chairman Michael Perigo,
an LSA senior, might work more
closely with each other.
Student representative to the board
David Evans said this was a good op-
portunity for the two groups to get
together. "We now have two leaders
(Page and Perigo), who are not
political adversaries."
Another representative, David Ber-
nstein, added that he had been through
the selection process three times and
was rejected twice because of tension
between the two groups.
Perigo said there "must be better
relations between the board and the
MSA" and said there is room for com-
promise in the dispute over board ap-

Duck ! Associated Press
Aids and security personnel take cover behind a car while waiting for helicopter carrying Secretary of State George
Shultz and Venezuelan President Jaime Lusinchi yesterday in Washington. The helicopter was bringing the two of-
ficials to downtown Washington from Andrews Air Force Base, Md.

Supreme Court considers school prayer


From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - Two of society's major chur-
ch-state disputes-whether to allow silent prayer
in classrooms and state aid to private and
parochial schools - confront the Supreme Court
this week.
The most volatile topic facing the court is
whether to allow prayer back into classrooms.
President Reagan has campaigned for a return to
prayer in schools, and Congress was considering
the issue.
THE COURT did agree to examine Alabama's

"minute of silence" law, which allows a student to
pray, meditate, or reflect. The statute was
challenged by a Mobile man, Jehmael Jaffree,
who says he does not want his children forced to
say prayers in class or grace before meals.
The Justice Department will review those
arguments today when an official is expected to
argue that silent prayer is simply a way for
government to allow "both religious and
nonreligious introspection in a setting where, ex-
perience has shown, many desire it."
Tomorrow, the high court will hear arguments in

two cases raising a more complex, but potentially
more sweeping, issue - how far can a state go in
aiding non-public school students?
IN OTHER business, the Court said yesterday it
will decide whether the federal government is
unlawfully discriminating against Haitian
The court's decision, expected by July, will not
affect the government's policy of treating most
Haitians as economic refugees, rather than
political ones, and refusing them asylum.
Instead, the justices will focus on arguments

that immigration officials treat Haitians differen-
tly than other aliens caught while trying to enter
the country illegally.
Also, the court must decide whether the Food
and Drug Administration properly decided it did
not have the power to regulate lethal injections in
14 states.
Lawyer Stephen Kristovich, arguing in favor of
a federal study of lethal injection executions, said
the FDA has a legal responsibility to make sure
the drug executions are not cruel and unusually


Emigre decries persecution

(Continued from Page 1)
Vanik amendment which tied trade
levels with the Soviet Union to human
rights laws.
This amendment called for the
U.S.S.R. to allow Soviet Jews to leave
the country in order to gain a more,
favorable trading status with the U.S.
The high point of emigration came in
1979 when 51,320 Jews were allowed to
leave but the level fell to 21,471 the
following year when President Jimmy
Carter boycotted the Moscow Olympics
in response to the Soviet invasion of
Afghanistan. Exit visas have since
slowed to a trickle with 730 Jews being
allowed to leave so far this year.
"THE ANTI-SEMITIC campaign is
Nazi-like," Stern said. The teaching
and studying of Hebrew has been
outlawed and Judaism is pictured as

The University of Michigan Centers for South and Southeast Asia is spon-
soring a book sale in the lobby of Lane Hall from 9 a.m. until 5 p.m. Books
published by the Association for Asian Studies will be offered at substantial
Ark -Betsy Rose, 8p.m., 637 S. Main.
School of Music - University Philharmonica, Carl St. Clair, conductor, 8
p.m., Hill; conducting recital, Martin Werner, 8 p.m., Recital Hall.
Cultural Arts Series -Concert of the Month, Blane Shaw, 8 p.m., Pen-
dleton Room, Michigan Union.
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom - Harriet Otterloo
and Kirsti Kothoff, 7:30 p.m., Ann Arbor Public Library.
English - John Russell Brown, "Beckett and the Art of Non-Plus", 4 p.m.,
E. Conference Rm., Rackham Bldg.
Center for Chinese Studies - Thomas Stolper, "The Taiwan Affair of 1954-
55 And Its Sequels," noon, Lane Hall Commons.
Chemistry - Ben Freiser, "Reactions of Metal Ions and Their Clusters in
the Gas Phase Using FTMA", 3:15 p.m., 3003 Chemistry Bldg.; Byong-Do
Kwon, "Heterogeneous Catalysts: Their Synthesis and Esterolytic Reac-
tions", 1 p.m., 1300 Chemistry Bldg.
Geological Sciences - Neil Hurley, "Holocene Sedimentation: 'Shark Bay
and Lake McCleod, Western Australia", 4 p.m., 4001, C. C. Little Bldg.
Germanic Langages and Literatures - Wilhelm Vosskamp, "Continuity
and Discontinuity: On German Literary Scholarship in the Third Reich", 8
r p.m., E. Conference Rm., Rackham.
Bioengineering 890 - Reinhart Heinrich, "Theoretical Investigation of
Regulation & Evolution of Cellular Systems", 4 p.m., 1042 E. Engineering
Human Growth & Development=- Richard Adelman, "Pursuit of th Foun-
tain of Youth", noon, Commons, 300 N. Ingalls.
Lesbian Network, 7:30 p.m., 802 Monroe.
Center for Eating Disorders -7:30 p.m., 2002 Hogback, Suite 13.
Turner Geriatric Clinic -1 p.m., 1010 Wall St.
Ann Arbor Go Club -7 p.m., 1433 Mason.
Michigan Student Assembly -7:30 p.m., Assembly Chambers.
U-M Family Practice Center in Chelsea - Beginner cross country ski
program, 7 p.m.
International Center - "Overseas Study Who, How, and Why," 3:30
p.m., 231 Angell Hall.

the most despised religion in the world,
he added.
"A few centuries of Jewish history
have been erased," he said. Children
studying history don't know that Judea
ever existed. The holocaust is never
mentioned, Jerusalem is not on their
maps, no monuments are erected to
commemorate concentration camps,
and Yiddish art and literature is
outlawed, Stern said.
The risk of Jews being arrested on
exaggerated or false charges is in-
creasing, he said. To illustrate this
point, Stern pointed to the case of
Alexander Kholmiansky, a 34-year-old
computer engineer from Moscow who
he said was arrested on July 25 on
charges of "aggravated hooliganism
and mailbox tampering." KGB agents
subsequently entered his apartment
and allegedly found a loaded gun which
sources say was planted at the time of
the search.
Kholmiansky, a six-year refusenik,
has been on a hunger strike since Sep-
tember 13 and is being force fed in a
Tallinn prison. His wife Tatiana has
been on a hunger strike for 45 days to
protest the false charges in her
husband's arrest, Stern said.
Stern compared emigrating from the
Soviet Union to "trying to escape from
prison." The U.S.S.R. only
"acknowledges human rights where
there is something to be gained," Stern
said. He said that if the United States
does not make Jewish immigration a
top priority for conditions of trade the
plight of the Jews will worsen and many
will be killed.
Stern is visiting cities around the
country pleading for support of Soviet
(Continued from Page 1)
a technicality that was written into the
appropriations bill before the
"enrollment realities of today" set in.
While the University is technically in
violation of the act, the legislature
seems to have little concern.
"We're not going to have a lot of
problems with the state over this ... the
legislature would cheer us on," Walker
said. With a reduced number of
available students within the state the
University's continued expansion into
the out-of-state market would allow the
smaller, less prestigious state univer-
sities to draw from the graduates
within the state.
The University could comply with the
law by increasing recruitment with in
the state, something Walker would like
to see.
Allowing the smaller state univer-
sities to absorb the bulk of in-staters as
the iTniir-i' ni-itnfn-of-ta nnonu ition

Hit the road - in our wheels. If you're 18 or
older, all you need are current student I.D.,
valid driver's license and cash deposit. Call
or stop by to complete a qualification form.

We accept most major credit cards. You
pay for gas and return the car to the rent-
ing location.

Available at:
Briarwood Amoco, 3230 State Street ...........769-8437


The publisher ofJ. R. R. Tolkien announces the definitive,
illustrated edition of his timeless classic

The Hobbi
J.R.R. Tolkien
Illustrated by Michael Hague
With millions of copies in print, J. R. R.
Tolkien's The Hobbit has become one of the
most treasured classics of the twentieth
century. Now, for the first time, it has been
illustrated by an artist of sensitivity and
distinction, Michael Hague, whose edi-
tions of The Wind in the Willows and other
classic works have all been best-sellers.
The myriad details in the artwork display
the immense cast of characters, and some
of the scenes virtually come alive: when
Bilbo Baggins and the dwarves arrive at
the Lonely Mountain, the dragon Smaug
almost comes off the page! Without
parallel as an illustrator, Michael Hague
has created a collector's edition that will be
treasured forever.

ff* I I .. L7 ...,...T. .. 11: . . 1 1 *L..-, ,.11:...

ichael rHague has illustratedi best-selmni

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