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September 07, 1984 - Image 9

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1984-09-07

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Elack alumni
lan to address
rough issues

The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 7, 1984 - Page 9
U.S. vetoes U.N.
Middle East resolutio

By GREGORY HUTTON
ire than 200 black alumni are ex-
cted to return to campus today for a
eekend reunion which will focus on
the higher education for black students.
"Staying Power: Crisis in Black
Higher Education" is the theme for the
eighth annual. all-class reunion, and
"this year's reunion is truly something
innovative," according to Wilma
Alexander, chairperson of the event.
"We have accomplished something that
we've been after for the past eight
years: We are going to the University
.ommunity to hear about the problems
hat black students are facing. We want
to hear the problems from the people
involved."
TQNIGHT AT the Alumni Center a
panpl of student, alumni, and ad-

ministrators will discuss recruitment
and retention of black students in an
open panel discussion beginning at 7:30
p.m.
After the football game Saturday the
reunited alumni will "have a banquet
followed by a keynote address by Niara
Sudarkasa, associate vice president for
academic affairs. The evening will also
include awards to four academically
outstanding black students from the
Martin Luther King Jr. Scholarship
Fund, which is supported by alumni
contributions.
Although the alumni hope to learn a
great deal about the problems facing
black students, Alexander said they do
not expect to solve those problems in
one weekend. "Maybe we can do that in
later years once we have hear the
problems for ourselves," she said.

UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The
United States yesterday vetoed a
Security Council resolution demanding
that the Israeli army in southern
Lebanon remove "obstacles to the
restoration of normal conditions in the
areas under its occupation."
The vote was 14-1:
THE RESOLUTION called on Israel
"to respect strictly the rights of the
civilian population under its . oc-
cupation." It demanded that Israel
open all roads and lift restrictions on
the movement of people and goods and
the operation of Lebanese government
institutions.
Warren Clark, the U.S. represen-
tative at the council, cast the veto and
said, "We cannot be a party to an un-
balanced solution which takes a one-
sided, myopic look at only one part of
the problem."
"We believe it is unrealistic and
unreasonabdle for the council to ad-
dress the question of foreign forces in
southern Lebanon and humanitarian
and security problems there, without
dealing with these same problems in all
of Lebanon," he added.
HE REFERRED to Syrian and
Palestinian forces that control much of
norther and eastern Lebanon.
Lebanese Ambassador Rachid
Fakhoury, who introduced the draft
resolution through council-member
Malta, said after the vote that his coun-
try "deeply regrets the opposition of a
friendly superpower, the United States,
to a resolution limited to humanitarian
aspects."
He thanked the council members
voting in favor for "feeling the human
tragedy" of 800,000 Lebanese living un-
der Israeli Qccupation and "inhuman

practices."
ARYEN LEVIN, deputy Israeli am-
bassador to the United Nations, said the
area under Israeli occupation has
been kept free of the bloody turmoil and
upheaval plaguing the rest of Lebanon.
"In the month of August, for instance,
not one Lebanese was killed in the
south. But according to Lebanese police
sources, some 215 were killed
elsewhere in Lebanon," Levin said. He
described charges of Israeli mistreat-
ment of Lebanese citizens as "patent
nonsense."
Israel invaded southern Lebanon in
1982 to drive out Palestinian guerrillas
who staged attacks ou Israeli border
communities.
CLASHES between Israeli troops and
Arab guerrillas have increased recen-
tly in southern Lebanon, and Israel has
responded with tighter controls on the
movements of civilians.
Levin also noted the resolution made
no mention of Syria, which Levin called
"the tormentor of Lebanon over this
past decade." Israel and Lebanon are
not members of the Security Council
but were allowed to take part in the
debate.
'The Soviet Union's deputy represen-
tative, Richard Ovinnikov, said the U.S.
veto was a "go-ahead for continuation"
of . the Israeli occupation and
"atrocities" in southern Lebanon. He
said the United States has a "100 per-
cent anti-Arab record in the Security
Council."
Explaining his vote in favor of the
resolution, Britain's representative Sir
John Thompson said Israel's continued
occupation of southern Lebanon "is
wrong."

Gromyko agrees to
hiet with Shultz

WASHINGTON (AP) - Secretary of
State George Shultz and Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko will meet in
New York City on Sept. 26 to discuss a
wide range of issues, including arms
control, State Department officials said
ye&*rday.
BUT A SENIOR official, who spoke
nl on condition he not be identified,
cautioned against expecting any
"b eakthrough or dramatic
moement" toward improved U.S.-
So'iet relations. He said the meeting
wo4id "not be a negotiating forum."
The meeting will be held in connection
witt the annual meeting of 'Pe U.N.
General Assembly. A meeting also may
be ranged between President Reagan
arikiGromyko in Washington, although
officials insist nothing is decided.
1eagan is planning to address the
U4 General Assembly in New York,
pr bly on Sept. 24.
S4JLTZ AND Gromyko last met in
Stoholm in January. It has been
alhte t routine for the U.S. secretary of
staand the Soviet foreign minister to
met; at the United Nations each fall,
although a scheduled meeting last fall,
was, canceled following the shooting
down of a South Korean airliner by the
oviets.
Authorities in New York prohibited
Gromyko's aircraft from landing at
area airports. American officials would
have permitted a landing at a military

airport, but Gromyko decided against
coming.!
John Hughes, the State Department
spokesman, said in announcing the
Sept. 26 meeting that he did "not an-
ticipate any problems" in arranging
landing rights for Gromyko's plane this
year.
IN MOSCOW, the Soviet Union an-
nounced yesterday that Marshal
Nikolai Ogarkov has been removed as
chief of the general staff and first
deputy defense minister, and replaced
by Marshal Sergei Akhromeyev.
The Tass announcement said
Ogarkov had been "relieved...in con-
nection with a new appointment," but
did not say what his new post would be.
Western experts have speculated that
the 66-year-old Ogarkov might even-
tually succeed Defense Minister Dmitri
Ustinov, 75. But there has been no in-
dication that Ustinov is ready to retire.
Ogarkov has been highly visible in
the last year-conducting a rare news
conference to present the Soviet version
of the shooting down of the South
Korean jetliner Sept. 1, 1983, and
speaking for the Kremlin on the stalled
negotiations with the United States on
nuclear weapons.
Akhromeyev, 61, has for the past 10
years been a deputy and the first
deputy chief of staff. Like Ogarkov,
Akhromeyev is considered an expert in
nuclear disarmament issues.

Associated Press!
The sky is falling
This gift-wrapped two-ton meteorite was sent to Louise Robertson in
Whitesville, Kentucky by her son yesterday. The surprise birthday present
was Robertson's plaything when she was growing up on a farm in Indiana.

Public executions keep Khadafy in control

TRIPOLI, Libya (AP) - Four mon-
ths after surviving a coup attempt, Col.
Moammar Khadafy has regained full
control of the country using youthful
shock troops, prison camps and
televised executions by strangulation.
During 15 years of nearly absolute
rule of this North African nation,
Khadafy has survived at least six coup
attempts, diplomats say.
BUT THE last one, on May 8, against
Khadafy's heavily fortified barracks-
home in Tripoli was different. This time
it wasn't the military but a small band
of civilians that carried out the attem-
pt. Most of the commandos, perhaps a
dozen, were trapped by Libyan forces
in an apartment building and killed,
sources say.
For the next month and a half, Libya
was swept by a reign of terror in-
stigated by Khadafy and carried out by
his fanatic young supporters known as
Revolutionary Committees.

The armed youths prowled the sand-
swept streets arresting anyone they
deemed suspicious. Shots rang out
throughout the nights almost to the end
of June, residents said.
RESIDENTS and diplomats spoke
about conditions in Libya on condition
they not be identified for fear of
retaliation or diplomatic repercussions.
Diplomats say 12 people officially
were executed but the number may be
closer to 120.
"Seven were brutally strangled with
clothes-hanging wire on television. It
was obscene. They died very slowly,
while the kids slapped them on their
faces," one diplomat said.
THE PUBLIC executions ended
because of protests at home and from

other Arab countries, the diplomats
said.
As many as 5,000 people - including
Westerners - were rounded up by the
revolutionary Committees and locked
up in "concentration camps" in the
desert, they said.
Many were held only a few days until
they could prove who they were, said
the diplomats, who said they estimated
"thousands" remained imprisoned.
At the end of June, the Revolutionary
Committees disappeared from the
streets but they are still around - if
operating more discreetly.
BUT KHADAFY has repeatedly
vowed, that he will hunt down and
eliminate without mercy the "stray
dogs" that oppose his revolution.

Diplomats believe there are only a
few thousand people in the
Revolutionary Committees but that-
they are enough to control the country.,
"As long as you have a big army and
the Revolutionary Committees it is
easy to control the country. There are
only 3.5 million Libyans, after all," one
diplomat said.
Yesterday Libya placed its troops on
alert and accused the United States of
staging "huge military maneuvers" of-
f its coast, the official news agency
reported.
U.S. Navy officials, in telephone in-
terviews with the Associated Press,
said they did not know of any U.S. naval
maneuvers taking place in the
Mediterranean near Libya.

CRISP lines leave students in limbo

(Continued from Page 1)
o'ning, there were 400 people in line;,
the line's length "could be four times . .
the length of Angell Hall" and that the
average waiting time hovered around
two hours until about 12:30 p.m.
He described the situation as
"chaos" a rather radical change from
one day earlier when he reported that
CRISP's new home was "looking
amazingly good" and that things were
going "amazingly well."
* "IT'S REALLY not been fun,"
lamented senior Pam Kaplan, who said
she had been waiting in line for over
thre hours and still had not reached
the door to CRISP.
"I don't know what the situation is,"

said Marvin Woods, a sophomore in the
engineering school. "But it should be
made more expedient," especially sin-
ce this is only the drop/add period.
Registration officials were somewhat
baffled by the large numbers of studen-
ts using CRISP, but Bob Wallin, direc-
tor of Checkpoint, a University service
which keeps track of which courses are
closed, offered at least a partial ex-
planation.
HE SAID that certain lower level
course sections closed early this year,
leaving many freshpersons unhappy
with the schedules they registered for
this summer.
When those freshpersons arrived this
fall, many may have decided to make

schedule changes, he said.
Karunas said that almost all of
yesterday's problems were caused by a
larger-than-usual number of people at-
tempting to make course changes,
rather than by the tight confines of
CRISP's new home.
CRISP's new location is about 600
square feet smaller than its old confines
in Lorch Hall.
Despite chaotic conditions yesterday,
Karunas said that the situation would
not become even worse this winter
when all students have to register for
classes.
"This is worse than what would hap-
pen in winter term," he said.

Longest Walking-On -Hands
In 1900 Johann Hurlinger of Austria walked
on his hands from Vienna to Paris in 55 daily
10-hour stints, covering a distance of 871 miles.
AT&T long distance wins hands down when
it comes to immediate credit for
incomplete calls and wrong numbers.

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Court: 'U' illegally expelled student

wtv

(Continued from Page 1)
I Roderick Daane, the University's
general counsel, who had not seen the
court's opinion, said he was surprised
that the appeals court overturned the
earlier ruling.
"I am surprised at what I believe to

be is the court's decision because I
thought that (U.S. District Court)
Judge (John) Feikens wrote a careful,
well-reasoned opinion," Daane said.
Medical school officials who will

decide how to handle the court's
decision could not be reached. But
Henry Gershowitz, a member of the
promotion board who testified on behalf
of the University, said "if the court says
he gets to retake the test, then I guess
we have to let him."

Longest Bicycle Race
The longest one-day "massed start" race is the 551-620 km
(342-385 miles) Bordeaux-Paris event In 1981,
Herman van Springel averaged 47186 km/hr (2932 mph)
covering 5845 km (3624 miles) in 13 hr 35 min. 18 sec.
AT&T long distance lets the good times roll for you, toot
-with discounts of up to 60% every day.,
ch AT&T for savings and service:
evenings, 60% discounts nights and weekends.

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