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November 20, 1984 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-11-20

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 20, 1984 - Page 5

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'U' won't
get grant
increases

By KERY MURAKAMI
While funding for Student Educational Op-
portunity Grants was increased nationally last
week by ten percent, the University will see
none of these increases, according to a Univer-
sity spokesman.
No one is complaining, however. The Univer-
sity was originally slated to lose $173,000 in
SEOG funds.
THOMAS BUTTS, the University's
Washington lobbyist, said this quirk is due to
state funding formulas. "After the money is
sent to the state," Butts said,, "funds are ap-
propriated to universities according to the
relative need of their students. This year it
worked out that we would actually lose a great
portion of our funding."
But last week, "the House appropriations

subcommittee for the Committee on Labor, and
Health and Human Services changed the for-
mula and said, 'OK, nobody's going to lose
anything," said Butts. Instead, whatever
money was left was divided among the univer-
sities with need. Butts gave credit to Rep. Carl
Purcell (R-Ann Arbor), a member of the sub-
committee, for pushing the change through.
Lynn Borset, assistant director of financial
aid for the University, said that SEOG's give
financial aid administrators flexibility in
dealing with students. "PELL' lets us make ad-
justments in aid if there's a death in the family,
or if they lose a source of income, but that's it.
SEOG lets us give out money in case something
unusual happens."
BUTTS WAS pleased with the overall budget,

although he said the "increases are still
inadequate to make up the ground we've lost
these past four years."
Even though SEOG funding will remain con-
stant, Butts said that increases in the cost of
living will make it seem almost as bad as a cut.
He is also concerned about the action that
President Reagan may take to reduce the
budget. "The President can ask to have the
budget rescinded in January," said Butts, "and
from all indications, they will."
BILL KRUEGER, director of public affairs
for the American Council on Education, was
also worried about these recisions. "The
President has to cut the deficit, and if he's not
going to raise revenues (taxes), he's going to
have to slash funds."
"In the past," he said, "education has been

one of his favorite targets. There's no in-
dication that the president and budget director
David Stockman won't come after us again."
Krueger was still confident that Congress
would protect education. "The Democrats
gained two seats in the Senate, and retained
philosophical control in the House. So essen-
tially, it's the same Congress that wouldn't go
along with his programs last year.
"It was this Congress that passed the
education bill last week, increasing
educational spending by $970 million next fiscal
year - $1.3 billion more than the President
requested."
Krueger said that he was "very pleased with
the bill. Even though it doesn't make up for the
erosion of financial aid during the Reagan ad-
ministration, it's a step in the right direction."

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44
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Riegle ft
(Continued from Page 1)
HE ALSO said he "sees no indication
that the attitude toward education ap-
propriations has changed since
Reagan's first term."
Reductions in student aid, he said,
also produced the last meeting of the
state's college administrators in
February 1982. Butts called yesterday's
session "an opportunity for the
presidents to interact among them-
selves, to learn about trends in the
economy, and to learn what's ahead in
higher education."
According to Thomas Wolanin, this
future does not appear to be bright.
Speaking aobut "re-authorization," the
process by which student aid is
renewed each year, Wolanin said he
sees several "disturbing trends"
beyond outright reductions in funding.
He pointed to decreasing value of st-
udent aid in comparision to overall
college costs, the diminishing value of
grants, and, in particular, the "over-
reliance on loans" that is leaving many
of today's students in debt.
CONSEQUENTLY, he has noticed a
"diminishing of the intellectual en-
vironment," as students are less con-
cerned with humanities and other
traditional discipines and focus on only

precasts Reagan cuts in educational

those which can lead to a job. In ad-
dition, he feels that the tendency
toward loans has reduced minority
enrollment.
Clodius said he wonders how the
government will deal with changing
demographics in the next decade. But
he foresaw an increase in minority
enrollment, as minority populations
continues to grow.
Riegle said Reagan is leading an
overall "sharp drift in national
priorities" - away from higher
education.
"Higher education should be of the
same importance as defense spen-
ding," he said, even though funding for
the Department of Education has been
cut 20 percent in the last four years.
"WE HAVE to stop spending billions
of dollars to build nuclear weapons
systems that we never dare to use," he
added.
Clodius agreed, saying that "when you
get into Star Wars type ventures, the
words social sciences and biological
scienes become secondary."
He then posed what he considered to
be a key question: Will the Department
of Defense be a willing partner in
research with academic instutions?
Athough some in the academic community

mmunity are optimistic, others feel
that universities are viewed with "deep
distrust" by the military, he said.
EXPANDING ON the question of
research, he said that we must be con-
cerned about scientific freedom, and
"government intrusions into things
which are better left to the univer-
sities." As an example, he cited the
government requiring students to
register for the draft in order to recieve
financial aid.
Because of these dark clouds on the
educational horizon, "the American
people are faced with a challenge of
historic dimensions," according to
Riegle.
"We must convince voters that a
stronger education will improve their
future," he declared. "we can't keep
swimming against the tide. We must
change the tide."
CALLING FOR "a new and more
compelling national debate on
education, irrespective of political par-
ties," he pointed to the Reagan budget
deficits as a grave threat.
"We're headed for a supply-side Ar-
mageddon, resulting in increasing
financial turbulance, unless something
is done about those budget deficits," he
predicted.

The state of Michigan is particularly
vulnerable to further cuts in higher
education, he said, because another
economic downturn would "put a
critical financial squeeze on both the
state and its Universities.
The senator called for "a broader blend
of voices" in making the general public
aware of this threat. He encouraged the
assembled educators to meet with their
congressmen and "talk through the
issues," creating "a level of active in-
volvement beyond anything we've ever
seen before."
UNIVERSITY President Harold

Shapiro called Riegle's speech "ap-
propriate and realistic" and agreed
that "we must build a national sen-
timent of support for higher
education."
He also stressed the importance of
supporting increases in taxation, and
advocated "going out and fighting for
our funding," instead of "just sitting
back and letting someone take care of
us."
In general, the gathered educators
were impressed with Riegle's
emotional address.
"I sensed his frustration, and I agree

Junding
with it," said John Hurd, Vice
President for Student Services at
Washtenaw Community College.
Hurd thinks the "forces against even
maintaining the present level of federal
funding are overwhelming" and felt
that the Senator's speech "put the
whole thing in perspective."
Richard Calkins, president of Grand
Rapids Junior College, was "struck by
his enthusiasm." He said that the
senator gave a "dynamic speech" and
described him as "very sensitive to
higher education, and very aware of the
financial problems."

Pill proponents clarify proposal

' (Continued from Page 1)
Hartman who serves on MSA's academic integrity
committee. However, he added that even the mention of
suicide could put someone who is already close to suicide
over the edge. "I don't think it's appropriate that we move
anyone closer to suicide," he said.
KAREN MYSLIWIEC, SANS organizer, said her group is
not promoting suicide pills as an answer to nuclear war.
"Suicide pills have never been a solution," she said, ex-
plaining that the proposal is simply intended to bring out the
issue of nuclear war and to get people to deal with it.
She added that her group did not add the suicide disclaimer
into its proposal in order to receive an endorsement from
f , -MSA. "We can stand by our own proposal," she said. "Sure,
it would be great if MSA agreed with us."
IN ADDITION to putting the suicide disclaimer into the
test of the proposal, SANS has reworded its proposal in order

to make it conform to MSA's ballot question rule. SANS has
also taken out two phrases which MSA representatives found
confusing.
The measure originally read: "This proposal is intended to
provoke serious thought and discussion of the urgent need to
put a halt to the arms race. We believe that nuclear war
threatens thinking of life in terms of the future and has the ef-
fect of negating choice.
The proposal now reads: "The purpose of this request is to
stimulate serious discussion surrounding the catastrophic
consequences of nuclear war. This request does not in any
way endorse suicide except in a post nuclear war situation."
According to Eric Schnaufer, MSA law school represen-
tative, the old wording was confusing. He said the proposal is
concerned with nuclear war, not the arms race and that the
phrase "negating choice" was too confusing.

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In reply...
Is passive smoking more
than a minor nuisance
or real annoyance?
That's a broad and vague statement being made in a nation-wide, multi-
million dollar campaign by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company.
For those who are fortunate not to have a chronic lung or heart disease,
who don't suffer from allergies, or who may not have an acute respiratory
illness that may be true. However, medical evidence is conclusive: passive
smoking is injurious to a large number of individuals - young and old, rich
and poor, and from any ethnic group.

t, r., r .

-low-

The Housing Information Office is now accepting applications
for Winter Term 1985
UNIVERSITY FAMILY HOUSING APARTMENTS
* low cost
* furnished or unfurnished units
* utilities included in rent
" free University bus
* community services available
" an internationally rewarding environment
RESIDENCE HALL SPACES
* libraries, lounges, laundries
* counselling/advising assistance
* clean, warm, secure environment
* excellent food
* an academically & socially rewarding place to live
COME SEE US OR CALL US

a

Ar AREA -
G* t (A tJD ! NCBOk ยง1AM t N &

Smoking is legal, no question about that.
But who has the right in a public place to
give some innocent bystander what the to-
bacco industry down plays as a "minor nui-
sance" or "real annoyance"?
According to the tobacco industry, smok-
ing is a personal decision made by adults.
Unfortunately the sidestream smoke from a
cigarette, pipe or cigar becomes public, af-
fecting everyone around, and therefore
should be subject to certain rules, controls
and laws to protect people in public places.
If we can have laws to protect us from
outdoor air pollution, why not for indoor
pollution from toxic tobacco smoke?

.9
.
., w
* ,
*,
,.

The tobacco industry complains about nonsmokers: "Total strangers feel
free to abuse us verbally in public without warning." That's usually the re-
sult when someone assaults another, and being forced to breathe another's
tobacco smoke is considered assault.
The majority of Americans are nonsmokers. There's something wrong
with the system when those in the minority can have such a drastic effect
on the majority. . . and that's what so often happens when smokers' sides-
tream smoke invades the public air space of nonsmokers.
. . . . .. .. ......................*......... . .....*** ** * *4 ..4* ... .. ..... .

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