The MichiganDaily- Sunday, November 18, 194- Page 5
Rue fteUniversity Communiy Revision#1
- The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor Campus
RULES OF THE UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY
Revision#1, November 15, 1984
Section 1. Introduction.
a. The purpose of the Rules of the University
Community is to help protect the safety and well-
being of the campus community and assist the
University in providing an environment appropriate
to an academic community. The responsibility for
mgaintaining such an environment is shared by all
members of the University community.
'b. Any person may report a student, an ad-
nministrator (executive officer, dean, or director), or
at member of the faculty (professor, associate
professor, assistant professor, instructor, lecturer,
or teaching fellow), suspected of violating the Rules
of the University Community to the Judicial System
Administrator or other appropriate University of-
ficial. A person making such a report (the com-
plaint) shall be required to provide information per-
tinent to the case and will be expected to appear if a
hearing is held.
Section 2. Hearings.
a. A violation of the Rules of the University Com-
munity, or of any other relevant rule of conduct, by
an administrator or a member of the faculty shall be
"handled according to the applicable University
policies and procedures.
b. The Rules define what conduct of a nonacademic
nature is prohibited and describe the sanctions that
may be imposed for a violation of the Rules. Except
for cases covered by Sec.2.c., below, an alleged
Violation of the Rules by a student shall be handled
according to the procedures of the University
Judicial System. The University Judicial System
describes the rights of an accused student and
specifies how a student case is to be reported, in-
vestigates, heard, appealed, and decided.
~c. Group assembly, free speech, dissent, and
' academic freedom.
(The University Civil Liberties Board will be asked
to develop procedures for resolving disputes in which
there is a genuine free speech or academic freedom
d. Student misconduct of an academic
nature-e.g., plagiarism, cheating, fabrication,
falsification of academic records, and aiding and
abetting dishonesty-will normally be processed by
the individual Schools or Colleges.
section 3. Prohibited Conduct.
he following misconduct is subject to disiplinary
a. intentionally or recklessly causing physical
harm to any person, or intentionally or recklessly
causing reasonable apprehension or threat of such
b. intentionally or recklessly burning or setting fire
to any building or starting any unauthorized fire in
c. intentionally violating the University's Policy
Against Hazing (Appendix A).
d. intentionally violating the University's Sexual
Harassment Policy (Appendix B).
e. intentionally and significantly interfering with
the free movement of any person enaed in an ac-
tivity undertaken as part of an institutional relation-
ship with the University; or intentionally interfering
with a University function by depriving any person of
needed quiet, heat, light, or other physical condition
f. intentionally violating the University's
Statement on Freedom of Speech and Artistic Ex-
pression (Appendix C).
g. intentionally initiating or causing to be initiated
any false report, warning, or threat of fire, ex-
plosion, or other emergency.
h. unauthorized use, possession, or storage of any
firearm or dangerous weapon.
i. theft of property or of services.
j. intentionally misusing fire safety equipment.
k. intentionally or recklessly destroying or
damaging the property of another.
1. knowing possession of stolen property of the
University or of stolen property of a member of the
, m. knowingly furnishing false information to the
University, when such information is needed for an
official University purpose.
V n. deliberate forgery or unauthorized alteration of
an official University document or deliberate
forgery, unauthorized alternation, or unauthorized
pse of an instrument of identification.
o. violating, in University Housing, the Univer-
sity's Housing Division Regulations (Appendix D).
p. unauthorized distribution of possession for the
purpose of unauthorized distribution of any con-
trolled substance or illegal drug.
Section 4. Attempt.
An attempt to commit an act prohibited by the
Rules of the University Community may be punished
to the same extend as a completed violation. To con-
stitute an attempt, the individual must specifically
intend to commit the prohibited act and must do an
act in pursuance of that intent that amounts to more
than mere preparation. There must also be an ap-
parent ability to commit the prohibited act.
6ection 5. Aiding and Abetting.
Intentionally furnishing specific aid to another in
.the commission of an act prohibited by the Rules of
the University Community may be punished to the
sameextent as the aided violation.
Section 6. Failure to Appear or Testify.
Failure to comply with a request from a University
Judicial System Hearing Officer or, for ad-
ministrators and members of the faculty, the ap-
propriate official to appear or testify in a hearing is
misconduct and subject to disciplinary action, unless
compliance would result in serious and unavoidable
'personal hardship. Witnesses may also decline to
testify if the testimony would be self-incriminating.
A person may petition the Hearing Officer or ap-
propriate official to be excused from appearing or
-testifying. Such petition must be submitted to the
Hearing Officer or appropriate official a reasonable
time before the subject hearing.
Section 7. Sanctions.
a. Administrators and Members of the Faculty.
The sanctions imposed must reasonably reflect the
,seriousness of the misconduct,
b. Students. The sanctions imposed must
'reasonably reflect the seriousness of the misconduct.
The sanctions should not focus on retribution, but
should consider the safety of the community and the
integrity of the University and the personal
development of the student.
(1) In imposing sanctions, the following guidelines
shall be followed:
(a) A student violating Secs. 3.a.-3.b. and 3.p. may
be punished by sanctions described in Secs:
(b) A student violating Secs. 3.c-3.o. may be
punished by sanctions described in Secs. 7.b.(5)(a),
'(b), and (e), except that sanctions described in Sees.
7.b.(5)(c) (suspension) may be imposed for a
violation that presents a serious threat to health or
safety or that is particularly disruptive of the
(c) A student violating Secs. 4 or 5 may be
punished up to the maximum of the attempted (Sec.
4) or aided (Sec. 5) violation.
(d) A student violating Sec. 6, Failure to Appear or
Testify, may be punished by sanctions described in
Secs. 7.b.(5)(a), (b), and (e).
(2) The violation record of the student may be con-
.. c2-: w anr :-ilia -n ca n ,
(5) One or more of the following sanctions may be
imposed for a violation of the Rules of the University
(a) DISCIPLINARY REPRIMAND: the student is
warned that further misconduct will result in more
Severe disciplinary action.
(b) RESTITUTION: the student is required to
make payment to the University or to another per-
son, group, or organization for damages incurred as
a result of a violation of the Rules.
(c) SUSPENSION: the student is separated from
the University for a specified period of time. During
the period of suspension, the student may be barred
from participating in University sponsored activities
and may be barred from University premises.
Suspended time shall not count against any time
limits for completion of a degree, however, the
student must be accepted for readmission by his or
her former academic unit or for admission by a new
(d) EXPULSION: The student is separated in-
definitely from the University. During the period of
expulsion, the student may be barred from par-
ticipating in University sponsored activities and may
be barred from University premises. The student
may petition the Vice President for Student Services
or a designee for permission to apply for readmission
to his or her former academic unit or admission to a
new academic unit after a specified time has elapsed
and/or other specified conditions have been met. To
actually be readmitted or admitted, the student must
be accepted by the unit to which he or she applies.
(e) OTHER SANCTIONS: If appropriate to the
situation, one or more of the following sanctions may
be imposed instead of or in addition to those specified
in subsections (a) through (d), above:
(i) the student may be dismissed from University
housing for disciplinary violation which occured in
(ii) the student may be restricted from all or parts
of the campus;
(iii) the student may be prohibited from represen-
ting the University in any extracurricular activity
for a specified period of time;
(iv) an unauthorized firearm or weapon may be
(v) the student's library privileges may be
revoked or limited;
(vi) a work, research, or public service project
may be assigne, or
(vii) participation in an appropriate counselling
program may be required.
(6) Violating the Terms of Disciplinary Sanctions.
Knowingly violating the teris of any sanctions may
be misconduct subject to further disciplinary action.
The Hearing Officer or Hearing Board who imposed
the original sanctions shall determine what, if any,
additional sanctions shall be imposed. The additional
sanctions may not exceed those originally imposed,
except that a person violating the terms of any
disciplinary sanctions may be suspended until the
terms of the original sanctions have been satisfied.
Furthermore, in a case of restitution, a hold-credit
may be administratively imposed for failure to pay
Section 8. Communication to a Reporter.
An act committed by a student reporter of a
newspaper or other publication acting within the
scope of his or her journalistic responsibilities is not
a violation of these Rules. In any hearing authorized
purusant to these Rules, a communication between a
reporter of a newspaper or other publication and his
or her informant is hereby declared to be privileged
Section 9. Amendment.
Amendments to the Rules of the University Com-
munity must be approved pursuant to the Regents'
The University of Michigan
Ann Arbor Campus
PROPOSED UNIVERSITY JUDICIAL SYSTEM
Revision #1, November 15, 1984
Section 1. Establishment of the System.
There is hereby established a University Judicial
System that shall provide a uniform, fair, and impar-
tial procedure for handling alleged student violations
of the Rules of the University Community.
Section 2. Jurisdiction.
a. Subject matter jurisdiction of the University
Judicial System shall be limited to alleged violations
of the Rules of the University Community. Individual
personal jurisdiction shall be limited to persons
enrolled or eligible to enroll in the University on a
full or part-time basis or participating in a Univer-
sity degree program at the time of the alleged
violation. Within these limitations, the Judicial
System shall have jurisdiction over all violations of
the Rules that are committed on University property
or at University sponsored activities such as, class,
organization, or team trips or meetings and over
violations of Secs. 3.a.-3.c. of the Rules that are
committed in University affiliated housing, such as,
fraternity and sorority houses and cooperatives. This
provision shall not be construed, however, to limit
administrative decision-making by University units,
e.g., Housing Division lease enforcement, nor shall it
limit professional school disciplinary or character
and fitness proceedings. Nor does it limit the
establishment and enforcement of academic codes of
conduct by individual schools, colleges, and depar-
tments. Violations of academic codes of individual
schools and colleges will normally subject one to
processing under the academic code and procedures
of the school or college.
b. If a violation involves a single act that could be
defined as both academic misconduct and
nonacademic misconduct, the school or college with
jurisdiction over the academic violation may elect
whether to refer the case to the University Judicial
System or to have the case heard by the board that
hears academic violations in that unit. If the
violation is not an academic violation or otherwise
within the unit's jurisdiction (see Secs. 2c and 2d,
below), the unit must either drop the case or refer it
to the University Judicial System. If a violation in-
volves more than one act, at least one of which is
academic misconduct and one of which is
nonacademic misconduct, the acts may be processed
separately by the unit academic board and the
University Judicial System, as appropriate.
c. If a violation comes under the jurisdiction of
both the University Judicial System and the code of
conduct and disciplinary procedure of a school or
college, the school or college, must elect to either
process the case itself or refer it to the University
d. If a violation comes under the jurisdiction of
both the University Judicial System and the Housing
Division, the University Libraries, or any other unit
except a school or college, the unit must elect to
either process the case itself or refer it to the Univer-
sity Judicial System. It must refer the case if ex-
pulsion, suspension, or other sanctions beyond the
unit's authority is contemplated.
Section 3. Other Authority.
Nothing in this document shall operate in
derogation of any Regents' Bylaw, any collective
bargaining or other contractual relationship of the
University, nor shall it be construed to limit the
authority of the President to maintain health,
Section 5. Reporting a Suspected Violation.
Any person may report a student suspected of
violating the Rules of the University Community to
the Judicial System Administrator of a designee.
Such a report must be made within twelve months af-
ter an individual knew or should have known of the
violation or within six months after a University of-
ficial knew or should have known of the violation
A person making such a report (the complainant) is
required to provide information pertinent to the case
and must appear at a hearing and testify, unless a
petition to be excused from appearing or testifying is
approved by the Hearing Officer. Such petition must
be submitted to the Hearing Officer a reasonable
time before the subject hearing.
Section 6. Investigation and Referral Decision.
a. The Judicial System Administrator or a
designee shall conduct a preliminary investigation to
determine if there is sufficient cause to believe a
violation within the jurisdiction of the University
Judicial System has occurred. Within thirty calendar
days after receiving a report of an alleged violation,
the investigator shall either dismiss the case, refer it
to a Judicial System hearing, refer it to (the
procedures developed by the Civil Liberties Board),
recommend other appropriate action to the Vice
President for Student Services or a designee, or refer
the case to the unit with jurisdiction, if appropriate.
The investigator may also require that the parties
ask the University Ombudsman to assist in resolving
the dispute. The investigator shall provide notice of
the decision to both parties.
b. The complainant may appeal a decision to
dismiss to the Vice President for Student Services.
Such appeal must be filed with the Judicial System
Administrator, in writing, within seven days after
notice of the decision to dismiss. The Vice President
for Student Services shall, within seven days after
the appeal, either refer the case to the appropriate
nonacademic hearing procedure, dismiss it, or refer
the case to the unit with jurisdiction, if appropriate,
c. Group assembly, free speech, dissent, and
academic freedom. (The University Civil Liberties
Board will be asked to develop procedures for
resolving disputes in which there is a genuine free
speech or academic freedom issue. This may in-
clude a provision whereby the complainant or the
respondent may request that the case be referred to
Section 7. Judicial System Hearing: Structure and
a. University Hearing Officers.
University Hearing Officers shall be members of the
Faculty Senate and/or members of the professional
and administrative staff. Hearing Officers shall be
appointed by the President, with the advice of
SACUA and MSA, to terms of three years.
A Hearing Board shall be comprised entirely of
students. Board members shall be randomly selec-
ted by the Hearing Officer or the Judicial System
Administrator from panels of not fewer than twenty
students. Individuals shall be appointed to the panels
by the President after random selection from the
student body. A Hearing Officer shall preside over a
case heard by a Board, but shall not vote on the out-
come or sanctions.
The Judicial System Administrator may refer a case
to a hearing before either a five member University
Hearing Board, a three member University Hearing
Board, or a University Hearing Officer sitting alone.
A case that may result in suspension for more than
one semester or expulsion must be heard by a five
member Board, unless the accused student (the
respondent) waives hearing before a Board.
(1) Sanctions limitations
(a) A five member Board may impose expulsion,
suspension, and/or other sanctions described by the
Rules of the University Community.
(b) A three member Board may not impose ex-
pulsion or suspension for more than one semester,
but may impose suspension for one semester or less
and/or other sanctions described by the Rules of the
(c) A Hearing Officer alone may not impose
suspension or expulsion, but may impose other san-
ctions described by the Rules of the University
(2) If either party believes that he or she will not
receive a fair and impartial hearing before a
Hearing Officer alone, he or she may request that the
case be heard by a Hearing Board. If the Ad-
ministrator denies the request, the person may have
a three member Board review the request to have
the case referred.
Section 8. Commencement of Hearing.
Unless a delay requested by either party is ap-
proved by the Hearing Officer or a party appeals the
forum decision, the hearing shall commence within
thirty calendar days after referral of the case to a
Hearing Officer or a Hearing Board.
Section 9. Hearing Procedures.
a. Both parties shall be given a copy of the
University Judicial System and notice of the hearing
date and the specific charge against the respondent,
including a summary of the evidence, at least four-
teen calendar days before the hearing.
b. The Hearing Officer may request the appearan-
ce of witnesses upon his/her volition or upon the
motion of any Board member or of either party. The
Hearing Officer must request the appearance of a
witness requested by either party unless the Hearing
Officer is convinced that the likely testimony of the
witness will be irrelevant, immaterial, or not
probative. University students and employees are
required to comply with requests issued pursuant to
this procedure, unless compliance would result in
serious and unavoidable personal hardship. Wit-
nesses may also decline to testify if the testimony
would be self-incriminating. A person may petition
the Hearing Officer to be excused from appearing or
testifying. Such petition must be submitted to the
Hearing Officer a reasonable time before the subject
c. If a respondent fails to appear after proper
notice, the hearing may proceed, findings may be
made, and sanctions may be imposed without the
student's participation, unless the student can
establish that there are circumstances beyond his or
her control that make appearance impossible or
unusually burdensome. A respondent may petition
the Hearing Officer to be excused from appearing or
for a delay in the hearing. Such petition must be
submitted to the Hearing Officer a reasonable time
before the hearing.
d. A respondent has the right to remain silent at the
hearing. The exercise of this right may not be con-
sidered in any findings, decisions, or recommen-
e. Hearings shall be open to the public unless a
closed hearing is requested by the respondent. If the
hearing is open, the Hearing Officer may still close a
portion of the hearing in special circumstances to
protect the privacy of a complainant, victim, or wit-
f. The Hearing Officer of each Board shall exercise
control over the hearing to avoid needless consum-
ption of time and to prevent the harassment or in-
timidation of witnesses. Any person, including either
party, who disrupts a hearing or who fails to adhere
to rulings of the Hearing Officer may be excluded
from the proceedings.
g. Each hearing must be recorded verbatim. The
verbatim recording may be made by taping the
h. Any party, Board member, or the Hearing Of-
ficer may challenge a Board member or the Hearing
Officer may challenge a Board member or the
Hearing Offieer nn the grounds of nersonal bias. A
cluded during Board deliberations.
k. To find a respondent guilty, the Hearing Officer
or Hearing Board must be convinced that there is
clear and convincing evidence that the respondent is
1. The Hearing Officer shall in his/her discretion
admit all matters into evidence that reasonable per-
sons would accept as being relevant and probative in
the conduct of their affiars. Unduly repetitious
evidence may be excluded. Although the formal
rules of evidence common in courts of law shall not
be mandatory in disciplinary proceedings conducted
pursuant to this system, the Hearing Officer shall
adhere to appropriate commitments of confiden-
tiality and rules of privilege. Furthermore, these
formal rules of evidence shall inform Hearing Of-
ficer decisions concerning the admission of evidence.
m. A respondent shall be accorded an opportunity
to question all witnesses who testify at the hearing.
n. Affidavits may be admitted into evidence in the
discretion of the Hearing Officer.
o. The Hearing Officer and Board members may
take judicial notice of matters that are within the
general experience of University students at the
academic level of the respondent.
p. The Hearing Officer may consult with the
Judicial System Administrator at any time concer-
ning questions of procedure and admissibility of
q. A determination of guilt shall be followed by a
supplemental proceeding in which either party may
submit evidence or make statements concerning the
appropriate sanctions to be imposed. The past
disciplinary record of the respondent may be sup-
plied to the Hearing Officer and/or Board by the
Judicial System Administrator at the supplementary
proceeding. Sanctions imposed by other authority for
the same act must be presented to the Board and
taken into account in imposing punishment,
r. In a hearing before a Hearing Officer alone, the
Hearing Officer shall make findings as to guilt or in-
nocence and shall make the final decision as to san-
ctions. In a hearing before a Hearing Board, the
Board shall make findings as to guilt or innocence
and shall make the final decision as to sanctions.
Board decisions shall be made by a majority vote of
the members of the Board present and voting, except
that a four-fifths vote of guilty and a four-fifths vote
for the sanction is required to suspend or expel a
student. A Hearing Officer shall preside over a case
heard by a Board, but shall not vote on the outcome
s. The final decisions of a hearing shall be accompa-
nied by a summary of the testimony and a brief
opinion. The decision and opinions shall be presented
to the respondent and complainant in writing within
fourteen calendar days after the completion of the
Section 10. Advisors.
a. A respondent or complainant participating in a
hearing before a five member Board may be accom-
panied and represented by an advisor, who may be
b. A respondent or complainant participating in a
hearing before a Hearing Officer alone or a three
member Board may be accompanied by an advisor
who may be an attorney. The advisor may advise the
respondent or complainant on the preparation and
presentation of the case, but except for advising the
respondent or complainant, the advisor may par-
ticipate in the hearing only at the discretion of the
c. An advisor may not appear in lieu of a respon-
dent or a complainant, unless the Hearing Officer
determines that appearance will be impossible or
will create extreme hardship for the respondent or
Section 11. Appeal.
a. Any disciplinary determination may be ap-
pealed by the respondent.
b. Notice of appeal must be submitted in writing to
the Judicial System Administrator within seven
calendar days after the date of the letter notifying
the respondent of the final decision of the Hearing Of-
ficer or Board, within seven calendar days after the
discovery of new evidence, or within seven calendar
days after a favorable ruling in a court of law (see
Sec. 11:h., below). Failure to appeal within the allot-
ted time will render the original decision final and
c. A written brief in support of the appeal must be
submitted to the 'Judicial System Administrator
within fourteen calendar days after the date of the
letter notifying the respondent of the final decision of
the Hearing Officer or Board, within fourteen calen-
dar days after the discovery of new evidence, or
within fourteen calendar days after a favorable
ruling in a court of law (see Sec. 1l.h., below).
Failure to submit a written brief within the allotted
time will render the decision of the original hearing
final and conclusive,
d An appeal shall be decided upon the record, in-
cluding a transcript of the original hearing; written
briefs submitted by the parties; and any new eviden-
ce. Unless new evidence is produced, the appellate
review shall be limited to determining whether
proper procedures were followed in the original
e. Appeal Forum
(1) In a case in which the sanctions include suspen-
sion or expulsion, the appeal shall be before a board
comprised of one student appointed by the Michigan
Student Assembly, one staff member appointed by
the President, and one member of the faculty appoin-
ted by SACUA. The appeal board shall review the
record, the briefs, and any new evidence and hear
(2) In a case in which the sanctions are less than
suspension, the Vice President for Student Services
or a designee may hear oral argument or may decide
the appeal based on the written record, the briefs, and
any new evidence. Or, the Vice President or a
designee may appoint an ad hoc panel, comprised of
equal numbers of students, faculty, and staff, to
review the appeal and provide recommendations.
The ad hoc panel may hear oral argument or may
decide the appeal based upon the written record, the
- briefs, and any.new evidence.
f. The determinations of the Hearing Officer
and/or Board shall not be changed on appeal unless
they are clearly erroneous:
(1) Sanctions may not be increased and they may
be reduced only if found to be disproportionate to the
(2) A case may be remanded to the original or to a
new Hearing Officer or Board if specified procedural
errors or errors in interpretation of University
regulations were so substantial as to effectively deny
the respondent a fair hearing, or if new and
significant evidence became available which could
not have been discovered by a properly deligent
respondent before or during the original hearing.
The decision of the Hearing Officer or Board on
remand shall be final and conclusive.
(3) A case may be dismissed if the findings are
held to be arbitrary and capricious.
g. The imposition of sanctions normally will be
deferred during the pendency of appellate
proceedings, in the discretion of the Vice President
for Student Services or a designee.
h. If a respondent who is determined to have com-
mitted a violation by a Hearing Officer or Hearing
Board is subsequently found not guilty of the same
violation by a criminal court, the respondent shall
have a right to a new appeal, but the criminal court
decision is not binding on the outcome of the appeal.
Likewise, if a respondent who is determined to have
committed a violation by a Hearing Officer or
Hearing Board is subsequently found guilty of the
same violation by a criminal court, the respondent
shall have a right to have the sanctions imposed by
the Judicial System reconsidered in light of the
punishment imposed by the court (see Sec. 4.,
above). In either event, the respondent must submit,
a request in writing for an appeal of the decision or of
the sanctions to the Judicial System Administrator
within seven calendar days after the date of the
criminal court decision. A written brief in support of
the appeal must be submitted to the Judicial System
-Administrator within fourteen calendar days after
the date of the criminal court decision. Failure to
submit the request for an appeal or the written brief
within the allotted times will render the decision and
sanctions of the original hearing and appeal final and
conclusive. The Vice President for Student Services
or a designee may hear oral argument, may appoint
an ad hoc panel to hear oral argument, or may
decide the appeal based on the written record and,
Section 12. Interim Suspension.
a. The President or the Vice President for Student
Services may suspend a student for an interim
period pending disciplinary proceedings or medical
evaluation, such interim suspension to become im-
mediately effective without formal notice, except as
necessary for Sec. 12.b., below, whenever there is
substantial evidence that the continued presence of
the student on the University campus poses a serious
threat to the health or safety of the student or of
b. Before a student is suspended on an interim
basis the student shall be given an opportunity to ap-
pear personally before the President or the Vice
President for Student Services. A hearing shall then
be held on the following issues only:
(1) the reliability of the information concerning the
student's conduct, including the matter of the
student's identity; and
(2) whether the conduct and surrounding circum-
stances reasonably indicate that the continued
presence of the student on the University campus
poses a serious threat to the health or safety of the
student or of others.
Section 13. Rehabilitation Leave and Readmission.
In a case in which it is determined that the
student's offensive conduct was related to a
psychological disability, the Vice President for
Student Services or a designee may allow the student
leave time for psychological rehabilitation. After the
rehabilitation leave, the Vice President for Student
Services or a designee shall decide, based upon
opinion evidence from a mental health professional
authorized by the University to review the case, what
sanctions if any are appropriate and if permission to
apply for readmission to the student's former unit or
admission to a new unit is to be granted. The Vice
President for Student Services or a designee may
appoint an ad hoc hearing board to hear the case.
The academic unit shall determine if the petitioner
meets the unit's requirements and is to be readmit-
ted or admitted.
Section 14. Petition for Readmission.
In a case ii. which a petition for permission to ap-
ply for readmission to a student's former unit or for
admission to a new unit is required, the Vice
President for Student Services or a designee may
grant permission. Permission may only be denied by
a readmission board comprised of one student ap-
pointed by the MIchigan Student Assembly, one staff
member appointed by the President, and one mem-
ber of the faculty appointed by SACUA, based upon
a review of the case by the readmission board. The
academic unit shall determine if the petitioner meets
the unit's reqirements and is to be readmitted or
Section 15. Clemency.
The President of the University shall have the
power of executive clemency in cases of suspension
Section 16. Time Limits.
In extraordinary circumstances, any time limit
contained herein may be extended by the Vice
President for Student Services.
Section 17: Annual Report.
The Vice President for Student Services or a
designee shall, at least annually, submit to the
University Council and to the University community
a report on the University Judicial System and the
Rules of the University Community. The report shall
include the number of cases referred, number of
hearings conducted, number of cases appealed, and
number of cases resulting in sanctions. It shall also
describe the facts and circumstances of all cases
that resulted in suspension or expulsion, taking care
to protect the privacy of the individuals involved in
such privacy was protected during the hearing.
Finally, the report shall identify any problems en-
Section 18. Amendments.
Amendments to the University Judicial System
must be approved pursuant to the Regents' Bylaws.
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