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November 15, 1984 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-11-15

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Page 4 Thursday, November 15, 1984 The Michigan Daily

Cuomo should lead the Democrats in


By Dave Kopel
First in a series looking at the 1988
presidential race.
With the 1984 Reagan landslide fading
into memory, it's time to start thinking
about the 1988 presidential race. The
election may result in dramatic
changes within the Democratic Party,
which, at the presidential level, has
become a minority party. In the last
five presidential elections, only one
Democratic candidate has gotten above
50 percent of the popular vote (Jimmy
Carter in 1976); the next-best total is
Hubert Humphrey's 43 percent in 1968.
The electoral situation for the
Democrats is just as bad. West of the
Mississippi are 19 states that have not
voted for a Democratic presidential
candidate in the last five elections. By
conceding these states to the
Republicans, the Democrats give their
opposition a 152 electoral vote han-
The Democrats have lost with every
variety of candidate. In 1972, the New
Left took over the party, and the
Democrats lost in 49 states. In 1984, -the
party regulars nominated insider
Walter Mondale, and the Democrats
lost 49 states again.
CLEARLY the Democrats have to
change. In 1984, traditional roles were
switched, and the Democrats were the
party without a vision of the future-the
party that just wanted to turn back the
clocks a few years. Walter Mondale
correctly perceived that the party best
able to take America into the next

century would win the election. Unfor-
tunately,. Mondale's leadership for the
future seemed to amount to nothing
more than undoing everything Reagan
had done.
If the Democrats are to win next
time, and are to govern well, they will
need a candidate who will once more
make the Democrats the party of
progress. Fortunately for us
progressives, there are plenty of good
candidates. Let's run down who's
available. (Today's column will
examine candidates from the more
traditional wing of the party; tomorrow
we'll look at some of the insurgents.)
The traditional/insurgent division is a
good one, since it's likely that in 1988
(like in 1984), the final contenders for
the nomination will feature one can-
didate from each wing of the party.
The most promising candidate for the
regulars is New York's Gov. Mario
Cuomo. Cuomo is the darling of the
party's establishment, which con-
sidered putting him up as a "Stop Hart"
candidate when Mondale appeared on
the verge of collapse. In the past,
establishment favorites have been poor
to fair orators (Hubert Humphrey,
Scoop Jackson, and Walter Mondale),
but Cuomo is a brilliant speaker. As his
masterful speech to the San Francisco
convention proved, the governor knows
just where to tug on Democrats' hear-
tstrings, and how to make them proud
of their party's outstanding traditions
of justice and compassion. And the
convention speech was no fluke. As
anyone who has watched him on
Nightline can attest, he is the master of

the glib 30-second comment.
CUOMO is already off and running
for 1988. As soon as his convention
speech was over, aides began mailing
Cuomo press packets around the coun-
try. If Cuomo were nominated, he
would be a strong candidate. He could
bring back the working-class Catholics
who have been drifting away from the
Democrats. And he can pull in the
Yuppies too.

use. The paternalistic family may not
appeal to Westerners, who will also
dislike Cuomo's firm support of gun
control. And gay rights activists, a
growing influence in the Democratic
Party, don't like Cuomo's waffling on
sexual freedom.
The last two Democratic presidents
were run out of office. If the Democrats
are going to recapture their leadership
role, they must find not only a can-

'Cuomo is already off and running for 1988.
As soon as his convention speech was over,
aides began mailing Cuomo press packets
around the country. If Cuomo were
nominated, he would be a strong candidate.'

pect him to run. Kennedy's position is
like Ronald Reagan's was in 1979. He is
his party's most charismatic figure,
and he represents the ideological ex-
treme of his party. About one quarter
of the electorate would do anything for
him, and another quarter despises him.
Reagan parlayed his situation into the
presidency, and Kennedy might too.
If Kennedy's 1988 campaign is as
inept as the early part of his 1980 cam-
paign was (when he couldn't even an-
swer Roger Mudd's question about why
he wanted to be president), Kennedy
will do no more than siphon some New
England delegates away from Gary
Hart. But if Kennedy shows the
brilliance of which he is capable, if
Kennedy articulates a vision of a
stronger and fairer America, he might
make the voters forget Chappaquid-s
dick, and sew up the nomination by
Geraldine Ferraro's first job will be
to take New York Republican Sen.
Alfonse D'Amato's seat away from him
in 1986. That should be no problem, sin-
ce D'Amato only won the seat in 1980
because Jacob Javits split the liberal
vote by running as an independent.
Perhaps she will stay out of the 1988
race in deference to her friend Mario
Cuomo. But then again, she might not.
Today she is the most important female
Democrat, and she might feel inclined
to run before another leading female
Democrat emerges. More than any
other candidate, Ferraro can bridge the

gap between the party establishment
and the "new politics" activists. She
still needs to solidify her understanding
of military and foreign policy, but she'll
have four years to get ready.
LIKE FERRARO, Arkansas Sen.
Dale Bumpers could re-unite the party.
A thoughful and purposeful senator
with a commitment to social justice,
Bumpers could be a winning candidate
for the Democrats. He decided not to
run for president in 1984, and vacillated
about the vice presidency so long that
Mondale dropped him from con-
sideration. As Gary Hart pointed out, to
run for president, you need the en-
durance of a marathon runner, and the
dedication of a martyr. So far, Bumpers
hasn't displayed either. But people can
change. Fritz Mondale backed away
from a presidential run in 1976, because
he decided he didn't want to spend
two years in Holiday Inns. But by 1984,
Mondale had found the determination
and the stamina to carry him through a
brutal primary season. If Bumpe
stops playing Hamlet, he could be th
surprise of 1988.
These are the candidates the
Democratic Party establishment would
be pleased as punch to see at the top of
the ticket. Tomorow we'll take a look at
some candidates who appeal less to the
party pros.
Kopel is a third year law student.,

But before facing the general elec-
tion, Cuomo has to win the nomination.
And on the way to the nomination, he'll
have to specify in more detail what his
"family of New York" and "family of
America" themes mean. In the Cuomo
"family of New York," it seems like
Dad's a nice guy, but he's still the boss.
Cuomo's main legislative efforts have
both been paternalistic: raising the
drinking age, and mandating seat-belt

didate who can win, but a president who
can govern. Like Jimmy Cater, Mario
Cuomo is a workaholic who cannot
delegate. And like Carter, he has
surrounded himself with a mediocre
ONE CANDIDATE who feels comfor-
table working with brilliant advisors is
Sen. Edward Kennedy. Although
Kennedy is, as usual, being coy about
his intentions, people close to him ex-

Edited and managed by students at The University of Michigan

Vol. XCV, No.61

420 Maynard St.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109

Editorials represent a majority opinion of the Daily's Editorial Board
Healmg cuts to financial aid

P RESIDENT Reagan last week
signed an education funding bill
for fiscal year 1985 which will in-
crease financial aid by nearly $1.7
billion. The bill will ease the crisis in
financial aid that most universities
now face. But it does not go far enough.
The decision to increase ap-
propriations comes after four years of
aid cuts and should be credited to the
wisdom of Congress, not to the Reagan
Over the past four years, Reagan has
made drastic reductions in the amount
of financial aid available to students.
In 1981, Reagan's budget plan targeted
the Guaranteed Student Loan and Pell
Grant programs for major reductions
that would have eliminated 80 percent
of the loan applications approved in the
previous year. In addition, deep cuts
were made in Supplemental Education
Opportunity Grants and work study
Congress responded to the Reagan
cuts by partially blocking them.. But
over the years Reagan has, never-
theless, done great damage to virtually
every form of financial aid available to
college students. In fact, even last
week's 1.7 billion increase does not
equal 1980 levels after accounting for
inflation. The bill approved last week
does not mean great things for finan-
cial aid. It did, however, repair some
of the damage inflicted upon financial
aid by the Reagan administration.


The president's signing of the
education bill does not reflect a change
of attitude on his part toward financial
aid, it does reflect pressure from
Congress to make education funding a
high priority. Last February, Reagan
requested that Pell Grant funding be
held at current levels and funding to
National Direct Student Loans be sub-
stantially cut. The Office of
Management and Budget proposed
keeping all budgets the same through
the next four years - effectively let-
ting inflation eat away at the
programs. Instead, responding to the
national move in favor -of increased
funding for education, Congress

By Robt
Last Thursday MSA
discussion in order to di
academic conduct. Th
Eric Schnaufer (chairn
mittee), Prof. Martin (
Liberties Board), aj
(president of the Univer
This meeting was a
the purpose of the cc
examination, it can be
the code is worthless.
IF A PERSON breaks
authorities should dea
University. Although t
University administrat
to take the law into thei
clearly stated by Schn
The only ethical way
academically is if his g
standards of the Univ~
President Shapiro st
would never pass a cod
upon the civil rights
proposed code is full of

ert Seay
A organized a panel
iscuss the code of non-
e panel consisted of:
man, MSA Code Com-
Gold (chairman, Civil
nd Harold Shapiro
gross facade. What is
ode? After a careful
easily perceived that
s the law, then the civil
al with him, not the
the code is legal, the
ion has no ethical right
ir own hands. This was
aufer at the meeting.
y to punish someone
grades do not meet the
versity or some other
ated that the regents
e which would infringe
of the students. The
sections which do just

For example, a few weeks ago, presiden-
tial candidate Walter Mondale visited our
campus. Many classes were . cancelled or
postponed so students could attend. Section
3d of the the proposed code prohibits the inter-
ference of normal University activity.
Therefore, under the code, the student
responsible for the rally would be in direct
'After careful
examination, it can be
easily perceived that the
code is worthless. If a per-
son breaks the law, then
the civil authorities should
deal with him, not the
violation of 3d and would risk expulsion. If he
had not been a student, he would just be exer-
cising his constitutional right to peaceful
assembly. Why should we be penalized for
being students?
PRESIDENT Shapiro stated that the
University is special and a special set of

needs a code anyway?

regulations are necessary. He said that the
civil authorities are not always sufficient.
What makes us special? Are we still not fre
citizens of the United States? If others' civi
rights are upheld, then why not ours?
People may argue that the University
should have the right to expel anyone who
violates a rule. If a person is convicted of a
crime, the injured party does not have the
right to punish the criminal, nor should the
University. To be liable to the civil authorities
and the University comes very close to double
The code is not an effective deterrent to
violations. A person would not think twic
about arson because he may be thrown out of
school as opposed to a possible jail sentence.
THE REGENTS intend to bypass bylaw
7.02 in order to pass the code. Bylaw 7.02
states that MSA must approve all regulations
governing the University community. MSA
did not approve the code so the regents are
proposing to revise 7.02 in order not to need
the students' approval. Government without
proper representation is something our
forefathers gave their lives to preserve. But
then the University is not a democracy is it?z4
It seems that the University is power
hungry. It wants the students to quit being
citizens and start being loyal subjects of the
Seay is an LSA freshman.

passed legislation increasing the total
education budget by 14 percent.
Unfortunately, the increases are not
enough. The cost of a university
education is soaring and without a
higher priority given to financial aid, a
college education will be available only
to the very needy who qualify for aid or
students with substantial financial
resources - in other words the middle
class will be left out. The ability to at-
tend college should be independent of
the ability to afford it.
Education should be a high priority.
The past four years have shown that
education is not a priority of this ad-
ministration. Last week's bill is a start
at bringing education funding up to
where the nation correctly feels it
should be.
s op.
Tw- Q) Is
~ pF~GI

SRHA opposes non- academic code

To the Daily:
Much information has been
disseminated over the past few
months about the proposed code
of non-academic conduct and
judicial system. As the official
representatives of all the studen-
ts living in University residence
halls, the Residence Halls
Association (RHA) hopes that all
students have taken notice of this
information. Those who live in
the residence halls should take
extra care in being informed
about the proposed code because
its provisions may be most easily
enforced in the group living
situation of the residence halls.
RHA opposes the present
proposed code because of its
vagueness and our belief that
parts of it are unconstitutional.
We support the Michigan Student
Assembly's current efforts to
prevent this proposed code from
passing and to ensure that the
student voice is heard and
heeded on this and any code
discussions. Furthermore, RHA
urges both MSA and the ad-
ministration to negotiate with all
seriousness once the ad-
ministration guarantees that any
code will only be passed with the
annnrnov1 nf MSA

root of problems, such as alcohol
abuse, by mandating counseling
instead of expulsion from the
University for incidents related
to the alcohol abuse (unless, of
course, the incident is of a nature
that it causes great harm to
others). Emphasis must be
placed on helping students to be
better people when they make
mistakes. This is a university

community and our purpose here
is to learn and grow. A code that
is pro-student and positive about
individuals will enhance our
There have been other
suggestions on how to create a
good code of non-acadmic con-
duct. We hope that all sides will
take notice of these and have the
opportunity to study them. In the

meantime, RHA will continue to
support MSA and oppose the
proposed code. We urge others toy
do the same.
- Mark Hegedus
November 6
Hegedus is president of the.
Residence Halls Association


MSA should oppose suicide pills

To the Daily:
The Students Against Nuclear
Suicide (SANS) recently went
before MSA to get endorsement
of a plan to stock cyanide pills for
use after a nuclear war. The plan
is similar to that which was
passed at Brown Univeristy
earlier this fall.
Suicide is a serious problem
nationally and at the University.
The effects of suicide reach far
beyond the death of an individual,
family and friends feel the pain
for years. Everyone should be
aware of suicide and the
situations that cause it, using it

as a tool to gain attention for
nuclear issues distracts from this
very real problem.
SANS' intentions are ad-
mirable, their effort to get
cyanide pills stocked represents
an effort to lessen the chance of
nuclear war. SANS organizer
Karen Mysliwiec says, "This
proposal will shock people into
thinking about -nuclear war."
However, the amount of attention
Proposal 1 on the city ballot has
received shows people are
already thinking about the
nuclear threat. Educating people

on the real terrors of a nuclear
war or working to strengthen
already existing efforts against
nuclear war might be a better use
of SANS' time and energy.
There is no need to repeat
Brown University's vote to stock
cyanide pills at the University.
Suicide is a serious problem and
there is little to be gained by
mixing it with the nuclear issue. I
urge that the Michigan Student
Assembly not support SANS'
-George DeMuth
November 12
by Berke Breathed

I MV, f r t rfCC

I Birr lfltll/ iJ AAY_ Z





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