Page 2- The Michigan Daily - Sunday, October 28, 1984
Baboon heart saves baby girl
LOMA LINDA, Calif.(AP)-A 15-day-
old girl who faced certain death from
her own underdeveloped heart was in
"remarkably stable condition" yester-
day, one day after her organ was
replaced with that of a baboon in a
historic transplant operation, a doctor
Sandra Nehlsen-Cannarella, an im-
muniologist who was a member of the
operating team, called the case "one of
the biggest, overdue advances in our
ONLY FOUR ape-to-human heart
transplants have been performed
previously, all in adults. Only one
recipient survived more than a few
hours, living for 3 days.
No human heart was available for
"Baby Fae," born slightly premature
two weeks ago with a heart so under-
developed that she would certainly
have died, so doctors at Loma Linda
University Medical Center decided to
use the baboon's heart.
The child, whose full name was
withheld at the parents' request, was in
critical condition yesterday, which is
normal after transplant surgery, said
hospital spokeswoman Anita Rockwell.
"SHE IS improving. The physicians
are pleased with how things are going
right now," said hospital spokeswoman
"She's doing remarkably well,"
spokesman Dick Schaefer said as the
child came out of anesthesia. "She's on
a respirator and she will be probably
for a while. . . She was stirring and
opening her eyes."
The baby suffered from hypoplastic
left heart syndrome, which always
results in death within a few days. Doc-
tors said she had nearly died on her six-
THE CHILD'S mother told the Bar-
stow Desert Dispatch she had taken the
ailing newborn home on Oct. 16, expec-
ting the worst, but the baby surprised
both mother and doctors.
"She had trouble breathing, and she
slept a lot but she was alert when she
was awake," the mother said. But she
said her daughter "wouldn't be alive
today if she weren't in the hospital.".
Schaefer said there was "hopeful op-
timism" that the child could have "a
long life" with the ape's heart, based on
studies by Dr. Leonard Bailey, who
headed the surgical team of more than
a dozen people at the hospital about 60
miles east of Los Angeles.
"In his animal research, he's had
animals go from infancy to adulthood
and experience pregnancy and delivery
with transplanted hearts, so hope
springs eternal that she'll have an ac-
tive and normal life," Schaefer said.
THE RESEARCH team said in a
news release that it hopes to perform
four more such baboon-to-infant tran-
splants on an experimental basis.
Schaefer said there had been 200
telephone calls about the case, mostly
from the media. One call was from a
Chicago man seeking a similar
operation for his son, said hospital
spokeswoman Jayne McGill.
"It's an infant boy. He's just holding
his own, just a little over a week old,"
said hospital Vice President Ed Wines.
"We have promised to get back in touch
with him," he said, but no immediate
decision has been made on that case.
WINES SAID two calls expressed op-
position to such surgery.
Bailey, 41, who had performed more
than 150 heart transplants on animals
such as goats and sheep, said that if
"Baby Fae's" tranplant is successful, his
experiments indicate the baboon heart
will grow as she does.
Doctors were emotional when the
newly transplanted heart began
beating without artificial stimulation
after the five-hour operation Friday.
". .Members of the transplant team
got tears in their eyes and some of them
embraced each other," Schaefer said.
"It was somber, not euphoric, but
there wasn't a dry eye in the house,,"
said Nehlsen-Cannarella "It was
an overwhelming feeling of accom-
plishment and satisfaction, to see her
literally transformed from a helpless
Complied from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Official admits killing priest
Mondale momentum down after debate win
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Reagan is sitting
on an enormous lead over Walter Mondale slightly
more than a week before Election Day 1984, accor-
ding to a nationwide Associated Press survey, but
Democrats are reminding voters "It ain't over until
r it's over."
The momentum of the campaign did shift to Mon-
dale in the past two weeks, observers say, but the im-
pact of the second debate with Reagan a week ago
appears to have slowed, if not stopped, that motion.
THESE TURNS of events have left Reagan ahead
in 40 states with 426 electoral votes, the AP survey
found, far more than 270 needed to win. Mondale
leads for only 13 electoral votes, with the rest of the
states in the toss-up eolumn.
"I think there is movement toward Mondale, but
obviously, it ain't enough," said New Hampshire
Democratic chairman George Bruno.
"We benefitted from the surge between the first and
second debates and rallied most of the Democrats,
but there is no movement now," said Colorado party
chairman Floyd Ciruli.
"THE FIRST debate made Mondale respectable.
He's no longer a joke. He's now just a chuckle instead
of a guffaw," said University of Virginia Professor
Larry Sabato. "The second debate restored a bit of
Reagan's luster but it didn't basically change the
dynamics of the campaign."
Kansas Democratic party chief Pat Lehman is a bit
more hopeful: 'It ain't over until its over, as they say,
I still think there is a chance Walter Mondale can get
his message through all that packaging around
* Mondale opened the next-to-last weekend of the
presidential campaign yesterday by telling a West
Coast rally that Ronald Reagan's re-election could
lead to right-wing packing of the Supreme Court.
DECLARING that "we must carry California,"
Mondale spoke in a sprawlaing San Diego park
during a day of appearances in Reagan's home state.
He said that if Reagan were re-elected, the
Supreme Court would fall under the control of a "far-
Ultraconservatives "would seize our temple of
liberty and turn it over to judges who passed the ap-
proval of the Jerry Falwells of our land," he said in a
reference to the leader of the Moral Majority.
SPEAKING TO a cheering crowd of several thous-
and, Mondale said voters should realize that in light of
several judges' advanced ages, Reagan might
nominate five high court justices in a second four-
"You are picking that court for the rest of this cen-
tury," he said.
"This crowd would close down those doors we've
opened and follow the dictates of a far-right fringe,"
he said. "They want the federal government to in-
trude in the most personal and religious decisions
each of us make in our own lives."
REAGAN SPENT the day at Camp David, but he
took time out for his weekly radio talk, in which he
appealed for young people's votes. He declared that a
victory for Mondale could "send many of you from
the graduation line to the unemployment line."
Addressing youth at the beginning of his paid
political address, he said, "I just have to say your
generation really sparkles.
"In my travels I've met you by the thousands and
I've seen enthusiasm and patriotism in your eyes that
convince me that you get high on America."
Reagan also returned to the themes of his speeches
at recent campaign rallies, saying the nation's
economy, military strength and opportunities for
growth all are greater than when he replaced
President Carter four years ago.'
"OUR NATION is at peace and our economy is in
one piece," he said, adding that Mondale's policies
"would destroy all that . . . would cause enormous
hardships and send many of you from the graduation
line to the unemployment line."
WARSAW, Poland - A captain in the Interior Ministry has said he killed a'
pro-Solidarity priest who was kidnapped Oct. 19, but his confession has not.
been confirmed, the interior minister told the nation yesterday.
The captain and two liertenants in the ministry have been charged in the
abduction of the Rev. Jerzy Popieluszko, said Interior Minister Gen.
He said the three accused men gave conflicting statements, that no one
has been charged with any killing in the case and the Roman Catholic
priest's whereabouts were still unknown.
Police stepped up patrols in Warsaw, apparently to discourage any street
demonstrations. Popieluszko's sermons backing this now-outlawed
Solidarity trade union drew as many as 10,000 people to his Warsaw church.
Poland's official PAP news agency said that the Warsaw provincial defen-
se committee met during the day and "took necessary actions to prevent
possible threats." It did not elaborate.
Kiszczak, who oversees all police units, said on nationwide television and
radio that he had no immediate evidence to back up the assertion that
Popieluszko had been murdered.
Lebanon to attack ships
unloading at 'illegal ports'
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Lebanon's government decided yesterday to use its
armed forces to attack ships trying to dock or unload at militia-controlled
"illegal ports" that cut into official revenues, state radio reported.
The threat against shipping appeared to be a warning to militias to turn
over the ports quickly and without resistance when told to.
Any military action against shippers is not expected to be taken until
foreign government and international shipping firms had been notified of the
decision, sometime next month.
Yesterday's action was taken at a six-hour Cabinet session chaired b
President Amin Gemayel. It was the latest in a series of emergency
measures aimed at braking a sharp fall in the Lebanese pound brought on by
uncertain security conditions and losses in government customs revenues. ;
Prime Minister Rashid Karami, whose "national coalition" Cabinet has
been unable to enforce a public security plan outside Beirut, warned that
"those attacking the financial security of the state will be brought to
GM, UAW reach tentative pact
TORONTO - General Motors of Canada and the United Auto Workers
yesterday reached a tentative contract settlement that included a wage hike
and cost-of-living increases to end a 10-day-old strike that forced layoffs of
more than 41,000 U.S. workers.
The settlement was reached in a 15-minute afternoon negotiation session
that followed all-night bargaining.
The pact came a day after the company issued a new money offer, the first
since the 36,000 Canadian Auto workers worked out Oct. 17. Robert Andrew,
GM's chief negotiator said GM had suffered a product loss of $20 million in
retail value since the strike began.
White said negotiators still had to work out some contract language, and
after that the rank and file would vote on the offer at the company's 13 plants
in Ontario and Quebec.
He said the workers would not return to their jobs until after ratification.
White said the agreement proved for a three-year contract that included a
2.25 percent base wage increase in the first year. He said workers would
also receive a 19-cent-an-hour (25 cents Canadian) "special Canadian ad-
justment" in each of the first two years and an 18-cent-an-hour increase (24
cents Canadian) in the third.
Serious crime drops, FBI says
WASHINGTON - Serious crimes reported to police during the first half of
1984 dropped 5 percent, continuing a trend that began two years ago, the FBI
The overall volume of crimes for the first six months of the year decreased
throughout the country, but two offenses - rape and aggravated assault -
showed slight increases.
The preliminary figures for the first half of 1984 reflect a decline that
began in 1982. In September, the FBI reported a.6.7 percent drop in serious
crime for 1983, the biggest decline in 23 years.
The figures show a 6 percent increase in forcible rape and a 1 percent in-
crease in aggravated assault.
Declines were recorded for murder and robbery, 5 and 7 percent respec-
tively. In the property crime category, burglary dropped 8 percent and lar-
ceny-theft fell 5 percent. Motor vehicle theft increase 1 percent and arson in-
creased by 2 percent.
OPEC to consider cutting oil
production by 2 million barrels
GENEVA, Switzerland - The oil ministers of Iran and Indonesia threw
their countries' support yesterday behind a hastily fashioned plan to prop up
OPEC oil prices by cutting production.
Indonesia's Subroto told reporters on his arrival at a Geneva hotel that the
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries would succeed in avoiding a
price cut if it slashed production by 1 million to 2 million barrels a day.
OPEC output currently is estimated at 17.3 million barrels a day. Its self-
imposed ceiling is 17.5 million.
Iranian delegation chief Mohammad Gharazi said his country supported
Tuesday's call by six other OPEC oil ministers to tighten the oil spigot in or-
der to preserve the cartel's shaky pricing system, based on $29 a barrell for
Saudi light oil.
Graffiti on the doors to the new business Administration Library on East
University Street marks one person's effort to help a nationwide movement
TUESDAY LUNCH - FORUM
October 30, 1984 - 12 Noon
THE U.N. SYSTEM IN CURRENT PERSPECTIVE
Speaker: SARAH GODDARD POWER
Chairperson, U.S. Commission for UNESCO, 1976-79
Delegate, U.N. Decade for Women Conference, 1980
AT THE INTERNATIONAL CENTER For additional information,
603 E. I4adison St. please call 662-5529
Sponsored by: THE ECUMENICAL CAMPUS CENTER
THE INTERNATIONAL CENTER CHURCH WOMEN UNITED IN ANN ARBOR
Lunch - $1.00
Daily Photo by DAN HABIB'
aimed at making colleges stockpile suicide pills for their students to use in
case of nuclear war.
Move to have colleges
stock cyanide national
(Continued from Page 1)
elsewhere. "We sent out one hundred
packets to personal contacts and
organizations on campus on why we
voted for the referendum," said Brown
organizer John Bonifa. "We want to
capture the momentum."
There won't be any rallies this week
in Ann Arbor, but the phenomenon has
not escaped students here. "Suicide
pills" graffiti adorns several walls
around the campus.
"Michigan is a large resevoir to tap
into," said Northwestern's Weissman.
"With the proper guidance Michigan
can get into it. It can be the vanguard of
* he IR~Iihgau Baig
Vol. XCV -No. 46
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
scription rates: September through April - $16.50 in Ann Arbor; $29.00
outside the city; May through August - $4.50 in Ann Arbor, $6.00 outside the
city. Second-class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Postmaster: Send
address changes to The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
The Michigan Daily is a member of the Associated Press and subscribes to
United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times Syndi-
cate and'College Press Service, and United Students Press Service.
INTRODUCING FOUR NEW GOURMET
,/ , Columbia Excelso
Sw isc Wae-ree flncff
' ,,,, 6,, ".... . .
Editor in chief.....................BILL SPINDLE
Managing Editors ................. CHERYL BAACKE
Associate News Editors............LAURIE DELATER
Personnel Editor ..................... SUE BARTO
Opinion Page Editors ................. JAMES BOYD
NEWS STAFF: Laura Bischoff, Dov Cohen, Stephanie
DeGroote, Nancy Dolinko, Mary Beth Doyle, Lily Eng,
Marcy Fleischer, Bob Gordon, Rachel Gottlieb, Thomas
Hroch, Gregory Hutton, Bruce Jackson, Sean Jackson,
Carrie Levine, Jerry Markon, Eric Mattson, Curtis
Maxwell, Molly Melby, Tracey Miller,Kery Murakami,
Lisa Powers, Elizabeth Reiskin, Charles Sewell, Stacey
Shonk, Don Swanson, Allison Zousmer.
Magazine Editor.................JOSEPH KRAUS
Associate Magazine Editor .......... BEN YOMTOOB
Sports Editor ........... MIKE MCGRAW
Associate Sports Editors............JEFF BERGIDA
DOUGLAS B. LEVY
SPORTS STAFF: Dave Aretha, Mark Borowski, Joe
Ewing. Chris Gerbasi, Jim Gindin, Skip Goodman.
Steve-Herz. Rick Kaplan. Tom Keaneyk Tim Makinen,
Adam Martin, Scott McKinlay, Barb McQuade, Brad
Morgan, Jerry Muth, Phil Nussel, Mike Redstone,
Scott Solowich. Randy Schwartz, Susan Warner.
Business Manager ................. STEVEN BLOOM
Advertising Manager..........MICHAEL MANASTER
Display Manager .................... LIZ CARSON
Nationals Manager ..................... JOE ORTIZ
Sales Manager...............DEBBIE DIOGUARDI
Finance Manager......... .....LINDA KAFTAN