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October 23, 1984 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-10-23

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4

Page 2 -The Michigan Doily - Tuesday, October 23, 1984
Haitians attack U.S.
po lic toward aliens

MIAMI (AP) - The scene is a com-
mon one: a small, rickety sailboat
packed with hopeful immigrants
crosses the 600-mile-long "Haitian
Highway" to Florida, pursuing dreams
of a new life.
But the dream usually ends when a
U.S. Coast Guard cutter stops the
sailboat and takes all the Haitians on
board.
SINCE THE GOVERNMENT began
its Haitian Migration Interdiction
Operation in October 1981, a total of
2,367 Haitians, more than 90 percent of
the 2,549 aliens stopped at sea, have
been caught trying to slip through
Caribbean and Atlantic waters into the
United States.
Nearly 98 percent of those picked up
at sea are returned to their im-
poverished country on the island of
Hispaniola, according to U.S. Coast
Guard figures.
Yesterday, the Coast Guard intercep-
ted two more boatloads of aliens. All 96
Haitians aboard a 35-foot boat were
returned to Port-au-Prince; another
boat with 18 aboard had slipped within
this country's three-mile territorial
waters and by law were required
to be brought to land. Their home for
now will be the Krome Avenue Deten-
tion Center, where illegal aliens are
held until they can be processed.
WHEN A COAST GUARD cutter en-
counters Haitians at sea, it takes all the
Haitians on board. It their boat is

seaworthy, the Coast Guard tows it
back to Port-au-Prince; if the boat is
not seaworthy, it is scuttled.
Coast Guard spokesman Jim Sim-
pson said yesterday he had no estimates
on how many boats are sunk, but added,
"I know we sink a lot."
The Coast Guard calls the route from
Haiti along the coast of Cuba to Florida
the "Haitian Highway." The Haitian
craft sometimes tie up in Cuban ports
before they make their run for Florida.
TO THE FEDERAL government, the
program is a humane one, aimed at
saving lives. Perry Rivkind, district
director of the Immigration and
Naturalization Service, said that if the
program were stopped, it would
probably coast the lives of thousands of
Haitians, "because most of those boats
were ready to fall apart."
There have been many instances of
would-beHaitian immigrants drowning
at sea; occasionally their bodies wash
up on Florida beaches.
To many Haitians already in the
United States and the lawyers who
represent them, interdiction is
discriminatory.
Haitians are "the purest example of
political scapegoats of this ad-
ministration," said lawyer Ira Kur-
zban, one of the attorneys representing
the Miami-based Haitian Refugee Cen-
ter Inc., which filed suit in U.S. District
Court in Washington in July asking that
interdiction be declared uncon-
stitutional and stopped.

Associated Press
Haitian refugees crowd a wood sail boat after it was towed to the Coast
Guard station in Islamorada, Fla. in this 1983 photo. Since the federal
Haitian Migration Interdiction Program began three years ago, more than
2,000 Haitians were prevented from entering the United States by boat.

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POLICE
NOTES
Purse, camera stolen
A burgler forced open a lock to enter
home on the 700 block of Hutchins Rd.
between 5 and 10 p.m. Saturday
evening, Ann Arbor Police said. A pur-
se and camera valued at less than $600
were stolen, police said.
- Molly Melby
THE DAILY
CLASSIFIEDS
ARE A GREAT
WAY TO GET
FAST RESULTS
CALL 764-0557

IN BRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
OPEC considers reduced output
GENEVA, Switzerland - saudi Arabia's oil minister declared yesterday
that OPEC oil prices would remain unchanged and key oil ministers
discussed reducing output to resist pressure for lower prices.
"There will be no price change" in the benchmark rate of $29 a barrel,
Sheik Ahmed Zaki Yamani said after meeting with five key oil ministers of
the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and ministers from non-
OPEC oil producers Mexico and Egypt.
The meeting was held in preparation for an. Oct. 29 emergency session of
the 13-member cartel, which once set prices at will but now finds itself facing
pressure from non-OPEC members Norway and Britain and from OPEC
member Nigeria.
The private meetings, which are to continue Tuesday, mark the first time
key OPEC leaders have met with Egypt or included Mexico as more than an
observer, suggesting to some oil industry analysts that OPEC may want to
be sure Mexico and Egypt will respect OPEC's price guidance.
Sources at the meeting, who spoke on condition that they not be identified,
said the oil ministers had discussed reduction in output quotas and how each
member would share reductions in the cartel's current 17.5 million barrel-a-
day output, about one-third of world production.
Major opposiion candidate drops'
out of Nicaraguan elections
MANAGUA, Nicaragua (UPI) - Junta leader Daniel Ortega charged
yesterday that a second opposition candidate has dropped out of Nov. 4 elec-
tions under U.S. pressure and vowed his ruling Sandinista party will go to the
polls "alone if necessary."
Ortega, the candidate of the Sandinista Front, also said the Liberal In-
dependent Party's decision Sunday to pull out of the race was tantamount to
supporting the U.S.-backed rebels fighting the leftist government.
"The elections will not be postponed, the Sandinista Front will go to the
elections alone if necessary," he said.
The elections for president,svice president and a 90-member Constituent
Assembly would be the first since the Sandinistas took power by ousting dic-
tator Anastasio Somoza in July 1979.
The Liberal Independent Party, the most important of the opposition par-
ties left in the race, announced late Sunday it was withdrawing its candidate.
Virgilio Godoy, and demanding that the voting be postponed until January.
25 receive MacArthur grants
CHICAGO - A ocuntry doctor researching high blood pressure in blacks
and whites, a quadriplegic seeking equal rights for the disabled and a lawyer
promoting entrepreneurial skills in Third World countries were among 25
winners of MacArthur Foundation grants announced yesterday.
The John and Catherine MacArthur Foundation's periodic five-year gran-
ts of up to $300,000 are given to scholars and others to "do nothing but follow
their own creative bent," officials said. The program has committed $43
million to 141 recipients since it began in 1981.
"One of the first things I want to do is to develop a curriculum for medical
students that would give them an idea of the interdependency" of disciplines
such as poetry, philosophy, sociology, economics and medicine, said Dr.
Curtis Hames Sr. of Claxton, Ga., a community of about 2,500, 50 miles west
of Savannah.
Hames, 64, is to receive $58,400 a year over the next five years. The
amount of award money is based on a recipient's age and experience. Can-
didates are not told they are under consideration, and winners may use the
money for any purpose, without having to report progress or complete
projects.
Army hid son's death father says
WASHINGTON - The army tried to suppress information about the death
of a helicopter pilot killed in a raid preceeding last year's U.S.-led invasion
of Grenada, the pilot's father said.
"There has been a big whitewash," Stanley Lucas said Sunday in a
telephone interview with United Press International.
Lucas said the Army told him of the death of his son, Capt. Keith Lucas,
four days after it occurred and only listed it publicly when he pressured Ar-
my officials in Kentucky and Defense officials in Washington to do so.
The disclosure yesterday followed reports by NBC News and Knight-
Ridder newspapers a day earlier that there were up to.10 unreported deaths
in raids conducted by Navy "Seal" commandos and a special "Delta Force"
before the invasion officially began at 5:27 a.m., Oct. 25, 1983.
It could not be independently verified whether Lucas's son was involved in
the same operation described in those reports.
But a congressional source familiar with classified information on the
operation said, "The policy was to declare 'black' (not report) everything
that could be declared black. There were losses that were not reported."
Strike idles Canadian workers
TORONTO - Negotiations for General Motors of Canada and the United
Auto Workers union deadlocked yesterday in talks to settle a six-day strike
that has idled almost 50,000 workers in Canada and the United States.
Talks between UAW Canadian Director Robert White and GM chief
negotiator Rod Andrew were "logjamme l," according to union
spokeswoman Wendy Cuthbertson.
The walkout by 36,000 canadian GM employees has resulted in parts shor-

tages that forced the layoff yesterday of 13,199 hourly workers at four GM
assembly plants and three parts suppliers in Michigan, Ohio and New York.
In Oshawa, Ont., GM spokesman Nick Hall said the company would have
to look at further U.S. layoffs "on a day-by-day basis," because of the
Canadian strike.
Both company and union officials said the talks would continue in an effort
to end the walkout at GM's 13 Canadian plants in Ontario and Quebec.
Vol. XCV - No.41
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
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