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October 19, 1984 - Image 5

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1984-10-19

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. _

Student guinea pigs
earn extra money

The Michigan Daily - Friday, October 19, 1984 - Page 5
Briton wins Nobel
Prize for economics

By ANNE VAN DEVENTER
Need some extra cash this term?
Some students will make extra
money by becoming "guinea pigs" in
University medical experiments.
They'll take drugs and get paid for
doing it.
UNIVERSITY researchers often
capitalize on the state's cold, wet win-
ters by using students and city residen-
Stuents
plasm_a
(Continued from Page 1)
But if the sample is approved, the lab
allows the donor to give twice a week
for $15 a visit.
International Cryogenics, a Bir-
mingham-based company, buys sperm
for $25 a sample, providing it meets
their standards.
Here, prospective donors must.
receive a clean bill of health and a good
general hapacter recommendation
from a physician who is familiar to the
company.
Once a donor is approved, his sperm
is put to a variety of uses such as ar-
tificial insemination.
To some men, the idea of selling
sperm sounds too good to be true. And
according to Maryanne Brown, an In-
ternational Cryogenics director and
owner, many men become repeat
donors.
However; she said, when the donors
reach a certain limit of successful im-
pregnations - usually 20 or 30, they are
asked not to come back.
No students who donate sperm could
be contacted. However, student reac-
tion to sperm sales vary.
"Morally, I think it's fine. It's up to
the individual," said Don Weintraub; an
LSA junior.
f But, others, likeLes Hayden, an LSA
reshman were wary of the idea. "I
yvould feel strange selling sperm . .
fit's like) selling a part of myself," he
Ssaid.
This is an extraordinary way to
make money,'' Dan Conley, LSA senior,
3 said. "I must talk to my lawyer about
years of lost wages !"

ts as subjects in various studies which
search for a cure to the common cold
and flu.
Over the years, students have tried
everything from athlete's foot treat-
ments to acne ointments.
Most students find out about the
studies- from ads in newspapers,
University Hospitals postings and
plublications, and by word of mouth.
THE TIME commitments students
make to the experiments can be as
quick as a one-time blood test or as
tedious as a whole term of periodic in-
terviews and check-ups. All projects
are approved by University research
committees.
One study, which is trying to deter-
mine normal female hormone values,
lasts for two weeks, but it requires four
hours a day at the hospital.
Students can earn anywhere from $5
for giving a blood sample to $225 for
participating in the female hormone
experiment.
"IT PROVIDES a quick way to earn
money," said Richard Monahan, an
LSA senior who is participating in an
experiment which involves inserting a
catheter down his esophagus and into
his stomach and intestine.
Monahan is carrying 20 credit hours
in this term, in additon to marching
band. And when he's finished with the
experiment, he'll be $80 richer.
The experiments allow him to earn
the equivalent of two or three weeks
pay at a part-time job in one day.
A CURRENT study on the use of In-
terferon, a drug found in the body's
immune system, pays students ap-
proximately $125 for the term. The goal
in this experiment is to prevent the
common cold.
Students who take part in the study
use a nasal spray containing Interferon
once a day and report for weeky check-
ups. The idea is that the Interferon wil
prevent them from getting colds.
It's no secret that Ann Arbor weather
provides an excellent climate for this
kind of experiment. The wet weather
and frequent temperature changes are
great conditions for contracting a cold.
The large student population and high
concentration of people also aids in the
rapid spread of many kinds of cold
viruses.
Laura Lothschutz, an LSA senior,
took part in the study both fall and win-
ter terms last year. Neither she nor the
experimentors knew whether she was
using Interferon or a placebo. The com-
pany supplying the drug had the master
list and only revealed it after all the
data were in. The Interferon used in the
study is produced by an outside com-
pany using recombinant DNA
techniques.

STOCKHOLM, Sweden (AP) -
British economist Sir Richard Stone
won the 1984 Alfred Nobel Memorial
Prize in Economics yesterday for
developing accounting stysems that are
used by more than 100 governments and
all major international organizations.
STONE, 71, introduced his technique
- using statistics to draw realistic pic-
tures of a country's economic health -
during World War II as an adviser to
the British War Cabinet's treasury ex-
pert John Maynard Keynes. The
system was standardized in the 1950s and
put into universal use as the key
element in the world's economic
analysis and planning.
"It is not like many might think, that
Stone's findings are self-evident things
that have always been obvious. There is
very extensive and arduous work
behind the development of the system
of national accounts," said Ragnar
Bentzel of the Nobel Economic Selec-
tion Committee of the Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences.
"I should have thought that that
CO
ro -a &

bookkeeping was very well known,"
Stone said in a telephone interview
from his home. "The only thing which
may not be so well known, or may not
be so easy to realize, is the actual
production of reliable books . . . for a
thing as big as the national economy."
STONE'S SYSTEM integrates the
billions of transactions in a nation's
economy during a specific period,
reconciles income, expenses and
production and cross-checks them
through basic double-entry
bookkeeping.
Stone was the fourth British
economic prize laureate. Britons won
or shared the prize in 1972, 1974, and
1977.
The memorial prize was established
by the Swedish central bank, the
Riksbank, and is awarded in conjun-
ction with the Nobel Prize series
bequeathed under the will of Alfred
Nobel, the Swede who invented
dynamite.
All the prizes, and the cash awards of
$193,000, will be presented Dec. 10, the
anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896.

Knockout Associated Press
Courting black votes and hoping to knockout Mondale, a billboard spon-
soring Reagan is displayed on Chicago's south side. The billboard features
President Reagan with boxers, from left, Muhammad Ali, George Frazier
and Floyd Patterson.
State investigrates
Taco Bob's diner

By STACEY SHONK
The state health department is in-
vestigating a series of reports of food
contamination reports from customers
who ate at Taco Bob's restaurant, a
health department spokesman said.
Ten or 20 people have reported
becoming ill after eating at Taco Bob's,
810 S. State - formerly Tiaguana Bob's
- since it opened almost a week ago,
said Barry Johnson, a public health
engineer.
"We have taken food samples, and
are investigating the possibility of food
contamination," Johnson said.
"I USED to eat there all the time,"
said LSA junior Caroline Portis, who
said she and two friends became ill af-
ter eating food from the restaurant.

"Being sick just isn't pleasant . . . and
I'm sure it isn't good for you," she said.
Taco Bob's owner Bob Cranson said
there was no proof that his food caused
the illnesses. "There's nothing con-
clusive that says it was our food that
made those people sick," he said, ad-
ding that "it seems maybe it was."
In light of the complaints, the
restaurant has taken steps to make
sure thier food isn't contaminated, he
said.
"We threw everything out that could
have been contaminated and we
sanitized everything again," Cranson
said. "We reevaluated our procedure
for cooking and cooling, but we didn't
find any problems with it."

Tutu condem I
From AP and UPI

Dems. plan Mondale visit

(Continued from Page 1)
preparing the site of the rally and
making arrangements for the 175-
member squadron of international and
national reporters who travel with the
candidate.
"We want it to all make sense . .. by c
ombining efforts" said advance team
member John Austin, whose job is
coordinating the work of the many
groups helping to promote'the visit.
For the student volunteers, according
to Washtenaw County field coordinator
Jerry Moffet, the goal is to produce a
large student turnout for the rally.
While the students work on campus,
;various community groups are trying
to draw local residents to the rally.
Busloads of students and others from
around the state are also expected for
the rally.
ORGANIZERS say students will be
-convinced to support Mondale if they
become more familiar with the issues,
and they discount reports of a trend on
campus toward conservatism. "Those
of us here think this whole mythical
conservatives' insurgence is largely
created by the media," said LSA
sophomore Lisa Grimes. "There are
those of us not into the radical right."
At Mondale/Ferraro headquarters on
State Street last night, preparations
4 13

continued for the rally. Volunteers at a
phone bank telephoned registered
Democrats and those who voted in the
March presidential caucuses to inform
them of the rally.
Another campaign blitz will involve
door-to-door canvassing, and a major
effort will be devoted to putting up
posters. Each campus building will be
covered twice a day because Mon-
dale/Ferraro volunteers say
Republican backers have repeatedly
ripped down the Democratic posters.
One obstacle overcome by the
professional advance team was a
University rule prohibiting loud
demonstrations on the Diag after 1 p.m.
in order to avoid disruption of classes.
Advance team leader Bruck Gar-
mella said he "made a courtesy call" to
University President Harold Shapiro to
arrange the rally. He said Shapiro
agreed to waive the rule for this event
because it was a'major political rally
and stressed that the same privilege
would be extended to President Reagan
if he should decide to campaign here.

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa -
Bishop Desmond Tutu returned home
yesterday to a tumult of joy from his
followers, and told them his Nobel Prize
was for "the little people - the ones
whose noses are rubbed in the dust
every day."
Greeted by about 100 supporters
singing the black nationalist anthem
"God Bless Africa," Tutu arrived from
New York at Ian Smuts Airport to
celebrate winning the Peace Prize
Tuesday for his crusade against racial
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rts U.S. policy
segregation in South Africa.
Police looked on as the bishop was
swept away to the South African council
of churches offices in Johannesburg for
a news conference where he condem-
ned the U.S. policy of "constructive
engagement" with the South Africa
government.
The Reagan administration's policy
of constructive engagement involves
pursuing normal relations with South
Africa's white minority government
while quietly encouraging reforms of
its system of racial segregation.
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