Windy and rainy; tem-
peratures in the low sixties.
Vol. XCV, No. 37
Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, October 18, 1984
Students call cod
By ERIC MATTSON
Ask any student who actively opposes the Univer-
sity's proposed code of non-academic conduct why it
is bad and you'll get a lecture on student rights and
Ask any administrator who actively supports the
code why the University should regulate students'
lives outside the classroom and you'll hear about
problems with a few destructive students who hurt
the University community.
THE STUDENT will say the judicial system under
the code is unfair and that ambiguous clauses of the
code make a fair system impossible.
The administrator will say there is adequate due
process under the code and cite the civil authorities'
lack of interest in pursuing petty student offenders.
Despite all the disagreements between students
and administrators, everyone agrees the code is far
different from the judicial system of criminal courts.
STUDENTS SAY this difference amounts to a
violation of their civil rights. Administrators,
however, say that it makes the judicial system work
faster, and in any case has already been supported by
state and federal courts.
There are three fundamental differences between
the code and the existing system:
" due process';
" types of punishment;
* involvement of police and other civil authorities.
Due process is one of the most elusive concepts in
the legal system, but basically it means a fair and
equitable means of determining an alleged offender's
guilt or innocence.
UNDER THE code, formal rules of evidence are
not applicable. Whereas the civil authorities are
bound by strict guidelines of what is admissable in a
hearing, the hearing officer can "admit all matters
into evidence that reasonable persons would accept
as having probative values in the conduct of their af-
fairs," according to the proposed code.
In plain English, this means that the hearing of-
ficer can admit things like hearsay - a "heard-it-
through-the-grapevine" type of evidence - into a
student's trial. There are also a number of other
types of evidence that could not be admitted to a
regular court but is acceptable under the code, such
as evidence obtained in an unauthorized search of a
Detective David Jachalke of the Ann Arbor Police
Department would not say whether he thought
See COURTS, Page 2
By STEPHANIE DEGROOTE
"The Nobel Peace Prize represents
another black eye for the South African
government," University Prof.
Leonard Suransky said yesterday after
Bishop Desmond Tutu was awarded the
Tutu was selected because of his
peaceful crusade to eliminate South
African apartheid, the institutional
racial segregation of the nation's 27
million blacks and four million whites.
"(TUTU) describes himself as 'a
man of peace but not a pacifist'," said
Political Science Prof. Ali Mazrui, who
is developing a series of documentaries
on the racial situation in South Africa.
Mazrui said that Tutu represents
"that intermediate phase when you can
still talk of 'mobilizing love' as an in-
strument of liberation instead of
mobilizing the handgun as an in-
strument of emancipation."
That doesn't mean, however, that
Tutu thinks blacks should turn the other
cheek, Mazrui said.
"HE IS A MAN who has risen to stand
in opposition in a non-violent manner,
and has held his posture in a very dif-
ficult situation," said Suransky, a
member of the University Committee
on Southern Africa.
"Tutu works within the system. 'He is
D considered by a majority of South
pAfrican blacks as a sincere and
representative leader of the people,
See NOBEL, Page 3
By BRUCE JACKSON
Colorado Sen. Gary Hart will join
Democratic presidential candidate
Walter Mondale in a major campaign
rally on the Diag next Tuesday, cam-
paign staffers announced yesterday.
A favorite pick among University
students for the Democratic presiden-
tial nomination, Hart is expected to
help pull young voters into the party
camp as Mondale pushes for support in
this and other key states.
"THIS WAS (Hart's) big constituen-
cy and just by coming here he will let
everyone know the caucus is over and
it's time for all Democrats to unite,"
said Sheri Silber, an LSA senior who
heads the campus Mondale-Ferraro
The Hart-Mondale team has ap-
peared in recent weeks in the college
towns of Stanford, Calif., and Madison,
Wis. Tuesday's rally here will be one of
Mondale's first campaign stops after
his second _debate with President
Reagan Sunday night.
"If (Mondale) does as well in this
debate as he did in the last one, this ap-
pearance can only be gravy for us,"
Silber said last night.
AN ABC NEWS poll released yester-
day showed Mondale trailing Reagan
by only 10 points, up from 25 points just
weeks ago. But another poll released
this week by Louis Harris showed that
Mondale has won the votes of less than
a third of the nation's young adults aged
18 to 25, while Reagan has 70 percent.
Mondale might be worried that stud-
See MONDALE, Page 3
Just ducky Associated Press
Vice President George Bush watches as a shopkeeper prepares a duck to go during a walk in San Francisco's Chinatown
Educators seek college reform
WASHINGTON (AP) - A panel of prominent educators,
bidding to turn the reform spotlight from America's high
schools to its colleges, is warning that higher education is
suffering serious problems, from underpaid faculty to
deteriorating buildings to students abandoning the liberal ar-
The panel, in a report prepared for Education Secretary
T.H. Bell and his National Institute of Education, called for
sweeping changes in campus life, including more faculty
attention for freshmen and sophomores, fewer part-time
professors and less emphasis on vocational courses..
The new panel, called the Study Group on the Conditions of
Excellence in American Higher Education, was chaired by
Kenneth Mortimer of Pennsylvania State University.
It warned, "The strains of rapid expansion of higher
education, followed by recent years of constricting resources
and leveling enrollments. . . have takentheir toll.
"Gaps have appeared between our ideal expectations for
higher education and the realities of student learning,
curricular coherence, the quality of facilities, faculty morale
and academic standards."
It cited these "warning signals: "
* One out of eight "high-ability" high school seniors does
See PANEL, Page 3
College women outnumber men
WASHINGTON (AP) - American women are pur-
suing higher education in ever greater numbers, ac-
counting for much of the increase in college
enrollment over the last decade and now outnum-
bering men at the nation's universities, the Census
Bureau said yesterday.
Women accounted for about 52 percent of all
college students as of October, 1982, the new study
said, with the biggest jump among women aged 25 to
34 and those attending two-year colleges.
And in a related report, the National Science Foun-
dation disclosed that its survey of graduate schools in
1983 showed that women collected one-fourth of the
doctorate degrees in science and engineering -
nearly double their rate of a decade earlier.
"ONE OF the most significant developments in
higher education and research in the last 20 years has
been the increasing participation of women. They
have increased in terms of both absolute numbers
and in comparison to the participation of men," the
science foundation said.
The Census study counted 10.9 million students
aged 14 to 34 in colleges and universities in 1982, up
nearly 3 million over 10 years.
"More than half of the observed increase in the
number of college students was among students 25
years old and over," the bureau continued. "In fact,
the increase in the number of older women alone con-
stituted 44 percent of the total growth in the number
of persons enrolled in college over the decade."
The bureau counted 5.5 million women and 5.4
million men aged 14 to 34 enrolled in colleges. There
were 4.6 million women and 4.4 million men un-
dergraduates, while in graduate studies men slightly
outnumbered women. The small number of people
over age 34 enrolled in colleges and universities is
about evenly divided between men and women.
WHILE increased desire for education among
women was the prime reason for their growing share
of places in college, the bureau noted that another
factor was relatively low growth in male enrollment.
This resulted as men returned to a more normal
rate of college attendance after the Vietnam War,
which had spurred males to higher attendance
because it was a means of deferring the draft and,
later, because veterans were eligible for educational
While the tendency of women to marry younger
than men has tended to lower their college attendan-
ce in past years, many may now be returning to local
community colleges to resume their education,
raising the percentage of women over 25 attending
While women's college enrollment has risen past
that of men, earlier studies by the Census Bureau
have noted that the courses pursued differed between
WOMEN IN the past have tended to favor courses
in education, the humanities and health sciences,
while men have tended to prefer the physical scien-
ces, engineering and business.
However, the National Science Foundation report
does disclose increases in women obtaining graduate
degrees in science.
In 1983, the report said, women collected 25 percent
of the 17,900 science doctorates issued.
Balancing act Associated Press
A Denver woman loses her balance as she crosses a pile of snow and ice
yesterday in Denver, Colo. While recovering from Tuesday's blizzard, which
dumped three feet of snow across the state, Denver was hit again yesterday
with winds of 50 mph and 10 inches of snow.
(',,i n hnnt
other days none. On a bad day we'll have eight or nine,"
he said. But Beer says students should not think the seat of
their britches are forever safe. "I have not abolished the
cane," Beer warned, "but I don't use it."
excuses for canceling an appointment or justifying your
said Bob Johnson of the Cabrillo Marine Museum in San
Pedro. "The calf could have been following the ship for
quite awhile," he said.
On the inside ...