Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, October 14, 1984
PROGRAM PR OMO TES PEA CE, PHYSICIST SA YS
U.S.-Soviet exchange proposed
By DAVID KLAPMAN
If a Massachusettes physicist has his way, college
sophomores will become important figures in stop-
ping the nuclear arms race and establishing a lasting
peace between the United States and the Soviet
Jerome Pressman of Lexington, Mass. has come up
with a plan proposing that all college sophomores in
the United States exchange places with their Soviet
THE EXCHANGE program would promote a new,
fresher discussion between the two superpowers,
Both the United States and the Soviet Union would
become more aware of each other because of the
student travel, Pressman said. In addition, the
program would also serve as a strong deterrent to
nuclear war because the United States would have
citizens in the Soviet Union and the Soviet Union
would have citizens in the United States, he said;
Both countries would be hesitant to initiate a confron-
tation which could put the lives of ,their citizens in
Pressman said both countries would be able to over-
look their "fundamental differences" in order to im-
plement the plan.
HOWEVER, OFFICIALS AT THE U.S. state
department and the Soviet embassy appeared less
optimistic about the plan.
The United States has not taken a position on
student exchange programs since 1983 when the
Soviet Union shot down a Korean jetliner, said
Kathleen Lang, a spokeswoman for the state depar-
tment. She added that both countries have par-
ticipated in individual student exchanges.
According to Lang, the heavy restrictions the
Soviet Union imposes on travel would interfere with
the proposed program.
"IT WOULD be a good thing if the Soviets would let
a typical person of (college) age travel more freely,"
Lang said, adding that generally, only those most
loyal to the Community Party are allowed to visit the
United States. American visitors to the Soviet Union
are allowed only limited access with that country's
Although Michael Lysenko, a spokesman for the
Soviet embassy, called the plan a "grand design," he.
said that the costs of such can exchange program
could more than likely limit the Soviet Union's par-
ticipation in the proposed exchange program.
However, Lysenko did say that the Soviet Union is
interested in student exchange programs on a
smaller scale. He said the United States has refused
to negotiate any student exchange agreement for the
past four years.
Students who have traveled to the Soviet Union
agree that experiencing the Soviet lifestyle'first hand
is a good experience.
TRAVELING to the Soviet Union is the best way to
study that country, said Pat Willerton, a University
graduate student who studied in the Soviet Union.
Americans don't make enough of an effort to learn
about the Soviets, he said, adding that he found
Soviets also curious about Americans.
Willerton said that by traveling to the Soviet Union
he learned how Soviets view Americans. Many said
they thought Americans were insensitive to others,
arrogant and self-centered, he said.
Bill Risinger, a graduate student in political scien-
ce said he learned about Soviet students by stuying at
Moscow State University last year.
The best and brightest Soviet students have un-
dergone rigorous training screening in order to at-
Soviets announce cruise raiissile deployment
MOSCOW (AP) - The Soviet Defense
Ministry announced yesterday that it is
putting new long-range cruise missiles
in strategic bombers and submarines,
and said the ' program would
"corresp6nd" in scope to U.S.
deployment of. air- and sea-launched
The Soviets deployed an early version
of the cruise missile in submarines in
the 1960s, but these missiles were
believed to have been removed later,
according to West European diplomatic
sources in Moscow.
U.S. DEFENSE Department reports
have predicted the Soviets would
deploy long-range cruise missiles laun-
ched from air and sea sometime this
The Tass announcement, which was
read over the main television news
program yesterday night, accused the
United States of trying to carve out an
edge in nuclear firepower by deploying
its own cruise missiles on bombers,
submarines and surface ships. It
defended the Soviet move as a defen-
"Trying to achieve military
superiority over the Soviet Union, the
United States continues a crash
fulfillment of large-scale programs for
developing and deploying new nuclear
arms," the announcement said.
"IT ATTACHES special significance
to carrying out a massive deployment
of long-range cruise missiles of all
basing modes. Along with sitting
ground-launched cruise missiles in
Western Europe, the United States is
mounting long-range cruise missiles on
"From the middle of this year, it has
been irjstalling such misiles also on sur-
face ships and submarines of the U.S.
Navy," said the announcement.
The sea- and air-launched missiles
are part of a program under which the
Soviets are developing five new long-
range cruise systems, according to the
U.S. publication "Soviet Military
Power 1984." Three of the missiles are
subsonic; low-altitude cruise systems
similar to the U.S. Tomahawk and have
a range of 2,400 miles, the publication
IN MAY, Defense Minister Dimitri
Ustinov said the Soviet Union has in-
creased the number of nuclear-armed
submarines off the U.S. coasts in terms
of "yield, accuracy, the ability to reach
targets on the territory of the United
States and the flight time to target.''
It was not clear if the cruise
deployment announced Saturday was
related to the program mentioned by
Ustinov, but a U.S. military publication
indicated that it could be.
The language of yesterday's announ-
cement mirrored a statement issued by
Tass on Aug. 25 that reported the con-
tinuing tests of the new long-range,
ground-based Soviet cruise.
At the time, a Western diplomat, who
spoke on condition that he not be named
said the ground-based version "would
be a better version than what they have
now but I wouldn't say this is a new
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Shonttle_ lands flawlessly
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Heralded by twin sonic booms snapping
across beaches and orange groves, shuttle Challenger swooped out of a
cloudless sky yesterday and came home to its launch site after a 3.5-million-
mile survey of Earth.
Commander Robert Crippen guided the 101-ton spacecraft through a
13,000-mile glide across Alaska, the heart of Canada and th U.S. Midwest
and Southeast to a precise centerline landing on the Kennedy Space Center
Only a few hundred people were on hand when Challenger touched down,
in vivid contrast to the huge crowds that have greeted shuttle arrivals at
Edwards Air Force Base in California. The crowd applauded and cheered.
"The largest crew in the history of space flight in home," said Mission
Control. The flight, ending at 12:27 p.m. EDT, had lasted eight days, five
hours and 24 minutes.
Only once before had a shuttle landed on the three-mile runway flanked by
a canal that is home to alligators and wild pigs. Florida Wildlife Commission
officials made a last-minute sweep with a helicopter to be sure it was clear.
Warplanes hit Greek gas tanker
MANAMA, Bahrain - A fully loaded Greek-owned gas tanker, abandoned
and ablaze, was reported in danger of exploding in the Persian Gulf yester-
day after a rocket attack by warplanes that were believed to be Iranian.
The attack occurred in the central part of the gulf, south of the war zone
declared by Iraq and Iran in their four-year war.
Executives of marine salvage companies operating in Bahrain, Saudi-
Arbaand Dubai dismissed an Iranian state radio claim blaming Iraq for
the attack on the Gas Fountain. Instead they termed it Iran's second ap-
parently retaliatory attack on tankers following Iraq's bombing of a ship
earlier in the week.
"The Iraqis never attack outside the war zone," said one of the executives,
all of whom spoke on condition they were not identified. The Gas Fountain
crew, 29 Spaniards and four Greeks, spent seven hours in life rafts and
"inadvertently entered Iranian waters" near the island of Lavan, according
to sources speaking on condition of anonymity.
An official for Gray McKenzie, a British salvage firm, said that a company
tugboat was bound for Lavan to pick up the crew of the Gas Fountain in line
with an agreement worked out between Iranian authorities and the company
that owns the ship.
Party shooting leaves five dead
LOS ANGELES - An argument outside a house party erupted into a gang-
related shooting that left five youths dead and five others wounded on a
bloodied front lawn, authorities said.
Party-goers in the front yard of the house in a low-income area of south-
central Los Angeles were confronted Friday night by several people who
drove up, got into an argument and then opened fire with a shotgun and a
pistol, said Officer Alejandro Valadez. Police said the shooting was gang-
A neighbor, who did not give her name, said she saw "kids scattering and
screaming and crying...."
After the shooting, the bodies of four dead youths lay under white sheets on
the sidewalk amid scattered shotgun shells; the fifth victim died later in a
Residents of. south-central Los Angeles have complained since the end of
the Summer Olympics that they do not have enough police protection.
Violent crimes dropped during the Games because extra patrols were
assigned to the area, site of the USC Olympic Village, Memorial Coliseum
and other competition sites, but resumed after the Games ended.
Death row escapee put to death
RICHMOND, Va. - Convicted killer Linwood Briley was executed as
scripture was read by two ministers who walked him to the Virginia electric
chair. Four months ago he tried to escape by leading the nation's biggest
death row breakout.
"They had prayer and scripture until they went in," George Ricketts,
Virginia Chaplain Service director said Saturday. "It was what Linwood
Briley, condemned for the 1979 murder of Richmond disc jockey John
"Johnny G" Gallaher, was executed late Friday evening while 500 people -
about evenly divided - gathered outside the prison to speak for and against
Officials said the 30-year-old condemned killer went calmly to the
execution chamber still insisting he was innocent.
After a routine autopsy, Briley's body was released early yesterday to his
Pope ready to visit Cuba
ROME - Pope John Paul II indicated yesterday he is ready to visit Cuba
as soon as the Communist government there sends him an invitation, and
said that Roman Catholic bishops will keep on working for solutions to
guerrilla conflicts in Central America..
During a chat with reporters on his plane as he ended a 70-hour trip to
Spain, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, the pope repeatedly was
queried about several unscheduled events involving Cuba during his Carib-
The pope met five Cuban bishops who were allowed to leave their country
to attend a Latin American bishops meeting in the Dominican Republic. He
later spoke warmly about his "brothers" during lengthy impromptu
remarks on Friday night during an open-air Mass in Puerto Rico.
"I am ready to go everywhere," the pope told reporters. "In the case of
Cuba the invitation is missing. We shall see. All we can say is there is a lack
of a possibility, a lack of an invitation."
The Vatican has diplomatic relations with Cuba but Catholicism has been
on the wane for the past two decades in the Soviet-allied island country.
WEST PALM BEACH,
Fla-Documents gathered in the in-
vestigation of David Kennedy's drug
overdose death show he was "full of
pain" from the assassination of his
father and depressed about Rose Ken-
nedy's failing health.
The 500 pages of documents included
depositions and statements made
during the criminal investigation by the
Palm Beach Police Department and the
state attorney's office into the 28-year-
old Kennedy's death.
THEY WERE made public Friday af-
ter a protracted battle between the
stat'e attorney's office in Palm Beach
County and several news organizations.
The documents detail the final five
days of Kennedy's life, days marked by
heavy drinking, drugs and depression.
"Yes, I am crying for help," David
complained after a night of drinking
two days before his death, according to
a statement by Marion Neimann, a 42-
year-old German immigrant he had
known only a day.
AT ONE POINT, she said, they cried
together. A short time later, Kennedy
rolled up a $20 bill and snorted some
cocaine, she told police.
University Prof. Carl Cohen and state
Rep. Perry Bullard Friday night
debated a proposal on the city's Nov. 6
ballot which would ban nuclear
weapons research, development,
testing, and production in Ann Arbor. A
headline in yesterday's Daily incorrec-
tly stated that the two men debated the
Another story in yesterday's Daily
incorrectly said the winning float of the
Homecoming Parade was Bullwinkle.
In fact, the float was the Sta-Puff Mar-
shmallow Man, built by Triangle
Fraternity and Collegiate Sorosis.
Daily Photo by DAN HABIB
Resident Director Dawn Sagorski leads the men of South Quad's Gomberg House in yesterday's traditional tug-of-war
over the Huron River between Taylor House and Gomberg. The men of Taylor won, but Bush House, Gomberg's sister
house, easily defeated Hunt House in the annual event.
New poii shos Mondale gaining
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan maintains a landslide-sized
lead over Walter Mondale three weeks
before Election Day, according to a
nationwide Associated Press survey,
but the Democratic challenger has
"come alive" in many states after his
strong showing in campaign debate.
Mondale's aides insist the debate will
be seen as a turning point in his uphill
challenge for the, White House, and the
AP survey indicated it created some
additional interest in the Democrat's
campaign in many states.
REPUBLICANS in many states con-
ceded that Mondale breathed new life
into his campaign- in last Sunday's
debate but insist it means only a modest
boost. They said Reagan can easily
recover his losses in a follow-up debatea
on foreign policy on Oct. 21.
Reagan and Vice President George
Bush are ahead in 43 states with 450
electoral votes, far more than the 270
needed to win a second term, the latest
Mondale and running mate Geraldine
Ferraro are clearly ahead only in the
District of Columbia, with three elec-
Seven states with 85 electoral votes
were rated as toss-ups - Hawaii;
Maryland; Massachusetts; New York;
Oregon; Rhode Island; Wisconsin.
But elsewhere - in Pennsylvania,
Illinois, New Jersey and Iowa, for
example - political leaders and some
polls indicate Mondale has made
inroads into Reagan's lead.
The result of Mondale's strong debate
performance has been not only to
create the perception that the presiden-
tial race is tightening, but also to boost
Democratic congressional candidates
whose fortunes sagged earlier inthe
fall when Mondale was further behind.
Vol. XCV - No. 34
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RELIGIOUS FAITH AND THE PURSUIT
RELIGIONS AS PROBLEM AND HOPE
IN A VIOLENT WORLD
(First offsix addresses)
1MONDAY, OCTOBER 15th
Editor in chief .......................-BILL SPINDLE
Managing Editors ...............CHERYL BAACKE
Associate News Editors ............LAURIE DELATER
Personnel Editor ...................... SUE BARTO
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NEWS STAFF: Laura Bischoff, Dov Cohen, Stephanie
DeGroote, Lily Eng, March Fleisher, Bob Gordon,
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Jackson, Carrie Levine, Jerry Markon, Eric Mattson,
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Powers, Elizabeth Reiskin, Charles Sewell, Don
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DOUGLAS B. LEVY
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