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October 11, 1984 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-10-11

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The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 11, 1984 - Page 7
Bush-Ferraro debate to reveal domestic views

WASHINGTON (AP)-In a joking
reference to her first campaign for
Qengress in 1978, Rep. Geraldine
Ferraro once said, "Thank God it was
never reduced to issues."
-'Tonight, the contest between
Ferraro, the Democratic vice presiden-
- til nominee, and Vice President
George Bush, the Republican im'cum-
bent, comes down to the issues in their
nktionally televised debate.
aThe personal finances of the two can-
didates will certainly be a prime debate
tspic; both have had to answer per-
s6stent questions about their private
wealth.
Abortion has also been a lingering
issue. Ferraro has publicly clashed
with officials of the Roman Catholic
church and anti-abortion demon-
sirators; Bush has had to explain a dif-
ference of opinion on the emotional is-
sue with Reagan.
Because they are both No. 2 on their
tickets, many other issues will echo
those aired in the debate Sunday bet-
ween President Reagan and Walter
Mondale.
In Portland, Maine, last month, Bush
said he welcomed the debate with
Ferraro and would "not tear her down"
but "let her speak up on her side."
"What I plan to do is discuss
President Reagan's record over the
past four years. We're going to stick to
1 issues," Ferraro said. Here is a sum-
mary of the candidates' views on some
of the issues that may come up:
PERSONAL FINANCES
Bush released information on Oct. 3
,showing he paid 48.6 percent of his ad-
justed gross income in taxes in 1981,
24.2 percent in 1982 and 12.8 percent in
1983. For the three years, his adjusted
fgross income was $810,447 and his
federal tax bill was $303,421. Bush
+called it "a reasonable amount of tax"
but Mondale said it was unfair for Bush,
among the 1 percent of wealthiest
Americans, to pay less than 13 percent
of his income in taxes last year. Bush
did not disclose his actual returns
-because his assets are in a blind trust.
-Ferraro and her husband, New York
;eal estate dealer John Zaccaro,
revealed their tax returns for the last
six years on Aug. 20 amid a controversy
over her insistence that her husband's
business is exempt from congressional
disclosure requirements. Zaccaro
eventually agreed to release his retur-
ns, which showed the couple paid about
40 percent of their income in federal,
,state and city taxes. They reported net
worths of $760,000 for her and just over
$3 million for him. Ferraro later filed
aui amended statement which cam-
paign officials said increased her net
w.orth by about $70,000.
ABORTION
. Bush has acknowledged that his
views on abortion are more liberal than
feagan's. He says he opposes abortion
pxcept in cases of rape, incest or where
,he life of the mother is endangered.
,,eagan has said the only exception
should be "the protection of the
mother's life," although in his debate
.with Mondale on Sunday, he left open
the question of "what other things
might come under the self-defense
.radition. .. when you once recognize
that we're talking about a life."
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Ferraro personally opposes abortions
but supports government-financed
abortions for the poor and the right of
the individual to choose. "I would
never have an abortion," she told a
group of auto workers in Illinois. "But
if I were raped, I don't know if I could
be that self-righteous." Anti-abortion
groups have staged sign-waving, chan-
ting demonstrations at many of her
campaign appearances. National
Republican officials have denied any
role in the protests.
RELIGION
Bush, an Episcopalian, has defended
Reagan's statement that "politics and
morality are inseparable. And, as
morality's foundation is religion,
religion and politics are necessarily
related." Last month, the vice
president said, "I'll say I think there is
some relationship." He added, "But
that doesn't mean we're saying, you
know, this outrageous demagoguery of
the Democrats, that we're saying God
is a Republican. . . That's absolutely
ridiculous." He said the president is
gaining strength with the religious right
because "they like that concept of faith
expressed by Reagan, even though they
don't want to see religion merged with
state."
Ferraro, a Roman Catholic, was
criticized for mixing religion into the
campaign right after her nomination,
when she said she did not believe
Reagan's claims to be "a good
Christian" because of his cuts in social
programs for the poor. More recently,
Catholic Archbishop John O'Connor of
New York has accused her of
misrepresenting the church's stance on
abortion by saying the Catholic position
on the subject is not monolithic. In a
Sept. 12 speech in Scranton, Pa., she
said she would not "seek to impose my
religious views on others" in the course
of her public duties.
WOMEN
Bush favored the Equal Rights
Amendment in his campaign against
Reagan for the Republican presidential
nomination in 1980. After joining
Reagan on the ticket, he said, "I was
for (the ERA) and I still am." But he
added, there is more than "a frivolous
argument on the other side." Despite
Reagan's opposition to the ERA, Bush
defends the record of the ad-
ministration on women's rights.
Ferraro, the first woman ever
nominated for the vice presidency by a
major political party, says the question
is "not what America can do for
women, but what women can do for
America." She supports the ERA. In
her acceptance speech at the

Personal wealth and
deficit are key issues

Democratic National Convention in San
Francisco, she said, "It isn't right
that-that if trends continue-by the
year 2000 nearly al of the poor people in
America will be women and children."
ENVIRONMENT.
Bush, outlining the Reagan ad-
ministration's accomplishments in his
acceptance speech at the Republican
National Convention in Dallas, said,
"More Americans are enjoying our
country because our parks are cleaner
and our air is purer. Under this
president, more lands have been
acquired for parks, more for wilder-
ness. The quality of life is better." The
environment has never been a special
responsibility of Bush's in his govern-
ment career, and he has not made it a
major issue in his campaign.
Ferraro, a member of the House
Public Works water resources sub-
committee, got a score of 68 out of a
possible 100 from the League of En-
vironmental Voters in its most recent
rating of congressional voting records.
In the two previous years, she had
scores of 92 and 93. She had supported
the position of environmentalists on
pollution issues. She charges that the
Reagan administration has refused to
use more than $1 billion of "Superfund"
money to clean up toxic waste sites and
has blocked reauthorization and expan-
sion of the fund.
TAXES-DEFICIT
Bush, during the 1980 presidential
primary campaign, opposed the 30 per-

cent tax cut, spread out over three
years, that was a keystone of Reagan's
campaign-a tax cut Reagan pushed
through Congress after his election. At
the time, Bush called the plan "voodoo
economics." After Reagan won the
nomination, he said, "That's when we
were campaigning against each other."
Now, he defends administration
economic policy and derides Mondale's
promise to cut $75 million in federal
spending, saying, "If he can sell the
American people on the fact he's going
to cut spending, the leopard is really
changing his spots."
Ferraro has described Reagan as
"the most prolific spender in history"
and challenged him to spell out his own
proposals for budget cuts. "Ronald
Reagan won't let us see his plan," she
said in a New York speech Sept. 24. "If
he had a fair proposal, he'd disclose it.
But he doesn't. And if he gets re-elected
he'll just do what he did before. He'll
make the deepest cuts in programs that
help the weakest people." Ferraro
voted against Reagan's budget and tax
cuts and against a balanced budget
constitutional amendment favored by
the administration.
EMBASSY SECURITY
Bush, a former director of the Central
Intelligence Agency, has joined Reagan
in criticizing cutbacks that they say
former President Carter ordered at the
CIA. When asked whether these cut-
backs led to the bombing of the
American Embassy annex in Beirut,
Bush replied, "I couldn't level that kind
of charge." Reagan, answering a

question about security at the embassy
building during a campaign appearan-
ce in Ohio, spoke about "the near
destruction of our intelligence
capability. . . before we came here."
Reagan later said he took responsibility
himself for embassy security.
Ferraro said Reagan's acceptance of
responsibility was a meaningless
gesture by a man whose "presidency
won't learn from its mistakes." After
two bombings in Beirut in 1983 left 257
Americans dead, she said, "He accep-
ted responsibility and then nothing ever
happened." She added, "Is he telling us
that he is the individual. . . who said to
these people, 'move our embassy em-
ployees in. I take responsibility for that
foolish act'.. . What is he saying when
he accepts responsibility? And what
does he expect the American people to
do?"
ARMS
Bush says the United States is "less
close to war" because of Reagan's ar-
ms buildup and willingness to negotiate
on reducing nuclear weapons, although
U.S.-Soviet talks have been suspended
for more than a year. Like Reagan, he
supports construction and deployment
of the MX intercontinental ballistic
missile and opposes a proposal for a

mutual and verifiable freeze of U.S. and
Soviet nuclear arsenals.
Ferraro voted for the nuclear arms
freeze and against funds for the MX
missile. In a Sept. 18 speech at the
University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee,
she said Reagan "has a long-standing,
implacable hostility to arms control
which goes back more than 20 years."
To the Philadelphia Bar Association the
same day, she said the central issue of
the campaign was "Who is more
capable of managing our nuclear
strategy and building a safer world?"
764-0558
764-0558

The Department of Philosophy
The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
,InnouTlCC.
THE TANNER LECTURE ON HUMAN VALUES
1984
NADINE GORDIMER
South African Writer
(Author of "Burger's Daughter,"
"July's P "ople",andnmanv others...
THE ESSENTIAL GESTURE:
WRITERS AND SOCIETY

~~'v -~x25N

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Friday, October 12
4:00 pm

Modern Languages Building
Aurditorium#3

SYMPOSIUM ON THE TANNER LECTURE
DENNIS BRUTUS
Profcssor of English
Northwcstern Untv etsiy
PHILIPPA FOOT
ProfesNr of Phlo MEophy
UCL A
NADINE GORDIMER

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