Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, October 7, 1984
ROME (AP) - A week after a major
crackdown, on the Mafia, authorities
are painting a grisly picture of the
crime syndicate's pervasive reign of
terror over Sicily's institutions and its
nearly 1.5 million people.
Mafia chieftains, operating within a
strict hierarchy, order murder, abduc-
tion and torture at will, sometimes
simply "for fun," according to uniden-
tified judicial sources quoted by the
Italian news media.
Spurred by the confessions of a jailed
crime boss who defied the Mafia's code
of silence, police in the past week have
rounded up at least 62 suspected mob-
sters in a great sweep described as the
biggest breakthrough against the Mafia
in 20 years.
The crackdown put U.S. authorities
on the trail of other mobsters, and was
called by U.S. Attorney General-
William French Smith "the single most
devastating asault on the Mafia in its
Details of the structure and tactics of
the secret crime society have emerged
from warrants against people arrested
and from testimony by Tommaso
Buscetta, the mobster who turned
Buscetta violated the time-honored
"omerta" code of silence, purportedly
to avenge the killings of seven relatives
by rival gangs.
POPE JOHN Paul II denounced the
Mafia anew yesterday saying the
Roman Catholic Church must "stand in
the front now" in the fight against
An estimated 25,000 people gathered
in this Calabrian city to hear the pope
for the second straight day recite a
grim litany of what the "sad reality" of
routine Mafia practices, including
murder, theft, kidnapping and extor-
Calabria is the home of the Mafia-like
Ndrangheta underword crime
organization and a base of operations
for several Mafia branches. As the pope
was speaking, Italian police said they
had arrested 34 suspected 'Ndrangheta
members yesterday for allegedly run-
ning a drug ring that was centered in
the Ligurian coast city of Genoa but
also operated in Calabria.
The bloody battles for control of
Sicily's multibillion-dollar drug trade
had eased this year, with 23 Mafia-
related deaths this year before yester-
day, compared with 107 last year and
152 in 1982, police said.
Italian police mass in front of the main gate of Palermo, Sicily's Ucciardone
prison Friday where 24 recently-arrested mafia suspects were to be tran-
sferred to other facilities.
Nation's camnpuses ignite over alcohol rest rktions
MADISON, WI (CPS) - Students at
the University of Wisconsin-Madison -
joined by disgruntled students from
across the state - staged a mass
"drink-in" on the steps of the state
capitol last week to protest efforts to
raise the drinking age there to 21.
"We, as students, understand that we
and our peers will not stop drinking
because the law dictates that we do,"
proclaimed Dan Katz, legislative af-
fairs director for the Wisconsin Student
Association, which represents student
governments from campuses ,around
THE DEFIANCE of new drinking
policies expressed by Katz and other
students at the Wisconsin drink-in -
Purdue students riot
(Continued from Page 1),
Brown said. "It was just a party that
Police said about 1,000 young people,
including Purdue and Ohio State
students, attended the party. About 200
of them spilled into the street at about
midnight, overturning garbage cans
and smashing car windows.
Don Cooley, a Purduepsychology
-major, estimated the crowd at between
300 and 500 students in front of the house
"when the first bottle flew" about mid-
night. The party had been advertised in
the campus newspaper.
"SUDDENLY WE were bombarded
with bottles. They broke out the rear
window of my squad car and they put a
dent in my car,?' said Michael Boesch,
one of the first officers on the scene.
"We backed off until we could
ascertain the best way to bo about it"
Students cheered and chanted "Pigs
Go Home," witnesses said. The crowd
smashed the windshields of two West
Lafayette police cars and dented the
trunk of another, police Lt. Larry Cohee.
Three of the partygoers pulled a
passing motorist from his car and beat
him, police said. The motorist, Randy
Miller, 31, of Lafayette, was treated at
a hospital and released.
MARK FERGUSON, 22, of Lafayette,
was struck by a rock when he walked
out of the pizza shop where he worked.
The students heaved beer bottles and
pounded on cars that tried to drive
through the crowd. A main thorough-
fare was littered with broken glass.
Seventeen Purdue students were
arrested on charges of disorderly con-,
duct and visiting a house of common
nuisance - a place where a criminal
activity occurs. Two University of
Illinois students and one from Prospect,
KY., also were arrested, Cohee said.
The crowd eventually marched
toward the Purdue campus, chanting
"Campus, Campus." They broke open
the door of the Purdue Memorial Union
and did some damage before disper-
"We were hoping it would disperse
and defuse itself, which is eventually
what happened," said State Police Lt.
Brown said more than 100 officers
from five police departments were in-
volvedin quelling the disturbance.
where the day's motto was "Fuck 'em if
we can't take a drink" - has been
echoed by students around the nation
over the last month.
While some experts predicted tough
new campus drinking regulations
nationwide would cause some students
unease as they learned new ways to
socialize, it appears that many students
are flaunting the regulations openly
and at times even outwardly rebelling
At North Carolina State University,
for instance, state alcohol control agen-
ts recently arrested 36 students in one
night for alcohol policy violations at a
campus fraternity party.
THE NEXT night agents arrested 53
more NCSU students on similar
Police arrested 56 students for liquor
violations at Illinois State University
during the first weekend in September,
and arrested 47 more violators the
Indiana University random checks in
a desperate attempt to enforce the new
alcohol policy on that campus, where
freshmen supposedly believe "that you
come to IU to get drunk," says Dean of
Students Michael Gordon.
"SOME VERY important people, in-
cluding some students, staff, and
faculty, are willing to say, 'Ha, (the
campus alcohol policy) is all a very
funny joke," Gordon complains.
That's evidently the feeling of some
Notre Dame students, who last summer
"kidnapped" a bust of famed football
coach KnuteiRockne to protest the
school's drinking policy.
Along with a color picture of the bust
comfortably tanning at a nearby beach,
the Notre Dame student paper has
received a ransom note warning that
the Rockne sculpture won't be returned
"till the students have their beer."
PROBLEMS AND complications
with alcohol policies also are plaguing
such schools as Fort Hays State
University, Arizona State, St. Bonaven-
ture, and New Mexico, to name a few.
"Alcohol-related problems are ob-
viously taking up more time of campus
law enforcement agencies these days,
and alcohol abuse is a greater problem,
or at least recognized more," says Dan
Keller, director of Campus Crime
Prevention Programs and chief of
public safety at the University of
"We have two or three major things
happening at the same time that are
making the alcohol problem greater, or
at least more visible on a lot of cam-
puses," he explains.
FOR ONE thing, "students who may
have been drinking legally off campus
are now transferring their drinking
habits to campus where new policies
make drinking illegal."
In addition, "many states are now
raising their drinking ages to 21,
creating displaced drinkers who have
no place to drink except on campus," he
Finally, Keller notes, "alcohol abuse
has replaced drug abuse as the number
one student behavior problem. And all
these problems combined are really
making alcohol an issue at many
colleges and universities."
THE WHOLE "get tough" attitude
toward student drinking, some believe,
is only making the matter worse at man
"Any time you trim back people's
rights and opportunity, there will be
some reactions," says Jonathan Bur-
ton, executive director of the National
Just as many students and frater-
nities were endorsing new drinking
policies and campus alcohol awareness
programs, he says, administrators and
politicians started cramming new rules
down students' throats.
Instead officials should be working to
''change attitudes as opposed to
legislation," Burton says.
"The whole movement might have
been much more effective if the cam-
pus alcohol education programs had
been given more time to pick up
speed," he theorizes. "First comes
education, then minds are changed, and
then legislation can be enacted with
everyone's full support."
,And while the new 'campus alcohol
crackdown is preoccupying police,
frustrating administrators, and
angering students, it may not be having
any effect on what it was designed to
prevent: alcohol-related accidents.
A recent Boston University study
found that raising the drinking age
from 18 to 20 five years ago has had no
effect on traffic deaths,
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Ride secures shuttle antenna
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.-Astronaut Sally Ride secured a balky antenna
with Challenger's reliable robot arm yesterday, while two of her colleagues
transferred volatile fuel from one tank to another in a successful test of
techniques for refueling satellites in orbit.
"We completed the transfer in 25 minutes and everything looked good,"
astronaut Kathy Sullivan reported after she and David Leestma had pumped
70 pounds of hydrazine fuel from tank to tank by remote control.
A radar antenna taken into orbit to gather data about Earth and its
failed to latch down properly, and NASA directed Ride, the chief arm
operator, to nudge it with the 50-foot crane.
"We got the latch engaged," she reported.
"Outstanding," Mission Control replied. "Every handyman ought to have
one of those arms in his tool box."
The antenna failure did not affect other experiments or normal
spacecraft-to-ground communications, and Challenger and its record crew
of five men and two women were doing well, officials reported.
"The spacecraft is healthy and doing well," said flight director Cleon
Lacefield. "The crew is doing great."
Marc Garneau, the first Canadian astronaut, conducted science ex-
periments, and Paul Scully-Power, a Navy oceanographer, studied the Ear-
Nazis march on State Capitol
LANSING-A group of 13 Nazi sympathizers hurled racial epithets and
were met by taunts from a crowd of about 80 curious onlookers yesterday,
but there was no violence, in contrast to a similar rally last year.
The youthful right-wing demonstrators, affiliated with the Detroit-area
"SS Action Group," were prevented from entering state property by about 60
uniformed and undercover state police troopers. The demonstrators had
earlier been denied permission to march on the Capitol grounds.
Instead, the black-clad group, wearing Nazi symbols, marched on the
street in front of the Capitol. They carried signs, some with anti-Semitic
messages, and chanted "white power" and anti-Communist slogans.
Two demonstrators were detained briefly by state police troopers. State
police Lt. Joseph Geshel said police suspected the shields carried by the
demonstrators were actually painted-over stop signs. The shields carried
E. German refugees seek asylum
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia-Uniformed police were stationed yesterday
around the West German embassy where East Germans seeking political
asylum basked in the sun as West and East Germna authorities negotiated
Diplomatic sources in Prague said about 100 East Germans have taken
refuge in the three-story building that houses the embassy. They are the
latest among scores of East Germans.who this year have dramatized their
determination to emigrate by fleeing into Western embassies.
About 30 geen-garbed police standing in pairs guarded all approaches to
the embassy yesterday, a considerable increase from the one or two officers
normally visible in a guard house across the street.
West German government spokesman Peter Boenisch said Friday about
80 people, including 20 children, had fled to the Prague embassy in the past
10 days. However, witnesses said a group of more then 10 people climbed an
embassy fence to enter the compound after Boenisch made his remarks.
West German Cahncellor 'Helmut Kohn said in a television interview
yesterday there was not much his government could do at this point to solve
the impasse, but that negotiations were under way and he remained hopeful
for a solution.
UAW locals vote on GM pact
DETROIT-United Auto Workers members at General Mors voted on a
tentative pact yesterday while bargainers for the UAW and Ford Motor Co.
met through the weekend on a contract covering 114,000 hourly workers.
The proposed national contract includes a 20 cents an hour raise for
assemblers and cost-of-living allowances. It also includes an $180 bonus for
approving the pact and other bonuses averaging to $725 in 1985 and $750 in
At least five major locals have already rejected the tentative GM
pact-Lakewood, Ga., Lordstown, Ohio, and three units in
Michigan-Saginaw, Lansing and Kalamazoo.-Workers in Van Nuys, Calif.,
approved the agreement.
Voting on the tentative GM agreement began Friday and continued Satur-
day. UAW officials said results of the rank-and-file votes won't be officially
released until after voting ends Oct. 14.
A spokesman at UAW Local 488, representing 3,000 workers at the Fisher
Body plant in Kalamazoo, said the pact was rejected Friday 59 to 41 percent.
Anti-apartheid activists seized
upon leaving British consulate
DURBAN, South Africa-Three anti-apartheid activists who had taken
refuge in the British consulate last month left the building yesterday "to
challenge the South African government," and were seized by police,
a orities and witnesses said.
o yesterday, Law and Order Minister Lduis le Grange disclosed that 80
blacks have been killed-well above previously released figures-in recent
rioting in black townships. He blamed the violence, the worst since 1976,.on
the black United Democratic Front.
The three activists were among six who took refuge in the British con-
sulate on Sept. 13. Three others remained in the consulate for the 23rd day,
evading orders from the white-ruled government for their detention without
Tuition continues to climb
BOSTON, MA (CPS) - By the time
the babies born this year get to college,
they may have to pay $45,000 to $180,000
for their degrees and face a huge post-
graduate debt, according to a recent
accounting firm study.
"We've witnessed an increase of
more than 330 percent in tuition and
required fees over the past 15 years in
the public sector alone," says Clark
Bernard, chairman of higher education
planning for Cooper and Lybrand,
which conducted the college costs study
for the American Association of State
Colleges and Universities (ASSCU).
IF SUCH rapid tuition increases con-
tinue through the turn of the century, as
many financial experts expect,
"families who have a child this year
will probably have to spend $45,000 for a
public college education in 18 years,"
Proposal could mean cut i
(Continued from Page 1)
ALONG WITH other colleges in the
state, the University will mail infor-
mation explaining the impact of Voter's
Choice on higher education to parents
and alumni. State law prohibits the
colleges from publicizing a particular
In across-the-board spending cut-
backs, public colleges across the state
would lose $80 million in aid next 'year,
according to Don Stypula of Promote
Michigan, a group formed to campaign
against the proposal.
The University alone would suffer a
drop in appropriations of about $16
million, said Richard Kennedy, vice
president for state relations. The
University currently receives. about
$149 million annually from the state.
".THAT, AS YOU can imagine, is a
pretty enormous hit," Kennedy said.
But the cut could be even deeper, he
added. When state fiscal planners are
slicing a shrinking budget pie, they tend
to give.higher education a dispropor-
tionately smaller piece, Kennedy said..
Colleges and universities usually can'
turn to alternate sources of revenue -
namely tuition - more easily than
To compensate for the drop in ap-
propriations, the University would be
forced to hike tuition as much as 19 to 21
percent, said Pete Pellerito, a state and
n aid to 'U',
community relations officer for the
"YOU CAN BET you'd see some
significant tuition increase in the fall of
1985 for sure," he said.
But that boost would require ap-
proval by seven of the eight regents if
tuition is defined as a user fee. It
would be subject to a rollback as well.
In 1961, an in-state underclassman paid
$808 in tuition a term, $276 less than this
year's students. The total decrease in
tuition revenue could be as much as $32
million, administrators estimate.
OVERALL, the University could lose
$54 million of it $344 million budget.
University officials said they haven't
determined which areas would be cut
first if the University was dealt such a
cut. But some said the reductions would
be more wide-sweeping than cutbacks
in maintenance and renovation the
University traditionally has made in
order to balance its books.
"If Proposal C is passed, there is
some view (cutbacks) would be more
permanent and therefore reductions
what this University is as a result of
this (proposal) is really the ominous
thing. It cannot be what it is at its
present state," he added.
Administrators also say the proposal
would place the University in such a
tenuous financial position that recruit-
ment of top-notch faculty and resear-
chers would be crippled.
BUT RICHARD CHRYSLER, a
Brighton businessman and one of the
strongest backers of Voter's Choice,
"People in this state want good roads,
good colleges . . . You don't have to
have ties to higher education to support
it," Chrysler said.
"All we want is greater participation
by the voters and that's absolutely ad-
mirable in a democracy," Chrysler
BUT THAT EXTRA participation
could debilitate state government,
Bullard said. - The four-fifths
requirement would mean that only
eight senators orstwenty-two represen-
tantives could block fee hikes.
Vol.'XCV - No.28
The Michigan Daily (ISSN 0745-967X) is published Tuesday through Sunday
during the Fall and Winter terms and Tuesday through Saturday during the
Spring and Summer terms by students at the University of Michigan. Sub-
scription rates: September through April - $16.50 in Ann Arbor; $29.00
outside the city; May through August - $4.50 in Ann Arbor, $6.00 outside the
city. Second-class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. Postmaster: Send
address changes to The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
The Michigan Daily is a member of the Associated Press and subscribes to
United Press International, Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times Syndi-
cate and'College Press Service, and United Students Press Service.
MICHIGAN STUDENT ASSEMBLY NEEDS YOU!
Positions are now available on the following Regental and University Committees:
ovi on i n- rf% w 01 uIL1E9 r
Editor in chief............ ......BILL SPINDLE
Managing Editors................CHERYL BAACKE
Associate News Editors ............ LAURIE DELATER
Personnel Editor....................SUE BARTO
Opinion Page Editors ................JAMES BOYD
*.IEWS STAFF: Marcy Fleischer, Mario Gold, Thomas
Hrach, Rachel Gottlieb. Sean Jackson, Carrie Levine,
sric Mattson. Tracey Miller, Kery Murakomi. Allison
Magazine Editor ...................JOSEPH KRAUS
Associate Magazine Editor .......... BEN YOMTOOB
Arts Editors ........... ........: FANNIE WEINSTEIN
Associate Arts Editors............... BYRON BULL
Sports Editor ..................... MIKE MCGRAW
Associate Sports Editors............JEFF BERGIDA
SPORTS STAFF: Dave Aretho, Mark Borowski, Joe
Ewing. Chris Gerbasi, Jim Gindin, Skip Goodman,
Steve Herz, Rick Kaplan, Tom Keaney, Tim Makinen,
Adamn Martin. Scott McKinlay, Barb McQuade, Brad
Morgan, Jerry Muth, Phil Nussel, Mike Redstone.
Scott Salowich. Randy Schwartz, Susan Warner.
Business Manager...............STEVEN BLOOM
Advertising Manager .......... MICHAEL MANASTER
Display Manager .................... LIZ CARSON
Nationals Manager...................JOE ORTIZ
Sales Manager ... :............. DEBBIE DIOGUARDI