Ice cream cone gets
the cold shoulder
By MAUREEN MCLAUGHLIN
Miller's didn't know. Jason's didn't
know. Lovin' Spoonful didn't know;
even Baskin Robbins didn't know.
These four highly respected Ann Ar-
bor ice cream institutions didn't know
that September 22 is the anniversary of
the ice cream cone.
EIGHTY-ONE years ago today an
Italian merchant Italo Marchiony filed
a .patent for a walk-while-you-eat
pastry cope to hold the lemon ices he
sold from a push cart.
',I didn't know about it," said Laura
Moore, a first year pharmacy student
working at Stroh's Ice Cream Parlor in
the Union, adding that she doesn't have
any big plans for a celebration.
"I might tell people that it was the
anniversary and to have a nice day."
JEFF BOUDIN, owner of Miller's Ice
Cream Parlor on S. University, pointed
out that September 22 is only the official
birthday of the ice cream cone's patent.
"Miller's has been serving ice cream
in cones since 1896," he said, "and
others were doing it before then."
Ice cream's history goes back even
further than the late nineteenth cen-
tury. According to Famous First Facts,
George Washington made an expense
ledger purchase record of "a cream
machine for ice," on May 17, 1784. In
1786, Mr. Hall of New York City com-
mercialized ice cream by advertising
his homemade product.
NO ONE really knows when ice
cream was first made. Recipes for
water ices may have been brought to
Europe by the Italian trader Marco
Polo when he returned from China in
Today, the United States produces
over 775 million gallons of ice cream
Another claim to creation of the first
ice cream cone, originated at the 1904
Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St.
Louis, Mo. A young ice cream
salesman, Charles Menches, gave an
ice cream sandwich and flowers to the
lady he was escorting. She took one of
the layers of the sandwich and rolled it
in a cone form to act as a vase - inven-
ting the ice cream cone.
IRONICALLY, September 22 is not
widely known as the ice cream cone's
birthday, but rather as the first official
day of autumn. Many calendars men-
tion only this seasonal fact. In a random
sample conducted at Border's Book
Shop and Follet's, The Michael Jackson
Caldendar, The Hunk-A-Month Calen-
dar, The Christy Brinkley Calendar and
the University of Michigan Football
Calendar all failed to mention the ice
Special-interest calendars which
should have drawn attention to this
famous fact, also overlooked their op-
portunity. The Food Caldendar opted
for the autumnal announcement, and
The Boynton Calendar of Self-
Indulgence instead chose to list Sep-
tember 22 as National White Chocolate
When she learned of this red-letter
day, Debi Matzo, an LSA junior said,
"We're having a big party at our
"EVERYBODY gets a big gallon of
ice cream," added engineering senior
Not everyone on campus was so
thrilled about the holiday, however.
"If I celebrated everything that
t +. 1
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The Michigan Daily - Saturday, September 22, 1984 - Page 3
trivial, I'd never get anything done,"
said a classical studies teaching
assistant who preferred to remain
anonymous. "It's a way for the ice
cream stores to increase capitalistic
A UNIVERSITY professor sitting
outside of Jason's who asked to remain
anonymous, said he'll be staying away
from ice cream shops today.
"I don't even eat ice cream.I'm here
for a cup of coffee and because it's sun-
ny. It's the last nice day before winter
After being alerted to this special oc-
casion, the ice cream parlors surveyed,
did decide to proclaim a holiday.
"We will be doing something special,
but it will be a surprise," said Joan~
French, owner of Jason's.
"After we know what all the rest are
doing," said Boudin of Miller's, "we'll
have a great surprise!"
r i J
eg ents. pump
By CHARLES SEWELL
The University's Board of Regents Thursday ap-
roved the establishment of a cardiovascular fitness
tnd sports medicine program in Thomas Monaghan's
hew Domino Farms complex.
(he program will allow University medical resear-
hers to expand their studies in sports medicine. At
the same time, the facility will provide the public
with fitness training and rehabilitation for heart and
lung disease and sports-related injuries.
HOSPITAL officials say the program will also ser-
ve area high school and college athletes.
But Huron High School Trainer Rod Sorger said he
Doesn't know if the school's athletes will use the
up sports medicine program
From AP and UPI
BEIRUT, Lebanon - American of-
ficials launched an investigation
yesterday into the breakdown of
security at the U.S. Embassy that made
it possible for Islamic suicide com-
mandos to bomb the building and kill at
least 23 people.
Thursday's attack was carried out by
two pro-Iranian terrorists in a TNT-
packed truck bearing diplomatic licen-
se plates who drove through machine
gun fire into the U.S. compound and ex-
ploded its 330-pound cargo about 20 feet
from the embassy building.
THE EXPLOSION dug a trench nine
feet deept, wrecked the facade of the
six-story building and sent chunks of
steel and stone flying to a crowd of
Lebanese gathered at the embassy vis
The administration Friday praised
Lebanese guards at the U.S. Embassy
in Beirut, saying they prevented a wor-
se disaster and that security at the
facility was adequate.
At the White House, presidential
spokesman Larry Speakes said "The
president is satisfied with the facts as
he knows them."
A STATE Department spokesman
said the death toll could have beenmfar
higher had it not been for the valor of
Lebanese guards and the security
measures already in place.
"It's the Embassy's preliminary
assessment that the firing of the guard
force did prevent the driver of the
suicide vehicle from maneuvering into
the garage under the annex," State
Department spokesman John Hughes
"Had the driver of that car, loaded
with dynamite, done so, it is the
assessment of the ambassador and the
embassy there that the disaster would
have been much greater."
U.S. Ambassador Reginald Bar-
tholomew, injured in the attack, said
yesterday that the bomber shot a
Lebanese guard, was fired at and
slumped over the wheel before his ex-
plosive-laden van blew up.
British Ambassador David Miers,
who was in a meeting with Bar-
tholomew when the explosion occurred,
said "God knows, this was bad enough,
but it could have been a hell of a lot
worse." Asked about the reports that
steel gates were to have been installed
at the entrance to the annex in the next
several days, he said: "You know, any
gate would not have stopped him."
BUT HOUSE Speaker Thomas
O'Neill (D-Mass.) insisted,
"Somebody's responsible in the ad-
ministraton and they ought to bear the
responsibility instead of making them-
In an interview with news agency
reporters, a clearly angry O'Neill said
that after reviewing his notes from an
administration briefing he received on
the incident,' "I think it's an absolute
He said that what was most upsetting
was that diagrams of the area shown to
him during the briefing indicated only a
guard house and four barriers im-
mediately behind it and then a virtually
clear road to the embassy annex area.
"THE MAPS they showed us Thur-
sday and the maps that I saw on TV
don't appear to be the same maps,"~
O'Neill said, referring to his impression
that maps used on television news
programs seemed to show more
O'Neill, saying "somebody has to
take the responsibility," dismissed
assertions by administration officials
that it is impossible to make embassies
invulnerable to terrorst attack because
they are public buildings. U.S. facilities
in Beirut have been the targets of
deadly attacks three times.
"The truth is, this is something you
can protect against," O'Neill said of the
suicide car-bomb attack Thursday that
left two Americans dead among the
dozen people killed in the blast.
Although Walter Mondale, cam-
paigning in Birmingham, Ala. did not
blame Reagan for the lapses, he said the
president is responsible for the "central
agencies of his administration in the
area. Mondale said there was clear
warning an attack might be made on a
U.S. facility and blamed the ad-
ministration for a "lax response" to a
"perceived threat." "If they have an-
swers we need to hear them," he said.
Sen. Carl Levin, (D-Mich.), called for
an emergency meeting of the Senate
Armed Services Committee to deter-
mine "why - precautions were not
adequate" to prevent the attack. He
said the embassy had a "toothless
"It will entirely depend on the relationship we are
able to establish with the people out there," he said.
A TRAINER from Pioneer High School said the
school has been "very pleased by past experiences
with University facilities. We will certainly refer our
students to the University facility."
Jeptha. Dalston, executive director of University
Hospitals, said the new program would combine
similar research efforts in the hospital's internal
medicine and surgery departments.
Moving the program to the Domino Farms comples
in Ann Arbor Township, would expand its current size
ten-fold, Dalston said.
"Another advantage of the Domino's facility would
be the availability of 10,000 square feet of gym space
for patients coming to the center for rehabilitation
and participants in the cardiovascular fitness
program," Dalston said, adding that the facility
would also house basketball courts and an indoor
The program is expected to cost the University
$400,000 in start-up costs and $650,000 in operating ex-
penses each year. The Domino's complex is to be
completed in October 1985 and the University would
move in within three months, Dalston said.
program is now waiting for state ap-
From staff reports
Uliversity regents yesterday con-
firmed a court decision ordering them
to return the Master's degree which
they rescinded from Wilson Crook in
Crook, who completed his Master's
thesis here in 1977, was accused of
falsifying data in his Geology and
Minerology thesis. Crook received the
tgree to return degree to Crook
degree in 1977, but it was revoked in
1980 after an investigation by a Univer-
CROOK THEN sued the University to
get his degree back, and in November,
1981, U.S. District Court Judge Anna
Diggs Taylor of Detroit ruled that,
although the University had the right to
take away the degree, a separate
question existed as to whether Crook
received due process from the Univer-
The judge ruled earlier this year that
Crook had not received due process and
ordered the degree be reinstated. The
University then appealed the decision
and received a temporary order from
the U.S. Court of Appeals in Cincinnati
allowing them to withhold the degree
until the case was settled.
But last month a three-judge panel in
the same court ordered the University
to return the degree immediately, and
yesterday University Counsel Roderick
Daane asked the regents to confirm
Reached at his home in Colorado,
Crook refused to discuss the case. His
lawyer George Bushnell of Detroit
could not be reached for comment.
(Continued from Page 1)
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Arbor)
abstained from voting because he said
taking a stand on the highly political
issue "may or may not be the proper
role of the University."
"I AM TROUBLED by the fact that
we take the people's money and use it to
lobby against them,' he added.
sonally doesn't support the proposal, he
doesn't "think the University would
stop being a university if it passed."
Oakland County Prosecutor L.
Brooks Patterson, a sponsor of Voter's,.
Choice, defended the proposal as "a
reaction to the abuses of our so-called
representative form of government."
He added that the "absolute arrogance
on the part of the legislature" makes it
necessary for the voters to take matters
into their own hands.
PATTERSON SAID Proposal C
might even help the University because
its leaders can plea directly to voters
for more aid. He pointed to dwindling
state appropriations as a sign that the
state hasn't made higher education a
Patterson said he believes the regen-
ts resolved to fight the proposal
because "they're probably reacting to
pressure from the legislature...I think
the educators are intimidated by the
Several members of the legislature
and Gov. James Blanchard have
spoken out against the proposal, saying
it would hurt Michigan's economy and
the representative form of government.
IN OTHER ACTION yesterday, the
regents approved necessary bylaw
changes to set up as an independent
academic unit the physical education
department. The new unit will be
divided into two departments: the
Department of Kinesiology and the
Department of Sports Management and
The new unit will report directly to
the vice president for academic affairs.
The regents also approved contracts
for the $4.5 million renovation of Lorch
Hall, which will house the economics
department. The department has been
housed just north of central campus in
the North Ingalls Building since the
Economics Building was destroyed by a
fire in 1981.
Plans for the renovation include new
heating and air conditioning systems.
People have a right to say how much
u tion at they'll be taxed."
Baker said that although he per-
Raymond Leppard conducts the Chicago Symphony Orchestra at Hill
Auditorium tonight at 8:30 p.m.
AAFC-Terms of Endearment, 7 & 9:30 p.m., MLN 3; Berlin Alexander-
platz, 2 & 7:30 p.m., Aud. A, Angell Hall.
Alt. Act. -Adam's Rib, 7:30 p.m.; Pat & Mike, 9:15 p.m., MLB 4.
Mediatrics-Damn Yankees, 7 p.m.; Diner, 9 p.m., Nat. Sci.
U-Club-Figures On A Beach and DJ Tom Simonian, 8:30 p.m.
Performance Network-North Country Opera.8 p.m., 408 W. Washington.
Ark-Peter "Madcat" Ruth, 8 p.m., 637 S. Main.
The Brecht Company-The Titanic Cabaret, 7:30 & 10:30 p.m., Halfway
4m, East Quad.
Ann Arbor Civic Theater-Key Exchange, 8 p.m., AACT Building, Main
The Rorantists-a capella men's choir, St. Andrew's Church, Division at
"Ann Arbor Go Club, 2p.m., 1433 Mason Hall.
Social Work Alumni Society-8:15 a.m., Alumni Center.
AAUW-Book sale, 10 a.m.-9 p.m., Arborland Mall.
Michigan League-League buffet, cafeteria.
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GM plants reopen under three-year settlement
DETROIT (AP) - Picket lines began
coming down at General Motors Corp.
plants yesterday after the company and
the United Auto Workers tentatively
agreed on a three-year contract that
sources said gives money and
retraining for displaced workers and a
pay raise of more than seven percent.
The agreement was announced at
2:10 a.m. Thursday following six days
of crippling spot strikes against the
nation's largest carmaker, which had
prompted layoffs both at GM and in
UAW PRESIDENT Owen Bieber,
emerging tired from a 16 -hour
bargaining session, said the pact was
historic because of its novel job
Chief GM bargainer Alfred Warren
called it a "win-win situation" for both
sides that will make GM more com-
The union and GM said they would
keep the accord secret until the union
convenes its 300-member GM Council
Wednesday in St. Louis.
SOURCES WHO spoke on condition
that they not be identified said the pact,
which covers 350,000 hourly employees,
provides money and retraining for
workers displaced if GM farms out
work overseas or to non-union shops,
THE NATIONAL agreement does not
enrich the profit-sharing formula
established in 1982, the sources said.
However, GM is expected to earn more
than $5 billion this year, with payouts of
more than $1,000 to the average hourly
The strikes cost GM more than
million, according to estimates by Wall
Following council review, the rank
and file will vote on the contract. That
is expected to take about a week.
THE UNION and Ford Motor Co. ex-
tended their expired contract while the
UAW bargained at GM. Bieber said the
union now will go across town to match
the pact at Ford.
However, some local UAW leaders
said they were reserving judgment un-
til they see the agreement.
"I'm assuming they did a good job on
job security," said Pat Hilla, president
of UAW Local 167 in Grand Rapids,
Mich., which represents 2,511 workers
making diesel engines and engine par-
ts. "Our people are kind of relieved."
HILLA SAID the job security
provisions "would affect us rather
heavily" because GM has wanted to cut
costs by farming out more of its com-
The UAW authorized local strikes at
13 plants at midnight Sept. 14 when
negotiations failed to produce a
national agreement, and four more sets
of plants were struck this week.
Fifteen of those plants were carefully
chosen final-assembly operations, and
the tactic caused a backlog of parts in
GM's highly integrated system.
MORE THAN 19,000 non-striking
workers were laid off as a result. The
agreement came just in time to avoid
thousands more layoffs, including the
first ones in Canadian parts plants.
Bieber said the pact "meets our No. 1
objective - it provides an unpreceden-
ted measure of job security to our GM
members and gains commitments from
the company to maintain production
and jobs in the United States for the
However, it apparently would allow
the company to retain broad rights to
subcontract work, while providing
financial safety nets for those who lose
their jobs in the process.
The union's demands at the start of
bargaining called for stricter controls
on subcontracting. One source said GM,
in a series of letters attached to the
proposed contract, made pledges to do
what it can to keep jobs in the United
The accord also would not directly af-
fect GM's plans to import hundreds of
thousands of small Japanese cars into
the United States.
COMEDY 7:30 P
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