Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 11, 1984
Physicist denies being
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ATLANTA (AP)-Physicist William
Shockley told jurors hearing his libel
suit that atnewspaper article about his
genetic theories had falsely portrayed
him as a "rabid, anti-black who. is in
favor of eliminating the black race."
"I am not an intellectual racist or any
other kind of racist," the 74-year-old
scientist told a six-member jury in U.S.
SHOCKLEY, who shared a Nobel
prize in physics in 1956 for his role in the
invention of the transistor, is seeking
$1.25 million in damages from Cox En-
terprises Inc. and Roger Witherspoon,
a former reporter for The Atlanta Con-
Shockley claims the article libeled
him by comparing his proposal for
voluntary sterilization of the
"genetically disadvantaged" to ex-
periments carried out in Nazi Ger-
Witherspoon asserted in the article,
published in 1980 by The Constitution,
one of the newspapers in the Cox group,
that Shockely's proposals were
"reworked Hitlerian experiments."
UNDER QUESTIONING from his at-
torney yesterday, Shockley described
that characterization as "a damnable,
evil lie," and said he believed genetic
experiments carried out by German
scientists were "hideous and horrible."
Shockley's proposal would provide
bonuses to certain non-taxpaying in-
dividuals of child-bearing age who'
volunteered to be sterilized. The
amount of the bonus would vary based
upon scientific estimates of an in-
dividual's capability of transmitting
such genetically carried illnesses as
sickle-cell anemia, epilepsy and Hun-
In addition, Shockley has proposed
increasing bonuses by the amount an
individual's intelligence quotient falls
below the 100-point level deemed nor-
mal intelligence for whites.
PREVIOUS witnesses in the trial,
which began last Wednesday, have said
that would make 85 percent of the black
population in America eligible for the
Shockley, whose degrees are in
physics, not genetics, said yesterday
that he believes blacks as a group are
intellectually inferior to whites as a
group because of a long-existing 15-
point variance in intelligence scores,
which he traces to genetics.
On the witness stand, Shockley in-
sisted Witherspoon was wrong in
describing a goal of his proposal as the
sterilitation of a large portion of the black
race in America. He said he has never
made the statement, attributed to him
in the article, that he believes "blacks
are reproducing themselves into
He has said he views American
blacks as the group most threatened by
what he calls dysgenics, which he
defines as "retrogressive evolution
caused by excessive reproduction by
the genetically disadvantaged."
Under cross-examination, Shockley
conceded he had no degree in genetics
but insisted that he applied scientific
principles in researching his theory.
to The Daily
CompIled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Romanian leader to visit Bonn
BONN, West Germany - Romanian President Nikolai Ceausescu, again
defying Soviet pressure, will visit Bonn despite abrupt cancellations of trips
to West Germany by two other East bloc leaders, officials said yesterday.
West German government spokesman Juergen Sudhoff also said a plan-
ned meeting late this month at the United Nations between Foreign Minister
Hans-Dietrich Genscher and his Soviet counterpart, Andrei Gromyko,
remained "firmly scheduled."
Doubts about the two diplomatic contacts with the East bloc were raised
Sunday when Bulgarian chief of state Todor Zhivkov suddenly scrubbed a
scheduled Sept. 19-22 trip to Bonn.
The move came a week after the surprise cancellation of a long an-
ticipated visit from East German leader Erich Honecker.
Asked whether the Oct. 15-19 Ceausescu visit was now imperiled, Sudhoff
said: "I think you already have the answer." He then quoted a Romanian
Embassy spokesman in Bonn who said earlier, "Of course the president is
Israelis hit suspected PLO camp
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Israeli warplanes bombed a suspected Palestinian
position yesterday, warning guerrillas against expansion and a Moslem
leader. against deploying suicide troops.
The Lebanese military command said one man was killed and another
wounded in the predawn raid on the town of Bhamdoun, 14 miles east of
Beirut in the central Lebanese mountains.
The Abu Mousa group - dissidents in Yasser Arafat's Fatah faction of the
Palestine Liberation Organization - announced the Israelis had hit one of its
bases, killing one of its officers and wounding two guerrillas.
The Lebanese command said air-to-ground missiles fired by the Israeli
planes demolished an ammunition dump, but it did not say whose dump it
In Tel Aviv, the Israeli command said its pilots scored "accurate hits" on
a three-story building which it said was used as a command post by a
Marxist Palestinian guerrilla group, the Democratic Front for the
Liberation of Palestine.
Scientists approach AIDS vaccine
SAN FRANCISCO - Scientist said yesterday they have moved a giant
step closer to producing an experimental vaccine against AIDS, following
their success in cloning genes of the virus believed to cause the deadly
"We think as a result of the cloning that in six to eight months we will have
a diagnostic product available, and within that time ... we will be in position
to begin evaluating a vaccine," said Dr. Lacy Overby, vice president of
Chiron Corp., the Emeryville-based company that' announced the
The vaccine would not cure the disease, he said, but would protect healthy
people against it.
AIDS, or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, destroys the body's
ability to fight disease, leaving it susceptible to rare cancers, pneumonia
and other infections. It most often strikes homosexual men, intravenous
drug abusers, hemophiliacs and Haitians. It also has striken a handful of
men and women who received blood from donors with the disease.
Using recombinant DNA techniques, researchers planted the suspect
virus's genetic material into bacteria and a special class of virus. These
organisms then created more of the suspect virus's genes as they
GM makes broad proposal
DETROIT - General Motors Corp., hoping to avert a weekend strike,
gave the United Auto Workers union yesterday what it called a costly and
"far-reaching" job security proposal that would protect "a significant num-
ber" of jobs.
GM chief negotiator Alfred Warren said the proposal, addressing the
UAW's No. 1 bargaining issue, was delivered in late afternoon. The union
caucused behind closed doors at GM headquarters and declined immediate
The UAW and GM are working against a Friday midnight deadline, when
their present contract expires and a walkout by 350,000 union members
becomes a possibility.
Warren called the proposal "complex," but not so much that it would
prevent a contract agreement by Friday night.
He would not release details of the proposal, saying only that GM con-
siders it to be "probably one of the most far-reaching and one of the most
important offers we've ever made to the United Auto Workers."
"We think that it addresses the needs of our employees," Warren said.
WMU faculty goes on strike
The faculty at Western Michigan University went on strike in a contract
dispute yesterday but university officials said they planned to use ad-
ministrators and substitutes to keep classes open for 18,000 students.
Elsewhere, strikes by more than 2,700 teachers in eight Michigan school
districts continued yesterday. More than 56,000 students were affected by
strikes in Grand Rapids, East China, Anchor Bay, Saline, River Rough, Gull
Lake, Atherton and Bronson.
WMU officials said they expected a number of the 740 striking professors
to cross the picket line. Other classes would be manned by substitutes and
administrators, they said. The walkout came after the faculty union rejected
the administration's latest contract offer, officials said.
In Grand Rapids, teachers in the state's second largest school district
rejected the administration's latest contract proposal of a 6.5 percent wage
increase in the first year of a two-year contract and a 6 percent increase in
Vol. XVC - No.5
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