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January 13, 1984 - Image 12

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1984-01-13
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COVER STORY

Keeping the peace

Page 1

Many students today were only in elementary
school when University President Robben Fleming
led the campus through the radical years of student
protests during the Vietnam war. This week's cover
story looks back on how Fleming's non-traditional
style held the seams of the University together while
many other campuses were falling apart Cover by,
Deborah Lewis.
MUSIC
Acoustic weekend Page 3
Folk singer/guitarist Dave Van Ronk's concert at
the Ark tonight is previewed. Dave's career goes
back to the early '60s when he had a profound impact
on the folk music revival. Also previewed is pianist
Cecile Licad's concert. Licad was winner of the
Liventritt Foundation Gold Medal Award in 1981.
Licad was born back when Dave Van Ronk taught a
young Bob Dylan an obscure folk song called "House
of the Rising Sun".

FILM
A Russian Big Chill Page 4
Can William Hurt recover from his debilitating war
injury in The Big Chill to generate Body Heat in
Gorky Park? Even with the help of the newfound and
sultry actress Joanna Pacula the answer seems to be
a definite "Nyet."
THE LIST
Happenings Pages 5-7
Your personal guide to fun times for the coming
week in Ann Arbor. Film capsules, music previews,
theater notes, and bar dates, all listed for you in a
handy-dandy, day-by-day schedule.
DISCS
On a roll Page 8
Are the Rolling Stones going Undercover? Of cour-
se not. Rock and roll's most conspicuous bad boys
couldn't attain such anonymity if they tried,

especially with the release of their new record. Ac-
cordingly this grossly successful album is reviewed
in a manner that promises to be more exciting than a
whole year's gossip about Mick and Jerri.
THEATER
Return Engagement Page 9
Director Robert Altman finds his way back to Ann
Arbor, this time with an Off-Broadway production
under his wing. In addition to producing the one-man
stage show Secret Honor: The Last Testament of
Richard M. Nixon, Altman will film the movie ver-
sion on campus and experiment in his favorite
"laboratory"-the University.
BOOKS
Going luny Page 12
Former '60s radical/madman Hunter S. Thompson
leaves the comfort of Rolling Stone magazine to ven-
ture off into the Hawaiian wilderness. Thompson
chronicles his wild adventures in an off-beat new
novel, The Curse of Lono.

Weekend
Friday, January 13, 1984
Vol. II, Issue 12
Magazine Editors................Mare Hodges
Susan Makuch
Sales Manager ......................... Meg Gibson
Assistant Sales Manager ............Julie Schneider

Weekend is edited and managed by students on the
staff of The Michigan Daily at 420 Maynard, Ann Ar-
bor, Michigan, 48109. It appears in the Friday edition
of the Daily every week during the University year
and is available for free at many locations around the
campus and city.

Weekend, (313) 763-0379 and 763-0371; Michigan
Daily, 764-0552; Circulation, 764-0558; Display Adver-
tising, 764-0554.
Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily. 'A'

days following the May 1970 killings of
four students by National Guardsmen
at Kent State University set off a series
of violent acts that eventually closed
nearly 140 schools nationwide.
The day after the incident, National
Guardsmen armed with bayonets broke
up a 2,000-student demonstration at
Ohio State University.
In Austin, Texas, police fired tear gas
to break up a march on the capitol by
several hundred University of Texas
students.
Gov. Paul Laxalt called on both city
and campus police to free his car from
300 demonstrators at the University of
Nevada in Reno.
Boston University cancelled final
exams and its commencement
ceremonies - at which Sen. Edward
Kennedy (D-Mass) was to have been
the principal speaker - because of
violence and threats.
And after a night of violence in
Madison, Wisconsin when hundreds of
students set fires and smashed win-
dows, Gov. Warren Knowles called in
the national guard.
But in Ann Arbor, the protests took on
a more symbolic air.
About 200 students walked out of the
memorial service for the students
killed at Kent State and went to North
Hall to "liberate" the ROTC building.
They turned it into strike headquar-
ters and day care center, separating in-
to committees and organizing activities
and offices for child care,-strike plan-
ning, and "the city's first community
diner."
Although police were eventually
called in 33-hours later to remove the 20
or 30 students left in control of the
building, the protest was peaceful and
constructive.
There were times, however, when
many say Fleming's leniency went too
far, most notably during the Black Ac-
tion Movement strikes a few months
before the Kent State incident.
For 10 days beginning March 21, 1970,
classes were disrupted by students who
sealed off entrances to the law school,
the business school and other campus
buildings.
Other students marched through
buildings singing, chanting and
banging on trash can lids with clubs.
About 75 students wielding steel pipes
broke several windows in the
Chemistry Building and others tore
through the libraries spraying
materials with fire extinguishers to
protest low black enrollment on cam-
pus.
While the administration never wan-
ted to appear to bow down to student
protesters' pressure, many argue that
during the BAM strikes, the violence
went beyond acceptable limits.
"Werset black student smash the
University and cause all kinds of
damage, but the fact was it prevented
something very much more serious,"
said Robert Faber, who served on city
council from 1969 to 1973.
"It was an outlet for emotion and an
opportunity for change. The result then
was there were no serious injuries and
no serious damage to the University.
"Although it was noisy and unpleasant,
compared to other universities that
went through something loosely similar
to that, it was benign and harmless, and
this is because it was handled well by
Fleming, Harris and Police Chief
William Krashy.
"Fleming didn't roll over and play
dead. But he didn't take the standard
hardline approach to problems. He
reasoned," Faber says.
The violence ended after long-hours
of negotiations between Fleming, BAM
leaders, and the regents when Fleming
agreed to some of the students deman-
ds. He promished to boost black
enrollment from the three to four per-

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cent level in 1970 to 10 percent by 1973-
74. The goal was never met and today is
one of the most glaring problems facing
administrators.
Outside the University, many
despised the student protesters and
administrators such as Fleming who
allowed them the freedom to demon-
strate.
When students held concerts in city
parks, listening to blaring music, often
under the influence of alcohol or drugs,
the community flew into an uproar.
Residents relentlessly telephoned
city hall asking why the mayor and
council would permit such unruly ac-
tivity. That attitude mirrored nation-
wide fear of student chaos.
Many people agreed with FBI
Associate Director for Crime Reports
C.D. De Loach, who said defiance of the
law was a "malignant disease."
"The lawless demonstrators, the
draft card burners, the raucous
exalters of the four-letter word,"
promote a "deadly cause" he said in
the early '60s.
"I refer to arrogant non-conformists,
including some so-called educators who
have mounted the platform at public
gatherings to urge civil disobedience
and defiance of authority."
Deloach's comments and many like
them were often leveled against
Fleming, but he rebuffed the attacks
and tried to make people understand
the actions of the demonstrators.
At speeches throughout the 70s, angry
parents would ask Fleming who are the
students causing unrest on campus.
"I'll tell you who they are," he would
reply, "They're your children."
"Since when have young people
ceased enjoying outraging their elders?
That's always been true," Fleming
says.
"I tried to reach out to the parents of
kids in school and say to them, 'you.
mustn't draw too many conclusions
about these kids, thinking that they've
all gone berserk. We have a lot of
problems in this period and you've got
to try to understand what those
problems are.
"You don't want to end up alienating
yourself from them just because they
may look a little odd to you and because
they are doing things you don't like."'
At at teach-in in 1969, Fleming put
himself on the line by calling the Viet-
nam war a "colossal mistake" and.
said those students "who burn their
draft cards, go to prison, refuse to serve
or simply drop out of society are not by
such acts cowards or traitors.
"The economic, human and spiritual

costs on continuing the war seem to me
unbearable," he said.
Despite his bold stands, Fleming had
his limits. Besides, the GEO battle, he
turned down the Gay Liberation Front's
request in the summer of 1970 to hold a
midwestern conference on homosexuality
at the University. He said such a con-
ference would create negative public
sentiment toward the University, and
possibly endanger state funds because
homosexual practices were illegal.
The last two-thirds of Fleming's
presidency kicked off the budget cut-
ting which is the focus of current
University President Harold Shapiro's
administration.
For Shapiro and Billy Frye, vice
president for academic affairs and
provost, too much emphasis is put on
student unrest when talking of
Fleming's presidency.
"He dealt very effectively with the
(student activism) period, and I don't
want to diminish that," Shapiro says.
But he stressed the skill with which
Fleming handled the budget.
"I think a lot of people in some sense
don't understand the full nature of his
contribution because they tend to iden-
tify him with the student unrest
period," says Shapiro.
Fleming set the foundation for
today's famous-or imfamous-five-
year-plan which calls for cutting and
redistributing $20 million from the
University's $300 million general fund
budget by 1985.
He initiated some of the largest
tuition hikes in the past decade-25 per-
cent in 1973 - actions to which current
administrators have also resorted in
the face of declining state support.
Although there are still some
protests today, they are few and far between.
"We have also had crisis and conflict
resolution," adds Frye, whose office
was taken over last spring in a 24-hour
vigil by members of the Progressive
Student Network.
In November, the group also staged a
blockade of Engineering Prof. Thomas
Senior's research lab to protest miliary
research on campus. Such demon-
strations mimic the methods used by
student activists during the '60s.
But without a central issue such as
the Vietnam war or the draft which
poses a direct, personal threat to
students, today's protests involve a
small minority.
Students, like the University, are
concerned with economic survival. As a
result, for many the emphasis is on get-
ting good grades and securing high-
paying jobs.

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A Play by
Beth Henley

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2 Weekend/January 13, 1984

11

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