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April 04, 1984 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1984-04-04

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Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, April 4, 1984



lashes out
From AP and UPI
LONDON - At least a third of the
world's nations torture or otherwise
abuse prisoners, Amnesty Inter-
national said yesterday. It released a
catalogue of modern cruelty and said
-the problem warranted the same
worldwide revulsion aroused by Nazi
expermination camps of World War II.
The human rights organization said
that torture is applied systematically in
scores of countries as part of "state-
controlled machinery to supress
IN A 263-page report, "Torture in the
Eighties," it listed 66 countries from
which it said it has received allegations
of torture, and cited another 30 nations
where it said there had been some
reports of gross mistreatment.
"In the torturer's electrode or
syringe is the power and responsibility
of the state," it said.
Most of the countries named are in
the Third World, but the report also
cited the Soviet Union, South Africa,
Israel and Poland.
THE REPORT also mentioned repor-
ts of ill treatment of prisoners in
Canada and the United States, where
there weredallegations of beatings,
kickings and spraying of Mace into
prisoners' faces.
Cases of cruelty cited in the report
ranged from small children in Iran's
E vin prison being forced to watch their
mothers tortured, to pain-inducing
drugs administered to Soviet dissidents
held in psychiatric hospitals.
Among specialized torture methods,
it listed Syria's "black slave," an elec-
trial apparatus with a heated skewer,
and Chile's "parrot's perch," in which
the trussed prisoner is hung upside
down from a pole to force a "con-
The report was time partly to draw
attention to a proposed new U.N. anti-
torture convention.
Amnesty said it was crucial that
there be a "renewed and forceful cam-
paign by individuals, journalists,
professional organizations and, above
all, by governments to expose and
denounce torture.
"Torture can be stopped," the report
declared. "What is lacking is the
political will of governments to stop tor-
turing people."



Land of the Giants AP Photo
Claudia Airola is dwarfed by a 12-foot high pickup truck with a 13-foot high wooden mechanic to match. The larger-than-
life creations are the brainchild of Brian Cardiff who plans to display them in an upcoming California off-road show.
Journal begins internaiprobe

NEW YORK (AP) - To millions of investors, it's known
simply as "The Journal," the daily bible of capitalism
revered for its in-depth reporting.
But The Wall Street Journal, which has a larger circulation
than any general-interest newspaper in the United States,
now finds itself in the embarrassing position of having to turn
its considerable investigative guns on itself.
THE NEWSPAPER disclosed in prominently displayed ar-
ticles last Thursday and on Monday that one of its reporters,
R. Foster Winans, was being investigated by the federal
Securities and Exchange Commission. Winans, who wrote
the daily "Heard on the Street" column, allegedly gave cer-
tain brokers advance word on the contents of several colum-
ns that they later profited from.
The SEC has refused to confirm that an investigation is un-
der way. But the Journal said in a long front-page story Mon-
day that the commission was investigating four brokerage
firms and other individuals, including a former news clerk at
the Journal whom it identified as Winans' roommate and
The Journal not only published the story of its own scandal
on Page 1 but also gave it the most prominent position. The
article was prepared by two dozen reporters and editors and
carried no byline. "As part of our business we often find it
necessary to explore and expose facts that embarrass others
in general and American business in particular," said an
editorial entitled "Dirty Linen" in yesterday's Journal. "So
we are, of course, doubly embarrassed to be caught with our
own scandal."
"IN MANY ways I believe the credibility of The Wall Street
Journal is going to depend as much on how we cover this
story as anything that Winans did," Norman Pearlstine, the
newspaper's managing editor, said in an interview with The

Associated Press on Monday. "We're talking about the
credibility of the publication, the kind of trust that readers
place in us.
The first inkling of trouble came March 1, he said, when the
FEC informed the Journal it was investigating a trader who
seemed to be benefitting from advance knowledge of "Heard
on the Street."
The SEC interviewed Winans by telephone, while
Pearlstine listened in.
"AT THAT point, I didn't think I had a problem. I had
every reason to believe that Foster was a straight, honest
reporter," he said. Nevertheless, Pearlstine decided to
disclose the SEC's informal investigation in the March 2
edition of The Journal. A one-paragraph reference to the
probe appeared in a major story on illegal insider trading.
On March 25, Pearlstine learned that the "informal" SEC
inquiry had become formal, and that Winans' telephone and
bank records were being subpoenaed. The subpoena listed 21
stories instead of the original six, Pearlstein said, including
columns written by four or five other Journal reporters.
Pearlstine said he was satisfied that no other reporters had
been involved in the leaks.
ON MARCH 26, Pearlstine assigned a Washington reporter
to start work on a more in-depth story on the investigation.
"Although our reporter still hadn't been named as a target of
the investigation, the fact that a Journal reporter's band and
telephone record had been subpoenaed seemed to me suf-
ficient reason to put a story together," he said.
A day later, Pearlstine said, the Journal's general counsel
learned Winans' attorney was going to the SEC - for reasons
still unknown - to confess that he had systematically leaked
information about his columns. -

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
U.S. soldier shot in Greece
ATHENS, Greece - Two gunmen riding a red motorcycle wounded a U.S.
soldier in an ambush yesterday, firing a .45 caliber pistol when he stopped
his car at a traffic light on his way to an American air base, police and wit-
nesses said.
Army Master Sgt. Robert Judd, 36, was hit in his right hand and left
shoulder when the gunmen, driving a red Honda motorcycle, fired at least
three shots through the rear window of his light blue Plymouth station
wagon, police said.
Judd was described in "satisfactory condition" with a bullet lodged in his
lung, a hospital spokesman said.
Police said Judd was shot less than 2 miles from Hellenikon Air Base at
Athens airport, where he was headed.
Judd, who served as a postal officer for the Joint U.S. Military Aid Group,
managed to steer his car onto the base before, collapsing, an embassy
spokesman said.
Witnesses quoted by the state-run Athens News Agency said the gunmen
began shooting at Judd when he stopped at a traffic light.
Attorney General Smith to stay
on as Meese probe continues
WASHINGTON - William French Smith, bowing to President Reagan's
request, will continue to serve as attorney general dntil a successor is con-
firmed, the White House said yesterday.
Larry Speakes, chief White House spokesman, said Smith agreed to
Reagan's request during a brief meeting in the Oval Office.
The attorney general was known to be anxious to return to his California
law practice, as well as to take an active role in the president's re-election
campaign. However, he has been blocked from leaving by the problems
White House counselor Edwin Meese has run into in winning Senate confir-
mation as Smith's replacement.
In a written statement, Reagan expressed pleasure that a special
prosecutor had been named to look into the allegations against Meese, his
top policy adviser and longtime friend. A three-judge panel on Monday chose
Jacob Stein, a 59-year-old Washington lawyer, for the job.
Hindus riot at funeral in India
CHANDIGARH, India - Authorities in Punjah state told security forces
yesterday to shoot rioters on sight as a means of quelling violence in which at
least 13 people have been killed and 250 wounded.
The order was issued after troops used machine gun fire to scatter 20,000
rioting Hindus at the funeral of an assassinated politician in the Sikh holy
city of Amritsar and killed eight people, according to a police report. The
report said club-yielding mourners had attacked police, gasoline stations
and shops in the city 140 miles northwest of here.
Enraged by the firing, the crowd lynched two police sergeants, reports from
the area said. A police official said the situation was "very bad, with mobs
fighting, running battles with police."
The daylong communal violence in Punjab began early yesterday when
Sikh gunmen assassinated Vishwa Nath Tiwari, a leading Punjabi-language
writer and member of the upper house of Parliament. Tiwari, 48, a professor
at Punjab University and a supporter of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, was
killed in his living room in Chandigarh by two unidentified Sikh youths.
As many as 100 rounds were fired by police since yesterday afternoon,said
an official who asked not to be named. The four main cities in Punjab were
placed under curfew.
Largest Soviet fleet ever
maneuvers into Norwegian sea
LONDON - A Soviet armada believed to be the biggest Russian battle
fleet ever assembled in the Atlantic poured into the Norwegian sea yester-
day in sudden maneuvers that took NATO allies by surprise.
NATO officiers monitoring the exercise from Britain said more than 40
Soviet vessels, including the most-modern destroyers, frigates and cruisers
.and more than 20 submarines, were participating in three formations off
The fleet included the Kirov, a 28,000-ton nuclear-powered battle cruiser. A
"significant number" of Soviet aircraft also took part, they said.
NATO said the exercise appeared to be both a test and a display of the
Soviet navy's defense capability. "The main thrust of the exercise appears
to be anti-submarine warfare and it is assessed that more than 20 subs are
participating," officers said.
Ships and maritime aircraft from the United States, Britain, West Ger-
many, the Netherlands, Norway and Denmark were keeping "constant sur-
veillance" on the exercises, NATO said.
Snowstorm strands thousands
A blizzard buried the buds of spring under as much as 2 feet of snow from
Colorado to South Dakota yesterday, and trapped thousands of travelers in
the Plains, including scores who were stranded overnight in stalled cars and
Rescuers on snowmobiles fought head-high snowdrifts on the lonely high-
ways of eastern Colorado, looking for marooned motorists and some local
residents were reported missing, including the superintendent of Elizabeth
public schools, and a woman who left her home in Last Chance at noon Mon-
day and hasn't been seen since.
Winds gusting to 50 mph created blinding ground blizzards and 7-foot drifts
that isolated the town of Limon, stranding more than 1,000 travelers.
The snowstorm was blamed for two deaths on Wyoming highways earlier
in the week.
Five tornadoes'touched down in Kansas on Monday night, causing minor
damage, and thunderstorms in the Southeast had dumped almost 4 inches of
rain since Monday in the Louisiana towns of Alexandria and Fort Polk.

0 be £idbtgau ?OaiIJ
Wednesday, April 4, 1984
vol. XCIV-No. 147
(ISSN 0745-967X)
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Editor-in-Chief. ..BILL SPINDLE SPORTS STAFF: Randy Bergqr, Sue Broser, Joe
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News Editor ..... JIM SPARKS Keaney, Ted Lerner, Tim Makinen, Aaam Martin,
Student Affairs Editor. CHERYL BAACKE Scott McKinlay, Barb McQuade, Brad Morgan. Phil
Opinion Page Editors........ JAMES BOYD Nussel, Sandy Pincus, Rob Pollard, Mike Redstone,



Salvadoran aid survives Senate

WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan's $61.7 million military aid
package for El Salvador survived what
EUROPE BY CAR a Republican leader' described as a
One Rockefeller Plaza crucial test yesterday, as the Senate
New York, N.Y. 10020 rejected a move to withhold 15 percent
Phone (212) 581-3040 of the funds until the Salvadoran gover-
StudentTeache Tarif.c nment obtains a verdict in the 1981
Rent T eaShe rHaSEmurder of two U.S. labor advisers.
The proposed amendment by Sen.
Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) was
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Special prices on calculators,
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Sale Ends Saturday, April 7th
*; 20% OFF
General Supplies
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rejected 69-24, his second defeat in two
days on the issue of Salvadoran aid. On
Monday, the Senate rejected 63-25 his
bid to slash the aid to $21 million.
"YESTERDAY, the Senate voted to'
send more guns and more bullets to El
Salvador," Kennedy told his
colleagues. "Today, we can vote to send
more justice."
But Sen. Robert Kasten (R-Wis.)
chairman of the Appropriations sub-
committee that oversees foreign aid,
said, "Any effort to withhold aid today
is simply a vote against the level that
we have agreed to."
Sen. Arlen Specter (R-Pa.) planned
to offer an amendment that would
withhold 30 percent of the proposed
$61.7 million in aid until there is a court
verdict in the murder of four American
churchwomen slain in El Salvador in
December 1980.
"Should one of them pass, we are
going to be here a long time," Stevens
ASKED IF there was any likelihood
that the amendments would be adopted,
the Alaska senator replied, "Not that I
At the White House, President
Reagan told Republican congressional
leaders that "some members of the El
Salvadoran army may have to go on
missions . .. with only one clip of am-
munition," said presidential
spokesman Larry Speakes.

House GOP leader Robert Michel (R-
Ill commenting on the president's
remarks, said "As an old infantryman,
boy, if there's anything I wanted when I
went into any kind of foray was ban-
doliers and err on the side of being
heavily loaded down with additional
ammunition, rather than just a fraction
of what I thought would be necessary
for any kind of fray."
The House Republican leader served
as a combat infrantryman in Europe
during World War II. He was wounded
and discharged on disability.
STEVENS SAID the legislators were
told that one of the reasons for the high
death rate among Salvadoran wounded,
reported to be about two out of three, is
that "they don't have enough am-
munition to undertake a mission to save
a buddy."
Michel accused Speaker Thomas
O'Neill of planning to delay House ac-
tion on the measure until after
Congress returns from its Easter
recess April 23.
O'Neill's spokesman, Christopher
Matthews, said the speaker was still
"reviewing the options" and had made
no decision.
Rep. Mickey Edwards (R-Okla.) a
member of the House Appropriations
subcommittee on foreign operations,
said he and other Republicans would
press for action before the recess
begins April 13.




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