Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 27, 1984
set for primary
From the Associated Press
On the eve of the Connecticut
primary, Gary Hart accused Walter
Mondale yesterday of advocating a
Central American policy that would
lead to U.S. bloodshed in the region,
while the Rev. Jesse Jackson promised
to end poverty in America in three
years by diverting funds earmarked for
The three Democratic presidential
hopefuls planned last-minute cam-
paigning in Connecticut, where 52
delegates are at stake in today's
VIRGINIA Democrats, meanwhile,
were scheduled last night to complete
caucuses that began Saturday.
Jackson surprised Democratic
leaders in Virginia with his slender lead
in the popular vote in the weekend
voting, although Mondale held a slight
delegate edge. The caucuses determine
the allocation of 68 of Virginia's 78
national convention delegates.
In Connecticut, polls put Hart in a
strong position to win the state and thus
make a clean sweep of the New
THE COLORADO senator once again
brought up Mondale's belated call for a
withdrawal from Southeast Asia in the
1970s, saying Mondale's view of Central
America is "part of a pattern stret-
ching back to Vietnam, a willingness to
wait for consensus to form and then
moving out in front of it."
But the former vice president,
questioned by college students in
Manhattan, said the United States
should let the people of Central
America make their own choices.
"Forces of. all the big powers should
get out of-there," Mondale said. "I'm
not going to pick sides."
CAMPAIGNING in New York
yesterday, Hart lumped Mondale's
Central American policies with those of
"If the Mondale policy or the Reagan
policies are followed, not only will this
country light a fuse or continue to ignite
a fuse leading toward an explosion in
that region, I am absolutely convinced in
this decade we will see the loss, the
rather large loss, of American lives in,
that region," Hart said.
Later yesterday, Mondale said Hart
was getting "frantic" by trying to link
him with the Reagan administration
because "my policies and Reagan's are
two profoundly different things."
"I DO NOT want a combat role down
there at all for American troops," he
said, adding later, "I would
dramatically draw down the number of
forces in Honduras.
References to John Kennedy cropped
up again Monday, but this time it was
Mondale who invoked the late
president's name. Hart has been ac-
cused of imitating JFK's style.
Mondale said he would follow Ken-
nedy's lead in trying to achieve new
weapons testing treaties.
Presidential hopeful Sen. Gary Hart (D-Colo.) answers reporters' questions
outside the United Nations Building in New York City yesterday. Hart was
critical of Walter Mondale for his policy on Central America which Hart said
would lead to a "rather large loss of American lives" by the end of the
Study says cost of cigarette sm
BOSTON (AP) - Middle-aged men
who are heavy smokers will suffer an
average of $59,000 each in extra
medical bills and lost earnings during
their lifetimes, according to a study of
the hidden costs of cigarettes.
Making up this loss for all smokers
would require an additional tax of $3 on
every pack of cigarettes, the resear-
"WE LIKENED every smoker to a
gambler," said Gerry Oster, a medical
economist. "And we wanted to
estimate the likely amount of money
that every smoker should expect to lose
in the lottery that he or she is playing
with his or her life."
The study conducted at Policy
Analysis Inc., a Brookline, Mass., firm
that researches health cost issues, was
released yesterday at a meeting of the
American College of Cardiology. in
The estimate is probably low, Oster
said, because it- considers only
smoking's contribution to lung cancer,
heart disease and emphysems.
Smokers also face ,higher-than-usual
risks of a variety of other diseases, in-
cluding cancer of the mouth, throat,
bladder and pancreas.
FOR A MAN between the ages of 35
and 44 who smokes more than two
packs a day, the study said that cigaret-
te-related medical bills and lost work
will add up to an average of $58,987 over
The cost for a woman in this category
is $20,152. The difference is largely due
to women's lower projected earnings.
The cost of smoking-related medical
bills is high, but this is far outweighed
by the wages smokers lose if they die or
THE COSTS go down as peopleget
older. The smoking costs of younger
'It literally pays to
- Gerry Oster
men arehighest because they have
more years to get sick, and their poten-
tial loss of earnings is greatest.
For a heavy-smoking man between 55
and 64, for instance, the smoking cost is
$15,945, and for a woman it is $11,717.
The figures are averages for all'
smokers, riot just those who get sick.
"These cost estimates do not imply
that every smoker will get lung cancer,
coronary heart disease or em-
physema," Oster said. "This takes the
costs for those smokers who do develop
the diseases and spreads them across
NEW YORK (AP) - Ajletter code on Fabey, commenting through Suzanne
a blackboard tells doctors at one of the Rauffenbart, hospital public affiars
nation's top cancer treatment centers director, said the letters are a shor-
whether or not a particular patient thand for complex treatment plans that
should be given heroic life-saving are detailed fully on the patients' char-
measures, raising new debate about ts.
hospital procedures for hopelessly ill But doctors understand that patients
patients. marked A or B receive a level of care
A coded DNR order - "do not that includes life-saving resuscitation
resuscitate" - is posted on the basis of while C's and D's are not to be
verbal directions from the attending resusciatated if they suffer cardiac
physician to the hospital resident and arrest, he said.
no written record of that decision is THE CLASSIFICATION is not part of
made, Dr. Thomas Febey, the deputy the patient's record and after a patient
physician-in-charge of Memorial Sloan- dies the blackboard notation is erased.
Kettering Cancer Center, said yester- But Fabey said no DNRs are issued
day. for terminally ill patients at Sloan-
THE BLACKBOARDS in private doc- Kettering without prior consent of
tors' lounges at Sloan-Kettering list patients or their families.
patients' names with the letters A, B, C Fabey denied that DNR orders were
or D next to them. not put in writing for fear of a lawsuit
Linguistics to continue as
(Continued from Page 1)
over a patient's death, but the city's
hospital association said the law is un-
clear enough to give a hospital pause
about keeping such records.
"DNR orders should be written,
dated and signed and not be partial or
verbal. I think it leaves things wide
open for suits if order aren't written,"
said Bill Read, executive director of a
research and education arm of the
American Hospital Assocation.
NOT NECESSARILY, countered
Stephanie Steele, communications
director of the Greater New York Hosp-
"I've sat at many meetings with
hospital attorneys where I've heard
some of them say that writing DNRs is
what the hospital must do to protect it-
self, and an equal number say all you're
doing then is documenting a malprac-
tice case against yourself," she said.
tments, such as romance languages,
and there is a sense of separation for
these people. If linguistics were inter-
departmental everyone would belong in
a sense," she said.
Counseling for graduate students has
also improved since linguistics was
changed into a department, Naylor
said. "The counselling for gradaute
students in linguistics is not as good
when it is a program - and this I know
from my personal experience."
SMOKERS who actually get lung
cancer, for instance, may have costs
far higher than the averages, especially
if they are young.
The medical expense of treating a
man's lung cancer averages $18,373.
But a man who gets the disease bet-
ween ages 45 and 49 will lost an average
of $286,047 in earnings, so his total
smoking-related costs are figured to be
People can reduce their risk of
smokers' disease if they quit cigarettes,
and their costs fall dramatically if tey
A MAN be.tween the .age of 35 aind 44.
who gives up a habit ofsoking mole
than two packs a day will save society
$37,401, the study found, and a woman
in this bracket will save $13,029.
"It literally pays to quit," Oster said.
According to federal statistics, 38
percent of men and 29 percent of
women in the United States smoke
cigarettes. The American Cancer
Society estimates that smoking accoun-
ts for about 30 percent of all cancer.
The study was directed by Oster and
conducted with Graham Colditz of Har-
vard Medical School and Nancy Kelly
of Policy Analysis. It was financed by
Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals and will
be published next week as a book called
"The Economic Costs of Smoking and
Benefits of Quitting."
in S. Quad fire
Two students were apprehended by
campus security officials early Sunday
morning after a bulletin board caught
fire on the seventh floor of South Quad,
said Sgt. Harold Tinsey. The two, who
were not residents of the dorm, were in-
terviewed by police and released pen-
ding further investigation, Tinsey said.
Cash, clothes, and stereo equipmen-
t valued at less than $900 were stolen
last Wednesday afternoon from an
apartment in the 100 block of South
State, according to Ann Arbor police of-
ficials. The thief forced the apartment
door open to get inside, said Sgt. Harold
Stanley H. Kaplan
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reportA
French call for Beirut cease-fire
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Rival Moslem and Christian militias agreed yester-
day to refrain from grabbing territory vacated by departing French peace-
keepers, and France was reported ready to deploy ceasefire observers in'
State-run Beirut Radio said French Ambassador Fernand Wibaux met
with representatives of the country's main warring parties and restated his
country's willingness to send observers to monitor a cease-fire in Beirut.
The independent International News Agency quoted diplomatic sources:
saying 40 observers would be in position in Beirut Wednesday.
But despite signs of progress, new fighting broke out along the Green Line
dividing Christian East Beirut from the Moslem west.
In another development, a caller claiming to represent the Islamic Jihad
(Holy War) organization said the group threatened to "liquidate" Druze
Moslem leader Walid Jumblatt.
Nuclear plant decision postponed
WASHINGTON - The Nuclear Regulatroy Commission postponed
yesterday a decision on whether to allow a California utility to start up the
Diablo Canyon nuclear plant after nearly a decade of problems and delays.
The commission took the action after Isa Yin, an NRC inspector from
Chicago, said quality control problems with hundreds of miles of piping
within the plant may be much worse than officials had thought.
Yin said his preliminary investigation has found at least 47 possible
violations of NRC regulations by the plants owner, Pacific Gas & Electric
A multi-million dollar quality control program over the past two years
failed to pick what could be critical problems with the design of large pipes
in the plant at San Luis Obispo, Calif., Yin said.
"The corrective effort may not be working at all," he told a startled
commission and an audience filled-with PG&E officials. Harold Denton,
director of nuclear reactor regulations and the commission's top safety
expert, said he still believes that the plant should be allowed to "go critical,"
- begin fissioning the uranium atoms in its fuel rods - and operate at up to 5
percent of its capacity.
Gang-rapists sentenced to prison
FALL RIVER, Mass. - Four men convicted of gang-raping a woman on a
barroom pool table were sentenced to prison terms ranging from 6 to 12
years yesterday by a judge who said they "brutalized a defenseless young
woman and sought to degrade and destroy her human, individual dignity."
The lawyer for the victim said afterward that the 22-year-old mother of
two feared for her safety and had moved permanently from the area.
"There were five sentences in this case - one of them exile," said her
lawyer, Scott Charnas.
Superior Court Judge William Young imposed terms of 9 to 12 years upon
Daniel Silva, 27, Victor Raposo, 23, and John Cordeiro, 24.
Young also sentenced Joseph Vieira, 28, to a term of 6 to 8 years. Bristol
County District Attorney Ronald Pina asked for a more lenient sentence for,
Vieira, noting that he had no prior record. Also, the woman's testimony that,
he was directly involved in the rape was not corroborated by other
Army declared curfew in Chile
SANTIAGO, Chile - The government decreed two nights of curfew in the
capital yesterday on the eve of protests against military rule. And the
Roman Catholic archbishop of Santiago urged both sides to negotiate their
differences to avoid "a spiral of violence."
Army Gen. Rene Vidal, commander of the Santiago military garrison,
ordered curfews yesterday and today under special powers assumed by the
armed. forces under a state of emergency;imposed Saturday. The
emergency enables regional military commanders, to declare curfews,
censor publications and ban meetings
Vidal announced the curfew after four pre-dawn bomb explosions.
damaged rail lines in the Santiago subway during the morning rush hour.
For the first time since last August, troops have been ordered to back riot,
police during the monthly "Day of National Protest" demonstrations called
by labor and political leaders who are demanding President Augusto
Pinochet's resignation after a decade of authoritarian rule.
On Sunday, Monsignor Juan Francisco Fresno, archbishop of Santiago
called in a homily at the Metropolitan Cathedral for a renewal of talks that
had broken down last September after Pinochet refused to commit himself,
to a timetable for restoring democracy.
U.S diplomat shot in France
STRASBOURG, France - A gunman on a motorcycle shot and slightly'
wounded the U.S. consul general yesterday as the diplomat was driving to
A Lebanese group claimed responsibility and said the consul worked for
the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.
Robert Homme, 43, suffered superficial wounds in the face, neck and chest
from three of the five small-caliber bullets fired through the windows of his
car, a spokesperson at the Haute Pierre hospital said. He was alone in the
car at the time of the attack.
No surgery was needed, and Homme was being held only for observation,
the hospital spokesperson said. Homme was visited in the hospital by his
wife and three children.
Philip Brown, a spokesperson at the U.S. Embassy in Paris, said the
group's claim that Homme was linked to the CIA was 'absurd.'
'.'We never comment on allegations of intelligence activities, no matter
how absurd - and this one is certainly absurd," Brown said.
Tbe 3tcbxigmin iiI
* categorized as either departments or
" become an inter-department
Carolyn Copeland, an assistant dean
in LSA, said considering the change
was part of standard University
"This happens in the normal cycle of
replacing chairman, where the depar-
tment as a whole is looked at," she said.
"This is an occasion to do this and it is a
continuing review that happens in all
NAYLOR, attended the University as.
an undergraduate and received her
masters and doctorate from the
University in the early 1960s before the
linguistics department was changed,
from a program, to a department.
Naylor said maintaining the depar-
tment would ,help keep faculty mem-
"As the department now stands,
many linguistics are in other depar-
Tuesday, March 27, 1984
Vol. XCIV-No. 140
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