I From AP
Those no-frills products that looked so
strange on the grocery shelves only a
few years ago are a familiar sight these
days, and an East Coast supermarket
chain says generics are outselling the
No. 1 national brands in some
Bob Wunderle, economist and vice
president of public affairs for Path-
mark Supermarkets, which has 128
outlets in the New York and
Philadelphia metropolitan areas, said
the store recently took an in-depth look
at its experience with generic
groceries, which were introduced on
March 1, 1978. -
,HE SAID the chain stocks 397 no-frills
food and non-food items, 370 more than
Lt carried six years ago. In 53
categories, Wunderle said, the no-frills
products are the top sellers.
It is particularly surprising that con-
trary to earlier indicatons that only
non-food generics would be popular, 30
of the best sellers are foods, he said.
The two leaders on the Pathmark
shelves are plastic kitchen bags, which
outsell the top national brand by almost
nine times to one, and iced tea mix, a
four-to-one winner. Other best-sellers in
GEO to file
(Continued from Page 1).
the waiver's tax-exempt status sits in
Washington, awaiting action by the
House and Senate.
A spokesman for the House Majority
Whip's office said yesterday the bill is
not scheduled to go before the House
next week, but could make the floor
-within two weeks.
If the bill is passed, it would go into
effect July 31, but passage of the
measure could still be a long way off.
ORIGINALLY, the tax exemption
provision was a separate bill, but when
Congress adjourned for its recess in
December, the bill was lumped into a
larger one - the Tax Reform Act of
r By being tied to the controversial act,
the tax exemption is "caught up in the
hi-jinx of the deficit," said Tom Butts,
assistant to the vice president for
and' sells most
'Thrift became fashionable.'
- Bob Wunderle,
economist and vice-
president public affairs,
The Michigan Daily - Saturday, March 24, 1984 -Page9
their categories include dishwash
detergent, stuffed olives, chocolate
pudding mix, beef stew, canned
tomatoes, canned peas, light bulbs,
cigars, moist dog food, cotton swabs,
white toilet tissue, vegetable oil and
kosher dill pickles.
DID PATHMARK expect this kind of
success? "No, we did not," said Wun-
derle. "We were extremely surprised."
"There is indeed a consumer interest
in buying the fundamental value of an
item," regardless of grade and
packaging, Wunderle said. Besides, as
the annual inflaton rate rose over 1 per-
cent in the late 1970s, "Thrift became
He said the price savings on no-frills
goods have been maintained over the
years; the generics cost 30 percent less
than national brands and 10 percent
less than house brands.
Generics were introduced by Jewel
Cos. of Chicago on a test basis in
February 1977. Skeptics said they were
a fad and would die out quickly. Within
a few years, however, half of all stores
carried generics; in 1982 they were out-
selling at an annual rate of over $2
billion and accounted for about 2.3 cents
of every grocery dollar.
The appeal of the generics is their
lower price. They are wrapped in plain
white packages, usually with black let-
tering and are seldom advertised. The
grade quality of fruits and vegetables is
often lower - standard rather than
fancy - but the difference is one of ap-
pearance only, not nutritional quality.
grievance over tuition tax
'If it's the government's money, we can't
give it back to the (TAs).'*
Convicted con man Billie Sol Estes autographs his biography in Dallas while
Texan newspapers quote anonymous sources who say Estes told a grand
jury that Lyndon Johnson ordered the 1961 murder of a federal official.
ordered m--an's death
LOS ANGELES (AP) - Seven d4
care workers have been charged wit
sexually abusing 18 preschoolers, arid
authorities said yesterday that "thrde
times as many" children may have
Additional charges could be filed
against former teacher Raymorid
Buckey, 25, and six others as the in-
vestigation of the Virginia McMartin
Preschool in coastal Manhattan Beach
continues, Deputy District Attorney Jean.
THE DEFENDANTS allegedly silen-
ced the children by butchering smdll
animals in front of them and
threatening to do the same to their
parents if they talked.
The indictments alleged that five
teachers, a former teacher, and
Virginia McMartin, 75, the school's
founder, raped, sodomized or otherwise
abused their young charges over the
last 10 years.
"Right now, we have 115 counts ii-
volving' 18 students," Matusinka
said. "There could be three times as
many who were abused. We have talked
to over 100 kids already but not all of
them can make testimony - they're too
young, they're frightened, they're
SUPERIOR COURT JUDGE Ronald
George refused yesterday to- reduce
bail for the defendants that ranged up
to $1 million, and, postponed their
arraignment until April 6 to give four of
them, who are members of the same
family, time to find separate attorneys.
Buckey, who was indicted Thursday
by the Los Angeles County Grand Jury
on 75 counts, was arrested last Septem-
ber but no charges were filed then
because of insufficient evidence.
Matusinka said the continuing in-
vestigation showed Buckey's behavior
was "escalating..even after his arrest.
This occurred with the knowledge and
participation of other members of the
SHE REFUSED TO say if any of tl-e
defendants had profited through chihd
pornography, or if that was-thenio e
for the alleged abuse.
In court yesterday, McMartin, gran-
dmother of Raymond Buckey, denied
Even if the bill is passed, teaching assist-
ants may never get back the tax money
they spent this term waiting for the
If the final bill does not specify that
TAs must be reimbursed, the University
will .not be required to give back the
money that has been withheld.
"If it's the government's money, we
can't give it back to the (TAs)," said
Dan Gamble, the University's manager
of compensation and staff relations.
"But we want to get the money back to
the kids as soon as possible, if we can,"
*' Delinquent Z
(Continued from Page 1) '
Burke, president of the union.
UNDER THE terms of the union's
contract with the University, the
UJniversity must fire the TAs.
Although only half -of-the-University's
1,700 TAs are GEO members, all are
required to pay the fee under tpe con-
tract ratified in December.
Burke said GEO had not yet compiled
the final list of names yesterday, but she
said she "would be surprised if the list
contained anything more than a 100
ONCE THE UNIVERSITY receives
the names, they .will have 15 days to
collect the fee before firing the
delinquent TAs, according to Jane
Holzka, GEO vice president.
"We're hoping that no- one will be
terminated," Holzka said. "Our
problem is convincing these people that
the union has something to offer them."
GEO has had problems convincing a
sizable portion of TAs of that this year.
As must pay union fee soon
Since the beginning of the month, a
group called Graduate Students for an
Open University has been collecting
petitions in an effort to make the fee
A MICHIGAN Employment
Relations Commission regulation in-
dicates the TAs will not be able to make
the fee voluntary until the current con-
tract runs out in March 1985, but the
group is continuing the drive to
illustrate their dissatisfaction with
Although most TAs have paid the fee,
the collection drive has not been com-
pletely smooth. In an effort to speed up
the process, the University sent lists of
TAs who hadn't paid to various depar-
tments. But the lists were about six'
weeks old, and many TAs had paid
in the interim.
GEO Tresurer Richard Matland
estimated about 200 TAs were incorrec-
tly listed as having not paid.
Read the lease, say officials
There is little danger the TAs who
received the departmental notice will
be fired though, because GEO has an
updated list, Burke said.
Jan Rubenstein filed arepot for-
(Continued from Page 1)
the regents and be able to contact more
people than we would." Shoemaker
In addition to the ACLU, the Univer-
sity's Civil Liberties Board is currently
reviewing the proposed code. Last year
the 15-member board, composed of
students, administrators, staff and
faculty members, approved the idea of
a non-academic code.
But according to board member Jean
Loup, the 1983-84 board objects ,to
several parts of the proposed code.
Loup, who heads the Graduate
Library's Documents Center, said the
board will send a letter to University
President Harold Shapiro stating their
objections to the code. Most of the
board's criticism stems from their
belief that the violations and possible
sanctions in the code are too broad and
DALLAS (UPI) - Convicted swin-
dler Billie sol Estes reportedly testified
this week before a grand jury that he
was present at a meeting in which Lyn-
don Johnson ordered an Agriculture
Department official killed.
- Estes said the victim was Henry
Harvey Marshall, 51, who was in
charge of the federal cotton allotment
program for an Agriculture Depar-
tment regional office.
He was found shot five times in the
abdomen with a bolt action .22-caliber
rifle on his Robertson County ranch on
June 3, 1961. The death was ruled
The Dallas Morning News and the
Dallas Times Herald yesterday quoted
unnamed sources as- saying Estes on
Tuesday told a Robertson County grand
jury that Johnson, then the vice
president, ordered the killing for fear
Marshall would link Johnson to
fraudulent Estes dealings.
U.S. Marshal Clint Peoples, who in-
(Continued from Page 1)
"(Tenants) have more rights than
they know (and) fewer than the need,"
adds Jonathan Rose, an attorney at
student legal services.
For example, students are entitled to
have any maintenance problems
repaired before they move in, Rose
said. But many tenants don't realize
they can request that, Rose adds.
THE BEST WAY to avoid problems is
to simply talk with the landlord about
the lease, says Judge S.J. Elden of Ann
Arbor's 15th District Court.
Students should look for a mediation
clause in a lease which guarantees the
landlord and tenant will solve any
disputes through a mediation service,
He also advises students to complete
PETIT CAKE SPECIAL /
CAKES HOUSE TOPPINGS
M-F 4-11 pm $300 2625 FENWICK
S.UN. 7 m-12 pm Ann Arbor, M1
vestigated the case as a Texas Ranger
beginning in 1962, said he felt political
pressure to accept the official jury ver-
dict of suicide.
Marshall at the time was in-
vestigating Estes, who had made
millions through his business dealings
and was reported to be a friend of John-
Estes was convicted in .1965 and sen-
tenced to 15 years in prison for selling
$35 million worth of non-existent fer-
tilizer tanks. Paroled in 1971, he retur-
ned to prison in 1979 after being convic-
ted on fraud and tax evasion charges.
Johnson was elected vice president in
1960, and assumed the presidency-upon
the assassination of President John F.
Kennedy in Dallas in 1963.
Several sources quoted in the Times
Herald said Estes told the panel John-
son ordered the killing in a meeting at
his Washington home with Estes.
the inventory check list when they
move in. That document certifies the
condition of the apartment or house and
the furniture when someone takes over
the union, and ensures that the new
tenants aren't held responsible for
damage done previously.
"THE FOUNDATION of a good
tenant-landlord relationship is a careful
check-in, eyeball to eyeball," Elden
Most tenant-landlord disputes result
from a lack of communication, he adds.
Students should also discuss payment
arrangement with roommates before
signing a lease, said Jo Rumsey,
assistant director of Housing Infor-
mation. Most leases include a "joint
and several" clause which means that
each person renting a unit is equally
responsible for rent payments.
In other words, Rumsey warns, if one
roommate skips town, the remaining
tenants are responsible for paying rent.
Both the Housing Information Office
and the Ann Arbor Tennants Union will
review leases with students.
- Ann Mancour filed a report for
5t, hA. eo lbery 761-700
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