Rain changing to snow by late
afternoon as temperatures
plunge from a high of 42 in the
1. .__... _. -__
Vol. XCIV-No. 135
Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Wednesday, March 21, 1984
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate
yesterday rejected a constitutional
amendment to permit organized spoken
prayer in public schools.
House Democratic leaders, mean-
while, said they will seek substantially
smaller military spending increases
than Reagan wants over the next three
AFTER TWO weeks of heated debate
and strong lobbying in favor of the
prayer proposal by President Reagan,
the Senate voted 56-44 in favor of the
measure, 11 votes short of the two-
tirds needed for passage of a con-
Reagan said in a letter to supporters
of the measure that the constitution was
"designed to protect our religious liber-
ty, not restrict it," and he accused op-
ponents of seeking "freedom from
religion instead of freedom of religion."
But Sen. Lowell Weicker (R-Conn.)
leading the opposition, said the
proposal "would have us forfeit our bir-
thright of religious liberty for a mess of
speculative political pottage."
SCHOOL prayer was the last of the
social issues pushed by the so-called
New Right in the 1980 elections to come
before the Senate. The president
promised. his constituency a vote on
school prayer, and he delivered it.
Reagan has been unable to deliver
' congressional passage on any of these
constitutional issues - prohibitions
against school busing and abortion, an
effort to limit the authority of federal
judges, and a balanced budget amen-
Baker rejected amendment opponen-
ts' charges that the president should not
be lobbying on something as personal
as the prayer issue.
"IT IS A leadership prerogative of
the president and it's even more impor-
tant when it's a morally sensitive issue
like this," Baker told reporters.
But Weicker had called the
president's lobbying efforts
"taseteless" and said, "This is not the
type of issue you can lobby on. It's a
matter of deeply held beliefs, not like a
The inability of amemdment suppor-
ters to agree on. What form school
See PRAYER, Page 2
By CLAUDIA GREEN
The Michigan Student Assembly last
night unanamously rejected the
existing draft of a proposed code of
conduct which would govern student's
behavior outside of the classroom.
Members of the assembly, however,
said they would have to vote on the
issue again if significant changes are
made in the existing draft of the code of
non-academic conduct before it is for-
mally proposed to the regents.
THE PROPOSED code has sparked
considerable debate between student
leaders, who oppose the guidelines
almost unamimously, and University
administrators who feel strongly that
some form of a conduct code for studen-
ts is desperately needed.
The code would allow the University
to punish students for crimes such as
arson, sexual assault, theft, and
"It's a token vote," said MSA
'resident Mary Rowland. "We're
voting on this but it's not even for real.
This is just to put MSA on the record"
as rejecting the code as it is now writ-
ALTHOUGH MSA members endor-
sed a letter last month from the heads
of twelve school and college gover-
nment heads criticizing the code,
yesterday's vote was the first time the
assembly has officially rejected the
existing draft of the code.
Under current University bylaws the
code cannot be passed without MSA ap-
proval. . But several University ad-
ministrators and regents have recently
said they may be willing to change the
bylaws so that only the regents would
have to approve the code.
If the bylaws were changed, the
student assembly, as well as the faculty
government, would be considered only
as advisory groups to the regents.
BECAUSE THE regents may amend
See MSA, Page 2
Daily Photo by DOUG McMAHON
A member of the Lambda Chi Alpha fraternity struggles to swallow his piece of pizza as teammates cheer him on. The
pizza eating and beer chugging contests were held last night at Dooley's as part of Greek Week festivities.
Mondale leads Hart in Ill, and Minn.
CHICAGO (AP) - At press time last night, Walter
Mondale had gained an early lead over Sen. Gary
Hart in the Illinois presidential primary - a test of
the former vice president's claim to a comeback in
the race for the Democratic nomination.
The Rev. Jesse Jackson of Chicago was third in a
closely-contested race, prelude to a string of big-state
primaries that will determine who really owns the
front-runner Walter Mondale held and lost in earlier
WHILE THE presidential preference vote
provided the drama in Illinois, Mondale was all but.
assured of victory in the parallel competition for
delegates, and of another gain in caucuses in his
home state of Minnesota.
The vote count, with 24 percent of the precincts
" Mondale 214,924 or 46 percent.
" Hart 161,169 or 34 percent.
" Jackson 74,210 or 16 percent
Mondale was running well ahead in the Chicago
area and leading narrowly in the nearby suburbs.
The vote from downstate, where Hart was expected
to do well, was slower in being counted.
* THE PRIMARY capped a week that had all three
contenders dealing not only with the traditional
issues of a campaign, but also the byzantine world of
Chicago politics. Mondale had support from the
mostly white Cook County Democratic organization
and hoped it would not hurt him among blacks.
Jackson had support - but not an endorsement -
from Mayor Harold Washington.
At stake were 171 delegates to the Democratic
nominating convention next summer, the largest
prize so far in the efletion year: But more than that,
Hart and Mondale were angling for momentum in the
other industrial states to follow, Connecticut, New
York and Pennsylvania over the next three weeks.
Before the vote was counted, Mondale picked up
nine delegates and Hart got two when Senate
Democrats chose the senators they will send to the
Democratic National Convention. Fourteen of the
senators selected did not state a preferance. House
Democrats chose 164 delegates in January.
THE DELEGATE lineup before the primary was
Mondale, 523; Hart, 288; Jackson, 60; Uncommitted,
124. Other candidates, since withdrawn from the
race, had 80.
President Reagan was unopposed on the
Republican primary ballot in Illinois.
Minnesota Democrats caucused to pick 75
delegates. Mondale was a heavy favorite to score a
home state victory, although final returns were not
,expected for several days. Mondale was in St. Paul,
Minn. yesterday, while Hart flew from Illinois to
Washington. Jackson got in some last-minute cam-
paigning in his adopted hometown of Chicago.
FOR MONDALE, Illinois was a critical test of a
self-described "comeback" in the nominating battle
he once was prohibitively favored to win, and a gauge
of whether he finally has been. able to slow the
momentum that has been building for Hart since the
early primaries and caucuses.
For Hart, who emerged from the Democratic pack
late last month, Illinois was an opportunity to demon-
strate that his "new ideas"': candidacy has staying
See ALL, Page 2
.. . may lose momentum
Economic growth spurs debate
WASHINGTON (AP) - The nation's economic growth
surged to an annual rate of 7.2 percent in early 1984, the
government reported yesterday, setting off fears that an-
overheated economy could trigger renewed inflation.
But while private analysts warned of a possible runaway
economy, the Reagan administration maintained there were
no signs of overheating and predicted the current surge
would settle down to more sustainable growth.
NO ONE disagreed that the Commerce Department's
"flash" preliminary estimate of economic growth of 7.2 per-
cent for January through March was far above most
analysts' earlier estimates of between 5 and 6 percent.
The government not only gave a higher estimate for the in-
crease in the real gross national product for the current quar-
ter, but it also revised upward the estimate for the final three
months of 1983. Real GNP is the value of all good and services
in the economy after adjusting for inflation.
Growth was put at 5 percent in the fourth quarter, up from
an original estimate of 4.5 percent made in December. The
change sent real GNP up 3.4 percent for the year, compared
with the December estimate of 3.3 percent. In 1982, when the
nation was mired in recession, the economy fell 1.9 percent.
MARTIN FELDSTEIN, chairman of the president's Council
of Economic Advisors, said the new report "shows the
economy is still on a powerful roll" as it rebounds from the
1981-82 recession. Commerce Secretary Malcolm Baldridge
called the first-quarter surge a "temporary acceleration"
and predicted the economy would slow to a more sustainable
growth rate for the rest of the year. He said the ad-
ministration was not changing its forecast of economic
growth of 4.5 percent for the whole year.
The men discounted the idea that the economy was
growing too quickly. Baldridge said the 7.2 percent growth
rate "does not mean that the economy is showing signs of
But many private analysts were not so confident.
THE ADMINISTRATION was "putting an impossibly op-
timistic sheen on the numbers," said Michael Evans, head of
-his own economic forecasting firm.
With such rapid growth, with the large federal budget
deficit and a falling dollar, "I defy anybody to predict that in-
flation can remain stable under these circumstances," he
Evans and other economists said there was no doubt the
Federal Reserve Board would move soon to tighten credit
further in an effort to keep inflation from taking off again.
The prediction was that the Feds would boost its discount
rate, the fee it charges on loans to banks and savings in-
stitutions, for the first time since December 1982.
Major banks across the country took their own steps at
raising interest rates on Monday when they raised their
prime rate, the rate they say they charge their best business
customers, from 11 percent to 11.5 percent.
Allen.Sinai, chief economist for the New York investment
house of Lehman Brothers Kuhn Loeb, said such moves were
needed to prevent even sharper interest rate jumps in the
"The U.S. domestic economy is overheating. It is expan-
ding too fast and it is not sustainable," he said. "If it doesn't
slow down then we will be facing sharp rises of interest rates,
higher inflation and the whole range of difficulties that come
when an economy booms."
- AP Photo
Police in Colombia attacked an isolated jungle cocaine processing plant guarded by communist guerrillas and seized
13.8 tons of cocaine with a street value of $1.2 billion, yesterday. It is the largest drug arrest ever by any standard -
money value, purity and quantity. The amount uncovered totals about one-quarter of the estimated annual consumption
in the United States.
F YOU thought eating the Quad's meatloaf two nights
in a row was bad, imagine eating it every meal for
seven days. But that's similar to what inmates of
Arizona prison system face if they fail to correct their
hahavinr "The nrnoram is aimed at stonning the inmates
Perils of love
A N AMOROUS 12,000-pound killer whale named Namu
is recovering from surgery on his dorsal fin, maimed
while he was courting a female, officials at Sea World in
San Diego, Calif. say. Park veterinarians performed the
"life-saving" surgery, which included amputation of about
two feet of the smashed fin from the anesthetized mammal,
after the whale was found bleeding in its tank.
Dr. Lanny Cornell said Namu, one of three killer whales
ciih ..rn r t hnn nnIenr i ittractin n a feling
to be caught sunbathing in Hawaii without a tan.
"Everybody thought I was crazy at first," said Turner, who
has opened three tanning salons and is planning others. The
demand, says Turner may be created by the fact that in
Hawaii a person without a tan sticks out like a sore thumb.
"It's reverse psychology," he said, "In areas where you
don't get much sun people aren't used to seeing people
without tans." His customers seem to agree. "A tan is vital
here," said one customer who declined to give her name.
"You can get a complex if you're not tan in Hawaii." Some
cav the like the eae and nnveniencenf the indnr hnths.
Also on this date in history:
" 1945 - College of Engineering officials said the school's
Honor System would be revived. The system was nearly
abolished a few months earlier;
* 1956 - The Daily reported that University facilities for
parking bicycles were inadequate. In addition, frequent
collisions had left some students with "mental and physical
* 1969 - The Daily learned that the University's regents
would abolish the mandatory physical education
requirement for all students. 3