Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, March 20, 1984
Court to rule on police shootings
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme
Court said yesterday it will decide
whether police officers may shoot
suspects fleeing from non-violent
crimes if that's the only way to stop
The court will consider reinstating a
Tennessee law that allowed police to
use "all necessary means" to arrest a
fleeing or resisting suspect.
A federal appeals court struck down
the law last year, saying it authorized
an "unnecessarily severe and ex-
cessive police response.
About half the states have similar
-In other matters yesterday, the
Refused to hear the appeal of for-
mer Tennessee Gov. Ray Blanton,
clearing the way for federal
prosecutors to seek the start of a three-
year prison sentence Blanton received
for his 1981 conviction in a state liquor
licensing kickback scandal.
" Saved natural gas consumers
nationwide a billion dollars or more by
refusing to salvage an innovation
pricing structure created by the federal
government four years ago.
" Agreed to hear the appeal of convic-
ted Oklahoma killer Glen Burton Ake,
who says he was denied a fair trial
because the state did not provide him
with a free psychiatric exam to help
prove he was insane.
* Agreed to decide in a case from San
Diego, Calif., whether police in-
vestigating a suspected crime must
treat a mobile home, for purposes of
getting a court-approved search
warrant, as a car or a house.
* Left intact a ruling that the sexually
explicit movie "Caligula" is not legally
obscene because, rather than arouse
people, it offends and repulses them.
* Ruled by a 6-3 vote that states may
not regulate the rates radio and
television stations may charge for
political advertisements. The court
refused to let Texas authorities impose
discount rates for political advertising
that go beyond the discounts required to
be offered under federal law.
Refused to bar Western Air Lines
from disciplining or firing flight atten-
dants who fail to meet sex-based weight
The dispute over Tennessee's
"fleeing felon" law stems from the Oct.
3, 1974 fatal shooting of a 15-year-old
suspected burglar in Memphis.
According to court documents, police
officer E.R. Hyman and his partner
were checking into a reported burglary
in progress when they intercepted Ed-
ward Eugene Garner running from a
Hyman, who from across a backyard
could see the boy was unarmed,
shouted "halt." As the boy jumped to
the top of a fense, Hyman shot and
THE OFFICER later testified that he
fired at Garner because he knew that
once the youth cleared the fence he
could easily escape.
Garner's father, Cleamtee Garner,
sued Memphis officials and Hyman in
1975, charging that his son's civil rights
had been violated.
After years of hearings and rulings,
the 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals
revived the father's lawsuit last June 16
when it ruled that the Tennessee law
allowing is unconstitutional.
The law states: "If, after notice of the
intention to arrest the defendant, he
either flee or forcibly resist, the officer
may use all the necessary means to ef-
fect the arrest."
The appeals court said the law was
unreasonable because it allowed deadly
force against non-dangerous criminal
suspects fleeing from non-violent
"A state statute or rule that makes no
distinctions based on the type of offense
or the risk of danger to the community
is inherently suspect because it permits
an unnecessarily severe and excessive
police response that is out of proportion
to the danger to the community," the
appeals court said.
Tennesses Attorney General William
Leech urged the justices to reinstate
Candidates prepare for key Illinois primary
(Continued from Page 1)
years, and just showing up when the fight was over . .
to shoot the wounded afterwards is not what you
need," Mondale declared.
He said Hart's, proposal for a $10 a barrel tax on
imported oil is an example of his inexperience, since
it would cost the average homeowner $600 a year in
Snow and freezing rain hampered the candidates as
they blitzed Illinois on the day before the primary.
Both flew south to St. Louis to reach the heavily black
vote in East St. Louis, Ill., hopscotched back up the
state and returned to Chicago seeking votes in the
WHILE THE popular vote was a tossup according
to most observers, Mondale had an edge in the
separate battle for 171 Illinois delegates to the
Democratic National Convention. That is because
Hart originally was able to qualify for only 42
delegate slots in the crucial primary state, but
Mondale fielded a full slate.
The senator from Colorado recently has picked up
at least 34 delegate candidates originally pledged to
contenders who dropped out of the presidential race,
but still will fall short of a complete slate.
A new poll conducted by ABC News and The
Washington Post, published yesterday, found Hart
held a 41 percent to 37 percent edge in the popular
vote over Mondale in the state. It showed 16 percent
were backing Jackson, with 6 percent undecided and
a 4 percent margin of error.
THE BATTLE for Illinois is being fought on two
Organized labor is putting on an all-out effort for
Mondale - a drive that failed the former vice
president in Massachusetts and Florida, where the
rank and file went to Hart, but came through for
Mondale in industrialized Michigan.
There also is a fierce fight between Mondal and
civil rights activist Jesse Jackson for the vote among
blacks, which make up 40 percent of Chicago's
population. Hart has been trying to pry that vote
away from Mondale with charges that he is wed to the
vestiges of the white-dominated machine built by
Mayor Richard Daley.
MEanwhile, Jesse Jackson's Michigan supporters
said yesterday the apparent delegate split resulting
from Saturday's caucuses is unfair and indicated
they will seek an adjustment.
Preliminary figures show Jackson will get only
eight of the 138 delegates up for grabs, even though he
polled 16.3 percent of the vote statewide. Walter
Mondale will get 79 and Gary Hart 49.
Joel Ferguson, co-chairman of Jackson, said he
believes the candidate is entitled to 15 delegates.
UAW will reject wage freeze, chief says
DETROIT (UPI) - Despite
utomakers' plans to import foreign
Fars, the United Auto Workers will not
igree to wage freezes and cutbacks to
ielp the firms become internationally
competitive, union chief Owen Bieber
Bieber, in a speech to the Economic
Club of Detroit, maintained high union
wages are not to blame for increases in
the price of domestic cars. He said
worker productivity is increasing at a
far faster rate that their wages.
Each of the major domestic
automakers plans to import vehicles
made outside the United States in the
next few years. They contend high
wage and other costs are making it too
expensive to build small cars here.
General Motors Corp. plans to import
100,000 Suzuki and 200,000 Isozo autos
from Japan, will build cars with
Japanese automaker Toyota, and likely
will import cars it will build with the
Korean firm Daewoo in that country.
Ford Motor Co. plans to produce a
compact car in Mexico, while Chrysler
Corp. already sells cars produced in
Japan by Mitsubishi and may set up a
joint venture with that firm.
Complied from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Meese investi ation op ens
WASHINGTON-With Presiden eagan standing s dly behind his man
the Justice Department formally opened an investigation yesterday of a
$15,000 interest-free loan to Attdrney General-nominee Edwin Meese.
Reagan reaffirmed his confidence in Meese, who won a delay in his
confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee while the
department conducts a preliminary inquiry into the loan.
Meese failed to report the loan on his financial disclosure statements and
the issue, coupled with other controversies, prompted Senate Democratic
leader Robert Byrd to say, "He's in trouble."
Justice Department officials declined to comment on particulars of the
inquiry, which could lead to the appointment of a special prosecutor-called
an independent counsel"-to pursue allegations against Meese.
Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker said that the inquiry "doesn't
help" Meese's chances of being confirmed attorney general.
Ma*or banks raise prime rate
NEW YORK-The nation's largest banks raise their prime interest rate t
11.5 percent from 11 percent, the first hike in more than seven months.
Officials said the increase was a reflection of higher money market rates
since the first of the year. The federal funds rates that banks charge one
another for overnight loans increased to the 10 percent level last week.
The prime rate is a base lending rate on which banks calculate other rates,
usually upward. Some economists expect the prime to rise to 12 percent.
William Sullivan senior vice president at Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., said
the move was expected because of "a substantial increase in short term
money market rates in the last few weeks."
Sullivan also said there has been an explosion in short term credit
demands by business in recent weeks.
E ypt gets U.S. radar planes
C O, gypt- he United States sent two AWACS ra ar planes to Egypt
yesterday to track Libyan air activity following an air attack on the
Sudanese capitol that killed five people, Egyptian and U.S. officials
A U.S. embassy spokesman said the planes-he gave no number-were
made available to Egypt and Sudan at their request following Friday's air
attack against the Sudanese town of Omdurman.
The raid, by a Soviet-built TU-22 bomber that Egypt and Sudan say came
from Libya, killed five people and injured 14, but missed the Omdurman
radio station that was its apparent target.
The AWACS, sophisticated radar tracking planes, and their support
aircraft arrived in Egypt at 12:30 p.m. local time yesterday, U.S. officials
Pentagon officials said the planes will stay in Egypt and Sudan air space
for an indefinite period "as a result of the unprovoked Libyan attack last
Second defendant testifies amid
tight security in gang rape trial
FALL RIVER, Mass.-A woman was "laughing away" as she had sex witl
several men on a barroom pool table, a defendant in a gang rape trial
"She was enjoying herself," John Cordeiro testified two days after another
jury convicted two other men of aggravated rape in the case.
Cordeiro's testimony came as court officials enforced stringent security in
an effort to keep the jury from learning of the weekend guilty verdicts
against Daniel Silva and Joseph Vieira. They were among six men charged
with taking part in a barroom gang rape last year in New Bedford.
Spectators were frisked and warned against speaking in the courtroom.
Newspapers were forbidden in the courthouse.
Extraordinary steps have been taken to keep the verdict from the jury.
The bus used to drive the jurors to the courthouse had its windows covered
with brown wrapping paper and a sheet separated the jurors from the
The bus was driven to the courthouse steps and the jurors were hustled
inside. All spectators were kept out of the courthouse until the jury was safe
Salvadoran army kills 38 in
drive to thwart election violence
VILLA EL TRIUNFO, El Salvador-Army units sweeping eastern El
Salvador in a drive to prevent rebel disruption of Sunday's elections killed 38
leftist guerrillas in three clashes, military authorities said yesterday.
The army clashed with rebel fighters who staged a town meeting in El 1
Semillero, 55 miles east of the capital in Usulutan. Col. Domingo
Monterrosa, commander of the eastern front, said a civilian told him seven
guerrillas died in El Semillero, one of them an American woman.
Rebels set up road blocks on the Pan American Highway, the main east-
west highway, in the eastern battlefront Saturday and Sunday, taking
identification cards needed for voting in Sunday's presidential elections.
Rebel attacks in 1982 failed to quash a voter turnout of more than 1 million
to elect a constituent assembly and guerrilla leaders later said they had
made a public relations error.
Elsewhere in El Salvador, Catholic Archbishop Arturo Rivera Y Damas
dismissed right-wing allegations that leftist rebels assassinated the previous
Tuesday, March 20, 1984
Vol. XCIV-no. 134
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5 arrested in tunnel
By RACHEL GOTTLIEB
Playing in the University's steam
tunnels seems to have become a new
hobby for some students.
Saturday night at 9:50, five students
were arrested by Ann Arbor Police of-
ficials for entering the steam tunnels
How about trying a kibbutz
in Israel this summer?
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
Call Dubi at 973-8310
K.A.D. representative in Ann Arbor
connecting the Art History museum
and West Quad Dormitory, Sgt. Harold
"THEY SAID they were exploring,"
said Tinsey who whould not release
Police responded to an alarm that the
students accidentally set off, but when
officials arrived at the tunnels, Univer-
sity public safety officers had already
apprehended the five explorers, Tinsey
The students, who were released and
are expected to be charged with
trespassing, are the second group of
students arrested this month for en-
tering the steam tunnels.
Two students who said they were just
"Looking around" were arrested in the
steam tunnels March 7, Tinsey said.
Steam tunnels which store heated
pipes and phone lines, can be entered
through most University buildings.
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