Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Sunday, March 4, 1984
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan, scoffing at a Democratic plan
to shrink federal budget deficits, said
yesterday that "raising taxes is a cop-
out" and that the best strategy for cut-
ting red ink is to attack waste in gover-
In a paid political radio broadcast,
Reagan said, "Please be a little skep-
tical when you hear the moaning from
Washington's born-again deficit
fighters. The truth is, these are the
same people who brought us big and
bloated government in the first place.
"AND THEY haven't changed a bit,"
The president's criticism was limited
to the deficit-reducing proposals of-
fered last week by House Democratic
Leader Jim Wright of Texas. Reagan
did not mention similar plans being
drafted by Republicans in Congress.
Wright proposed a variety of new
revenue-producing measures, ranging
from a repeal of the third year of
Reagan's income tax cut, which
already is in effect, to postponement of
inflation-adjusted tax cuts, known as
indexing, which are set to take effect
Senate Finance Committee, mean-
while, has set a goal of approving $50
billion in spending cuts and $50 billion in
tax increases over three years to curb
the deficit. And Sen. Mark Hatfield (R-
Ore.) chairman of the Appropriations
Committee, has suggested a plan to cut
roughly $40 billion each from defense
and domestic spending, and to increase
taxes by $40 billion.
Meanwhile, Edwin Dale, a
spokesman for Budget Director David
Stockman, denied reports that Stock-
man collaborated with Senate Budget
Committee Chairman Pete Domenici
(R-N.M.) on a plan to cutback sharply
Reagan's defense buildup.
Dale quoted the budget director as
saying the allegation was untrue.
However, a senior administration of-
ficial, speaking anonymously, said
Stockman "has been Domenici's ally in
every budget fight for the last three
DISCUSSING THE Democrats' plan,
Reagan said, "The Democrats usp
foggy language like 'recovering
revenue' or 'stopping the revenue
drain,' but you don't need a Ph.D. in
bureaucracy to know what they're of-
fering: a choice between a tax increase,
a tax increase or a tax increase."
He repeatedly referred to the
Democrats as "liberal Democrats" or
The budget deficit hit $195.4 billion in
1983, and is projected by the ad-
ministration at $180.4 billion for 1984.
Reagan said "the problem is not the
size of the deficit. It's the size of gover-
nment's claim on our economy.
Employee Gary Willis finds his own retreat for lunch among unfinished
wheelbarrows in the Allegheny International Hardware Group plant in
High school students discuss world problems
Compled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Iranian forces advance in Iraq
NICOSIA, Cyprus - Iran claimed yesterday its forces advanced six miles
into Iraq toward the port city of Basra after successive attacks over the last
three days and nights.
Iraq said its air force jets and helicopter gunships made day-long bombing
raids on Iranian positions and troop concentrations east of Basra, "scoring
direct and painful hits."
Iraq's war communique, broadcast by Baghdad radio and monitored in
Nicosia, mentioned the Basra area but only reported hit-and-run attacks and
ambushes against Iranian patrols during the same period. It did not com-
ment on Iran's claim of a six-mile advance.
Basra, about 12 miles across the border from Iran, is Iraq's second-largest
city and its port is near the mouth of the Shatt-al-Arab, the disputed estuary
that leads to the Persian Gulf. The war began 3 years ago when Iraq in-
vaded Iran over the waterway dispute.
Salvadoran President denies
officials involved in death squads
SAN ANTONIO, Texas - Salvadoran President Alvaro Alfredo Magana
denied yesterday a report that high-ranking officials in his government and
a leading presidential candidate are involved with right-wing death squads.
The New York Times yesterday quoted a former high-ranking Salvadoran
military official as saying that ex-military officer and presidential can-
didate Roberto d'Aubuisson organized and continues to direct the death
squads, blamed for more than 40,000 civilian deaths since 1978.
The unnamed source also said a number of high-ranking Salvadoran of-
ficials were involved with the squads.
"As far as I know, there is no evidence to that," Magana said of the report.
"If I should know, my job as president would be to do something about it.
There have been a lot of rumors, but no evidence."
Magana was in San Antonio to address a Friday night conference on Cen-
tral America. He will leave office after balloting March 25 in EL Salvador's
first presidential election in seven years.
Yesterday, Magana said the elections should help his country chart a
course away from human rights violations, the death squads and bloody civil
Ueveland suggests handgun ban
CLEVELAND HEIGHTS, Ohio - A proposal to make this city the second
community in the nation to ban handguns has prompted sharp opposition
from gun owners and drawn overflow crowds to normally quiet committee
A longtime City Council member is leading the campaign for the handgun
ban. The mayor opposes it. The city manager says he is neutral - even
though the death of his young son is often cited as a reason for the ban.
The proposed ordinance is scheduled for a vote by the seven-member
council tomorrow evening.
The proposal was made last November by Councilman Richard Weigand,
who argued that "possession of handguns by otherwise law-abiding mem-
bers or the public poses a serious danger to public safety in cases of the theft
of the handgun or its pccidental discharge."
Cleveland Heights, a city of 57,000 adjoining Cleveland on the east, now
requires handgun owners to be licensed with police.
The proposed law would allow only police officers, members of the U.S.
military, security guards and collectors of antique firearms to own han-
dguns. Guns with barrel lengths of more than a foot and which require two
hands to fire would not be banned.
Soviets hold parliament elections
MOSCOW - The Soviets - about 175 million of them - vote today in un-
contested parliamentary elections that amount to a:ritualistic endorsement
of the Communist Partyand test of itsability to mobilize the masses.
The 1,500 workers, farmers, military personnel and students chosen for
the Supreme Soviet convene four days each year to approve unanimously the
laws written at the direction of the ruling 12-man Politburo and the 300-
member Central Committee.
Not all of those sent to the national legislature: are Communist Party
members but none were selected without party approval. All were chosen
for their ideological reliability.
More than 99 percent of the adult population of the Soviet Union will vote in
the election, which is held every five years - although many do so by proxy.
When the results are announced tomorrow or Tuesday, more than99.9 per-
cent of the ballots will be said to have been cast for Communist Party
nominees. There is no independent verification.
U.S. envoy Stone says he was
forced out by top officials
WASHINGTON - Richard Stone says he resigned as the administration's
Central American envoy because his mission was being undercut by "subor-
dinates" of President Reagan and Secretary of State George Shultz.
In an interview with United Press International, Stone refused to give any
examples or specifics of the clashes.
But State Department officials said they were mainly with Langhorne
Motley, assistant secretary of state for Latin America, and that when Shultz
took Motley's side; Stone "read the writing on the wall."
"It was partly bureaucratic, built. into a system where the special
representative works for the president, but has to deal with the State Depar-
tment," one official said. "It was also partly personality. Stone is not what
you'd call self-effacing."
WILLIAMSBURG, VA. (UPI) - The
best and brightest of the nation's youth
- 102 high school students from across
the country - exchanged ideas yester-
day in the birthplace of America about
how to run the world in the 21st century.
The cream of high school seniors,
called Century III Leaders, were
chosen in the rigorous competition that
netted each a $1,500 scholarship and the
possibility of a top prize of $10,000.
NO SILLY teenage chatter here. In-
stead, the discussions concerned
nuclear disarmament and presidential
primaries, the virtues of Yale over
Harvard, and the value of a pre-med
major over international relations.
"Issues are twice as important
here," said Edan Moran, an en-
thusiastic 17-year-old from Baton
"It's amazing how different it is
here," Moran said. Back home, he said,
it is hard to interest the school lun-
chroom crowd in anything but "what
they are going to do after the bell
THE 69 boys and 33 girls - two from
each state and the District of Columbia
- are articulate, polite, and optimistic.
They have submitted extensive
resumes, and written essays on topics
ranging from teenage suicide to social
The 102 delegates will use the intense
discussion process to come up with six
recommendations for the future.
The recommendations will be presen-
ted to executives of the National
Association of Secondary School Prin-
cipals - which administers ' the
program - and the Shell Companies
Foundation Inc., which provides fun-
ding. The officials will then forward
them to the Reagan administration.
"Leadership is more than acquiring
material things," former President
Ford told the young people Friday
night. And most agreed.
"I've never looked at leadership as
an end in itself," said Palmer. "You
just see something that needs to be done
and you do it."
Gemayel, rebel leaders confer as fighting continues
(Continued from Page 1)
resuming national reconciliation talks
JUMBLATT'S ULTIMATUM was
delivered in a statement issued on his
behalf by his chief spokesman, Marwan
Hamadeh, in Damascus as the Druse
chieftain and Shiite Moslem militia
leader Nahih Berri conferred with
Syrian President Hafez Assad.
"President Amin Gemayel is given
an ultimatum of only 48 hours, expiring
Monday evening, to abrogate the ac-
cord with Israel unconditionally, failing
which the Lebanese opposition will not
cooperate in the future with Gemayel,"
the statement said.
It was not clear whether Berri or
Jumblatt's partners in the Syrian-
backed opposition National Salvation
Front, Christian former President
Suleiman Franjieh and Sunni Moslem
ex-Prime Minister Rashid Karami,
were parties to the ultimatum.
GEMAYEL WENT to northern
Lebanon to inform Franjieh and
Karami of the outcome of his meetings
Wednesday and Thursday with Assad in
Damascus. Details of the discussion
yesterday were not disclosed.
Afterward, as Gemayel returned to
Beirut, Franjieh issued a statement in
which he referred to the Gemayel-
Assad meetings a "historic develop-
ment," but did not elaborate.
Foreign Minister Elie Salem wound
up an overnight visit to Saudi Arabia,
where he discussed the Gemayel-Assad
talks with his Saudi counterpart, Prince
DRUSE LEADER Walid Jumblatt,
meanwhile, said Genrayel must cancel
the May 17 Lebanese-Israeli troop
withdrawal accord within 48 hours or
face renewed resistance from his op-
French Foreign Minister Claude
Cheysson headed for Beirut to meet
with Lebanese leaders and discuss the
withdrawal of French troops, the only
contingent of the multinational force
that remains in Lebanon.
France has yet to announce a date for
withdrawing its force, which has stuck
to its posts in Beirut.
Assassin report inconclusive
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(Continued from Page1i
judgments, skills and resulting
The report noted there have been 11
presidential assassination attempts in-
volving 12 assailants in the country's
Although all but the two Puerto Rican
nationalists who tried to kill President
Harry Truman in 1950, "were sub-
sequently deemed to be mentally
disturbed," the panel said the small
total of cases makes it impossible to
develop a scientifically reliable model
of likely presidential attackers.
A speech entitled "The West Bank
Today: Palestinian and Israeli Women
Speak" was sponsored by New Jewish
Agenda. A typographical error in
Saturday's Happenings column said the
sponsor was Non-Jewish Agenda.
Put your degree The toughest b
you'll ever love
where it can do
a world of good.
Your first job after graduation
should offer more than just a
If you're graduating this year,
* a look into a unique opportunity
to put your degree to work
Sunday, March 4,1984
Vol. XCIV-No. 121
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