Page 21- The Michigan Daily -
Tuesday, February 28, 1984
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Court allows radioactive
shipments through cities
From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - The Supreme Court rejected New York
City's challenge to federal rules allowing highly radioactive
nuclear waste to be shipped through cities yesterday.
The court dismissed an appeal by New York City and New
York state officials who said the Reagan administration has
failed to address adequately the possible "catastrophic" im-
pact on the environment of a highway accident involving
IN 1976, New York City banned transport of such radioac-
tive waste without an emergency transport certificate.
But in 1981, the U.S. Transportation Department issued
rules allowing transportation of the hazardous materials on
interstate highways and - if there are no bypasses -
through cities. The rules also say that environmental impact
statements for shipments of nuclear waste are unnecessary
because the public health threat is insignificant.
New York City argued that there are no bypasses around
the densely populated city, except by water. It called for the
Transportation Department to examine alternative tran-
sportation for nuclear waste.
THE ADMINISTRATION said it carefully weighed the
consequences before adopting the rules in 1981. The risk of a
major disaster is "infinitesimal," Transportation Depar-
tment officials concluded.
Fred Millar, nuclear waste policy specialist for the En-
vironmental Policy Institute in Washington, D.C., said New
York City now may try to negotiate with suburbs and ad-
jacent states to see if some alternative route can be volun-
tarily worked out, possibly involving barge shipment.
Under federal regulations, only a state agency - not a city
- can set alternative routes. Millar, however, noted that
Boston has been successful in devising alternative routes.
Other cities, concerned about the safety of radioactive waste
shipments through their areas, also have been seeking alter-
native routes. Dallas-Fort Worth last month devised alter-
native routing. Officials in Cincinnati and Columbus are
trying to come up with similar plans to keep shipments from
passing through their cities.
The increased concern stems from legislation Congress
passed last year to develop a central system for storing
nuclear waste from commercial atomic power plants. As a
result, truck and rail transportation of radioactive material
is expected to increase substantially as waste now stored on
sites adjacent to reactors is moved to the new central storage
(Continued from Page 1)
The regents approved the measure 6-
1, with Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) dissenting and Sarah Power (D-
Ann Arbor) abstaining.
Baker said he opposed the brief
because it addresses the argument of
whether the draft itself is fair. "If this
board goes on record as supporting
Minnesota, it won't be interpreted as
(the regents') narrow arguments. It
will be interpreted that the University
of Michigan objects to the draft," he
THE OTHER regents disagreed with
Baker, but were reluctant to support a
brief they hadn't seen. Daane said Min-
nesota's final draft of the brief could be
changed from the rough copy the regen-
ts received earlier this month.
Wayne State University and
aleg Solomon law
Macalester College in Minnesota have
also joined the University of Minnesota
in the challenge of the law.
Also at the regents' monthly meeting
on Feb. 16, Lesbian and Gay Rights on
Campus (LaGROC) spokesperson
Bruce Aaron asked University
President Harold Shapiro to complete a
policy statement which would prohibit
the University from discriminating on
the basis of sexual preference.
LaGROC first proposed the anti-
discrimination rule - in the form of a
regental bylaw - in December, 1982.
Since then, University administrators
have been hesitant to issue a new bylaw
because it could prohibit the military,
which discriminates against
homosexuals, from recruiting on cam-
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Rebel forces clash in Beirut
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Christian and Moslem militias battled in downtown
Beirut yesterday, with volleys of machine-gun fire and dozens of grenades
temporarily closing the only crossing point between the halves of the divided
Offshore, the U.S. Marines watched from the safety of the 6th Fleet ships,
a day after the completion of the withdrawal of the U.S. contingent to
Lebanon's multinational peace-keeping force from the Lebanese capital.
Artillery and rocket exchanges also were reported between Lebanese ar-
my troops and Syrian-backed Druse militiamen in the hills overlooking
Diplomatic efforts to end the Lebanese crisis stalemeated as Saudi
Arabia's chief mediator, Rafik Hariri, delayed his return to Beirut, saying
he had been summoned for urgent talks with Saudi King Fahd and the Saudi
ambassador to Washington, Prince Bandar bin Sultan.
Artillery shells slammed into residential neighborhoods in fighting along
the "green line" dividing Christian east Beirut from the mostly Moslem
western sector. A 10-year-old boy and two adults were killed, and 19 others
Reagan says tax increases may
be necessary to fight deficits
WASHINGTON - President Reagan told the nation's governors yesterday
that he might consider tax increases if big deficits remain after further
federal spending cuts, but Democrats complained that Reagan "brushed
off" their appeals for major action this year to stem the flow of red ink.
Reagan emphasized he would stay with his plan for a "down payment" o
the deficit this year, currently under negotiation with Congress, state
"The president said he had to pursue his down-payment strategy as a first
signal to the markets that we are concerned about the deficits," said Illinois
Gov. James Thompson, the GOP chief of the govenors' group.
The governors said they got no direct response from Reagan during the
half-hour meeting at the White House to their own budget proposal, under.
consideration at the National Governors' Association winter conference this
"I don't think this administration is listening," said Massachusetts Gov.
Michael Dukakis, a Democrat: "I don't think it's listening to us, and I don't
think it is listening to the American people . .'. That's one of the reasons
we're in the kind of mess we're in."
Iraq attacks Iranian oil tankers
NICOSIA, Cyprus -Iraqi warplanes yesterday attacked oil tankers an-
chored near Iran's vital oil export terminal on Kharg Island in the Persian
Gulf, Baghdad radio reported.
"Today is the first day of a blockade that we have decided to impose in this
area, which we had already declared as a restricted military zone," said
an Iraqi military communique broadcast on state radio and television
Iraq did not say how much damage the attacks inflicted, and there was no
immediate confirmation of the attacks from Iran.
In Washington, State Department spokeswoman Diane Kelly said the at-
tacks hadn't been officially confirmed and might not be for some time, but
"we don't have any reason to doubt that the reports of attacks on Iranian
tankers are true." U.S. officials said they didn't think Iraq would attack the
oil terminal itself or ships of other nations.
But an Iraqi military spokesman warned "All oil tankers and ships againsit
approaching Kharg and against dealing with the Iranian regime which ex-
ports crime and chaos to all states of the world." Kharg is Iran's main ter-
minal for oil exports in the gulf region.
GM calls back 7200 workers
DETROIT - Approximately 7,200 indefinitely laid-off workers will return
to work by this summer at four General Motors Corp. assembly and parts
plants, GM President F. James McDonald announced yesterday.
McDonald said the move will boost to 90,000 the number of GM workers
called back to work since the beginning of 1983.
"These steps indicate our confidence in the employment picture for the in-
dustry," McDonald told a news conference at the opening of the annual
Society of Automotive Engineers convention.
The assembly plant callbacks total 2,900. The other 4,300 workers will be
called back at parts plants that serve the assembly plants.
McDonald also said GM's Chevrolet Division will begin selling a new sub-
compact car made by the Japanese automaker Suzuki in April or May. GM
had planned to import 100,000 Suzukis but can only bring over about 20,000
because of import quotas.
Hindus strike to protest terrorists
NEW DELHI, India - Protesting Hindus shut down factories, shops and }
schools across the city yesterday while more than 2,000 riot police kept order 4
and arrested five Sikh militants for burning copies of the Indian constitution.
The Hindus, who called the peaceful strike "a complete success," were
protesting the government's failure to halt Sikh attacks on Hindus in the nor- W
thern state of Punjab, rocked by two weeks of violence.
In Punjab, Sikh terrorists on motorcycles fatally shot a school teacher in
the remote village of Faridkot, state police said. A wave of terrorism has
claimed at least 83 lives in two weeks in Punjab and adjacent Haryana state.
The Sikh faith is an offshoot of Hinduism, but its adherents resent being
classified as Hindus. Sikh militants are seeking greater political and
religious autonomy in Punjab, where they comprise 52 percent of the
The five Sikhs, in blue turbans and garlands of marigolds, tore out and set
fire to a copy of an article in the 32-year-old constitution which classifies
their religion - as well as Buddhism and Jainism - as part of Hinduism.
Tuesday, February 28,1984
Vol. XCIV-No. 116
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