A break from the bitter cold
today, with mostly sunny skies
and mild temperatures in the
Vol. XCIV-No. 102 Copyright 1984, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, February 2, 1984 Fifteen Cents Eight Pages
Daily Phcto by BRIAN MASCK
Furry foreign fellows
European reindeer take advantage of the warmer temperatures yesterday on Belle Isle near Detroit to search for food.
By CAROLINE MULLER
A Chelsea farmhand allegedly held as
a "slave" for 10 years testified in U.S.
District Court in Ann Arbor yesterday
that the farm's owner told him, "you're
supposed to stay here for the rest of
Louis Molitoris, 60, who has been
described as mentally retarded by
government attorneys, is one of two
farmhands allegedly abused by Ike
Kozminski, a former dairy farmer.
KOZMINSKI, 61, his wife
Margarethe, 56, and their son John, 30,
are each charged with one count of con-
spiracy to violate civil rights and two
counts of involuntary servitude for
holding the workers against their will.
U.S. District Judge Charles Joiner
repeatedly had to ask Molitoris to raise
his head and speak more clearly during
Shortly after Molitoris said Ike Koz-
minski would not let him leave the
farm, Ivan Barris, the Kozminskis' at-
torney, asked Molitoris if he believed
Kozminski. Molitoris replied no.
BARRIS ALSO attacked the
prosecution's assertions that the two
men were fed only moldy bread, t.v.
dinners, a few eggs, and that.there were
maggots in the frying pan.
Barris asked Molitoris if the Kgzmin-
skis had bought food for Molitoris and
Robert Fulmer, the other farmhand.
When Molitoris said yes, Barris read
a list of food items including ham,
sausage. bacon, fresh fruit, hot dogs,
pizza and doughnuts, and asked
Molitoris if he had eaten these items.
MOLITORIS said yes.
However, Molitoris told attorneys
for the prosecution that Ike, John
and Margarethe Kozminski had each
assaulted him at different times.
"(John) picked me up one time and
slammed me against the wall," he said.
MOLITORIS also testified that Ike
Kozminski refused to allow him to gb to
a doctor after Kozminski hit him in the
head. Margarethe Kozminski slapped
him once, he said.
Molitoris and Fulmer, 57, lived in a
dilapidated trailer on the Kozminski
farm until they were removed by the
Department of Social Services in
August, 1983. Prosecuting attorneys
have said the trailer was without heat,
running water, or washing facilities.
But defense attorneys last week said
Molitoris and Fulmer were better off
with the Kozminskis than before they
came to the farm.
TOWARDS THE end of the trial
yesterday Barris asked Molitoris if he
remembered ever going on picnics with
Ike Kozminski, Fulmer and Homer, the
herdsman. Then he asked him if he
called the farm he stayed on for 10
years a "home."
Molitoris answered yes to both of the
Barris also asked Molitoris if he used
to sleep in a cardboard box by a river,
and if in the winter he sometimes slept
in a refrigerator.
"Yes,"' Molitoris replied in a raspy
voice;"down inhthe gully."
Daily staff writer Mike Wilkinson
filed a report for this story.
By LAURIE DELATER
A Supreme Court action this week gives the
University regents a little breathing space before
they have to decide whether to oppose the Solomon
Amendment, which links federal financial aid to
Last year, a Minnesota federal judge ruled the law
unconstitutional, but the U.S. Justice Department is
appealing the ruling before the Supreme Court.
THE MINNESOTA Civil Liberties Union, which
decision on draft law
will oppose the Justice Department in the trial, has
asked the regents to join the University of Minnesota
in a stand against the law,
The union had originally asked the regents to
decide by Feb. 6, but the court this week extended the
deadlines to file briefs for the case by 10 days, and
now the regents will probably bring up the issue at
their Feb. 16 meeting.
At their December meeting, the regents tabled a
decision on whether to oppose the law until they
received a University of Minnesota brief which calls
the law unconstitutional. Regents began receiving
copies of a draft of the brief this week.
The draft says the law is unconstitutional because
" discriminates on the basis of sex and financial
* violates the Fifth Amendment which prohibits
See 'U', Page 3
Blan chard plan would give 'U'
$7.3 million for freezing tuition
By KAREN TENSA
with wire reports
Under a plan unveiled by Gov. James
Blanchard yesterday, the University
would receive a bonus of $7.3 million in
state aid for freezing its tuition.
Even if the University does increase
its tuition, the state will supply $9
million more in aid for the up-
coming year, but the bonus would boost
that amount to $16 million.
The outline for the plan was announ-
ced in Blanchard's State of the State
address last month. At that time he
proposed awarding colleges and
universities 10 percent increases in
state aid in exchange for freezing
tuition at current levels.
INCREASES FOR schools which hike
tuition will range from a nine percent
aid hike for a four percent tuition in-
crease at one end of the spectrum, to no
increase at all for raising tuition 20 per-
The University has not decided
whether it will freeze tuition or not, but
yesterday's announcement came as no
surprise to University officials.,
"(The numbers) are no change
"Jews as Americans, as I look at it,
are part of the elite," said Robert
Rockaway, professor of Jewish History
from Tel Aviv University in Israel,
Speaking to about 25 people in
Rackham Auditorium, Rockaway said
that educationally and economically,
the American Jewish community is a
"phenomenal success" in comparison
to other minority groups.
"NINETY PERCENT of American
Jews seek higher education, more than
any other reference group," said
Rockaway, an alumnus of the Univer-
from what we knew originally," Vice
President for State Relations Richard
Kennedy said last night.
"What we really need to know is who
the tuition freeze applies to."
Kennedy said the University is
assuming the freeze applies only to un-
dergraduate in-state students, but said
he has "received no confirmation of
Under yesterday's plan, Wayne State
University will receive a $4.5 million
increase, and Michigan State Univer-
sity will receive a $5.5 million increase.
A working class of Jews in America is
almost non-existent and only a handful
of American Jews can be labelled blue-
collar, he added.
Economically, Rockaway said,
"Jewsahave reached a pinnacle."
American Jews achieved "economic
security" in a mere three generations,
he added, a much shorter time than
other ethnic and religious groups.
statistics that show the average
American Jewish income is $10,000
higher than the average income of any
other reference group in the country.
On a more negative note, Rockaway
See PROF, Page 2
Daily Photo by DOUG MCMAHC*
Despite outrageous rental costs in Ann Arbor, students seeking low-priced housing should never lose hope. This vacant
abode is located near the railroad tracks by the athletic campus.
T'S THAT TIME of year again. Every February 1st
the leadership of the Daily changes and we say good-
bye to the former editors. Through the democratic
major from Birmingham, Mich.; and Chief Photographer
major from Birmingham, Mich.; and. Chief Photographer
Doug McMahon, an art school senior from Ann Arbor.
Minding their business
THE BUSINESS side of the Daily is changing reigns,
too: The new staff is Business Manager - Steve
Bloom, business school senior from Glencoe, Illinois; Sales
Manager - Debbie Dioguardi, sophomore economics
major from New York. N.Y.: Classifieds Manager -
$1,000 prize he offered to determine who discovered Lake
Erie. The question is one he has been trying to answer for
15 years and a point historians have been quibbling over for
centuries, he said Tuesday. Last January, Wakefield an-
nounced a $1,000 prize would go to anyone who could prove
conclusively which person first found the lake. Nearly 75
people entered the competition. But a panel of three
judges, who met last weekend to consider the entries, said
Tuesday that "no entry was accompanied by the documen-
ted proof of discovery that was stipulated in the contest
Also on this date in history:
" 1977 - Assistant Law School Dean Donald Cohen and a
law student won a court injuction to halt the construction'of
a dam in Tennessee because of its possible effects on
" 1944 - University officials approved a plan to apply for a
license for a 50,000 watt FM campus radio station.