Page 6 -The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 20, 1984
Abortion group to fight Reagan
From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - The National Abortion Rights
Action League announced plans yesterday to spend
about $400,000 this year in an attempt to defeat
President Reagan and about 100 House and Senate
Defeating Reagan "couldn't be more important,"
said Nanette Falkenberg, executive director of the
group that promotes legalized abortion. She said that
the group, NARAL, and its allies are also working to
keep state funding in Michigan for abortions.
THE POLITICAL action committee of NARAL said
'it has given $1,000 to Sen. Charles Percy (R-Ill.) in his
primary contest. It also listed $2,500 to Secretary of
State Joan Growe, who is running for the Democratic
nomination for the Senate in Minnesota and $500 to
Rep. Bob/Carr (D-Mich.).
In Michigan, Gov. James Blanchard has used his
veto power to retain state funding for abortions. The
state Senate has overridden the veto and a vote is
pending in the House..
FALKENBERG said it appears there will be a
margin of one or two votes. NARAL has given $12,000
to its Michigan affiliate to help organize supporters of
cofitinued funding. She said NARAL and allies may
become involved in legislative races.
In Iowa, she said NARAL will try to identify
"blocks of pro-choice" people and mobilize them to
campaign against Sen. Roger Jepsen (R-Iowa). Jep-
sen opposes abortin and was sponsor of a "respect
human life" amendment last year.
Falkenberg said Percy "always has been a strong
supporter" of pro-choice issues.
SUNDAY IS the 11th anniversary of the Supreme
Court decision making abortion legal in the United
States. Falkenberg noted that anti-abortion forces
continue to be active, but said her group feels that its
position is stronger now than it has been in recent
The anti-abortion groups continue to be unsuc-
cessful in their efforts to win a constitutional amen-
dment banning the procedure, she said. Those groups
are, marking the anniversary of the court decision
with a rally and march on the Capitol scheduled for
Falkenberg noted that- Reagan has taken a
strong anti-abortion stand and that she is concerned
that if he is re-elected he may be able to appoint new
Supreme Court justices who share his view and might
overturn the earlier ruling.
"It is our perception that if we educate the
American people, we can turn a large bloc of votes
away from President Reagan and to the Democratic
candidate," Falkenberg said.
She said her group will likely endorse the eventual
Democratic candidate for president. All of the
Democratic candidates except former Florida Gov.
Reubin Askew support the right to choose abortion
FCC postpones telephone 'access fees'
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Federal.
Communications Commission yester-
day tentatively postponed until mid-
1985 a requirement that consumers
shoulder more of their local phone.
company's expenses by paying a $2-a-
month "access fee."
By delaying the introduction of ac-
cess fees, FCC officials acknowledged
they were canceling most, if not all, of a
planned reduction in interstate long-
distance, rates. The American
Telephone & Telegraph Co. had hoped
to reduce its long-distance rates by
more than 10.5 percent in April, but that
reduction' was linked to the payment of
The fees, which would replace
payments that are now made solely by
long-distance callers, had been
scheduled to take effect in April.
Citing congressional concerns, the
FCC said it had decided to take most of
this year to conduct further studies to
determine whether the fees would force
customers to give up their phone ser-
The monthly charges are called ac-
cess fees by the FCC because they are
tied to the ability of custormers to "ac-
cess" the long-distance phone network.
Currently, local phone rates are held
down for all customers - including
those who don't place long-distance
calls - through hidden payments that
are built into the rates paid by long-
The FCC wants to eliminate that
"contribution," or subsidy, paid by
long-distance callers to encourage
competition and discourage large cor-
'porations from building their own
private phone systems.
FCC Chairman Mark Fowler made it
clear he still believes access charges
are needed to stop the construction of
"bypass networks" by large com-
The subsidy from long-distance
callers to local phone companies has
been estimated at $6.5 billion in 1984.
The FCC had not planned on replacing
all of that revenue with access fees in
the first year, so yesterday's decision
affected an estimated $2.5 billion worth
The commission described its
decision as tentative, and scheduled a
final vote Jan. 25. But Jack Smith, the
chairman of the FCC's common carrier
bureau, said he did not expect any
significant changes to be made. ,
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Hanging out AP Photo
Landis Smith struggles to get out of a straitjacket while hanging upside-
down 20 feet above the floor of Cleveland's Terminal Tower yesterday in a
re-creation of Harry Houdini's famous escape.
'U' officials, athletics share the ball in phys. ed. plar
(Continued from Page 1)
A BUDGET REVIEW committee
recommended last spring that the
School of Education be cut by 40 per-
cent, but decided then that the physical
education's future would be handled
separately by an executive committee.
The executive officers will consider
several options, Swain said, but the
consensus among department
professors and other officials on what's
best for both academics and athletics
seems to point to making the depar-
tment an independent unit.
Such a program would free the
physical education curiculum from
review by the School of Education while
winning the program visibility on cam-
pus, said Dee Edington, the depar-
The other options include:
* Leaving the department in the
School of Education. This option is
unlikely because another transition
team has already drawn up plans for
reorganizing and reducing the school
without the department.
* Incorporating the department into
the School of Public Health, which
currently enrolls only graduate studen-
ts. According to the school's interim
dean, John Kirscht, a graduate
program in kinesiology could be
established, but it would be difficult,
although not impossible, to integrate
the undergraduate courses in physical
education and exercise science.
, " Moving kinesiology into the School
of Medicine, again shifting the depar-
tment's emphasis to graduate
programs in exercise science.
THE PHYSICAL education depar-
tment could "live with any of the
proposed changes" Edington said, but
the best solution would be an indepen-
dent unit that would not separate the
leisure studies and kinesiology
Whatever the result, it's likely that
for the first time in many years, the
athletic department will begin suppor-
ting the academic program, either
directly by paying for a portion of the
physical education budget or indirectly
through a contribution to student finan-
cial aid programs, according to top
Don Canham, athletic director, said
the athletic department would like to
contribute money to physical education
in some way in order to boost the
program's expansion. The athletic
department currently does not con-
tribute to or receive funds from any /
academic budget of the University.
"WITH THE University's budget
problems, financial support for the
department from the Athletic Depar-
tment might be welcomed," said Vice
President for State Relations Richard
Kennedy, who is both a University
executive officer and an ex-officio
member of the Board in Control of In-
tercollegiate Athletics, which has
responsibility for the athletic depar-
In addition to a possible financial con-
tribution, the athletic department's in-
fluence is being felt in other ways in the
physical education review. Canham is
among the University officials being
consulted in Swain's evaluation of the
department, and University officials
have said privately that the athletic
department is a major reason for the
decision to save the undergraduate
leisure studies prdgram, where most
athletes in the department are
CANHAM SAID that if the University
did not offer "physical education,
coaching, athletic directing, or some of
these other programs, (athletes) would
start attending schools that did
compete against us. That's what we
don't want to see happen."
The physical education department has
the only program in the School of
Education that admitstfreshpersons.
All other units in the school admit
students only when they reach junior
The department has the lowest ad-
mission standards on campus, allowing
freshperson applicants to enter the
program with a minimum high scool
grade point average of 2,0 on a 4.0 scale.
SAT scores are not required, unlike in
the other schools and colleges.
About 40 percent of the University's
athletes are enrolled in the School of
Education, according to George Hoey,
the athletic department's academic
advisor. This year,'17 of the 31 football
players on the freshmen roster are
enrolled in the physical education
department, Hoey said. In 1981, the
department enrolled 20 out of 24 fresh-
men football players.
GRADE POINT averages are lower
in the department than in the School of 4
Education, which as a whole, has a
slightly lower average than the rest of
the University, according to University
Some education schools professors
say that attempts have been made to
upgrade the academic standards of the
department, but according to Edington
the only: changes have been toward
merit pay raises for faculty. No
changes have been made in the un-
If the department became part of one
of the ' graduate schools, admissions
requirements and academic standards
would probably stiffen. As an indepen-
dent unit, however,, the program would
set and control its own requirements,
subject to review by Frye's office. Frye
said that he hopes any change in the
department would strengthen its acad-
MAKING THE program an
autonomous body has been a thrust in
the department since the 1960s said
Edington, the physical education
duntil the early 1970s, physical
education fell under the auspices of the
athletic department. Canham said he
would like to see the program moved
back under his department's wing or
established as an independent unit.
Moving the program to the School of
Public Health would be inappropriate,
"Public Health would leave athletes
out on a limb," Prof. Goodman said.
As for the athletic department's
future role in physical education,
'Goodman said, "If Canham weren't on
the committee, people would say he
was pulling strings on the outside . . . I
can't imagine him not having his say."
* The Last Testament of Richard M.Nixon *
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Opinionated, foul-mouthed and vindictive.
'SECRET HONOR' ought to make some
people think twice!" -o'Haire, Daily News
Phillip Baker Hall
The Professional Theatre Program
Af Of1CC EOnAA DAnMEOC Qr.raCTnoi