WASHINGTON (AP) - The baby
boom generation, which jammed kin-
dergartens in the 1950s, sparked cam-
pus turmoil and the sexual revolution in
the 1960s and crowded the job market in
the 1970s, is showing signs of settling
That is the conclusion of the life and
health insurance industries, which
released a study yesterday based on a
telephone survey last January of 1,000
membersof that outsized generation of
Americans born between 1946 and 1964.
THE 74.3 million baby boomers - one
of every three Americans - still show a
streak of independence but also exhibit
some highly traditional views, the
%'They strongly favor marriage over
'being single, frown on marijuana use
and would like to see more respect for
But 76 percent of these young
Americans, aged 19 to 37, prefer an
"equal" marriage with both spouses
sharing responsiblity for work,
homemaking and child-rearing.
Most disagreed with the notion that
"a woman's place is in the home," and
subscribed to the idea that "working
women make more interesting partners
A majority of them, 56 percent, said
they approved of unmarried adults of
the opposite sex living together, while
.32 percent disapproved. Forty-one per-
cent said they, would welcome more
sexual freedom, but 51 percent would
not. Only 24 percent favored wider ac-
ceptance of marijuana usage, while 70
percent were opposed.
The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, December 7, 1983 - Page 9
in state prisons
Jimino transferred AP Photo
Margaret Cimino, 18, the Harvard University freshman who sustained a severe head injury when hit by a goal post at
the end of the Yale-Harvard football game in New Haven on Nov. 19 is wheeled from St. Raphael's Hospital in New
Haven, Conn., yesterday by Charles Esposito, who saved her life. She was transferred to a medical center near her
.Blanchard looks at tax alternatives
LANSING (UPI) - Improvements in
health care, living conditions and fire
safety at three major Michigan prisons
are required under a draft of an
agreement between the state and the
U.S. Justice Department.
Officials now are in the process of
finalizing a consent decree which grows
out of a federal civil rights in-
vestigation involving Southern
Michigan Prison at Jackson, the Ionia
Reformatory and the Marquette Bran-
Those older facilities were wracked
by rioting in May, 1981.
Conrad Mallett, Jr., Gov. James
Blanchard's legal advisor, said the
state is awaiting returnoftthe latest
draft from the U.S. Justice Depar-
If the federal government's latest
revisions prove acceptable, he said, a
presentation on the decree will be made
to key legislators and the state correc-
Mallett said the entire affair could be
wrapped tip by mid-January.
Mallett declined to disclose the cost of
compyling with the decree, but said the
administration is pleased with it.
Other have estimated the price tag, at
anywhere from $20 million to $50
Under one draft of the decree, which
the state has not officially released, the
state would be required to obtain com-
plete annual sanitation inspections of_
the three prisons by qualified state of-,
Within 180 days, it would have to
provide adequate hot and cold water in
housing units and could not, except in
emergencies, "house inmates in cells
or dormitories where the temperature
is unsafe or unhealthy in any season."
Within 30 months, the state would
have to correct all plumbing and fixture
leaks and cease housing inmates io
cells lacking operable sinks and coni-
In the field of health care, the decree
seeks to guarantee that each inmate
receive "adequate health care as
measured against contemporary
Within 180 days, the state would have
to employ medical and dental care
staff equivalent to 145 employees at
Jackson, 16.1 at Ionia and 29 at
Under the agreement, corrections of-
ficials would be required to obtain an-
nual inspections from the state fire
Within 180 days, smoke detectors
would be required in each cellblock and
housing area and a plan to equip
housing areas with sprinkler fire
protection would have to be submitted.
Within one year, corrections officials
would be required to submit a plan to
separate inmates with differing
After two years, an indoor exercise
facility would have to be provided at
each prison. Inmates would have year-
round access for one hour each day,
five days per week.
Conditions in segregation cells also
would have to be improved, including
the provision of natural light.
LANSING (UPI) -
Gov. James Blanchard apparently is
listening to and weighing a variety of
proposals for altering the state's con-
troversial 38 percent income tax in-
Schemes reportedly under discussion
include a more rapid phase-out of the
increase, rollbacks tied to surpluses in
the state budget, and various types of
SUPPORT for the tax hike already
has cost two lawmakers their jobs, and
at least 15 others are on the recallers'
Against this background, a group of
House Democrats met with Blanchard
last week to discuss concerns over the
evident unpopularity of the levy.
Senate Democrats yesterday set up
a meeting with Blanchard for today to
discuss a number of issues, at least one
of them how to deal with anti-tax sen-
THE SENATE currently is sitting on
a bill which would decrease the tax hike
in proportion to a projected budget
surplus,iestimated to be anywhere from
$25 million to $160 million. A bill in the
House would speed up the phase-out
and completely eliminate the increase
by September 1985.
Some senators are discussing placing
a variety of different tax and budget
issues before the voters.
Under the law passed early this year,
the tax rate will fall from 6.35 percent to
6.1 percent on Jan. 1. Further reduc-
tions are scheduled for the future, and
the phase-out will be accelerated if
unemployment drops rapidly.
Last Wednesday, at least nine House
democrats met with Blanchard to
discuss a range of options relating to
the income tax controversy.
Phillip Jourdan, Blanchard's chief of
staff, said there is "no way" any
legislation could be adopted before the
Legislature adjourns for the Christmas
... ...... ...
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WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Supreme Court,
facing a racial controversy it dodged last spring
yesterday weighed how much protection "innocent"
white workers deserve when they are threatened with
layoffs to save the jobs of minorities.
Numerous questions from the bench about the
Memphis, Tenn., case indicated the justices might
once again avoid the question, despite Reagan ad-
ministration efforts to persuade them to give a
sweeping ruling in favor of seniority rights.
LAST TERM,. in a case from Boston, the court
sidestepped deciding whether minorities, hired to
make up for past exclusion from the city rwork force,
should be given special protection from layoffs
caused by a city budget crisis.
"Could the situation arise in the future in Mem-
phis?" Justice Lewis Powell asked. Other members
posed similar questions.
Allen Blair, arguing for the firefighters union, said
it could because Memphis' sales and property taxes
are at "peak levels," leaving the city with limited
But Richard Fields, on behalf of the black firemen,
said that in addition to lowering property taxes, the
city had "put all firefighters back to work, and hired
63 new ones" since the 1981 layoffs.
Blair contended the lower court order caused
"three innocent incumbent ,whitefirefighters to be
laid off who otherwise would not have been' He also
said nearly two dozen other workers lost seniority
rights in the layoffs.
In support of the fireman's union, the ad-
ministration argued the nation's highest court should
restrict protection of minority workers to "actual
victims of discrimination."
()itji dcrfts u (jI u~ rt ft/ rcS (i( lriist I1 '1Cs,
Locaidat 1 1I I7 W. Liberty.
by David Bi
A-nn A-rbor Art :\ssocioti( )f
Reagan warned on defense hike
WASHINGTON (AP) - House MICHEL'S LETTER, is part of a nis frustration over the fact that for the
Republican Leader Robert Michel has delicate game that is played annually past two years Reagan has sent
cautioned President Reagan against when the administration is preparing Congress budgets which won virtually
asking Congress for a 22 percent its budget request to Congress. Trial no support and splintered Republicans.
rmilitary spending increase that Defen- balloons are lofted from various federal As a result, GOP leaders have had to
se Secretary Caspar Weinberger has agencies and legislators shoot down piece together their own substitute
discussed with some legislators. Michel those ideas they dislike, spending plans. ta
said such a boost "is not achievable" "I would like to see the Congress pass "It would be my preference to havema k e
and could wreck any chance of a budget next year that is realistic and House and Senate Republicans more
r'eaching a bipartisan budget com- achieveable," Michel wrote to Reagan. closely associated with the preparation
promise next year. "The Congress made a mockery of the of the administration requests so that
In a letter delivered to the White budget process this year with a"budget we would be that much closer to p ro dL
House Monday evening, Michel, (R-Ill.) package that we all knew was not reaching consessus on our side next
also sought Reagan's support for a credible and could not be implemen- spring," Michel wrote.
move to give the president limited ted.' Last week, the defense secretary met
authority to withhold money that Michel said he hoped that Congress privately with Senate Republican
Congress has voted to spend. In ad- would be more responsible next year," leaders and told them he is seeking a
dition, he asked for more congressional "and that your administration would do $305 billion Pentagon budget for next
ifiput on the budget the president will its share by submitting recommen- . year, a 22 percent increase over current
sbnt to Capitol Hill at the end of dations that are achievable." spending.
.Jinvary. THE ILLINOIS Republican reflected
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