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December 04, 1983 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-12-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Ninety-four Years
of
Editorial Freedom

j:1
I E

air 4wa

4I31

Itch
Snow and freezing rain changing
to rain the day. High
around 40.

Vol. XCIV-No. 73 Copyright 1983; The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, December 4, 1983 Fifteen Cents Eight Pages

Israeli
jets bomb
Palestinian
bases tin
Leban on
From AP and UPI
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Israeli jets
bombed and strafed guerrilla bases in
Lebanon's central mountains yester-
day, and the U.N. Security Council
agreed on a plan to evacuate PLO chief
Yasser Arafat and his fighters from
Tripoli.
The council decided that ships would
fly, the Lebanese flag as they take
Arafat and his Palestine Liberation
Organization loyalists out of Tripoli,
then raise the U.N. flag once they are in
international waters.
THERE WAS NO immediate reaction
from Arafat, who had reqpested that
his fighters be evacuated by ships
flying U.N. flags.
Israeli invasion forces drove Arafat
and his guerrillas out of Beirut 15 mon-
ths ago. He has been under siege in
Tripoli since Nov. 3 by rebel forces who
accuse him of softening his stanee
toward Israel.
The Tel Aviv command said all
Israeli jets returned safely after,
scoring "accurate hits" A1i headquar-
ters and bases of Syrian-backed
Palestinian guerrilla units in apd around
the towns of Bhamdoun and Sofar.
THE ISRAELI command said the air
strike was in retaliation for a "long
array" of guerrilla attacks on the
Israeli army occupying southern
Lebanon.
In Beirut, U:S. Marines said they
See ISRAELIS, Page 3

Greyhound

talks

produce

pact

WASHINGTON (AP) - Greyhound
lines and the union representing its
drivers reached tentative agreement
last night on a settlement aimed at en-
ding the strike against the nation's
largest inter-city bus company, federal
mediators announced.
Mediator Kay McMurray said the
union's bargaining council "over-
whelmingly" approved the accord and
that Greyhound also agreed to it.
He said, however, striking drivers
and other employees would remain off'
the job until the agreement is ratified,
probably by Dec. 20.
"I DON'T think there will be any
problem to obtain the ratification,"

said McMurray, who is director of the
Federal Mediation and Conciliation
Service.
Neither Greyhound nor, union of-
ficials were present at McMurray's an-
nouncement, postponed two hours
because of what the mediation service
said were unspecified "problems."
McMurray said the 31-member coun-
cil of the Amalgamat Transit Union
was expected to m ke "a strong
recommendation" that the rank and
file accept it.f
The mediator said details of the
agreement would not be made
available right away.
Earlier, company chairman John

Teets and a union official denied a
report from a union source that the
negotiators had come to an understan-
ding.
Both the union and management
stood firmly by a self-imposed news
blackout over the indirect talks that
began Friday. Accordingly, sources
who would discuss the talks would not
permit use of their names and were
only minimally informative.
More than 12,700 drivers, mechanics
and other Greyhound employees
represented by the union struck
Greyhound, the nation's largest inter-
city bus carrier, Nov. 2 after the com-
pany insisted on pay cuts averaging 9.5
annually over the next three years.

Reagan blames liberals
for U.S. social problems

From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - President Reagan, scorning "well-
intentioned Great Society-type programs," yesterday
blamed liberal social programs for breaking up families and
causing high rates of black illegitimacy.
Reagan used his weekly radio address to combine his oft-
repeated homilies against big government and in support of
traditional family values.
Citing his record of reducing inflation, interest rates and
unemployment, Reagan said, "There is no question that
many well-intentioned Great Society-type programs con-
tributed to family breakups, welfare dependency and a large
increase in births out of wedlock."
He said in the 1970s, the percentage of single mothers rose ,

from 8 percent to 13 percent among whites from 31 percent
"to a tragic 47 percent" among blacks.
SPEAKING FROM Camp David, Md., a mountain retreat
cleared in the 1930s by the Depression-era Civilian Conser-
vation Corps, the president said:
"Tragically, too many in Washington have been asking us
to swallow a whopper: namely that bigger government is the
greatest force for fairness and progress.
"But this so-called solution has given most of us a bad case
of financial indigestion," said Reagan. "How can families
survive when big government's powers to tax, inflate and
regulate absorb their wealth, usurp their rights and crush
their spirit?"

In this co ner-Daily Photo by DAN HABIB
Michigan's Eric Turner moves past Troy Mattson of Northern Michigan
during yesterday's 96-78 Michigan victory at Crisler Arena. The two guards
would later be involved in a fight that cleared both benches. See story, page
8.

Personal robot: Man's new friend

By ERIC MATTSON
Personal robots - the term conjures up visions of
C-3PO and R2D2.
Yet while today's personal robots may fall way
short of fulfilling the dreams of fervent "Star Wars"
fans, the less-than-year-old industry is growing
rapidly, and the present models are capable of some
remarkable things.
BENTON HARBOR'S Heath Company was the first
manufacturer to begin shiping Personal robots, and
sent off its first model - dubbed Hero 1 - last Decem-
ber. Since then, the 21-inch, 40-pound marvel has
made numerous television appearances, been
featured in Time and Newsweek, and even cut a
record with science fiction writer Isaac Asimov.
"Basically, it's a walking computer," according to
Ron Johnson, educational product developer at
Heath.
Hero 1 can be programmed to perform tasks a year
in advance. It's also capable of telling jokes;
speaking foreign languages; singing and dancing;
detecting motion and heat; and using its sonar
system to follow its master without bumping into
walls.
HERO 1 CAN speak, too, using the 64 basic sounds
in the human voice pattern. This enables it to com-
municate in an unmistakeably mechanical yet quite
intelligible voice.
Like everything else, however, Hero 1 has its price.
The robot retails for $2,500 assembled or $1500 in kit

form, although the prices will drop as technology
makes mass production cheaper, according to John-
son.
The price hasn't kept the public from buying their
very own robot. While Heath will not reveal specific
sales figures, the company has sold "thousands" of
Hero 1 models, according to Douglas Bonham, direc-
tor of educational marketing and development.
HERO 1 was designed to be an educational device
and not a mechanical maid, Johnson said. Like other
robots on the market, Hero 1 is incapable of any real
labor saving activities, like washing the dishes. But
many buyers are purchasing robots because they're
novelty items and not because of their educational
value.
Johnson pointed out that the "first-one-on-the-
block" syndrome plays a role in many of Heath's
sales - Hero 1 has starred in some commercials for
Heath's parent company, Zenith. "It's a great way to
get attention," said Bonham.
It also can be used just for having some fun, as
Johnson and.his fellow robot specialists have demon-
strated when they bring Hero 1 to exhibits around the
country.
HERO 1 travels on his own seat on the plane, since
: Heath officials don't like to entrust the robot's safety
to airline baggage handlers. Of course, Hero 1 has to
pass through airport security while still in his
packing crate, and security officials are usually

suspicious when Johnson tells them them there's a
robot in the box.
Johnson managed to get the best of security of-
ficers at one airport, who demanded that Hero.1 be
removed from his crate. He programmed
the robot to respond to its unpacking with, "It sure
feels good to get out of that goddamned box!"
In the home, Hero 1 can perform one household
task - replacing man's best friend as a watchdog.
The walking computer can be used to somelextent as
a limited security system.
THE ROBOT can switch itself on and off every ten
seconds and ask, "Is anyone there?" If it "hears" a
voice, it answers, "Be quiet, I'm trying to sleep,"
then turns itself off.
But "a true household robot is probably 15 years
away," according to Johnson.
To make robots a commop household item,
manufacturers will have to develop a good vision
system to replace the current sonar system, and will
have to design robots with two arms instead of the
one Hero 1 now boasts.
HOMES ALSO will have to be designed around the
needs of the robot - split level dwellings are out for
robots, at least until someone makes one that can

climb stairs.
The exact

future of personal robots is simply
See HOME, Page 2

Hero 1, a personal robot produced by a Benton Harbor firm, can sing, dance.
tell jokes, and serve as a burglar alarm for its owner. The manufacturers
hope to make it much more versatile in the near future.

Power
failure
hits MTS
and 2,00.0
city homes

Detroit Edison officials are still
trying to determine the cause of a
power failure early yesterday morning
that left 2,000 Ann Arbor residents and
parts of North Campus without power
for up to three and a half hours.
Edison spokesman Marty Bufalini
said the power company is in-
vestigating two separate incidents that
may have caused the blackout. Power
lines fell at a construction site on Wall
street near midnight, and minutes
later, a transformer at an Edison sub-
station at Broadway and Pontiac Trail
exploded.

Bufalini said .that Edison workers
have not determined whether the two
incidents are related.
Lights flickered in dorms and houses
near campus, and power at the Univer-
sity's MTS computer system was out
for about an hour. Students trying to
complete class assignments had to wait
until 1:30 a.m. to use computer ter-
minals.
Programmers finished repairing
minor damage to MTS programs
caused by the blackout shortly after 2
a.m., according to computing center
supervisor Jane Baker.
- Neil Chase

Hill Street's

Hunter

LOS ANGELES (AP) - Viewers
who were wondering whether
straight-arrow Lt. Howard Hunter
committed suicide at the end of last
week's "Hill Street Blues" television
show: Don't hold your breath.
Look at your TV listings instead.
PRODUCERS.OF the NBC Emmy
Award-winning show were coy about
the answer Friday, but people who
bought early edition Sunday
newspapers simply had to glance at
the TV listings for the Dec. 8 show to
learn that Hunter lives.
"Fellow officer J.D. LaRue

0

becomes something of a hero as he
saves Lt. Hunter's life," read the
blurb in the Television Times section
of the Los Angeles Times. Similar
items appeared throughout the
country.
The TV listings were included in
early Sunday editions, published
yesterday.
CHICAGO SUN-TIMES television
critic P.J. Bednarski reported
yesterday that Officer LaRue,
played by Kiel Martin, had gotten in-
to Hunter's apartment and shoved
' the gun away from Hunter's head.

survives
In the Dec. 1 show, Hunter, played
by actor James Sikking, was
despondent because he had been
revealed as a go-between in a police
bribery incident years earlier, He
had been duped into the action, and
it was a minor thing to everyone but
Hunter.
Asked Friday if Hunter killed
himself, executive producer Steven
Bochco replied: "You gotta wat-
ch...I can't say anything. The
material speaks for itself."
But so did the TV listings.

TODAY
Get your Gargoyle

Coleslaw kid
THE DEMAND for the gift sensation of the 1983 season -
the coveted Cabbage Patch Doll - has become so great
that the managing editor of the Nampa, Idaho Press-
Tribune says his was nabbed by ruthless dollnappers. Rick
Coffman said his doll, named Jacob, was taken from the!
locked trunk of his car Tuesday night in the newspaper's
narkin l o The nevt mnrninr CnCffman racivd a ransnm

you. Love Rick,' " he said. "It's obviously a gag by
someone at the paper. And it may be everyone at the
paper." Nonetheless, Coffman placed the ad hoping to
secure the safe release of the doll - part of a Coleco line
that has prompted bedlam in shopping centers across the
country as consumers scramble to buy the personalized gift
items. Purchasers of the individualized dolls receive adop-
tion papers giving them custody of the Cabbage Kids and
telling them their names. Coffman, a 36-year-old bachelor,
said he bought Jacnb honing tn reell him hfore Christmas.

was named by President-elect Richard Nixon to head the
Council of Economic Advisors.
* 1970 - Ann Arbor Mayor Robert Harris said he had not
yet decided whether he would seek re-election in April, con-
tradicting reports from knowledgeable sources that the
mayor had decided not to seek another term.
* 1978 - In anticipation of widespread infractions of the
new law which raised the drinking age from 18 to 21 when it
went into effect Dec. 22, the Ann Arbor City Council
unanimously passed an ordinance making violation of the

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