Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 23, 1983
PLO CEASE-FIRE BROKEN; 30 DIE
Syria linked to Marin
From AP and UPI
Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger said yester-
day the suicide truck-bomb attack on U.S. Marines in
Beirut last month was carried out with "the sponsor-
ship, knowledge and authority of the Syrian gover-
Weinberger's comments at a Washington news con-
ference were the strongest public indication that the
Reagan administration believes Syria collaborated in
the Oct. 23 attack on the Marine headquarters near
the Beirut airport.
THE BOMB killed 239 American servicemen.-
President Reagan has publicly promised that the at-
tackers would be punished, but Weinberger refused
to discuss any retaliation.
Meanwhile in Lebanon yesterday, Syrian-
supported Palestinian rebels shelled buildings
around Yasser Arafat's Tripoli offices and gave the
PLO leader 72 hours to get out of the embattled city
alive. Police said at least 30 people were killed.
"If he does not go from Tripoli, we will attack him
in the streets," said Ahmed Jibril, who leads one of
the groups fighting the Palestine Liberation
Organization chairman. Asked how long Arafat had
to flee the city, Jibril told reporters: "This situation
will continue for only three days."
THE PLO rebels, who have cornered Arafat in the
northern Lebanon port of Tripoli, decreed a cease-
fire Monday after driving to within 1,000 yards of his
office. That ended at dawn yesterday, with artillery
barrages that set several buildings and trucks
Jibril said if Arafat's men left the country, "we will
move all of our troops to south Lebanon to fight the
Israelis and the Phalangists," referring to the
rightist Christian militiamen who oppose the PLO's
presence in Lebanon.
Jibril's faction of the PLO is the Popular Front for
the Liberation of Palestine-General Command, one of
the most radical of the eight in the umbrella
ARAFAT HAS refused to leave Tripoli, saying he
first wants guarantees of safety for his fighters and
Palestinian civilians. He also said earlier that he
would not subject Tripoli civilians to a bloody fight,
but his troops have been firing rockets from the city
of a half-million people for days.
State radio quoted Arafat's chief military adviser,
Khalil Wazir, as saying the rebels were rushing in
reinforcements and that he expected an attack
Jaruzeiski chairs new
Polish defense council
WARSAW, Poland (AP) - Premier
Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski yesterday
took control of a new defense council
that gives him many of the sweeping
powers he enjoyed during 19 months of
Parliament installed the Polish
leader as chairman of the council and
named him supreme commander 'in
chief of the armed forces after he for-
mally resigned as defense minister, a
post he held for 15 years.
IT ALSO APPROVED his proposal to
shuffle the economic ministers in his
Cabinet to "make the government work
more effectively." Jaruzelski retains
the jobs of premier and first secretary
of the ruling Communist Party.
The changes strengthen the 60-year-
old general's grip on power and guaran-
tee a prominent role for the military in
They also reflect the government's
concern that recently announced price
hikes could trigger unrest like the riots
and strikes that led to the formation of
the now-outlawed Solidarity Union in
SOLIDARITY'S FORMER leader,
Lech Walesa, has urged Poles to resist
the increases, which go into effect in
Parliament approved a measure
Monday creating the new defense coun-
cil, giving it the powers to instantly
decree a state of emergency and im-
pose broad social and economic restric-
These powers also were held by the
Military Council for National Salvation
formed by Jaruzelski when he decreed
martial law in December 1981, banned
Solidarity, and jailed thousands of
THE GOVERNMENT rescinded
military rule last July but warned Poles
it would not tolerate a return to the era
of Solidarity, which had been the only
union in the Soviet bloc free of gover-
Parliament's measures yesterday in-
cluded extending through year's end an
amnesty proclaimed when the gover-
nment lifted martial law, permitting
underground Solidarity activists to
surrender, confess "crimes," and avoid
prosecution. But clandestine union
leaders claim the amnesty is a farce
and are expected to ignore the exten-
All those advancing in yesterday's
Cabinet shuffle are thought to be close
Jaruzelski allies who will work to im-
plement his economic reforms. The
measures shift some decision-making
powers from central planning
authorities to factory managers, but
preserve the government's broad
command over the economy.
Jaruzelski's long-time deputy, Gen.
Florian Siwicki, the 58-year-old armed
forces chief of staff, replaced him as
defense minister and automatically
becomes his first deputy on the new
defense council. Like Jaruzelski,
Siwicki was trained in the Soviet Union
and fought in the Kremlin-directed
Polish People's Army in World War II.
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Economy grows at turtles pace
WASHINGTON-The economy grew at an annual rate of 7.7 percent in the
third quarter, the government reported yesterday. That pace is slower than
anticipated, but, as one analyst said, it "doesn't change the underlying fact
that the recovery is very very solid."
Indeed, others said that after the rapid 9.7 percent gain of the spring quar-
ter, the lower estimate, though still strong, offers greater hope for con-
The Commerce Department report showed the revision was based mainly
on smaller. increases than previously estimated for consumer buying,
business inventory investment, and residential construction.
It also said that before - and after-tax profits of U.S. companies rose more
than 11 percent during the July-September period.
The growth and profit figures were included in the department's report on
inflation-adjusted gross national product, which atempts to measure the
nation's total output in goods and services.
Meanwhile, Commerce said in a separate report that order to factories for
durable goods rose a strong 3 percent last month, including a 4.8 percent
boost for non-military capital goods -the equipment to be used for future
Seven dead in Soviet hijacking
MOSCOW - Seven people were shot dead when members of a wedding
party in the Georgian republic tried to hijack a Soviet airliner to Turkey,
sources said yesterday.
The bride and groom were reproted among the eight people in a wedding
party who boarded the flight from Tbilisi, capital of Soviet Georgia, to the
Black Sea port of Batumi on Friday. But the Soviet informants said it was
unclear if the couple played a part of the hijack attempt or if they were used
as a cover.
The sources, who asked not to be named, said the hijackers killed the pilot,
flight mechanic, a stewardess and three passengers. One hijacker also died,
apparently after shooting himself, the sources said.
The shooting reportedly broke out after the pilot tricked the hijackers by
returning to Tbilisi instead of flying to Istanbul, Turkey.
Britain orders more troops to
Belfast after guerrilla attack
BELFAST, Northern Ireland - Britain yesterday ordered 250 more troops
into Northern Ireland's notorious "bandit country," where guerrillas killed
three people at a Protestant church.
The troop reinforcement was ordered by James Prior, secretary for Nor-
thern Ireland, who has been under pressure from Protestant leaders to
tighten security in the aftermath of Sunday's shooting.
Army spokesman Alan. Percival said two infantry companies were
redeployed in South Armagh, an area of frequent guerrilla attacks near the
Irish Republic border. The soldiers will back up 600 troops permanently
based in the county.
Percival said there would be no change in the province's overall troop
strength of 9,500, drawn from eight infantry batallions.
Protestant leaders called the move insufficient and said they had no inten-
tion of returning to the provincial assembly, which they quit en masse Mon-
day to protest the attack at the Mountain Lodge Pentecostal Church in
The resignations left the body, already shunned by its Catholic members,
without a quorum.
Afghan rebels down helicopter
ISLAMABAD, Pakistan - Moslem insurgents in Afghanistan shot down a
military helicopter, killing an Afghan army general and 11 other people, in-
cluding several Soviets, Western diplomatic sources said yesterday.
The report meshed with guerrillas claims earlier in the week that a
helicopter transport was shot down near Kabul, killing eight Soviet "exper-
The diplomatic sources, who briefed reporters on condition they notbe
identified, said the Soviet-made MI-B helicopter was 10 miles south of the
Afghan capital when it was shot down on Nov. 15.
Eleven or 12 of the two dozen people aboard were reported killed.
The most prominent victim was Maj. Gen. Mohammed Abdul Azim, com-
mander of the 8th army division based at Kharga, northwest of Kabul. It was
not known if the Soviets aboard the helicopter were civiliador military per-
The reported helicopter incident occurred at a time when President
Babrak Karmal recently has started venturing out in public, under heavy
guard, the diplomatic reports said.
Bus strike supporters arrested
Thirty-four people supporting the Greyhound strikers were arrested for
trespassing yesterday while sitting-in at a Boston bus terminal, while union
leaders were warned to keep secret the results of voting on a contract offer
from the company.
The demonstrators in Boston, calling themselves members of the Commit-
tee Against Racism, were led away peacefully by police. They were later
arraigned and released on recognizance.
Harry Shea, president of Local 1205 of the Amalgamated Transit Union,
said the demonstrators were not connected with the Union, but he added: "If
it's a show of solidarity, we appreciate it."
Late last week, Boston police arrested 61 people during strikers' demon-
strations against Greyhound's use of non-union drivers.
0 be fA~1irhigan BafIu
Wednesday, November 23, 1983
Vol. XCI V-No. 67
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News Editor...................GEORGE ADAMS McKinlay, BarbMcQuode. Liso Noferi, Phil Nussel, Rob
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Features Editor ................ FANNIE WEINSTEIN per, Rtondy Schwartz, Rich Weidis, Steve Wise, Andrea
Opinion Page Editors................DAVID SPAK W srtG
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Gobble-cide AP Photo
Ten tons of live turkey wait crammed into this coop in Zeeland, Mich. ready
to be slaughtered. The 9,500 turkeys have become a year-round business for
Bil-Mar Foods Inc. with the development of turkey sausage, turkey hams,
and turkey bologna.
Firm produces contaminated formula
LANSING (UPI) - The Agriculture
Department said yesterday minute
amounts of contaminants have been
found in the products of a firm which
makes infant formula and nutritional
supplements, but stressed there is no
need for a recall.
Two of four wells at the Ross
Laboratories processing plant in
Sturgis were found to contain low levels
of trichloroethylene or TCE, an in-
dustrial degreaser, and per-
chloroethylene or PCE, a solvent used
in dry cleaning.
BOTH ARE suspected carcinogens.
Ross Laboratories produces formula
under the brand names Similac and
Isomil and nutritional supplements un-
der the names Ensure and Vital.
According to agriculture officials,
levels of 16 parts per billion of ICE were
found in well No. 4 at the site, while well
No. 1 contained less than one part per
billion of TCE and seven parts per
billion of PCE.
THE TWO TAINTED wells now are
being used only for cooling purposes.
Only water from well No. 2 and well No.
3 is being used in the manufacturing
Minute levels of both chemicals in the
range of one to nine parts per billion
have been found in finished products,
the department said.
Speaker assails arms race
(Continued from Page 1)
"The peace movement is growing
every day," she said. "It is no longer a
fringe or marginal movement; it's a
people's movement in West Germany.
The Kohl government does not have the
backing of the West German people on
Echert said she was encouraged by
the anti-nuclear activists she has met in
the U.S., and said the American's peace
movement is underrated by the
domestic press and has not been ac-
curately portrayed to other parts of the
SHE SAID more people around the
world will join the movement as a vote
against installation of first strike
weapons in Europe.
Echert said she hopes Americans will
educate their children about the nuclear
issue and openly discuss the im-
plications of military conflict with
the Soviet Union.
The television movie "the Day
After," which graphically depicted
the results of a nuclear war, is a step in
the right direction, she said. ,Echert
said she feels confident that such
movies will increase the awareness of
American citizens and will prompt
discussion on ways to avoid the con-
tinued build-up of a nuclear arsenal.
"Nothing on this planet can be
protected by using nuclear weapons,"
she said. "Once you are using nuclear
weapons you will only 100 percent
destroy what you meant to protect."
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