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November 18, 1983 - Image 2

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-11-18

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Page 2- The Michigan Daily - Friday, November 18, 1983
Soviets may withdraw
from missile talks

From the Assocaited Press
The Soviet Union rejected President
Reagan's latest arms reduction
proposal, and a top Kremlin spokesman
said yesterday his country will pull out
of the Geneva arms talks if NATO goes
ahead with deployment of Pershing II
missiles.
But in West Germany, where all 108
Pershing missiles are to be sited, Chan-
cellor Helmut Kohl said the Soviets had
signaled possible new concessions at
the Soviet-U.S. talks on medium-range
weapons - specifically a willingness to
drop their demand that British and
French nuclear arsenals be included.
SOVIET officials were noncommital
when asked at a news conference
in Moscow whether the threat to leave
the Geneva talks meant a temporary
walkout of a longer one.
Vadim Zagladin, a Communist Party
Central Committee official, also said
deployment of U.S. medium-range
missiles would have a negative impact
on the strategic missiles talks. But he
did not say whether. the Soviets were
threatening a walkout from the
strategic arms reduction talks as well.
In Moscow, an editorial in the party.
newspaper Pravda said Reagan's latest
missile reduction offer is aimed at
"drowning hopes" for an agreement.
ACCORDING to the editorial, the
U.S. offer is unacceptable because it
does not include British and French
missiles and would allow deployment of
U.S. medium-range missiles.
Pravda said Reagan's offer would
give NATO double the medium-range
nuclear strength of the Soviets, and
2 INDIVIDUAL THEATRES
1F5th A~e ot lbert 7610700
DEBRA WINGER,
SHIRLEY MACLAINE
JACK NICHOLSON
SEE BOTH "TERMS OF EN
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said the offer was intended to "cover
up" the arrival of U.S. missiles in
Western Europe.
Reagan proposed an interim
agreement allowing the United States
and the Soviet Union a total of 420
medium-range warheads each.
IN THE LAST public statement by
the Soviets, President Yuri- Andropov
late last month told Pravda the Soviets
are willing to cut back to 140 medium-
range missiles, each carrying three
warheads.
NATO should forgo its Pershing and
cruise missiles in return, Andropov
said.
He said the West already has 162
medium-range missiles in Western
Europe - those belonging to Britain
and France. The United States rejects
that argument, saying those- missiles
are independent arsenals not under
NATO control.
IN BRITAIN, where the first ship-
ment of cruise missiles arrived Mon-
day, a group of women continued their
efforts to blockade the Greenham
Common U.S. Air Force base. Police
arrested five protesters, bringing to 616
the number arrested in demonstrations
in Britain this week.
Britishm Defense Ministry officials
have refused to say how many cruise
missiles have arrived, but the first 16 of
96 due to be sited there are expected by
the end of the year if there is no
agreement in the arms talks.
The weapons are among 572 cruise
and Pershing 2 missiles NATO plans to
deploy in Europe over the next five
years.

AP Photo

SNEAK PREVIEW
TONIGHT at 7:00 p.m.

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Off the track
Smoke drifts from the tangled wreckage of 56 Santa Fe Railway freight cars
that derailed in a New Mexico canyon early yesterday.
French jets attack Shiite
Moslems in Bekaa Valley

(Continued from Page 1)
through a first strike," the ministry
said, noting president Francois Mit-
terrand vowedinsa television address
Wednesday the attack on the French
barracks "would not go unpunished."
IN WASHINGTON, U.S. officials said
they knew in advance of the French
strike, and a senior administration of-
ficial said that if the terrorists weren't
wiped out there "might well be" a need
for the United States to carry out an at-
tack of its own.

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The French attack came as Yasser
Arafat, beleaguered chief of the
Palestinian Liberation Organization,
vowed in Tripoli "to fight to the end"
despite the fall of his last Lebanese
stronghold to Palestinian rebels who
loosed new rocket and mortar
barrages.
The beleaguered PLO chief admitted
he lost most of the nearby refugee camp
of Beddawi Wednesday, but said 600
Arafat loyalists launched a counter-at-
tack within the fallen camp in a
desparate bid to rejoin their comrades
who retreated to Tripoli earlier this
week.
"THIS IS NOT my last stand in the
area," Arafat said. "We are five
million Palestinians in this area and
you can't liquidate five million people,"
he said. "We are not the Red Indians."
The rebels issued a new call for
Arafat's surrender, and they indicated
they would halt their drive before en-
tering Tripoli's streets, which would
likely lead to heavy casualties in the
-city of 150,000.
"The battle with Arafat is finished
and so is Arafat," said Ahmed Jebril,
leader of the Popular Front for the
Liberation of Palestine-General Com-
mand, one of the leaders of a six-month
guerrilla rebellion against Arafat.
"HIS ONLY alternative is to surren-.
der and face punishment."
There were no confirmed casualty
figures for the latest round of fighting
but Lebanese security sources said
more. than 345 Palestinians and
civilians were killed and 805 wounded in
the two-day assault that led to.the fall of
Beddawi.
Yesterday's French air raids were
the second since French peacekeepers
moved into Lebanon 15 months ago. On
Sept. 22, French warplanes hit gun
positions in the mountains overlooking.
Beirut. The French raids were mounted*
a day after Israeli jets pounded the
same area, leaving 43 dead, and
moments after a massive funeral
procession in the city of Baalbek.
- t
Q 2
1 A

IN BRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
House probe finds no drug ring,
but 2 former Reps. admit usage
WASHINGTON - The House ethics committee ending a 16-month in-
vestigation, said yesterday there is insufficient evidence to show that any
current House member used illegal drugs or that a drug ring ever operated
on Capitol Hill.
Committee Chairman Louis Stokes (D-Ohio), and Special Counsel Joseph
Califano Jr. said the final report ends their probe into "allegations of the
illicit use or distribution of drugs by members, officers or employees of the
House."
But Califano named three former congressmen who had used illicit drugs
during their tenure in Congress.
Califano told a news conference that former Reps. Frederick Richmond
(D-N. and John Burton (D-Calif.) admitted to the panel under oath that
they used drugs.
Project Elf starts in Michigan
GREEN BAY, Wis. - Construction will begin Monday on the Michigan
segment of the Project Elf submarine communications system, a Navy
spokeswoman confirmed yesterday.
Spokeswoman Lt. Jan Davis said in a telephone interview from Chicago
that contractors and subcontractors would start initial work in the Upper
Peninsula on Monday.
The confirmation came one day after Marquette County, Mich., officials
failed to obtain a temporary court order blocking the construction.
"They're going to begin at ground terminal three," said Ms. Davis. "All
they're going to do is start working on this ground terminal."
The terminal is one of six to be constructed in the F-shaped system. She
said the terminal, up to four miles of wire, a dozen wells and an overhead
distribution system, will be only about five percent of all construction to take
place in the U.P. forest.
The remaining work will begin next spring.
General Motors lemon cases
head for arbitration program
WASHINGTON - The Federal Trade Commission, abandoning a court
battle against General Motors, ordered a nationwide arbitration program
yesterday to settle thousands of complaints about GM engines and tran-
smissions.
Those four counts allege that 1.1 million 1980 X-cars contained a serious
brake defect involving the loss of vehicle control and that GM conducted
inadequate recall campaigns in 1981 and 1983.
Marking the first time it has.come to court to seek dismissal of the case, a
lawyer for GM said the Justice Department should have sought action first
by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.
The FTC estimated that 200,000 or more of the 21 million cars produced by
GM since 1974 will be subjects of settlements averaging between $400 and
$500 under the arbitrations, to be handled by the Better Business Bureau.
GM's total repair bill is expected to be about $95 million.
Sudanese army frees hostages
KHARTOUM, Sudan - Sudanese army commandos raided a rebel base in
Southern Sudan yesterday, and freed two British oil workers abducted
earlier in the week. Nine other workers were still missing yesterday.
The rebels had threatened to kill their hostages within 48 hours if the pro-
U.S. government of Gaafar Nimeiri did not meet their demands. Nimeiri,
who announced the kidnappings Wednesday in Paris, blamed the abductions
on Libya and Ethiopia.
In another incident, officials in Khartoum, Sudan's capital, blamed
Ethiopia and Libya for a rebel attack on a southern Sudanese town near the
Ethiopian border early yesterday.
The "Liberation Army of the Sudanese People," as the rebels call them-
selves, demanded a halt to the two projects in southern Sudan where the kid-
napped workers were employed: A Chevron oil pipeline and a canal to divert
the White Nile from flowing through a swamp so its water could be used for
farming.
Congress to extend federal credit
WASHINGTON - Congress abandoned all hope yesterday of major action
this year to reverse the tide of budgetary red ink, as House and Senate
negotiators worked on a plan that would extend the government's borrowing
authority into next April.
Final action on the debt limit bill is the last big obstacle to congressional
adjournement for the year today.
The end of the 1984 battle to reduce federal budget deficits was signaled
Wednesday night when the Senate refused, 65-33, to consider an $88 billion
deficit-reducing package of tax increases and spending cuts proposed by
Pete Demenici (R-N.M.), and Lawton Chiles (D-Fla.).
Then, after midnight, senators approved, 58-40, restoring federal
borrowing authority by raising the national debt limit to $1.45 trillion,
allowing the government to extend its credit bill until February.
The House already had agreed to President Reagan's request to boost the
ceiling to $1.615 trillion, -which administration officials said would meet the

government's borrowing needs through the end of the fiscal year next Sept.
30. The current ceiling is $1.389 billion.
Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker (R-Tenn.), predicted a new debt;
limit extending into next April. "I think it'll go quickly," he said, and
Speaker Thomas O'Neill agreed.
According to Treasury Department officials, any delay in raising the
credit limit would cause some government checks to start bouncing by about
Dec. 1.
Friday, November 18, 1483
vol. XC! V-No. 63
(ISSN 0745-967X)
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