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November 15, 1983 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1983-11-15

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Page 2- The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 15, 1,)83
U.S. offers arms limit in Europe


WASHINGTON (AP) - The Reagan ad-
ministration offered yesterday to cut its nuclear
missile deployment in Europe and challenged the
Soviet Union to accept the proposal in an arms con-
trol pact or make even further reductions.
The new proposal was divulged in Washington and
broached to the Soviets in Geneva, Switzerland, even
as the first wave of new U.S. cruise missiles arrived
in Britain to anti-nuclear protests.
IT PROPOSES as a starting point that no more
than 420 intermediate-range warheads would be

based in Europe and Asia by the Soviets. The United
States would be held to an equal limit, 'but actually
would install less than 420 warheads, keeping some
back to match the Asian missiles.
The precise U.S. deployment total was not divulged
as administration officials stressed President
Reagan was trying to be flexible and that even lower
ceilings would be acceptable provided they were
Yuri Andropov, the Soviet leader, has threatened to
suspend the arms control talks once U.S. missiles
"appeared" in Western Europe. Despite the threat,
another session was scheduled for today in the Swiss
AT THAT TIME, Paul Nitze, who had urgently
requested changes in the U.S. position, will outline
what senior officials in Washington called "an
elaboration or a refinement" to his opposite number,
Yuli Kvitsinsky.
Nitze has been pressing to extend the current bar-
gaining round into early December, break for the
yearend holidays and then get back to the table in
January. Kvitsinsky, on the other hand, has been
scheduling sessions one or two at a time.
"It would be premature to conclude the Soviets are
walking out if they took the recess earlier than we
wanted to," said one U.S. official, who briefed repor-
ters at the State Department on condition that he
THE NEW U.S. offer fleshes out a proposal Reagan
made at the United Naions in late September and
responds to Andropov's call last month for no more
than 140 intermediate-range missiles on each side.
Since Soviet SS-20 missiles have three warheads
each they could observe the 420-warhead limit with
140 missiles. Currently 243 are deployed on the

European side of the Ural mountains and 117 in Asia.
The United States would deploy a mixture of cruise
and Pershing 2 missiles in Western Europe, but stop
short of the 420 total unless the Soviets scrapped all of
their Asian missiles.
Despite the apparent narrowing of differences,
however, at least one major disagreement remains.
It is over the continuing Soviet insistence that French
and British intermediate-range missiles, which total
162, not be excluded from the calculations.
IF THESE WERE lumped together with U.S.
missiles, the United States would be limited to 130 to
258 warheads, depending on how British Polaris
missiles are counted.
As a result, even while unveiling the new U.S.
position, the officials accused the Soviets of still
trying to assert a "monopoly" over intermediate-
range missiles in Europe.
But they stressed U.S. efforts to be conciliatory. "It
is an illustrative proposal," said one official of the
420-warhead limit.
"IT DOESN'T MEAN we wouldn't be prepared to
accept other possible figures as long as they provided
for U.S.-Soviet equality on. a global basis."
In fact, he said, "we would be prepared to deploy less
than that figure."
The U.S. deployment schedule, approved by the
North Atlantic Treaty Organizaiton in 1979, calls for
installation of 464 U.S. cruise missiles in Britain,
Italy, West Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands,
and 108 ballistic Pershing 2 missiles in West Ger-
many through 1988.

... represents U.S. in negotiations

First U.S. cruise missiles arrive in Britain

(Continued from Page 1)
missiles is wholly consistent with the
allies' decision to achieve an initial
operational capability by the end of 1983
in the absence of agreement" at
HE SAID it was Britain's "foremost
hope" that the Soviets would keep
talking and that agreement could be
reached on cutting the arsenals of both
"But let me make it clear that this
government will remain resolute in the
commitment to take those steps which
are essential for the defense of this

country and our allies," he said.
Opposition leaders charged that
Washington had not told Heseltine that
the first missiles were arriving yester-
day but he said: "On timing, the
initiative for deployment today came
from me. I have had the closest con-
sulation with my opposite number in
the U.S., Mr. (Caspar) Weinberger."
PROTEST MARCHES in Britain and
many of the other countries involved
drew hundreds of thousands of people
into the streets but did not alter the
decisions of the governments.
Women protesters, encamped outside
the Greenham Common base for the
past 26 months, watched the missiles
arrive in stunned silence. But later,
police reported, 17 women were
arrested as they attempted to blockade

a base gate.
Monsignor Bruce Kent, general
Secretary of Britain's Campaign for
Nuclear Disarmament, called the lan-
ding of the missiles "a major tragedy,
not just for the GND or anybody else,
but for the human race.''
protesters have vowed to fling them-
selves in the path of the missiles'
mobile launchers should they venture
from the base. NATO plans called for
the missiles to be dispersed around the
Neil Kinnock, leader of the Opposition
Labor Party, said the arrival of the first
missiles "endangered the whole
world." He said it made Britain "more
of a target for saturation nuclear at-

Kinnock said NATO's plan of
negotiating arms reduction with the
Soviet Union from a position of strength
was "illogical.
"TODAY, THE government has ac-
comodated a massive increase in force.
You are not going to get arms reduction
by having perpetual arms increase,"
Kinnock said.
"Whether it's Soviet SS-20's or
American arms or British arms, you
cannot get an arms reduction out of an
arms increase," he said. "that is a
refusal of logic an added danger to
world peace."
In Washington, the State Department
said the U.S. delegation in Geneva was
planning to present a new proposal that
would scale down the size of NATO's
deployment and limit both sides to 420
intermediate range warheads. But the
Soviets have consistently rejected
deployment of any new NATO missiles.

Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Greyhound drivers defy deadline
PHOENIX, Ariz. - Striking Greyhound bus drivers in five cities burned
or tore up back-to-work notices yesterday in defiance of a company deadline.
Meanwhile, Greyhound said it would have buses rolling again Thursday in 27
states but without cross-country service.
Greyhound Bus lines, which normally carries 60 percent of the intercity
bus traffic, said it would resume abbreviated operations with new hires or
The company had given the 12,700 members of the striking Amalgamated
Transit Union until noon yesterday to tell the company whether they planned
to go back to work Thursday under a new contract that would cut wages and
And it was at noon that strikers defiantly burned their back-to-work
notices or copies of the company's latest contract offer.
Greyhound said it would provide half-price fares on all tickets purchased
between Thursday and Dec. 15, with some exceptions for the Thanksgiving
holiday period.
Trailways, Greyhound's major competitor, said it would immediately
begin cutting fares in half in the same markets. The Dallas-based company.
has added to its service since the strike.
Chiese pilot defects to Taiwan
TAIPEI, Taiwan - A Chinese Naval pilot landed his MiG-17 jet fighter in
Taiwan yesterday and became a millionaire after defecting to escape his
communist homeland "where everyone is watched all the time."
Wang Hsieh Cheng will collect $1.5 million as the reward the Nationalist
Chinese government pays those who defect with such planes. It was the
seventh Chinese plane flown from China: three to South Korea and four to
Wang said he so feared that he would run out of fuel before he could make
Taiwan that at one point he was prepared to parachute from his plane.
Wang said he left behind his wife of three years and his parents.
"I hope they will not persecute my family members because they knew
nothing of my plan to escape," he said.
"Many of us want to come over and they are just waiting for the chance to
do it," authorities quoted the pilot as saying.
Runsfeld begins Beirut meetings
BEIRUT, Lebanon - U.S. Middle East envoy Donald Rumsfeld began his
first round of talks in Lebanon yesterday to the sound of Moslem artillery
shells crashing into east Beirut and U.S. F-14 Tomcats flying over the capital
in a show of force.
Syria charged the U.S reconnaissance flights were "provocative" and
warned Washington "will pay a very precious price" if it attacks Syria's for-
ces in Lebanon.
As the largely ignored Lebanese civil-war truce entered its eighth week,
Rumsfeld conferred with President Amin Gemayel and top aides in Beirut.
Rumsfeld, who arrived Sunday, is expected to travel to several Middle
East countries. Though officials declined to release his itinerary, Syria is
believed to be on his list.
Lebanese state radio said shells from Syrian-supported Druse positions
slammed into the Hazmieh and Furn el-Chebbak neighborhoods of East
Beirut, killing one person and wounding one.
Trip is successful, Reagan says
WASHINGTON - President Reagan pronounced his visit to Japan and
South Korea a success yesterday, saying that "America's partnerships are
stronger and prospects for a more secure peace and prosperity are better
today than a week ago."
Back from a 15,650 mile, 6 -day Asian tour, the president said, "I'm
pleased to report some good news: America's partnerships are stronger and
prospects for a more secure peace and prosperity are better today than a
week ago."
He said that in Tokyo, "we established an agenda for progress" on giving
merican businessmen greater access to Japanese markets, expanding
energy exports from the United States, cooperating more closely on defense
technology and helping the U.S. auto industry recover from the recession.
No major breakthroughs were reached on trade problems during the trip,
and Reagan said he was putting Bush in charge of a group to monitor follow-
up action.
Accompanying Reagan and his wife, Nancy, on their homeward flight on
Air Force One, the presidential jet, were two Korean children who will un-
dergo heart surgery in New York.
Bishops won't ignore politics
WASHINGTON - Acknowledging recent lectures from Pope John Paul II,
America's Roman Catholic bishops served notice yesterday they will keep
speaking out on religious and political issues, even if it means inviting the
close scrutiny of the Vatican.
Archbishop John Roach of St. Paul-Minneapolis, president of the National
Conference of Catholic Bishops, said the bishops will try harder to explain to
the pope "The experience and insights of the church in the United States" as
beneficial to the worldwide church. Roach's comments were partly in
response to a series of pointed lecture the pope has delivered recently to
American bishops, exhorting them to continue to uphold traditional church
Roach's nearly 300 fellow bishops, opening the annual meeting of their
national organization, seemed to renew their commitment to deal with
political issues. They set aside time this week for discussion and "moral
reflection" on the U.S.-led invasion of Grenada.
The bishops established a policy of speaking out last year when, over
widely publicized objections from the Reagan administration, they ap-
proved a pastoral letter condemning even the threat of using nuclear

Tuesday, November 15, 1983
Vol. XCI V-No. 60
(ISSN 0745-967X)
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Managing Editor........................ JANET RAE Tim Makinen, Adorm Martin, Mike McGraw, Scott
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Opinion Page Editors.................. DAVID SPAK Walt.
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